Chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi: ntchito ndi mitundu

Chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi

Lero tikulankhula za mphamvu ina yosinthika mwakuya. Ndi za mphamvu yamagetsi. Koma sitikulankhula za izo zokha, koma za hayidiroliki mphamvu chomera komwe amapangidwa ndikuchitika. Chomera chopangira magetsi chimakhala chofunikira kwambiri pakupanga mphamvu zowonjezereka kuchokera kumalo osungira madzi. Kuphatikiza apo, imagwiritsanso ntchito mitundu ingapo ndi maubwino kwa anthu.

Munkhaniyi tikambirana za maubwino ndi zovuta zonse zamagetsi zamagetsi ndipo tiwona momwe amagwirira ntchito. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za izi? Pitilizani kuwerenga.

Kodi chomera chopangira magetsi ndi chiyani

Kugwiritsa ntchito makina opangira magetsi

Tikayamba makina opangira magetsi, chomwe tikukhulupirira ndikuti titha kupanga mphamvu kuchokera m'madzi omwe amasungidwa mosungira. Chinthu choyamba kuchita ndikupanga mphamvu zamagetsi ndikusintha kukhala mphamvu yamagetsi.

Makina osonkhanitsira madzi amapangidwa kupanga kulephera komwe kumayambira mphamvu zomwe zapeza. Madzi amenewo amagwetsedwa kuti apeze mphamvu kudzera mu mphamvu yokoka. Madzi akamadutsa mu chopangira mphamvu, amapanga mayendedwe ozungulira omwe amayendetsa chosinthira ndikusintha mphamvu yamagetsi kukhala yamagetsi.

Ubwino wa chomera chamagetsi

Zoyipa zazomera zamagetsi

Monga mukuwonera, izi zimabweretsa zabwino kwa anthu osati kokha pamphamvu yamagetsi. Tiyeni tigawe maubwino awa kuti tiwasanthule limodzi ndi limodzi:

  • Ndi mphamvu yowonjezeredwa. Mwanjira ina, siyimatha nthawi ngati mafuta. Madzi pawokha alibe malire, koma ndizowona kuti chilengedwe chimatibweretsera mvula nthawi zonse. Mwanjira imeneyi titha kuchira ndikupitiliza kuigwiritsa ntchito ngati gwero la mphamvu.
  • Pokhala yachilengedwe kwathunthu komanso yosinthika, sikuipitsa. Ndi mphamvu yoyera.
  • Monga tanena kale, sikuti zimangotipindulitsa pakuthandizira mphamvu zamagetsi, koma zimaphatikizidwanso ndi zina monga kutetezedwa ku madzi osefukira, kuthirira, kuperekera madzi, kupanga misewu, zokopa alendo kapena kukonza malo.
  • Ngakhale mukuganiza, ndalama zonse zogwirira ntchito ndi kukonza ndizotsika. Damu ndi dongosolo lonse lamadzi zikamangidwa, kukonza sikumakhala kovuta konse.
  • Mosiyana ndi mitundu ina yamagetsi yogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu, ntchito zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti zithetse mphamvu zamtunduwu zimakhala ndi nthawi yayitali yothandiza.
  • Makina opangira magetsi amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mphamvu. Turbine ndiyosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, yotetezeka kwambiri komanso yothandiza. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mitengo yopanga ndiyotsika ndipo imatha kuyambitsidwa ndikuyimitsidwa mwachangu.
  • Kawirikawiri amafuna kuyang'aniridwa kwa ogwira ntchito, popeza ndi ntchito yosavuta kuchita.

Kungoti ndi mphamvu yowonjezeredwa komanso yoyera yokhala ndi zotsika mtengo zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ikhale yopikisana m'misika. Ndizowona kuti ili ndi zovuta zina monga tidzaonera pansipa, ngakhale zabwino zomwe zimapezeka ndizofunikira kwambiri.

Zoyipa zamagetsi zamagetsi

Mosadabwitsa, mphamvu zamtunduwu sizabwino zonse. Zili ndi zovuta zina zikafika pakupanga ndipo ziyenera kuganiziridwanso ngati ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa kuti zipereke anthu kapena, kuti zithandizire potenga mphamvu zofunikira.

Tikuwunika zoyipa zamtunduwu:

  • Monga zikuyembekezeredwa, chomera chopangira magetsi imafuna malo akulu. Tsamba pomwe adayikirako liyenera kukhala ndi mawonekedwe achilengedwe omwe amalola kuti magetsi azigwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera.
  • Mtengo womanga wa makina opangira magetsi nthawi zambiri amakhala okweraPopeza mukuyenera kukonza malo, pangani makina opatsira magetsi ndipo mphamvu zimatayika munjira yonseyi yomwe singabwezeretsedwe.
  • Poyerekeza ndi zomera zina kapena mitundu ina ya mphamvu zowonjezeredwa, zomangamanga zimatenga nthawi yayitali.
  • Kutengera momwe mvula imagwirira ntchito komanso kufunika kwa anthu, mphamvu zamagetsi sizikhala choncho nthawi zonse.

Chotsatirachi chimachitika ndimitundu yambiri yamagetsi omwe amatha. Ili ndi limodzi mwamavuto omwe ambiri amafunika kuti akwaniritse mgawo lomwe lingapitsidwenso. Monga mphepo mphamvu imafuna mphepo ndipo dzuwa Pambuyo pa kuwala kwa dzuwa kwa maola ambiri, ma hydraulic amafunika mvula yambiri kuti apange mathithi abwino.

Kuti muchepetse izi, muyenera kudziwa momwe mungasankhire malowa bwino. Mwachitsanzo, sizofanana kuyika chomeracho mdera lomwe mvula imakhala yochepa kwambiri ndipo nyengo imakhala yowuma kuposa kuyiyika mdera lamvula yambiri. Pochita izi, kupanga magetsi kumakhala kotsika mtengo kwambiri komanso kochuluka.

Mitundu yamagetsi yama hydraulic

Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana yazomera zopangira magetsi pogwiritsa ntchito njira yomwe imagwirira ntchito.

Sitima yapamadzi yamagetsi yamagetsi othamanga

Sitima yapamadzi yamagetsi yamagetsi othamanga

Ndi mtundu wa chomera chomwe sichimasonkhanitsa madzi ochulukirapo m'magetsi, koma m'malo mwake gwiritsani ntchito kuyenda komwe kumapezeka mumtsinjewu alipo pa nthawi imeneyo. Pomwe nyengo za chaka zimadutsa, kuyenda kwa mtsinjewu kumasinthanso, ndikupangitsa kuti madzi ochulukirapo asawonongeke chifukwa chodzaza damu.

Chomera chopangira magetsi okhala ndi nkhokwe yosungira

Hayidiroliki mphamvu chomera ndi posungira

Mosiyana ndi yapita ija, iyi ili ndi malo osungira madzi omwe amasungidwa. Malo osungiramo madzi amalola kuchuluka kwa madzi omwe amafikira mu chopangira mphamvu kuti awongoleredwe bwino. Ubwino womwe umapereka pokhudzana ndi zam'mbuyomu ndikuti, nthawi zonse mumakhala ndi madzi okhala ndi malo osungira, imatha kutulutsa mphamvu zamagetsi chaka chonse.

Malo opopera magetsi

Siteshoni hayidiroliki ikukoka

Poterepa tili ndi malo awiri osungiramo zida omwe ali m'magulu osiyanasiyana. Kutengera kufunikira kwa mphamvu zamagetsi, amawonjezera kupanga kwawo kapena ayi. Amachita izi ngati kusinthana kwachizolowezi. Madzi omwe amasungidwa mu dziwe lapamwamba agwa, tembenuzani chopukutira ndipo, pakufunika, madziwo aponyedwa kuchokera kutsamba laling'ono kuti, kachiwiri, ayambitsenso kayendedwe kake.

Mtundu woterewu uli nawo Ubwino woti amatha kuwongolera malinga ndi kufunika kwa magetsi.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamagetsi opangira magetsi.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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