Nei bhiri remagetsi richiramba richikwira muSpain

chiedza chinowedzera kudhura

Isu tinobhadhara zvakanyanya uye zvakanyanya nguva dzese. Mutengo wemagetsi muSpain hauregi kukwira nguva dzose. Tisati tave nemabhiri nemutengo wakajairika uye isu hatina kunetseka zvakanyanya nezvekushandisa kwemazuva ese. Nekudaro, kuchengetedza nhasi kwakakosha zvachose. Vanhu vakawanda vanoshamisika Sei mari yemagetsi muSpain ichiramba ichikwira?

Naizvozvo, tiri kuzokutsanangurira zvikonzero nei bhiri remagetsi muSpain richiramba richiwedzera uye kuti mutengo wemagetsi unoenderana nei.

Mutengo wemagetsi unoenderana nei?

Sei mari yemagetsi muSpain ichiramba ichikwira?

Pane zvikonzero zvakati kuti nei mutengo wemagetsi uchiwedzera uye chimwe nechimwe chine maitiro akasiyana pamari yauchabhadhariswa mwedzi wega wega. Zvakadaro, zvinhu izvi zvinogona kupfupikiswa kuita zvikamu zvina zvikuru. Yekutanga ndeyekukwira kwemitengo yegesi, inoteverwa nekuwedzera kwemitengo ye CO2 emissions. Imwezve kuwedzera kwekuda kwevashandisi uye, pakupedzisira, kukanganisa kwesimba rinogoneka pakugadzira magetsi.

Pane zvakawanda zvinokonzera kuwedzera kwemutengo wemagetsi. Izvi zvinosanganisira, asi hazvina kuganhurirwa, mutengo wemafuta anoshandiswa kugadzira magetsi, kuwedzera kudiwa kwemagetsi, kudiwa kwekuchengetedza nekusimudzira zvivako zvekuchembera, uye mitemo yehurumende nemitero.

Kukwira kwemitengo yemagetsi kunogona kukonzerwa nezvakawanda zvinhu, kusanganisira iyo kukwira kwemitengo yegasi, kuwedzera kudiwa kwevatengi, mutengo wekuburitsa CO2 uye pesvedzero yezviwanikwa zvesimba rinowanikwazve. mumutengo wekupedzisira. Zvisinei, zvimwe zvinhu zvakakosha kupfuura zvimwe. Izvo zvakakosha kuti unzwisise kuti zvinhu izvi hazvingokanganisa mutengo wemagetsi muSpain chete, asiwo mune yese yeEurope.

Nei bhiri remagetsi richiramba richikwira muSpain

Sei mari yemagetsi ichiramba ichikwira kuSpain?

Pane akati wandei akakosha anokonzera kuwedzera kwemari yako yemagetsi. Izvi zvikonzero zvinotevera:

  • Mutengo wezvigadzirwa, kunyanya gasi rechisikigo, rine simba rakananga pamutengo wemagetsi. Seimwe yeanonyanya kushandiswa fossil mafuta ekugadzira magetsi, chero kuwedzera kwemutengo wegasi rechisikigo kunokonzeresa kukwira kwemitengo yekugadzira yekugadzira zvidyarwa, izvo zvinozoshandura mumitengo yakakwira yemagetsi mumusika wekutengesa.
  • Kusawirirana kuchangobva kuitika pakati peRussia neUkraine yakashandura mukuwedzera kwakakura kwemitengo yegasi, ichisvika pamitengo iri pamusoro pe200 euros/MWh mumusika weEuropean gasi, uye muMibgas kuSpain, mitengo iri pamusoro pe360 ​​euro. Kuwedzera kwemitengo uku kwakabatana nemitengo yemagetsi yakanyorwa muna Nyamavhuvhu. Nekudaro, maonero azvino ari pakati nepakati, neMibgas mitengo inofamba ichitenderedza 100 euros paMWh. Zvisinei, sezvatinoswedera munguva yechando, pane mukana wekuti mitengo ichakwira zvakare.
  • Mashandisirwo emagetsi mumidziyo yakaita semhepo inofefetera kana kudziyisa Inowedzera kana kushanduka-shanduka kwekushisa kunoitika, kana kuwedzera nokukurumidza kana kuderera. Nekuda kweizvozvo, vagovanisi vemagetsi vanotarisana nekuwedzera kudiwa uye vanofanirwa kugadzira mamwe magetsi, zvichikonzera kuwedzera kwemitengo yekugadzira. Kuwedzera uku kwekuda hakungogumiri kune yakatarwa nguva, senge panguva yekupisa kana kutonhora kwemafungu, asi inogonawo kuitika mukati mezuva rimwe chete. Kazhinji, kudiwa kwemagetsi kunowedzera mushure me8: 00 pm, zvichiita kuti nguva iyi iwedzere kudhura kana ichienzaniswa nemaawa emangwanani.
  • Mumwaka uno wematsutso kwavepo kuwedzera kwekugadzirwa kwemhepo, iyo yakabatana nemamiriro akanaka ekuchengetedza gasi uye kudiwa kwakaderera. Izvi zvinokonzerwa nemamiriro ekunze ezhizha akaramba aripo kusvika munaNovember muIberian Peninsula. Nekudaro, sezvo mamiriro ekunze anotanga kutonhora, kudiwa kwegasi nemagetsi kuri kutarisirwa kuwedzera, zvichikonzera kukwira kwemitengo zvakare.
  • Magetsi anoshandisa gasi nemarasha anofanira bhadhara mubhadharo wekubudisa CO2. Mari iyi inowedzera nemutengo we CO2 emissions, zvichikonzera kukwira kwemitengo yekugadzira yemajenareta. Mutengo we CO2 emissions wave uchikwira, sezvakaita mutengo wegasi, ine zvinyorwa zvitsva zvakasvikwa mumwedzi ichangopfuura. Muna Kukadzi 2022, mutengo wakasvika makumi mapfumbamwe emaeuro patani, asi wadonha. Avhareji mutengo we90 i2022 euros.
  • Simba renewable, kuve iyo yakanyanya hupfumi sarudzo kugadzira magetsi, Vanowanzova nemupiro muduku kumutengo wekupedzisira. Izvi zvinokonzerwa nekuti musika wemagetsi unodzorwa unoshanda sei. Renewable simba zvinopihwa ndizvo zvekutanga kutariswa muhurongwa hwemitengo, saka ivo havana simba rakawanda pakusarudza mutengo wekupedzisira. Mumamiriro ezvinhu apo pane kushaikwa kwemhepo kana mvura, vatengesi vemagetsi vanovimba nezvinowanikwa izvi vanogona kuona kuderedzwa kudiwa, zvichikonzera kushomeka kwemitengo.

Mitemo yehurumende pamitengo yemagetsi

mutengo wemagetsi

Kubva muna Chikumi 2021, Hurumende yakatora matanho akasiyana ekudzikamisa kukanganiswa kwekukwira kwemitengo yemagetsi negasi. Chiyero chakabudirira zvikuru chave chiri kudziviswa kwemitengo yegesi, iyo Yakaitwa muna Chikumi 14 uye ichange ichishanda kusvika Chivabvu 31, 2023. Pamusoro pezvo, hurumende yakabvumidza mamwe matanho, anosanganisira kuvandudza zvidzikiso uye kuwedzera inishuwarenzi yemagetsi. Bonus purogiramu, iyo inowedzerawo kune mabhonasi ekupisa. Pamusoro pezvo, kuderedzwa kwemitero sekuderedzwa kweVAT pamagetsi kwakapihwawo green light.

Kudzikiswa kwemitengo yegasi chiyero chenguva pfupi chakabvumiranwa neSpain nePortugal pamwe neEuropean Commission uye ichagara kwemwedzi gumi nemiviri. Ichi chiyero, chinowanzodaidzwa kuti "Iberian kunze", chinomisa mutengo wegasi rinoshandiswa kugadzira magetsi kusvika. huwandu huri pakati pe40 ne50 euros pa megawatt-awa.

Bhonasi yemagariro yaona kuvandudzwa, kunyanya maererano nekuwedzera kwevanowana uye kuwanikwa kwezvidzikiso. Avo vanoonekwa sevasina simba vane sarudzo ye gamuchira kuderedzwa kwe65% pabhiri rako, izvo zvinogona kuwedzera kusvika 80% muzviitiko zvekusagadzikana kwakanyanya.. Chikamu chitsva chakatangwazve kudzimba dzine mari shoma dzine vanhu vakuru vaviri nevana vaviri vanotambira mari isingasviki zviuru makumi maviri nezvisere zvemaeuro pagore, vanozokwanisa kugashira 28.000% kuderedzwa pabhiri ravo.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda nezvekuti nei bhiri remagetsi muSpain richiramba richikwira.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako