Nyumba Yongokhala

nyumba zongokhala

Lero tikambirana za lingaliro lomwe lasintha nyumba zokhazikika potengera mphamvu zowonjezereka komanso zovuta zazachilengedwe. Ndi nyumba zomwe zadzipereka kuti zitukuke kwakanthawi. Amadziwika kuti Nyumba yongokhala. Kumasuliridwa m'Chisipanishi, ili ngati nyumba yopanda tanthauzo ndipo limatanthawuza mtundu wina womanga womwe uli ndi mawonekedwe apadera.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani kuti nyumba ya Passive ndi yotani, mawonekedwe ake ndi zikhalidwe ziti zomwe ali nazo.

Kodi Passive nyumba ndi chiyani

nyumba zongokhala

M'munda wopanga zomangamanga zamakono pogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezereka komanso kugwiritsa ntchito zachilengedwe, lingaliro latsopanoli lidabadwa. Nyumba yangokhala chabe mtundu wa nyumba yomwe imangonena za kamangidwe kanyumba kamene kamakwaniritsa zina. Makhalidwewa ndi awa:

  • Ndizowonongera magetsi. Pachifukwa ichi, mfundo za zomangamanga zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti zitha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zonse zomwe zilipo m'chilengedwe kuti muchepetse kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu.
  • Iyenera kukhala yabwino komanso yabwino. Mphamvu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kudzera pamalo oyenera komanso mphamvu zachilengedwe siziyenera kuchepetsa moyo wabwino.
  • Iyenera kukhala ndi mtengo wotsika mtengo kwa pafupifupi aliyense osati ochepa okha.
  • Zachilengedwe Kuphatikiza pa mphamvu zamagetsi, iyenera kumangidwa molemekeza ndi kuchepetsa kukhudzidwa kwa chilengedwe ndikuphatikizidwa bwino ndi malo ozungulira. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito nyumbayi, zomwe zimakhudza chilengedwe ziyenera kuchepetsedwa momwe zingathere.

Mwanjira imeneyi, timapanga nyumba ya Passive kukhala malo omwe amatha kudya mphamvu zochepa ndikukhala ndi mpweya wabwino chaka chonse. Kapangidwe, kapangidwe kake ndi kapangidwe kazinthu zonse ndizachilengedwe kwathunthu kuti muchepetse kutsika kwa kaboni ndi zovuta zina zachilengedwe.

Chiyambi cha nyumba yongokhala

zomangamanga bioclimatic

Lingaliro ili silokhudza mtundu, koma lingaliro lakumanga bwino. Idawonekera koyamba kumayambiriro kwa zaka khumi za ma 80. Kuyambira pamenepo, anthu ambiri amalankhula za zomangamanga kuti athe kumanga nyumba. Choyambirira chomwe chiyenera kuchitidwa kuti timange nyumba yoyeserera ndi kudziwa kafukufuku wamalo am'malo omwe amangidwe. Apa muyenera kukumbukira masiku a dzuwa, mvula, chilengedwe chomwe chikuzungulira, mtunda woperekera madera, ndi zina zambiri. Mwanjira iyi, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi pazosintha zonsezi kuti muike fayilo ya malingaliro ndi kapangidwe koyenera kuti achepetse kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndikukhala ndi moyo wabwino.

Kwa zonsezi pamwambapa akuwonjezeranso kugwiritsa ntchito zida zosiyanasiyana ndi njira zomangira zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito njira zachilengedwe komanso zothandiza zachilengedwe zomwe zidaphunziridwa kale. Mwanjira imeneyi, ndizotheka kumanga nyumba yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zochepa komanso zosawononga chilengedwe.

Titha kunena kuti lingaliro la Passive nyumba limapitilira zomwe zimaganiziridwa ndikamalankhula za zilembo zamagetsi munyumba. Ndizowona kuti zolemba zamagetsi zogwiritsira ntchito nyumbazi zimawulula zambiri za izi. Ikhoza kutiuza kuchuluka kwa nyumbayo momwe nyumbayo imagwiritsira ntchito yonse komanso mphamvu yomwe ili nayo. Komabe, Sakulankhula za mamangidwe ndi zida zomwe nyumbayo yamangidwa.

Kusunga pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi nyumba yongokhala

nyumba zongokhala mtawoni

Tiyeni tiwone ndalama kapena ndalama zomwe tingakhale nazo pomanga nyumba ya Passive. Kuti tipeze lingaliro tikulankhula za miyezo yonse yomwe ntchito yomanga iyi ikutsatira yomwe ingatithandizire kusunga pazotsatira:

  • Kusunga mpaka 90% pakugwiritsa ntchito magetsi. Mtengo uwu umaperekedwa ngati tiuyerekezera ndi nyumba zina zomwe zatsata miyambo yomanga.
  • Titha kupeza Kusungira mpaka 75% kapena kupitilira pakuwotcha pogula nyumbayi ndi nyumba zomangidwa kumene zomwe zili ndi miyezo yabwino kwambiri.
  • Ngati dera lathu limakhala ndi nyengo yabwino, ndipamene ndalama zambiri zimagwiritsidwira ntchito kuziziritsa osati kutentha. Zonsezi zatsimikiziridwa muzolemba zofananira zofananira.

Phindu

Tiyeni tiwone zabwino zazikulu zomwe nyumba ya Passive imapereka:

  • Kuchepetsa kwakukulu kwa ndalama zamagetsi. Izi zikutanthauza kupulumutsa munthawi yayitali komanso yayitali.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu mosamala komanso moyenera.
  • Kutsika kwachilengedwe m'mbali zonse za moyo wa nyumbayi, kuyambira pomangidwa mpaka kumapeto kwa moyo wake wothandiza.
  • Chitonthozo chachikulu komanso moyo wabwino. Izi ndizofunikira popeza zowongolera mpweya nthawi zonse zimayang'aniridwa. Mwanjira imeneyi, timakwaniritsa malo okhala ndi zinthu zofunikira komanso zosasinthika zomwe zimakhala zabwino kuposa nyumba zina zilizonse.
  • Moyo wautali wautali komanso ndalama zochepa pakukonzanso ndi kusintha. Nyumbayi imagwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wamakono osiyanasiyana okhala ndi zida zapamwamba. Pokhala zida zapamwamba kwambiri komanso zosasamalira zachilengedwe, zimatha nthawi yayitali. Kuphatikiza apo, ili ndi mwayi kuti sikutanthauza kukonzanso kochuluka ndipo palibe zovuta zina zomwe zimachokera pakugwiritsa ntchito mikhalidwe yotsika pomanga.

Kupanga ndi kumanga nyumba ya Passive

Tiyeni tiwone zina mwazinthu zomwe muyeso womangayi uli nawo.

  • Kutentha kwakukulu: kupatsidwa nyumbayi yomwe ili ndi mphamvu zambiri zogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu zochepa komanso chitsimikizo chabwino chachitonthozo. Mphamvu yamafuta imakonzedwa bwino chifukwa chotsekera bwino ndipo imakhala yopindulitsa m'nyengo yozizira komanso yotentha. Mbali zam'mbali, makoma akunja, madenga ndi zotumphukira zimamangidwa ndi zinthu zochepa zotentha.
  • Mkulu ntchito mazenera ndi zitseko: Zambiri mwazomwe zimachitika nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi malo ofooka omwe ndi mipata. Pamalo oyenera panthawiyi, danga lingathe kuchepetsedwa kuti lipereke kutentha pang'ono.
  • Kupanda milatho yamagetsi: Kutumiza mphamvu kumachitika mosalekeza pamiyala, padenga ndi pamiyala. Ikhozanso kupezeka m'makona ndi kumapeto.
  • Kukhazikika kwa mpweya: nyumbayo ndi yolimba momwe ingathere mpaka kutalika kwa malo olumikizirana mafupa panthawi yomanga.
  • Mawotchi mpweya wabwino ndi kutentha ayambe: Pamafunika mpweya wabwino kuti ubwezeretse kutentha kuti agwiritsenso ntchito kutentha kwa mpweya ndi kutentha kapena mpweya wabwino.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za nyumba yongokhala ndi mawonekedwe ake.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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