Zomera zoyandama ndi dzuwa

chomera choyandama ndi dzuwaDziko lathu lapansi limalandira mphamvu kuchokera ku Dzuwa mphamvu yofanana ndi ma terawatts 89.000 (TW, wani trilioni watts), chiwerengero chomwe ndi kasanu ndi kawiri kuposa izi kuposa mphamvu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito padziko lonse lapansi, zomwe akuti pafupifupi 16 TW.

M'malo mwake, ngakhale mphepo yamphamvu yokhayokha imatha kupereka magetsi ochulukirapo pafupifupi 25 (370 TW) kuposa momwe dziko lapansi likufunira. Zakhala zikuwerengedwa kuti ndi mapaki akulu akulu asanu ndi amodzi oyikika bwino (opangidwa mwanjira yoti imodzi mwa iwo imalandira kuwala kwa dzuwa nthawi zonse) itha kupezeka magetsi okwanira kukwaniritsa zofunikira zapadziko lonse lapansi.

Chile

M'zaka zaposachedwa, makampani opanga mphamvu zowonjezereka yakula kwambiri, ngakhale idali kutali ndi njirayi ndipo idapangidwa mwanjira yowoneka bwino, yogawidwa. Dera lokhala ndi makina oyendera dzuwa ndi mphepo akupitilizabe kukula ndipo izi zikufuna kupanga njira zatsopano, makamaka zigawo ndi mayiko omwe alibe malo ambiri. Mwambiri, magetsi omwe amagwiritsidwanso ntchito amakhala mofanana malo ambiri kuposa magetsi wamba; makamaka poyerekeza ndi nyukiliya kapena mphamvu yamafuta.

Zomera zoyandama ndi dzuwa

Zomera zoyandama ndi zina mwazinthu zatsopano zomwe zayamba kupangidwa m'zaka zaposachedwa. Njira yake ikufanana ndi ya minda yamphepo yakunyanja (kumayiko ena), zomwe zikuchulukirachulukira.

Aeolian Denmark

Kuyika makina amphepo kumtunda kuli ndi maubwino angapo. Chodziwikiratu ndichakuti kupezeka kwake sizimakhudza mawonekedwe. Kuphatikiza apo, panyanja, makina amphepo amatha kukhala ocheperako komanso ataliatali komanso nthawi yomweyo amakhala ogwira ntchito moyenera kapena ogwira ntchito kuposa anzawo pamtunda chifukwa chakuti kulimba kwa nyanjayi kumakhala kochepera kuposa malo athyathyathya.

Kuyipa kumatanthawuza zopinga (monga zomera, zomangamanga, kapena zolakwika zachilengedwe) zomwe zimakhudza kuyenda kwa mpweya, ndichifukwa chake makina amphepo kumtunda amakhala ataliatali. Kulimba kwa nyanja kumawonjezeka pakakhala mafunde, koma kupatula apo panyanja mphepo imakumana ndi zopinga m'njira yake.

Izi ndizogwiranso ntchito pazomera zoyandama za dzuwa, zimagwiritsa ntchito malo omwe sakugwiritsidwa ntchito: monga nyanja yotseguka, nyanja zopanda phindu kapena madzi owonongeka kuti apange magetsi kudzera mumagetsi opangira magetsi.

mapanelo japan

Ubwino woyandama malo osungira dzuwa

Chomera choyandama cha dzuwa chili ndi maubwino angapo: malo ake pamadzi mbali imodzi amachepetsa kutuluka kwa madzi, pomwe mbali ina malo ozizira amakwaniritsa magwiridwe antchito amandalama ndikuwathandiza kuti asamavutike.

magawo a dzuwa korea

Ku China, limodzi mwa mayiko oipitsidwa kwambiri padziko lapansi, akuluakulu akuchitapo kanthu kuchotsa mafuta ndi kuikanso mphamvu zowonjezereka, monga njira yothetsera "chomera choyandama". Boma lidalonjeza kuti lidzawawonjezera ndi 20% mzaka zikubwerazi.

mpweya wa China

China iyenera kusintha mwachangu mfundo zamagetsi ngati ikufuna kuthetseratu mavuto azachilengedwe akudutsa. Ripoti lokonzedwa ndi Unduna wa Zachitetezo ku China, mogwirizana ndi UN, akuti 90% yamadzi m'mizinda yamdzikolo zakhudzana ndikuti kuipitsa mpweya kumathandizira kuti anthu 1,2 miliyoni amwalire msanga pachaka.

Kuwononga mpweya ku China

Malinga ndi kafukufuku wochokera ku Greenpeace East Asia mdzikolo pafupifupi anthu 200 miliyoni ali pachiwopsezo cha kuipitsidwa.

China

Pachifukwa ichi, China, yomwe ikutsogolera kutulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha padziko lonse lapansi, idalandira a msonkho watsopano wa kuipitsa, ngakhale, komabe, siziphatikizapo mpweya woipa (CO2).

Zovuta zamapaki oyandama dzuwa

Mafunde akulu ndiye chiwopsezo chodziwikiratu kuzomera zakuyandama zomwe zikuyandama kunyanja. Komanso saltpeter ndi dzimbiri ndi mchere nyanja zikuyimira zovuta zina.

Vuto la mafunde lachepetsedwa ndi malo oyandama omwe amapezeka m'malo opumira kapena magombe. Mitundu yoyandama yoyendera dzuwa yomwe ikupangidwa ndi yomwe idayamba kale kugwiritsidwa ntchito imatha kuthandizira kusiyanasiyana kwakutali kwamadzi mpaka 10 mita, mafunde mpaka 2 mita ndi mphepo mpaka 190 km / h.

Koma chopopera chamchere chomwe chili mlengalenga pafupi ndi nyanja chitha kuwononga zida zachitsulo zomwe zimatsatira komanso magalasi a dzuwa, Kuchepetsa mphamvu yake komanso moyo wake wothandiza.

Malingana ndi opanga osiyanasiyana, Zida zilizonse zomwe zimayikidwa pamtunduwu zimayenera kulimbana ndi dzimbiri zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndi mchere komanso nitrate, kuphatikiza ma solar ndi ma turbine amphepo. Komabe, "mwachiwonekere opanga opanga magetsi wamba sakudziwa ngati angathe kuperekabe chitsimikizo chotere ngati mapanelo akhazikika munyanja ”.

Makina amphepo am'madzi


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