Mhuka dzesango

Mhuka dzesango

Kune marudzi akasiyana eecosystems imo mhuka dzinogara nekukura. Panyaya iyi, Mhuka dzesango vakagadzira uye vakajairana nemhoteredzo iyi kuitira kuti vakwanise kurarama. Kune mhando dzakawanda dzinogara musango uye imwe neimwe yadzo ine yakasarudzika.

Muchikamu chino tichakuudza nezvese maitiro, mararamiro uye kushanduka kwemhuka dzesango.

Mhando huru

mhuka dzesango dzinopisa

Mhuka dzesango ndidzo dzinowana pekugara kubva musango biome. Izvi zvinoreva kuti, pamatunhu akasiyana epasi redu, miti nemakwenzi zvakawedzera kana kushoma. Sezvo pasina ecosystem pachayo inogona kunzi "sango", asi ese ari maviri tropical rainforests senge arctic taiga akabatana pasi peshoko, Mhuka dzesango dzinosanganisira marudzi akasiyana-siyana.

Masango, sezvatinoaziva, anokosha zvikuru muupenyu. Kune rumwe rutivi, vanoisa mhuka dzemhuka dzakawanda kana dzakasiyana-siyana dzinobatanidza chikafu kana masero ane hutano, angave mumapazi avo, midzi, hunde kana kumativi emaruva avo nemichero. Nekune rumwe rutivi, vanoburitsa okisijeni yakawanda yemuchadenga, vanogadzirawo kabhoni kubva kucarbon dioxide uye kuchengetedza mamiriro ekunze ePasi akadzikama.

Mhuka dzesango maererano nemagariro

mhuka dzine mashizha

Kune marudzi akasiyana ezvipenyu mukati memasango uye kune marudzi akasiyana ane hukama nawo. Ngationei kuti chimwe nechimwe chazvo chii:

  • Tropical uye subtropical nyoro mashizha masango kana Rainforest: Matatya, matatya, butterflies, dandemutande, nyoka, tsoko, tumbuyu, shiri dzinoshamisa nemhuka dzinoyamwisa.
  • Tropical uye subtropical masango akaoma: Mhuka, shiri, mhuka dzinoyamwisa dzakawanda dzakaita semhembwe, mbeva, nyoka dzemamiriro okunze akaoma, tsoko diki semachimpanzi netwupukanana hwemarudzi ese.
  • subtropical coniferous masango: Ivo vanozivikanwa zvakare nezita repaini sango. Pano tinowana mhuka dzakaita seshiri dzinodya, dzimwe mhuka dzinotakura zvinhu, mhuka huru dzakaita setigers, matsokoni nemhuka dzinoyamwisa.
  • Masango ane mwero uye akasanganiswa: tinogona kuwana kubva kumhembwe, nguruve yemusango, squirrels, makondo, nyoka diki dzakadai sekorari, canids, nezvimwe.
  • Masango anodziya econiferous Muzvipenyu izvi tinogona kuwana mhando dzakaita semhashu, makava, lynx, nondo, mhembwe nemamwe marudzi madiki ezvinokambaira.
  • Boreal masango kana taigas: tinogona kuwana mapere makuru, mhumhi, shiri dzinodya semakondo, hove dzomumakomo dzakadai sesaumoni, marmots, nezvimwewo.
  • Masango eMediterranean: Muzvipenyu izvi, marudzi ese eshiri anokura, senge vasikana, mawadhi, zvikara, mamwe marudzi emhuka dzinoyamwisa sembudzi dzemumakomo, zvikara zvakaita semapere ebrown, zvinokambaira nemhuka dzinogara mumvura.
  • Mangrove: Mhuka dzakaita sehove dzemhando dzakasiyana uye diki, magakanje uye bivalves senge oyster uye mussels, shiri dzehove, caimans uye ngwena dzinokura mune izvi zvipenyu.

Masango mhando

Kune nzira dzakawanda dzekuisa masango mumapoka, asi kuti uone kuti ndeipi inonyanya kukosha pakudzidza mhuka dzesango, teerera kune nzira yakarongwa neWWF (World Wildlife Fund) yekuisa masango kuva biomes:

  • Tropical uye subtropical nyoro mashizha masango kana masango anonaya mvura. Iwo anowanikwa munzvimbo dzinopisa uye anoratidza gobvu, kureba, zvimiro zvemiti zvimiro munzvimbo dzinopisa uye dzinodziya dzine hunyoro hwepamusoro uye kunaya kwemvura.
  • Tropical uye subtropical mashizha akaoma kana masango akaoma. Dziri munzvimbo dzinopisa uye dzinopisa, dzinochinjanisa nguva pfupi yekunaya kwemwaka nenguva yekusanaya kwemvura kwenguva refu, nezvinomera zvakakora kana kukora.
  • Subtropical coniferous kana pine masango. Inoparadzirwa zvakanyanya munzvimbo dzine mamiriro ekunze ekunze anopisa, ane mwaka wakareba wekusanaya kwemvura uye kunaya kwemvura shoma, kunyanya kusanganiswa masango econiferous neakafara mashizha.
  • Masango ane mashizha uye akavhenganiswa ane mwero. Mamiriro ekunze anowanzo kudziya, nekusiyana kukuru kwetembiricha uye kunaya kwemvura, anowanikwa kazhinji angiosperms (zvinomera maruva), anowanzo kusanganiswa nemhando dzemhando uye laurels.
  • masango anodziya econiferous. Miti yakasvibira, kazhinji pakakwirira (senge subalpine masango), inowanikwa munzvimbo dzakadzikama nekupisa kunopisa uye kutonhora kwechando, kunaya kwemvura zhinji, uye kuwanda kwemakoniferi.
  • boreal sango kana taiga. Aya ndiwo anonyanya masango econiferous, kunyange zvazvo kune dzimwe nguva masango akavhenganiswa, ari pedyo nedenderedzwa re polar, uye naizvozvo vanotarisana nemamiriro okunze anotonhora ane zhizha rakanyorova uye kutonhora kwechando uye kutonhora kwakanyanya, uko kurasikirwa kwemvura kwakanyanyisa uye mhando dzinofanira kugadzirisa.
  • Sango reMediterranean kana durissilva. Sezvinoratidzwa nezita racho, zvirimwa izvi zvinobva kumamiriro ekunze eMedithera, ane mvura zhinji yechirimo inosimbisa miti nemakwenzi mumamiriro ekunze ekupisa kwechirimo, matsutso anodziya uye nechando chiri munyoro, achidyara zvirimwa. Vanogara vari kumberi kwekumadokero kwekondinendi.
  • Mikoko. Zvisimwa zvakaunganidzwa zvezvipenyu zvinopokana zvakanyanya nemunyu nemvura, zvakawanda munzvimbo dzepakati pemvura kana nzvimbo dzemawere dzenzvimbo dzinopisa kana dzinopisa dzepasi. Vanopa hukuru hukuru hwehupenyu uye amphibian kusiyana.

hunhu hwemhuka

mhuka dzesango dzinopisa

Mhuka dzinogara mumasango anotonhora: Mhuka dzinogara mumasango anotonhora dzinonyanya kuzivikanwa nekuve nemvere dzakakora nemafuta akakora kuti dzirambe dzichidziya mukudziya kwakadzikira.

Mhuka dzinogara musango rinopisa: Mhuka dzinogara mumasango anopisa havana makushe akapfuma kudaroZvakatopesana, nekuti mumasango aya mamiriro ekunze ane mwando uye anodziya ndiwo anotonga.

Mhuka dzinogara musango rinopisa: Mhuka dzemumasango anogara achinaya mvura dzinokwanisa kukwira miti mirefu, zvinova zvinoonekwa nenharaunda iyi. Kazhinji, mhuka dzesango dzinoenderana nekuchinja uye maitiro eecosystem yega yega yadzinogara.

Zvokudya

Sezvineiwo hunhu, kuti mhuka dzesango dzinodya sei zvinoenderana nebiome yadzinobereka, sezvadzinoita zvinoenderana nemamiriro ekunze, maruva uye mamwe marudzi emhuka dzinogara mairi.

Semuyenzaniso, mapere anogara mumasango ane tembiricha yakaderera zvakanyanya uye kutonhora kwakanyanya kwechando anowanzo kuvhima uye kudya zvakanyanya mumimwe mwaka kuti apinde muchikamu chekurara, panguva iyo anorara munguva yechando, saka usatambise Simba rako. .

Dzimwe mhuka dzinosarudza kutamira kumasango akafanana kudya zvakanaka munguva yechando. Nekune rumwe rutivi, pasinei nerudzi rwesango, mhuka dzose dzinogadzira nzira dzokurarama mariri, dzakadai sokuvhima, kuredza kana kuunganidza.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda nezvemhuka dzakasiyana dzesango uye maitiro avo.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

*

*

  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako