Nyumba zamatabwa, momwe mungasankhire, zabwino ndi zovuta

Nyumba yamatabwa yachikhalidwe

Gawo lanyumba zamatabwa lakula kwambiri mzaka khumi zapitazi ndikuti mitengo yake yopikisana komanso nthawi yayifupi yomanga zimapangitsa ambiri a ife kukhala ndi chidwi ndi nyumba zamtunduwu.

Kuti mukhale olondola kwambiri nyumba zamatabwa ndizotsika mtengo 25-30% kuti nyumba ya konkriti ndikumanga sikuyenera kupitilira miyezi 5 kapena 6.

Ichi ndichifukwa chake anthu ambiri amayamba kuwasankhira nyumba yachiwiri kenako nyumba yawo chaka chonse.

Ngati mukufuna nyumba yamatabwa Sikuti muyenera kungoyang'ana pamtengo ndi kuzipanga zokongola momwe zingathere, mpaka lero pali mitundu ndi mbali zambiri zofunika kuziganizira kukhala ndi nyumbayo "pafupifupi yangwiro" ndipo ndikunena kuti ndichabwino kwambiri chifukwa palibe changwiro mmoyo uno.

Mofananamo, Mutha kugula pogula njira zitatu:

  1. Kugula zida zokha zokha ndikuzisonkhanitsa nokha.
  2. Kugula zida zomwe zasonkhanitsidwa
  3. Kugula nyumba yotsegulira, kumaliza kwathunthu.

Mbali inayi, chinthu choyamba muyenera kudziwa ndikuti osachepera España kumanga nyumba yamatabwa Mudzafunika chilolezo chomanga kuchokera ku City Council ndi projekiti yomanga.

Kuonetsetsa kuti nyumba zamangidwa kutsatira CTE, yotchedwa Technical Building Code.

Mitundu ya nyumba zamatabwa.

Pali mitundu itatu yazomangamanga, iliyonse ili ndi zabwino zake ndi zovuta zake.

Za zipika.

Choyamba ndi zipika.

Nyumba yamtunduwu yamangidwa kapena yakwera mwachindunji pamalopo pogwiritsa ntchito zipika motero kupatsa kukhudzako.

Nyumba yamtunduwu ili ndi mwayi matabwa makulidwe, ndikutanthauza izi chifukwa cha kukula kwa matabwa omwe tili nawo kutentha kwambiri ndi chinyezi wowongolera mkatimo nyumbayo imakhala yabwino nthawi yozizira komanso yozizira chilimwe, zomwe pamapeto pake ndizofunika.

Vuto kapena kuwonongeka kwa mtundu uwu ndi kupanda ungwiro kwa mgwirizano pakati pa thunthu limodzi ndi linzake, ngakhale itha kuthetsedwa pogwiritsa ntchito mitengo yaying'ono yomwe imakwanira bwino kuposa yozungulira.

Mtundu wamatabwa

Mopepuka.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito mapanelo ovomerezeka ndi ziwalo zomwe zimapangitsa kuti msonkhano ukhale wosavuta, kuphatikiza zinthu zing'onozing'ono zambiri zimathandizira kusinthasintha mawu, kusinthira komanso kusinthasintha.

Mtundu wa nyumba yoyera

Lolemera kwambiri.

Poyamba, kusiyana pakati pa kuwala ndi katundu wolemera ndikukula kwa matabwa kapena matabwa omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito, koma sizili choncho.

Mu Kupanga zolemera kumapewa kugwiritsa ntchito zolumikizira ndi misomali yazitsulo ndipo misonkhano kapena mabungwe omwe amapezerapo mwayi pamavuto am'maguluwo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri.

Komanso, imalola ntchito yomanga nyumba zosanjikizana, china chake chomwe chimakhala ndi mawonekedwe amdima chimatha kutaya bata kuchokera kutalika katatu.

Lolemera chimango nyumba mtundu

Mafoni am'manja.

Atha kukhala onse awiri nkhuni monga mitundu ina yokutira.

Ndi nyumba asonkhanitsidwa kale ku fakitaleyo ndikunyamula zidutswa zingapo kapena chimodzi, kutengera kukula komaliza kwa nyumbayo, mpaka malo omaliza.

Nyumba yamatabwa yamtunduwu nthawi zambiri imakhala yofala kwambiri pakati komanso kumpoto kwa Europe.

Ku Spain, popeza sichinali njira yabwinobwino, omanga ali okonzeka kuwalimbikitsa mpaka atapeza.

M'malo mwake, pali fayilo ya Association of Opanga ndi Kumanga Nyumba Zamatabwa ndi zolinga zazikulu, mbali imodzi, ya kukambirana ndi ma inshuwaransi kuti apewe zilango Komano, perekani zambiri pazabwino za nyumba zamtunduwu makamaka, kaya nzika, omanga mapulani kapena omanga okha.

Mtundu wanyumba zam'manja

Kodi nkhuni zimachokera kuti?

Monga ndizomveka kuganiza, nkhuni ndi chinthu chomwe chimagulitsidwa motero ili ndi zingwe zingapo kapena mtundu, kuyambira pazabwino kwambiri mpaka pazovomerezeka kwambiri.

Zonsezi ndi nyumba zamatabwa ndi zida zokha

  • Mapangidwe apamwamba- Wopangidwa ku Finland, United States, Canada, Denmark, Norway ndi Sweden.
  • Mtundu wapakati: zopangidwa ku Latvia, France, Poland ndi Spain.
  • Makhalidwe wamba: zopangidwa ku Chile, Brazil, Lithuania, Estonia ndi Romania.

Kukhala gulu ili za mikhalidwe yosiyanasiyana zimatengedwa werengani magawo ena monga iwo:

  1. Chitsimikizo kuti nkhuni zauma. Potero kupewa kupunduka, kuwola pakati pamavuto ena.
  2. Kuwerengetsa katundu. Zimatanthawuza katundu amene makoma ndi kudenga amatha kupilira.
  3. Ukadaulo. Chofunika kwambiri ndi nambala yoyang'anira chidutswa chilichonse cha Kit.
  4. Miyezo ndi makulidwe a matabwa. Makulidwe abwino a 90mm kuphatikiza chipinda chodzipatulira chophatikizira cha 50mm kuphatikiza zokutira zamkati.
  5. Anti-chinyezi ndi mankhwala oteteza. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi fungicides.
  6. Zikalata Zokhudzana ndi Responsible Forest Management (FSC ndi PEFC) ndi satifiketi ya CE.
  7. Ubwino wazida. Mitengo yamtengo wapatali kwambiri imachokera kumapiri ataliatali ndi mitengo yomwe ikukula pang'onopang'ono.

Pepani kunena izi mkati España ngati mukufuna nyumba yamatabwa iyenera kukhala mtundu / mulingo woyenera kuyambira nkhuni amachokera ku mitengo ya ma Romania Carpathians ngakhale kulephera m'gulu, kupezeka kwa zida ndi nthawi yobereka.

Ngati matabwa ochokera ku Spain ali pakati, bwanji akuitanitsa nkhuni kuchokera ku Romania zomwe ndizabwino?

Zachidziwikire kuti mwadzifunsa funsoli ndipo chifukwa chake ndikosavuta kuwona, ngakhale ine sindimakonda.

Ndi chifukwa Omwe amagawa ambiri ku Spain amagwira ntchito ndi nkhuni chifukwa ali ndi mitengo yotsutsana kwambiri.

Momwe mungasankhire nyumba yamatabwa "yangwiro"

Ndanena kale kuti sitingasankhe kapena kukhala ndi nyumba yabwino koma titha kuyandikira boma.

Zabwino kwambiri komanso zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi za latisi kuwala zomwe zimatha kudziwikanso kuti nyumba zaku America, nyumba zaku Canada kapena chimango chamatabwa (chimango chamatabwa).

Nyumba yamatabwa yamtunduwu kuwala chimakhala cholimba kwa zaka zoposa 75Mwanjira ina, ndi yayikulu kuposa nyumba zolimba zamatabwa ndipo imaposanso zomangidwa ndi njerwa kapena konkriti.

Kuphatikiza apo, nyumba izi amakwaniritsa kufanana pakati pa kutentha, nthunzi ndi kupuma kwa makoma.

Zomwe zikutanthawuza kusintha kwa moyo wanyumba.

Momwe mungasankhire nyumba yamatabwa

Zinthu zoyambira.

Zomwe zimapanga nyumba yopepuka ndi 4: denga, linapanga (kulekana pakati pa nyumba), makoma amkati ndi makoma akunja.

Khoma lakunja ali:

  • Casing matabwa 45x145mm
  • Zokongoletsa (nsanja yamatabwa mwachitsanzo)
  • Strut 25x45mm
  • Kakhungu kamtambo
  • Chipboard kapena OSB
  • Kutchinjiriza 150mm
  • Kamvekedwe ka nthunzi
  • 12,5mm plasterboard

Khoma lamkati ndi:

  • 12,5mm plasterboard
  • Kutchinjiriza 100-150mm
  • Kamvekedwe ka nthunzi
  • OSB kapena plasterboard 12,5mm
  • Casing matabwa 45x145mm

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa pansi kapena pa zachitika ayenera:

  • Pansi pazenera
  • Kakhungu kamtambo
  • Kutchinjiriza 150mm
  • Kamvekedwe ka nthunzi
  • OSB kapena plasterboard 12,5mm
  • Casing matabwa 45x145mm

Ndipo pamapeto pake denga ndi:

  • Denga (tégola, matailosi)
  • Kakhungu koletsa chinyezi
  • Chipinda chamlengalenga
  • Strut 30x100mm
  • Kutchinjiriza 150mm
  • Kamvekedwe ka nthunzi
  • Kapangidwe kamatabwa 50x20mm
  • 12mm plasterboard

Makhalidwe abwino a nyumba zopepuka ndi kukhala olimba komanso olimba m'malo ake omwe mutha kuyika makoma, omwe amakhalanso ndi mawonekedwe a slats zamatabwa zomwe zimapanga mafelemu (ndichifukwa chake amadziwika kuti matabwa) ndipo pakati pawo zomaliza zamkati ndi zakunja ndizokhazikika, komanso zinthu zina.

Mofananamo, Chimodzi mwamaubwino zamtundu wamtundu wamatabwa ndikuti ndizotheka kukupatsani zomaliza zomwe timakonda kwambiri ndi mamangidwe ake omwewo, mkati kapena kunja (facade), kukhala osiyana kapena ofanana mbali zonse.

Kumbali inayi, mwayi wina wa nsalu yopepuka ndikuti nyumba zomangidwa ndizotsika mtengo, mwina poganiza, kuposa mitundu ina ya nyumba kuyambira pamenepo ali ndi nkhuni zochepa kuyambira makoma amachokera ku OSB kapena zinthu zina.

Kodi OSB wall kapena kumaliza ndi chiyani?

OSB ndi zidule za Orient Strand Board, zotanthauzidwa kuti chokhazikitsidwa ndi bolodi ndipo ndi mtundu wina wamisonkhano.

Bungweli limapanga kusinthika kwa matabwa a plywood, momwe mmalo molumikizana ndi mapepala kapena veneers angapo, matumba angapo opangidwa ndi tchipisi kapena matabwa amalumikizidwa, ozungulira inde, mbali yomweyo.

Zotheka kumaliza zomwe tingaphatikizepo.

Ndanena kale kuti mutha kusankha kumaliza komweko kapena zingapo zamkati mwa nyumba kapena zakunja koma mukudziwa zomwe zilipo?

Chabwino apa mutha kuwona Mitundu 8 yamapeto kusankha omwe ali:

  1. Mabungwe a OSB, zomwe zafotokozedwa kale (ndizomwe zikuchitika pano)
  2. Kameme fm, zokutira izi zimapangidwa ndi tchipisi tating'onoting'ono tamatabwa, tomwe timapereka zokongoletsa komanso kulimba kwa matabwa achikuda popanda zolakwika zake zachilengedwe.
  3. Njerwa zowonekera.
  4. Mwala wokumba, itha kuyikidwa ngati pobowoleza ndipo ndi yotsika mtengo.
  5. Mwala wachilengedwe, nthawi zambiri amaikidwa ngati chinthu mwatsatanetsatane chifukwa mtengo wake wakwera.
  6. Lilime lamatabwa ndi poyambira, yapadera kunja.
  7. Monolayer, kumaliza kumeneku sikoposa matope apadera owoneka ofanana ndi simenti. Ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri ndipo pali kale mitundu ina ngati simenti ndi guluu wosakaniza.
  8. Matope azachilengedweAmapangidwa ndi zinthu zachilengedwe monga laimu, dongo ...

Malamulo amnyumba zamatabwa ku Spain.

Anthu ena amakhulupirira kuti nyumba zamatabwa kapena nyumba zosankhidwiratu siziyenera kutsatira ziphaso zakukonzekera ndipo sizili choncho.

Malamulo Omanga

Muyenera kudziwa izi nyumba zamatabwa akakhala pansi kapena m'malo mwake "amangirira" pansi, mbali ina ya nthaka yokonzeka kugwiritsidwa ntchito, kuonedwa kuti ndi malo ndi nyumba motero, Amamvera malamulo wamba akumizinda.

Amathanso kulembetsa nawo mu Kulembetsa katundu akamaliza.

Komabe, nyumba zopangira matabwa kapena zoyendera Zomwe sizili "zomangika" pansi pomanga, ndiye kuti, zitha kupatulidwa, kudulidwa kapena kusintha malo awo amaonedwa kuti ndi katundu wosuntha.

Pachifukwa chomwechi, ayenera kukumana ndi NBE, Malamulo Oyambira Kumanga ndikulemekeza malamulo adziko momwe amakhazikitsidwira.

Kotero nthawizonse muyenera kuganizira mtundu wa dothi momwe mumayika nyumba yanu, ngati ili nthaka yotukuka, nthaka yosakonzedwa, yamatauni kapena yopanda pake.

Zinthu kapena Malamulo oti muganizire.

Kwa nyumba zamatabwa, akuwoneka ngati malo ogulitsa ayenera kuganizira Malamulo zofunika zomwe ndi: Mfundo Zomanga Zoyambira (monga nyumba zoyenda), the Lamulo la Zomangamanga (LOE) ndi Makhalidwe apamwamba a zomangamanga (ECT),

Miyezo Yomanga Yoyambira (NBE).

Amanena za chitetezo ndi chitetezo cha anthu, kukhazikitsa zocheperako kuti zikwaniritse zosowa za anthu komanso kuteteza chuma cha anthu.

Lamulo la Zomangamanga (LOE).

Mwina ndi Lamulo Lomanga lomwe limamveka kwambiri kwa inu ndipo ndilo ikugwira ntchito ku Spain kuyambira 1999.

Lamuloli limagwira zofunikira pakumanga nthawi yomweyo imazindikira ntchito za omwe akumanga, komanso luso lawo ndi magawo a ntchito.

Makhalidwe A zomangamanga (CTE).

Monga ndanenera koyambirira kwa nkhaniyo, kuti nditsimikizire kuti nyumbazi zikutsatira CTE, mufunika ntchito yomanga ndi chilolezo chomanga kuchokera ku City Council.

CTE imanena malamulo akulu oyang'anira ntchito yomanga nyumba ku Spain kuyambira 2006.

Potero kukhazikitsa zofunikira pakukhazikitsa nyumba ndikukhalitsa.

Ubwino ndi zovuta za nyumba zamatabwa

Pomaliza, kuti inali nthawi, tiyeni tisunthire ku zosangalatsa, zabwino ndi zoyipa za nyumba zomwe mudamvapo / kuwerenga kwambiri.

Zikuwoneka kuti ku Spain mafashoni amnyumba yamtunduwu akuchulukirachulukira koma sitikudziwa zomwe tingayembekezere.

Pachifukwa ichi ndikupatsirani mndandanda wazithunzi zingapo pa mfundo zabwino ndi zoipa kuti atha kukhala ndi nyumba yamtunduwu.

Ubwino kapena mfundo zabwino.

Matabwa, zomangira zazikulu, ndi insulator wachilengedwe zomwe zingatiteteze ku nyengo yoipa.

Koma, amatsutsa amavala bwino opangidwa ndi Dzuwa, mphepo kapena chinyezi kotero kukhazikika kwake ndi wamtali kwambiri.

Ndi pamwambapa (kutchinjiriza kwachilengedwe) ndikuwonjezera kuti palibe chabwino kuposa kukhala ndi nyumba yotentha nthawi yozizira komanso yozizira chilimwe, mwayi womwe umakhudzanso zotsatira mphamvu zopulumutsa.

Kuphatikiza apo, matabwa ali ndi kukana kwakukulu kwamakina, zomwe sizimalepheretsa kuti zikhale zolimba zomwe zimatha kuteteza.

Pali njira zatsopano moto ndipo ndichakuti, ndi chithandizo chatsopano ndi lawi wamtundu uliwonse zinthu, kuyaka sikumathamanga kwambiri ndikuwonjezera kuti nkhuni ndi chinthu chokhazikika kale pamoto, ndikutanthauza kuti imadyedwa pang'onopang'ono.

Osakhala nkhani ya nyumba zopangidwa ndi njerwa, simenti ndi konkire.

Kusiya zinthu zomwezo (matabwa), zimangonena kuti imagwira ntchito kwambiri ndipo imatha kusinthidwa ndi kapangidwe kalikonse nyumba ndipo zimatha kusinthidwa kwathunthu.

Ponena za mamangidwe ake, ziyenera kudziwika kuti ndi ntchito yokhazikika, yotsika mtengo komanso yachangu.

Zokhazikika chifukwa ndi yomanga bwino, imagwiritsa ntchito madzi pang'ono ikamangidwa ndipo mphamvu zochepa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza ndi kuyanika nkhuni.

Ikhozanso kuonedwa ngati chitsimikizo ngati nkhuni zimachokera m'nkhalango zosamalidwa bwino.

Ndi yotsika mtengo komanso yachangu chifukwa poyerekeza ndi nyumba za njerwa, zamatabwa zimamangidwa mozungulira Miyezi 6 kwambiri ndipo ali mozungulira a 20 kapena 25% yotsika mtengo kotero ndiotsika mtengo kwa anthu ambiri.

Zoyipa kapena mfundo zoyipa.

Kunena choncho nkhuni ndi chinthu chosinthika ngati kuchotsa kwake kumayendetsedwa Ndi lupanga lakuthwa konsekonse Popeza kudula mitengo mosaloledwa kapena mwalamulo koma kudula mitengo yayikulu kapena kosalamulirika idzakhalapo nthawi zonse ndipo ndi vuto lalikulu poteteza chilengedwe komanso zovuta zomwe zimachitika popanda zinthu zamoyozi ndi kudula mitengo mwachisawawa ndi kusefukira kwamadzi, kukokoloka kwa nthaka, kuchepa kwa zamoyo zosiyanasiyana, zomwe zimakhudza kukonza kwa Carbon Dioxide (CO2), ndi zina zambiri.

Mfundo ina yofunika kuikumbukira ndi chisamaliro choyenera izo ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi nkhuni.

Ndikunena izi chifukwa ndizachilengedwe idzagwidwa ndi tizilombo, tizirombo ndi bowa.

Tiyenera kupewa ziwonetserozi zivute zitani ngati tikufuna kupitiriza m'nyumba yathu. Ngakhale lero vuto ili ndi kukonza kosavuta Como sungani nkhuni ndi zinthu zoteteza komanso zoteteza madzi.

Komabe, zomwe ziyenera kukumbukiridwa ndi zinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popeza sizofanana kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala zomwe zitha kuwononga thanzi lathu kapena matabwa nthawi yayitali kuti zachilengedwe kapena zolemekeza ndi zopangira komanso ndi thanzi la anthu.

Monga cholakwika choyenera kuganizira ndikuti si ma municipalities onse omwe amalola kumanga nyumba zamatabwa chifukwa malinga ndi "iwo" amaganiza kuti nyumba yamtunduwu "imasweka" ndi mawonekedwe malinga ndi kapangidwe kake, mitundu yake ndi yayitali etc.

Mofananamo, nyumba izi siziyamikiridwa popeza ikhoza kukhala nyumba yanthawi zonse yomanga popeza makina omanga ndi atsopano m'maiko ena.

Kusiya zovuta zomwe nyumba zamtunduwu zitha kukhala nazo, panokha Ndikuganiza choncho kukhala m'nyumba yamatabwa kungakhale njira yabwino kwambiri Popeza ndi njira ina yopita kunyumba zachilendo zomwe zimakhala "zachilengedwe" ndipo zimayang'anira chilengedwe, popanda kukhala nazo chithumwa chapadera omwe ali nawo.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Ndemanga, siyani yanu

Siyani ndemanga yanu

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   kutchuya anati

    Nyumba yamatabwa vs nyumba zachikhalidwe za njerwa ndi simenti
    Wood ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe amakonda kwambiri akatswiri onse m'gululi komanso makasitomala ndi eni nyumba. M'malo mwake, nkhaniyi mwina ndiyokhayo yomwe ingapangidwenso, chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake, komanso ili ndi zinthu zosangalatsa, zosadziwika ndi zida zomangira zambiri. Chifukwa chiyani? Tiyeni tifufuze limodzi.

    Nyumba zamatabwa ndizopepuka koma ndizolimba kwambiri.
    Monga tikudziwira, nkhuni ndizopepuka kwambiri, motero, ndizosavuta kunyamula. Komabe, izi sizikutanthauza kuti nyumba yamatabwa siyokhazikika, m'malo mwake! Zida zonyamula katundu ndizolimba kwambiri ndipo, mwazinthu zina, zimalola kukhazikika kwaboma pamakoma a zida zaukhondo, zomangira khoma, mashelufu ndi zinthu zina zambiri zokongoletsa. Kuphatikiza apo, pakuwona kwanyengo, zomangamanga zimakhala ndi chitetezo chokwanira kwambiri kuposa zomanga njerwa, chifukwa zimakhala zolimba kwambiri. Izi zikutanthauza kuti nyumba yamatabwa imatha kuyamwa bwino mphamvu zomwe zimatulutsidwa ndi chivomerezi, ndiye kuti nyumba yamatabwa ndi nyumba yolimbana ndi zivomerezi.

    Nyumba zamatabwa zimakhala zotentha kwambiri.
    Mosiyana ndi zomwe ambiri amakhulupirira, matabwa amayaka pang'onopang'ono ndipo, pakakhala moto, nyumba zamatabwa zopangidwa kale ndizolimba kwambiri kuposa nyumba zachikhalidwe. M'malo mwake, matabwa amawotcha pamwamba kokha, kusiya mawonekedwe ake amkati osasinthika. Pogwiritsa ntchito mpweya, wosanjikizawu umatha kuchepetsa kufalikira kwa malawi, kukhala ngati wotetezera weniweni ndikusungitsa mawonekedwe ake, osasokonekera konse. Simenti ndi chitsulo, kumbali inayo, ndi zinthu zomwe zimawonongeka mwachangu pamachitidwe amakaniko. Pachifukwa ichi, ngati pali moto, nyumba yamatabwa imakhala yotetezeka kwambiri kuposa momwe imapangidwira, mwachitsanzo, yopangidwa ndi konkire.

    Wood ndi inshuwaransi yabwino kwambiri yamagetsi.
    Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe nyumba zamatabwa zimayamikiridwa kwambiri ndizotchinjiriza zomwe zili nazo. M'malo mwake, matabwa amatitsimikizira kuti matenthedwe ndi matenthedwe. Pazifukwa zomalizazi, mayiko aku Nordic amasankha matabwa kuti apange nyumba zakunja ndi zamkati. Ku Italy, komabe, izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga kudenga, pansi komanso kumaliza. Ngati mwaganiza zomanga nyumba yanu yamatabwa, muyenera kudziwa kuti mudzakhala m'nyumba yokhala ndi nyengo yabwino, yotentha nthawi yozizira komanso yozizira nthawi yotentha. Mitengo yomwe amagwiritsira ntchito pomanga nyumba zoduliratu, imakhala ndi chinyezi chenicheni chomwe, chifukwa cha kuyanika, kumatetezeranso ku ngozi ya nkhungu.