Ziwombankhanga ndi kufunika kwake kusamalira nkhalango

ziphaniphani

Kwa anthu ochepera zaka makumi atatu kapena omwe sanaleredwe mdziko muno, mwayi womwe awona chiphaniphani pa moyo wake wonse ndi chachifupi. Nyama izi zimakhala pachiwopsezo chokhala m'mizinda komanso kuwononga chilengedwe komanso kuwononga chilengedwe.

Mwambiri, padziko lonse lapansi,  kudula mitengo mwachisawawa komanso kukula kwa mizinda Amawopseza ziwombankhanga zomwe zachititsa kuti mitundu yoposa zikwi ziwiri iwonongeke. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za izi?

Ziwombankhanga za anthu

Kuyambira kale, tizilomboti timawerengedwa ngati chozizwitsa chachilengedwe. Kwa anthu omwe anakulira mdzikolo, zimawakumbutsa zokumbukira usiku wotentha wa chilimwe ali mwana. Pali anthu omwe amafotokoza ma fireflies ndi mphindi zachikondi ndi makonda. Palinso zikhulupiriro zachingerezi zomwe zimati ngati mupha ziphaniphani mutha kuyika pachiwopsezo pachibwenzi chanu ndipo ena amadzinenera kuti mutha kuyambitsa imfa ya wokondedwa wanu.

Chiphaniphani

Mwina ndizowona kuti tizilomboto timakhuta kwambiri chifukwa cha kukongola kwawo komanso mawonekedwe awo, koma ndizowona, kuti monga chamoyo chilichonse padziko lapansi, imakwaniritsa ntchito yake m'zinthu zachilengedwe. Kuphatikiza apo, chitetezo chake ndi chisungiko zitha kukhala zothandiza kwambiri kusamalira nkhalango. Kodi tizilombo tingathandize bwanji kuteteza nkhalango?

Kuthandiza kwa ziphaniphani

Ku Mexico, m'chigawo cha Tlaxcala, kuli tawuni yomwe, kwazaka zambiri, idapulumuka chifukwa chodula mitengo. Tawuniyi ili pafupifupi 70km kuchokera ku Mexico City. Tawuniyo inali yosauka ndipo njira yokhayo yokhazikitsira chuma inali kudutsa nkhalango.

Komabe, chifukwa cha kukopa kwa ziphaniphani zamtengo wapatali izi, zidawoneka bizinesi yotheka momwe alendo ambiri amabwera adapita mtawoni kukawona ma fireflies. Ziwombankhanga zowala kwambiri ndi zazikazi, zomwe ndizokulirapo ndipo zimawunikira mimba yanu chifukwa cha mankhwala omwe amapezeka mwachilengedwe mthupi lanu.

Ntchito zokopa alendozi zidatenga zaka 11 kuti zichitike, koma mu 2011, Mwala wakuthwa konsekonse, Lakhala malo opitilira 200 mahekitala omwe amapereka chinyezi choyenera komanso malo odyetsera ntchentche kuti zizikhala bwino ndikuberekana. Kuphatikiza apo, mwayi wopezedwa ndi alendo oterewa ndikuti safunikanso kudula nkhalango kuti apeze phindu ndikuchulukirachulukira.

Mwala Wakuthwa konsekonse

Mzinda wa Piedra Canteada

Masiku ano, bizinesiyo imabereka zipatso kotero kuti alendo amachita chidwi ndi zodabwitsazi amathamangira pakiyo m'mahema, apaulendo komanso malo ogona m'malo amenewo komanso Mumawadzaza milungu ingapo pasadakhale. Pofuna kuisunga bwino ndikuti mutha kugwiritsa ntchito bizinesi iyi kwazaka zambiri, malamulo oyenderawa ndi okhwima kwambiri kuti apewe zovuta zonse zomwe zimawonekera pa ntchentche komanso malo omwe akukhalamo. Kufikira malo omwe ziphaniphaniphani zimakhala zochepa kwambiri kuti tipewe kuipitsidwa kwa malo awo ndikupita kukasewera kounikira mwakachetechete komanso mumdima.

Monga ndanenera poyamba, alendo odzawona ziphaniphani Ichepetsa kudula mitengo m'dera la Piedra Canteada ndi 70%. Pali mabanja 42 omwe akuchepetsabe nkhalango, koma osatinso kwambiri, koma ntchito zowongolera ndi phindu linalake pogulitsa matabwa.

"Tikudula, tikukhala m'nkhalango, kudula mitengo, koma mwadongosolo", amalimbikitsa mabanja omwe amagwiritsa ntchito matabwa.

Kubwezera kuwonongeka kwa nkhalango komwe kwachitika pazaka zambiri, zina zikwi makumi asanu za paini ndi firs zimabzalidwa kuyembekeza kupitiliza kukopa ndikupereka nyumba yabwino kwa ziphaniphani zochulukirapo. Mwanjira imeneyi bizinesi inkayenda bwino ndipo tizilombo tomwe timatha kuberekana ndikuthawa ngozi yakutha. Kuphatikiza apo, kupita patsogolo kwa bizinesi iyi kumathandiza kwambiri pakusamalira nkhalango ndi malo abwino osungira zachilengedwe.

ziphaniphani kuvina

Ziwombankhanga zovina

Poganizira zaumwini, ndizachisoni kuti tasiya kudula nkhalango ndikuwononga madera Chifukwa choti ntchito zina za alendo komanso kuzunzidwa kumatipatsa phindu lazachuma. Ngati gulugufe sanayikepo ziwonetsero zomwe zikuchitika, mwina sangakhale kachilombo komwe amadandaula kuti kadzatha, ndipo mwina anali atatha kale. Tiyenera kuphunzira kuyamikira mitundu yonse ya zomera ndi zinyama padziko lapansi, mosasamala kanthu za phindu lachuma lomwe timalandira kwa iwo.

 


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  1.   Joseph Ribes-Garcia anati

    Kudula mitengo sikumakhala ntchito iliyonse, kapena ntchito iliyonse, ndi zotsatira za nkhalango, sayansi yogwiritsa ntchito nkhalango.