Mapulogalamu a dzuwa a Photovoltaic

zithunzi za dzuwa zamagetsi

Kupanga mphamvu ya dzuwa kwasintha modumphadumpha pazaka komanso chitukuko chaukadaulo. Onsewa pakakhala mapaki akulu am'mlengalenga ndi malo ang'onoang'ono odzigwiritsira ntchito, amagwira nawo ntchito zithunzi za dzuwa zamagetsi. Kuwonjezeka kwa kudzidalira ku Spain kukuwonekera kwambiri m'zaka zaposachedwa. Ndipo ndikuti nyumba zochulukirapo zasankha kuyika ma photovoltaic pazifukwa zosiyanasiyana. Chimodzi mwazinthu zake ndi kusungira ndalama zamagetsi komanso udindo wazachilengedwe womwe nthawi zikufuna.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani mawonekedwe ndi magwiridwe antchito amagetsi a dzuwa a photovoltaic.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

photovoltaic mapanelo dzuwa padenga

Ma photovoltaic solar panels amatha kupanga magetsi kudzera padzuwa. Ndi mphamvu yowonjezeredwatu osati kuyipitsa chilengedwe. Ubwino wamtundu uwu wamagetsi osagwiritsika ntchito ndikuti imapangidwa yokha ndi mphamvu yochokera kudzuwa lathu. Kugwira ntchito kwa mapanelo azolowera dzuwa makamaka kumadalira khungu la dzuwa la photovoltaic lomwe limapangitsa kuti mphamvu ya dzuwa isinthe mwachindunji kukhala magetsi pogwiritsa ntchito zithunzi zamagetsi.

Mphamvu ya Photovoltaic ndi yomwe zinthu zina zimayenera kuchita athe kupanga magetsi akamayatsidwa ndi dzuwa. Izi zimachitika pomwe mphamvu yochokera kudzuwa imatulutsa ma elekitironi kuti apange mphamvu zamagetsi.

Magawo azungulira dzuwa amapangidwa ndi ma cell angapo a photovoltaic. Ndi magawo a silicon opangidwa ndi phosphorous ndi boron omwe amatha kupanga magetsi akamalandira ma radiation a dzuwa. Amatha kupanga gawo kuti voliyumu isinthidwe kukhala dongosolo la DC lomwe lingagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Mphamvu zomwe zimapangidwa polumikizana ndi chosinthira chamakono zimasandulika kukhala njira zina zomwe zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazida zapanyumba. Zimakhala zachizolowezi kukhala gawo lamagetsi zitha kusinthidwa ndimachitidwe apompopompo ndikusintha kwamakono. Zosintha zonse ndi njira yamagetsi yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito masana ndipo imatha kuperekedwa ndi magalasi a dzuwa.

Tiyenera kukumbukiranso kuti mphamvu yamagetsi yoperekedwa ndi maselo a photovoltaic nthawi zonse imakhala yokhazikika komanso yolunjika, chifukwa chake kuchuluka kwa zomwe zimaperekedwa pakadali pano kumadalira mphamvu yomwe dzuwa limawala. Izi zimapangitsa magwiridwe antchito omwe mapanelo a dzuwa amapereka kotero photovoltaic imadalira kwambiri kukula kwa kuwala. Izi zimasiyanasiyana kutengera nthawi yamasana, nthawi ya chaka komanso nyengo yomwe tili.

Momwe mungawerengere mphamvu yama photovoltaic solar panels

paki ya dzuwa

Ndikofunikira kuti mutha kuwerengera mphamvu zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi za photovoltaic kuti athe kuwerengera mphamvu ya gawoli. Pankhani yobwera kapena kuwerengera magwiridwe antchito, muyezo womwe wagwiritsidwa ntchito m'ma module ndi watts peak (Wp). Kuyeza kumeneku kumagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chonamizira chomwe chimayeza kuyeza magwiridwe antchito amagetsi a dzuwa ndikukhazikitsa kufananitsa pakati pawo. Mwanjira iyi, titha kudziwa mawonekedwe amtundu uliwonse ndikuwona womwe ukufunika nthawi zonse. Zambiri mwazimenezi zimayimira magwiridwe omwe amaperekedwa ndi ma photovoltaic solar panels omwe amapatsidwa kuchuluka kwa radiation ndi kutentha kochokera padzuwa.

Zonsezi kapena ndizofunikira mukamayikira kukhazikitsa kwa photovoltaic, kaya m'nyumba kapena pagulu. Ndikofunikira kusanthula kuchuluka kwa ma Watt apamwamba omwe angaikidwe kuti mupeze mphamvu yodzigwiritsira ntchito. Tiyenera kukumbukiranso kuti m'nyumba momwe magetsi amagwiritsidwira ntchito zimasiyanasiyana munthawi yachaka komanso maola ake tsikulo. Padzakhala nthawi yamasana pomwe pali zida zamagetsi zingapo zolumikizidwa nthawi imodzi ndipo pamafunika magetsi ochulukirapo kuti akwaniritse zosowazo. Komano, tiyeneranso kulingalira nthawi ya chaka. M'chilimwe, gawo lalikulu lamagetsi limafunika kugwiritsidwa ntchito poziziritsa nyumbayo.

Powerengera kukula ndi magwiridwe antchito oyika ma photovoltaic solar panels, zinthu zonse ziyenera kuganiziridwa, poganizira madera anu komanso mawonekedwe ndi mawonekedwe a denga lomwe adzaikidwenso. Umu ndi momwe zingathekere kusanthula kagwiritsidwe ntchito koyenera ndi zoyembekezera kuti mungayerekezere kukula kwakukhazikitsa komwe kumagwirizana ndi zosowa za nyumba iliyonse.

Mitundu yama photovoltaic solar panels

magetsi

Tiyeni tiwone mitundu yayikulu yamagetsi yamagetsi yama photovoltaic yomwe ilipo lero:

  • Mapangidwe a Dzuwa Amorphous: sagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndipo amadziwika kuti alibe mawonekedwe. Nthawi zambiri amataya mphamvu zambiri m'miyezi yoyamba yantchito.
  • Mapanelo owonera dzuwa a Polycrystalline: Amakhala ndi makhiristo omwe amayang'ana mosiyana ndipo amadziwika chifukwa chokhala ndi mtundu wabuluu. Njira yopangira imakhala ndi mwayi wotsika mtengo, koma panthawi yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito imakhala yopanda ntchito.
  • Mapangidwe a dzuwa a monocrystalline: Amadziwika kuti ndi zinthu zabwino kwambiri popeza ali ndi maselo omwe amapanga gululi ndipo amapangidwa ndi kristalo imodzi, yoyera kwambiri ya sililicone yomwe imakhazikika kutentha komweko. Mapanelo a dzuwa amapereka magwiridwe antchito komanso magwiridwe antchito chifukwa amalola ma elekitironi kuyenda momasuka. Ngakhale kuti kupanga ndiokwera mtengo kwambiri, chinthu chapamwamba kwambiri chimapangidwa moyenera kwambiri. Ndipazomwe mumayang'ana.

Ndi magetsi amagetsi ati omwe ali bwino

Zomwe zimalimbikitsidwa kwambiri ndi monocrystalline. Amorphous amayamba kutha ntchito chifukwa amafuna kuthekera mwachangu kwambiri. Ubwino wokha womwe amapereka Mapanelo a polycrystalline ndi mtengo wotsika. Makina ake opanga ndiotsika mtengo, koma alibe magwiridwe ofanana ndi a monocrystalline.

Ngakhale mtengo wawo ndiokwera mtengo kwambiri, mbale za monocrystalline zimakhala ndi magwiridwe antchito apamwamba, magwiridwe antchito pang'ono, ndizopirira kutentha ndipo ndizokongoletsa mokongoletsa kwambiri.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamagawo azamagetsi a photovoltaic ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito.


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