Soria, paradaiso wa zotsamba zazomera

Soria akufuna kukhala mzinda woyamba waku Spain wokhala ndi zero kaboni. Kuyambira 2015, ma boiler a gasi kapena dizilo akusinthidwa ndi mphamvu zina zowonjezeredwa kuti zipeze madzi otentha ndi kutentha. Ntchito ya ma euro 14 miliyoni, ndi ndalama za Official Credit Institute (ICO), yomwe yapereka mamiliyoni anayi kudzera mu kampani yoyang'anira ndalama ku Axis, ndi Suma Capital ya Barcelona.

Malo otentha a Soria, momwe ntchitoyi imayendetsedwera ndikugulitsidwa ndi kampani ya Soria yatchedwa Rebi, a m'gululi Amax bie, Ali kale ndi makasitomala a 8.000 ikamaliza gawo lawo loyamba. Zimaphatikizapo kuchokera kumadera a eni kupita ku mahotela, zipatala, masukulu, malo osambira, malo osungira okalamba ndi mabungwe aboma.

Chomera cha biomass cha ntchito matenthedwe, ili ndi mphamvu ya 18kw, imagwiritsa ntchito matani 16.000 a nkhalango pachaka, zomwe zimapanga ma kilowatt maola 45 miliyoni pachaka.

sungani ngati zotsalira zazomera

Kampaniyo ili ndi antchito 50, ndipo izi amapewa mpweya wokwanira matani 16.000(CO2) pachaka. Alberto Gómez, yemwe ndi mkulu wa bungweli anati: "Timathandiza kukonzanso nkhalangoyi ndikuyiyang'anira."

Ma netiweki ndi makilomita 28 otsekedwa pansi pamadzi otentha, akufotokoza Borondo. "Zinthu za m'nkhalangoyi zimayikidwa pachomera, ndikuwotcha ma biomass atatu a megawatts zisanu ndi chimodzi aliyense, atawunika ndi kusefa. Izi zimalepheretsa nthambi iliyonse kuti isatseke dongosololi, "akuwonjezera.

Madziwo amatenthedwa ndi kutentha komwe kumatuluka ndikuyaka moto kenako ndikupopa m'mapaipi opita mumzinda, ukupitilira. Panyumba iliyonse, kampaniyo imakhazikitsa chosinthira, chomwe chimapangitsa kuti madzi omwe amayenda mozungulira azikhala osadalira nyumbayo. "Timatsimikizira kusungidwa pakati pa 10% ndi 25%, malinga ndi kuchuluka kosankhidwa; magetsi okha omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi omwe amalipira chifukwa cha mamitala ena omwe amayesa mphamvu zopita kunyumba ".

Zowonjezera

Rebi ikukulitsa ntchito zake pakatikati ndi kumwera kwa Soria, komwe ikuyembekeza kubweretsa kuchuluka kwa ogwiritsa ntchito ku 16.000. Kuti akwaniritse zofunikira izi, kampaniyo yaphatikizanso zida zatsopano (inertial accumulator) yosungira mphamvu zamafuta ndi makina opopera madzi. "Tidawona ku Europe kuti izi zimawongolera magwiridwe antchito, m'malo mongokhazikitsa zida zina zoyaka," akutero a Borondo.

Imene ili ku Soria si ntchito yokhayo. Gululi linayamba kuyang'ana bizinesi iyi mu 2009, powona kuthekera kwa nkhalango kwa Castilla y León komanso nyumba zomwe zimakhala ndi mafuta otentha m'chigawo chomwe chimakhala ndi nyengo yozizira kwambiri.

nkhalango zotsalira

Chifukwa chake, netiweki yake yoyamba idabuka m'matauni a Soria a Olvega, ikugwira ntchito kuyambira 2012, kapena ku University of Valladolid. Tsopano tangofikira Douro Aranda (Burgos), atagwirizana ndi holo ya tawuni ya Arandino kuti apereke nyumba 3.000 ndi mabungwe aboma, ndikupanga ndalama za XNUMX miliyoni.

Ntchitozo ziyamba mu Okutobala ndipo zigwira ntchito zaka ziwiri, akuyembekeza. Zolinga zamakampani zimathandizanso mpaka Guadalajara (Castilla-La Mancha), popanga ziphaso.

Kusinthika kwa zamoyo ku Spain

Chotsatira tiwona ma graph osiyanasiyana, omwe akuwonetsa kusinthika kwa zitatu mwazinthu zazikulu a gawo lamagetsi: kuyerekezera mphamvu mu kW, kuchuluka kwa makhazikitsidwe ndi mphamvu zopangidwa mu GWh. Gwero la zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi intaneti yodziwika bwino m'gululi: www.chawedetsa.es.

Kodi Observatoriobiomasa.es ndi chiyani?

La Spanish Association for Biomass Energy Valorization (AVEBIOM) adapanga tsambali mu 2016 mpaka bweretsani zidziwitso za biomass ndikuyerekeza kwa anthu ambiri momwe angathere, ndi cholinga chachikulu chobweretsa, papulatifomu yomweyo, zidziwitso zogwiritsa ntchito zotsalira zazomera ku Spain.

Tithokoze zambiri za AVEBIOM komanso zomwe zidaperekedwa ndi National Boiler Biomass Observatory komanso Biofuel Price Index, kuphatikiza pa mgwirizano wamakampani ndi mabungwe omwe ali mgululi, Ikhoza kupanga kusintha, kufananitsa ndikupereka chidziwitso ndi kuyerekezera.

Chithunzi 1: Kusintha kwa kuchuluka kwa zachilengedwe ku Spain

Chitsanzo chodziwikiratu cha kukula kwaukadaulo uku ndi onjezani kuchuluka kwamakonzedwe yamtundu uwu wamagetsi osinthika.

Zotsatira zaposachedwa zikusonyeza kuti mu 2015 panali makina 160.036 ku Spain. Kuwonjezeka kwa 25% poyerekeza ndi chaka chatha, kumene chiwerengerocho chinali kupitirira 127.000.

Zaka 8 zapitazo, kunalibe makhazikitsidwe 10.000 ndipo mu 2015 adadutsa kale 160.000, zikuwonekeratu kuti chisinthiko komanso kuchuluka kwa biomass mdziko lathu ndi chowonadi chotsimikizika komanso zowoneka bwino.

Zophika

 

Timakumbukira kuti ma boiler awa amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati gwero la mphamvu zotsalira ndikupanga kutentha m'nyumba ndi nyumba. Amagwiritsa ntchito ngati gwero lamagetsi mafuta achilengedwe monga pellets zamatabwa, maenje azitona, zotsalira zamnkhalango, zipolopolo za nati, ndi zina zambiri Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito kutenthetsa madzi m'nyumba ndi m'nyumba.

Chithunzi 2: Kusinthika kwa mphamvu zowerengedwa ku biomass ku Spain (kW)

Zotsatira zomveka zakuchulukirachulukira kwamakonzedwe ndizowonjezera mphamvu zomwe zikuyerekeza.

Mphamvu zonse zomwe zidakhazikitsidwa ku Spain zinali 7.276.992 kW mu 2015. Poyerekeza ndi nthawi yapita, mphamvu yonse yoyikidwayo chinawonjezeka ndi 21,7% poyerekeza ndi 2014, komwe kuyerekezera kW kunali ochepera 6 miliyoni.

Kukula komwe kumachitika malinga ndi mphamvu zonse zomwe zaikidwa kuchokera mu 2008 mpaka pa data yomaliza yomwe yaperekedwa mu 2015 yakhala 381%, kuchoka pa 1.510.022 kW kupitirira 7.200.000.

Chithunzi 3: Kusintha kwa mphamvu zopangidwa ku Spain (GWh)

  

Kuti timalize ndi ma graph, tiwunika momwe zamoyo zinasinthira mu zaka 8 zapitazi za mphamvu zopangidwa ndi mphamvuyi ku Spain.

Monga ma metric awiri am'mbuyomu, kukula kumakhala kosalekeza pazaka zomwe zakhala 2015, ndi 12.570 GWh, chaka chokhala ndi voliyumu yayikulu kwambiri ya GWh. 20,24% kuposa mu 2014. Kuwonjezeka kwa mphamvu zopangidwa ndi zotsalira zazomera kuyambira 2008 kwakhala 318%.

Kuphatikizidwa kwa zotsalira zazomera pakati pazigawo zazikulu zamagetsi mdziko lathu kukupitilizabe. Kuti muwone bwino kusinthika kwake kwabwino ingoyang'anani pa 2008 data.

Munthawi imeneyo panali makina a 9.556 omwe adapanga mphamvu zowerengeka za 3.002,3 GWh ndi mphamvu yoyerekeza ya 1.510.022 Kw ndipo mu 2015, yomaliza deta ikupezeka, yawonjezeka mpaka 12.570 GWh yamagetsi opangidwa, makina a 160.036 ndi 7.276.992 Kw amagetsi.


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