Iran inosimudzira kuzvipira kwayo kusimba rinowedzerwazve

 

yakaderera zuva simba rekudyara mari

Mushure mekumirira kwenguva refu, angangoita makore makumi maviri ekumirira, kubvira pakagadzirwa chirongwa ichi, zviremera zveIran zvakavhura chirimwa che Mokran simba rezuva, mudunhu rekumabvazuva kweKerman. Iyo yakaoma kunzwisisa kwazvo yerudzi rwayo munyika uye ine chinogadzirwa chinokwana makumi maviri emamegawati.

Sekureva kweIran Gurukota reMagetsi, Hamid chitchian. “Kusvika parizvino, kupihwa kwakapihwa kukosha kwe 3.600 mamiriyoni yemadhora ekudyara kwekunze musimba rinovandudzwa ”.

Parizvino, Iran ine yakanyanya kudzoreredza simba rekugadzira simba kuMiddle East, senge mhepo, geothermal, hydroelectric uye solar; ine chinzvimbo chinotobvumidza iyo kutumira simba remagetsi. Iran ine mazuva anodarika mazana matatu ekupenya kwezuva pagore, mhepo dzakanaka dzesimba remhepo, pamwe chete nemiti yakasiyana-siyana yemagetsi, pakati pezvimwe zvinowanikwazve magetsi.

Simba rezuva

Chiitiko chinowedzera kuve chakajairika munzvimbo dzese dzemuti, icho chine tsananguro iri nyore kwazvo maererano neGerman Hans-Josef Fell, Mutungamiri weEnergy Watch Group.

“Iye zvino matekinoroji ezuva nemhepo zvakachipa zvikuru. Yakachipa, iro simba kubva kugasi, oiri, marasha, iyo nyukireya ... uye, nekudaro, tinogona kutsiva yakajairika simba system neimwe inogona kudzoreredzwa zvizere mune ramangwana ".

simba rezuva mukurima

Mune ramangwana risiri kure zvakanyanya, Iran ichave ne100 megawatt simba remagetsi, rinova iro pakukura muMiddle East.

Iran inoonekwa separadhiso ye kugadzirwa uye kushandiswa kwesimba rezuva, ine avhareji yemaawa 2.800 XNUMX ezuva pagore. Kugona uku uye nezvipo zvinopihwa nehurumende zvakapa mikana isingaverengeke yekudyara munyika ino.

california inogadzira yakawandisa simba rezuva

Simba remhepo

La simba remhepo muIran anga achiona kukura kwechizvarwa chemhepo mumakore achangopfuura, uye ane chirongwa chekuwedzera zvakanyanya chizvarwa chemhepo chiripo. Iran ndiyo chete nzvimbo yekugadzira turbine yemhepo kuMiddle East.

Mhepo

Muna 2006, kwaingova nemamegawati makumi mana nemashanu emagetsi ekugadzira kubva kumagetsi emhepo akaisirwa (45th pasirese). Uku kwaive kuwedzera kwe30% kubva pamamegawati makumi matatu nemaviri muna 40. Muna 32, nemagetsi emagetsi emhepo emuIran kuManjil (mudunhu reGilan) neBinaloud (mudunhu reKhorasan Razavi) huwandu hwese hwakauya 128 megawatts emagetsi. Pakazosvika 2009, Iran yaive nemagetsi ekugadzira magetsi emagetsi anosvika 130 MW.

Uku kugona kuri kuwedzera gore rega rega, nekuvhurwa kwemapaki matsva. Pasina kuenda mberi, munaKurume apfuura iyo yekupedzisira yakavhurwa. Iri riri mutaundi reTakestan mudunhu reQazvin, uye rine simba re55 MW. Iyo purojekiti yakasimudzirwa ne MAPNA boka remakambani, kwayakaisa mari inodarika mamirioni makumi mapfumbamwe nemaviri emadhora.

Mhepo

Simba reHydraulic

Iran inogadzira zviuru gumi zvemamegawati emagetsi emagetsi, ayo angori pamusoro pe10.000% yezvose kugadzirwa kwe14 mv.

Hupfumi hwenyika hwemafuta uye gasi hwanonoka kuzivisa nezve kukosha kwekuvandudza magetsi, asi zvirongwa zvave kusundirwa kuwedzera kugadzirwa kwezuva, mhepo uye magetsi.

Imwe yemichero mikuru yeIran ndiyo Siah Bishe chirimwa, yekutanga hydroelectric chirimwa Pumped Kuchengetera Pakati peMiddle East, iyo Makumi emakore Project

Iyo michina ine matura maviri paRwizi rweChalus, ane madhamhu 86 uye 104 metres kukwirira uye 49 uye 330 metres pakureba uye huwandu hwemamirioni anenge 3,5 mamirioni emamita, inoziviswa ne mega pombi mukati megomo vanodonhedza mvura nechisimba pama turbine mumaawa ekuda uye voipomba kumusoro usiku, kana paine magetsi asina kushandiswa mu network.

Hurumende inoratidzawo kubudirira kweIslamic Republic "kuti iite chirongwa ichi kunyangwe zvikanganiso zvinoiswa nezvirango zvepasi rose"mumakore achangopfuura.

Iyo Siah Brisheh chirimwa inodhura yakatenderedza 300 mamirioni euros uye yaida kupihwa vashandi vanopfuura zviuru zvishanu vashandi, iri inobhadharwa chete neguta guru reIran uye 90 muzana yehunyanzvi uye zvikamu iIran.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako