Kodi ozone ndi chiyani

kugwiritsa ntchito ozone

Ozone (O3) ndi molekyu yopangidwa ndi maatomu atatu a oxygen. Ozone amapangidwa pamene molekyu ya okosijeni isangalala kwambiri kuti igwere mu mpweya wa atomiki wokhala ndi mphamvu ziwiri zosiyana, ndipo kugundana pakati pa maatomu osiyanasiyana ndiko kumapanga ozone. Ndi allotrope ya okosijeni, yomwe imachokera ku kukonzanso kwa maatomu a okosijeni pamene molekyuyo imayendetsedwa ndi magetsi. Choncho, ndi njira yogwira kwambiri ya okosijeni. Ndilofunika kwambiri chifukwa ndilo gawo lalikulu la ozoni. Komabe, anthu ambiri sadziwa ozone ndi chiyani.

Pachifukwa ichi, tikupatulira nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni zomwe ozoni ali, makhalidwe ake ndi kufunikira kwake.

Kodi ozone ndi chiyani

ozone ndi mawonekedwe ake

Katswiri wa zamankhwala Christian Friedrich Schönbein anatha kulekanitsa chigawo cha mpweyachi kuchokera ku liwu lachi Greek lakuti ozein mu 1839 ndipo anachitcha "ozone", kutanthauza "kununkhiza". Pambuyo pake, mu 1867. anatsimikizira chilinganizo cha ozoni cha O3 chomwe chinatsimikiziridwa zaka zitatu m’mbuyomo ndi Jacques-Louis Soret.

Ozone ndi gawo la mpweya wokhala ndi utoto wabuluu. Mumadzimadzi, kutentha pansi -115ºC, ndi buluu wa indigo. Mwachilengedwe chake, ozoni imakhala ndi okosijeni kwambiri, chifukwa chake imayang'anira kupha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kuyeretsa ndi kuchotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda monga ma virus, mabakiteriya, bowa, nkhungu, spores ...

Ozone amathetsa fungo mwa kuukira mwachindunji chifukwa cha fungo (zinthu zonunkhiza) ndipo samawonjezera fungo lina lililonse ngati zotsitsimutsa mpweya kuyesa kubisa. Mosiyana ndi mankhwala ena ophera tizilombo, ozoni sasiya zotsalira zamakemikolo chifukwa ndi mpweya wosakhazikika womwe umawonongeka mwachangu kukhala okosijeni chifukwa cha kuwala, kutentha, kugwedezeka kwa electrostatic, ndi zina zambiri.

Ntchito zazikulu

wosanjikiza wa ozoni

ozonation ndi mankhwala aliwonse omwe ozoni amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi mankhwalawa ndi kupha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso kuwononga chilengedwe komanso kuchiritsa ndi kuyeretsa madzi. Izi zimachotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi fungo losasangalatsa.

Ozone ikhoza kupangidwa mwachinyengo pogwiritsa ntchito jenereta ya ozoni kapena ozoni. Zidazi zimabweretsa okosijeni kuchokera mumpweya wamkati ndikupanga kutulutsa kwamagetsi (kotchedwa "corona effect") kudutsa maelekitirodi. Kutuluka kumeneku kumalekanitsa maatomu aŵiri amene amapanga mpweya wa okosijeni, umene umagwirizanitsa atatu ndi atatu kupanga molekyu watsopano, ozoni (O3).

Chifukwa chake, ozoni ndiye njira yogwira ntchito kwambiri ya okosijeni, amapangidwa kuchokera ku maatomu atatu a oxygen zomwe zimalimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi/kapena zowononga zinthu zachilengedwe (zigawo zazikulu za kuipitsa chilengedwe).

Zothandiza za ozone

ozone ndi chiyani

Tikadziwa kuti ozoni ndi chiyani, tiwona zomwe zili zopindulitsa.

tizilombo toyambitsa matenda

Mwina ndiye chinthu chofunikira kwambiri cha ozone, ndipo ntchito zina zambiri zimaperekedwa ndi izo. Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono ndi mtundu uliwonse wa zamoyo zomwe sitingathe kuziwona ndi maso ndipo zimafunikira kugwiritsa ntchito maikulosikopu kuti muwone. Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono totchedwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi timene timayambitsa matenda opatsirana. Nthawi zambiri amakhala pamitundu yonse yamadzi, mumadzi amitundu yonse, kapena amayandama mumlengalenga okhudzana ndi tinthu tating'ono ta fumbi, makamaka m'malo otsekedwa pomwe mpweya umasintha pang'onopang'ono.

Ozone, chifukwa cha okosijeni, imatengedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwama fungicides othamanga kwambiri komanso othandiza kwambiri omwe amadziwika, omwe amatha kuchitapo kanthu pazambiri zazing'ono monga mabakiteriya, ma virus, bowa ndi spores. Onsewa ali ndi udindo pazovuta zaumoyo wa anthu komanso fungo losasangalatsa.

Ozone inactivates tizilombo izi pochita ndi ma enzyme olowa m'thupi, zida za nyukiliya ndi zigawo za envelopu yake yama cell, spores ndi ma virus capsids. Mwanjira imeneyi, tizilombo tating'onoting'ono sitingathe kusintha ndikupereka kukana chithandizochi chifukwa chiwonongeko cha chibadwa chimachitika. Ozone imagwira ntchito mwa oxidizing particles mu cell membrane, kuonetsetsa kuti sizikuwonekeranso.

Chithandizo cha ozoni chilibe fungo, kotero sikuti chimangopangitsa kuti fungo lamtundu uliwonse lizisungunuke komanso kuti lichepetse fungo lililonse, komanso sizitanthauza fungo linalake kumapeto kwa ntchito. Ndikofunika kunena kuti ozone sipanga zotsalira zilizonse, popeza ndi chinthu chosakhazikika, imakonda kubwerera ku mawonekedwe ake oyambirira, mpweya (O2), motero, imalemekeza chilengedwe ndi zinthu, ndipo imatsimikizira moyo wa anthu.

Deodorizer

Khalidwe lina la ozoni ndikutha kuthetsa fungo lililonse losasangalatsa popanda kusiya mtundu uliwonse wa zotsalira. Mankhwalawa ndi othandiza kwambiri m'malo otsekedwa kumene mpweya sungathe kukonzedwanso nthawi zonse. M'malo amtundu uwu, ngati pali anthu ochuluka, fungo losasangalatsa likhoza kuwuka (fodya, chakudya, chinyezi, thukuta, etc.) chifukwa cha zochita za mamolekyu mu kuyimitsidwa ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana pa iwo.

Kuukira kwa ozoni pazifukwa ziwiri: kumbali imodzi, imatulutsa zinthu zamoyo, kuwonjezera pa kuiukira ndi ozonation, ndipo ina, imaukira tizilombo tomwe timadya. Pali zonunkhiritsa zingapo zomwe zitha kuwonongedwa ndi ozoni. Zonse zimadalira mtundu wa chinthu chomwe chimayambitsa fungo. Kuchokera kuzinthu izi, chiopsezo chake ku zochita za ozoni chikhoza kutsimikiziridwa, komanso mlingo wofunikira kuti athetse ozoni.

Chotsatira cha ozonation yolondola ndi chakuti pamene pali fungo loipa, silimanunkhiza ngati chirichonse. Mofanana ndi mankhwala aliwonse ophera tizilombo, mphamvu yophera tizilombo ya ozoni imadalira kukhazikika kwake komanso nthawi yolumikizana pakati pa mankhwalawa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Ozone imayankha mwachangu ku tizilombo toyambitsa matenda chifukwa ndi okosijeni wa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

kuwonongeka kwa ozoni

Ozone sikuti ili ndi zinthu zopindulitsa zokha, komanso zina zomwe ndizowopsa ku thanzi la munthu. Izi ndizowonongeka kwakukulu kwa ozoni. Zotsatira paumoyo zimatengera kuchuluka kwa ozoni (nthawi ndi kuchuluka):

  • Kukalamba msanga kwa mapapu.
  • Kuwonongeka kwa mapapu.
  • Kukwiya kwa maso, mphuno ndi mmero.
  • matenda a mphumu
  • Kupweteka mutu.
  • Kusintha kwa chitetezo cha mthupi.

Ndicho chifukwa chake m'chilimwe makamaka m'malo omwe ali ndi chiwopsezo chachikulu cha kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe, kwadzuwa komanso kotentha kwambiri (palibe mphepo), muyenera kulabadira kuchuluka kwa ozoni mumlengalenga ndikuyamba kusamala zikawoneka. Opitilira 180 µg/m3 m'magulu omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu komanso opitilira 240 µg/m3 mwa anthu ena onse.

Pachifukwa ichi, ziyenera kuganiziridwa kuti ozoni mkati mwa nyumba nthawi zambiri ndi 50% ya kunja. Kuonjezera apo, imawombedwa ndi mphepo, ndipo mlingo wapamwamba kwambiri masana nthawi zambiri umafika masana ndipo umagwa dzuwa likamalowa.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mungaphunzire zambiri za ozoni ndi makhalidwe ake.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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