Ubwino wa mphamvu ya mphepo

Makina amphepo

Mphamvu yamagetsi yakhala gwero lalikulu pakupanga magetsi kuti isinthe mtundu wamagetsi, kuyeretsa komanso kukhazikika. Kupititsa patsogolo ukadaulo kumalola minda ina yamphepo kuti ipange magetsi pamtengo wotsika ngati malasha kapena magetsi a nyukiliya. Palibe kukayika kuti mphamvu zomwe timakumana nazo zili ndi maubwino ndi zovuta zake, koma zakale zimapambana ndi kupambana kwakukulu. Ndipo alipo ambiri ubwino wa mphamvu ya mphepo.

Pachifukwa ichi, tipereka nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni zomwe zabwino zazikulu zamphamvu za mphepo ndikofunikira pakukula kwa mphamvu zapadziko lapansi.

Kodi

Ubwino wa mphamvu zowonjezeredwa za mphepo

Choyamba ndi kudziwa kuti mphamvu zamtunduwu ndi ziti. Mphamvu ya mphepo ndiyo mphamvu yomwe imachokera kumphepo. Ndi mtundu wa mphamvu zakapangidwe kamene kamapangidwa ndi kayendedwe ka mpweya. Titha kusintha magetsi awa kukhala magetsi kudzera mu jenereta. Ndi mphamvu yoyera, yowonjezeredwa komanso yopanda kuipitsa yomwe ingathandize m'malo mwa mphamvu zopangidwa ndi mafuta.

Wopanga wamkulu wamagetsi padziko lapansi ndi United States, wotsatira Germany, China, India ndi Spain. Ku Latin America, wopanga wamkulu ndi Brazil. Ku Spain, mphamvu yamagetsi imapereka magetsi ku nyumba zofanana ndi 12 miliyoni, zomwe zikuyimira 18% ya zofunikira mdzikolo. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mphamvu zambiri zobiriwira zoperekedwa ndi makampani amagetsi mdzikolo zimachokera kumafamu amphepo.

Ntchito

ubwino wa mphamvu ya mphepo

Mphamvu za mphepo zimapezeka potembenuza kuyenda kwa makina amphepo kukhala magetsi. Chingwe chopangira mphepo ndi jenereta yoyendetsedwa ndi chopangira mphepo, ndipo choyimitsiracho chinali chopangira mphepo. Makina amphepo amakhala ndi nsanja; kachitidwe kakhazikitsidwe kamapezeka kumapeto kwa nsanjayo, kumapeto kwake. Kabineti imagwiritsidwa ntchito kulumikizana ndi netiweki yamagetsi pansi pa nsanjayo; Dengu lopachikidwa ndi chimango chomwe chimakhala ndi makina amphero ndipo chimakhala poyambira masamba; shaft ndi rotor zimayendetsedwa kutsogolo kwa masamba; pali mabuleki, zochulukitsa, magudumu ndi makina osinthira magetsi ku nacelle.

Masamba amalumikizidwa ndi ozungulira, omwe nawonso amalumikizidwa ndi shaft (yomwe ili pamagetsi), yomwe imatumiza mphamvu yoyenda ku jenereta. Jenereta imagwiritsa ntchito maginito kuti apange magetsi, motero amapanga mphamvu zamagetsi.

Famu ya mphepo imatumiza magetsi omwe amapangidwa ndi malo ake olowa m'malo opatsira ena pogwiritsa ntchito zingwe, ndipo mphamvu zomwe zimapangidwazo zimaperekedwa kugawo logawa kenako ndikupereka kwa wogwiritsa ntchitoyo.

Ubwino wa mphamvu ya mphepo

Pali zabwino zambiri zamagetsi zomwe timayenera kuzigawa kuti tidziwe zambiri.

Ndi mphamvu yosatha ndipo imatenga malo ochepa

Ndiwowonjezera mphamvu. Mphepo ndi gwero lolemera komanso losatha, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti mutha kudalira mphamvu zoyambira, zomwe zikutanthauza Palibe tsiku lotha ntchito. Komanso, itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo ambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Kuti apange ndi kusunga magetsi omwewo, minda yamphepo imafuna malo ocheperako kuposa ma photovoltaics. Zimasinthidwanso, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti dera lomwe lili pakiyi limatha kubwezeretsedwanso mosavuta kuti likonzenso gawo lomwe lidalipo kale.

Silidetsa ndipo lili ndi mtengo wotsika

Mphamvu ya mphepo ndi imodzi mwa magetsi oyera kwambiri pambuyo pa mphamvu ya dzuwa. Chifukwa cha ichi ndikuti sikutentha kwamoto panthawi yopanga. Chifukwa chake, satulutsa mpweya wowopsa kapena zinyalala zolimba. Mphamvu yamagetsi yopangira mphepo imafanana ndi mphamvu ya ma kilogalamu 1.000 a mafuta.

Kuphatikiza apo, chopangira chomwecho chimakhala ndi moyo wautali kwambiri chisanachotsedwe kuti chiwonongeke. Ndalama zoyendetsera makina amphepo ndi mphepo ndizotsika. M'madera okhala ndi mphepo yamkuntho, mtengo wa kilowatt yopanga ndiwotsika kwambiri. Nthawi zina, mtengo wopanga umakhala wofanana ndi khala kapena mphamvu ya nyukiliya.

Zabwino zambiri zamagetsi ndi zovuta zina

Mphamvu yamtunduwu imagwirizana ndi zochitika zina zachuma. Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo, ntchito zaulimi ndi ziweto zimakhalira limodzi mogwirizana ndi ntchito zamafamu amphepo. Izi zikutanthauza kuti sizikhala ndi vuto pachuma, komanso imalola kuti malowa apange chuma chatsopano osasokoneza chitukuko cha ntchito zake zachikhalidwe.

Kumbali inayi, monga mungayembekezere, sizabwino zonse zamagetsi amphepo, koma palinso zovuta zina. Tiyeni tiwunikire iliyonse ya izi:

Mphepo siyikhazikika komanso mphamvu sizimasungidwa

Mphamvu ya mphepo imakhala yosayembekezereka, chifukwa chake zolosera sizingachitike nthawi zonse, makamaka muzinthu zazing'ono zazing'ono. Pofuna kuchepetsa chiopsezo, ndalama zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo otere nthawi zonse zimakhala zazitali, chifukwa kuwerengera kwake ndikotetezeka. Kuperewera uku kumamveka bwino ndi chidziwitso chimodzi: makina amphepo Amatha kugwira ntchito bwinobwino pansi pa mphepo ya 10 mpaka 40 km / h. Pafupipafupi, mphamvu siyopindulitsa, pomwe imathamanga kwambiri, imayimira kuwopsa kwa kapangidwe kake.

Ndi mphamvu yomwe sungasungidwe, koma iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi yomweyo ikapangidwa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti sangapereke njira ina yonse yogwiritsira ntchito mitundu ina yamagetsi.

Mphamvu ya malo ndi zachilengedwe

Mafamu akuluakulu amphepo amakhala ndi malo owoneka bwino ndipo amatha kuwona patali. Kutalika kwapakati pa nsanja / chopangira mphamvu kumakhala pakati pa 50 mpaka 80 mita, ndipo masamba ozungulira amakwezedwa mita 40 yowonjezera. Zokongoletsa pamalingaliro nthawi zina zimasokoneza nzika zakomweko.

Mafamu amphepo amatha kusokoneza moyo wa mbalame, makamaka ma raptors omwe amakhala atagwira usiku. Zomwe zimakhudza mbalame zimadza chifukwa choti Masamba onsewo amatha kuyenda msanga mpaka 70 km / h. Mbalamezi sizingazindikire kuti zili ndi nkhafi pa liŵiro ili ndipo zimagundana nazo mpaka kufa.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamaubwino amagetsi amphepo ndi zina mwazovuta zake.


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