Makhalidwe ndi mitundu yazinyumba zachilengedwe

Nyumba zobiriwira ndiye tsogolo

Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi komanso mphamvu zowonjezereka zimalimbikitsanso nyumba kuti zizikhala zobiriwira komanso kusamalira zachilengedwe. Nyumba zachilengedwe ndizo omwe mphamvu zake zimagwiritsa ntchito ndizochepa ndipo sizimakhudza chilengedwe, potulutsa mpweya ndi zinyalala.

Koma kuti tithe kumanga nyumba yachilengedwe tiyenera kudziwa kuti ndi zida ziti zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi zomwe sizikukhudza chilengedwe, pomanga komanso momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito. Kuphatikiza apo, pali mitundu ingapo ya nyumba zachilengedwe kutengera malo omwe amangidwa, zinthu zomwe agwiritsa ntchito, ntchito yomwe mukufuna kuwapatsa, ndi zina zambiri. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za nyumba zachilengedwe?

Makhalidwe azinyumba zachilengedwe

Chinthu choyamba tisanadziwe mitundu ndi kusiyana komwe kulipo mnyumba zachilengedwe, tidziwa mawonekedwe ake ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito. Nyumba yachilengedwe ndi nyumba amene amagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zachilengedwe za dzuwa ndi dziko lapansi zomwe zimalemekezanso chilengedwe pomanga ndikamaliza.

Pofuna kukweza chuma moyenera pomanga komanso momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito, kapangidwe ka nyumba zachilengedwe ziyenera kukhala zapamwamba ndikukwaniritsa zofunikira zina, monga:

Kapangidwe ka bioclimatic

Nyumba yomwe ili ndi kapangidwe ka bioclimatic imatha kukhathamiritsa zomwe chuma chimaperekedwa ndi chilengedwe, monga maola a dzuwa ndi kutentha kotulutsidwa ndi nthaka kotenthetsera nyumbayo, komano, mpweya umayenda kuti uziziziritsa nyumbayo.

Pofuna kudzipatula pamakomawo pakusintha kwadzidzidzi kwakunja, mapangidwe amtunduwu amadziwika ndi kukhathamira kwakukulu kuposa komwe kumakhalako. Mwanjira imeneyi, kutentha kwakunja kapena kuzizira sikungathe kulowa mnyumba ndipo kutentha kwanyumba kumatha kukhazikika, osafunikira zowongolera mpweya kapena zida zotenthetsera.

Kupulumutsa kale ndi kutchinjiriza kumapereka mwayi wamagetsi, popeza tikupewa Kutulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha mumlengalenga chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito kwambiri mphamvu zamagetsi kutenthetsa kapena kuziziritsa m'nyumba. Ndikudzipatula kumeneku tithandizira kulimbana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo.

Kupanga kwa bioclimatic kulinso malingaliro oyenera kutenga ma radiation ochuluka ngati dzuwa momwe angathere. Makamaka chakumwera, nthawi zambiri chimakhala chowunikira kwambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, kutentha uku kumatha kusungidwa ndi zinthu zomwe zimakhala ndi inertia yotentha, zomwe zimatha kusunga kutentha masana ndikuzimasula usiku kuzizira.

Kupanga mafunde ampweya omwe amapumira komanso mpweya mnyumba ukhoza kuyikidwa mabwalo amkati kotero kuti mpweya umadutsa muzipinda zonse za nyumbayo.

Kulemekeza chilengedwe

Chikhalidwe china chomwe nyumba zachilengedwe zimakwaniritsa ndikuti zida zawo ndizolemekeza chilengedwe. Ndiye kuti, zida zomwe amapangidwira ndi zachilengedwe, zosinthika kapena zobwezerezedwanso ndipo zimakhala ndi zochepa zazachilengedwe. Kuphatikiza apo, timayesa kugwiritsa ntchito zida zomwe zimafunikira mphamvu zochepa, popanga komanso poyendetsa.

Zowonjezera zomwe timawonjezera pazinthuzi ndikuti samangolemekeza chilengedwe, komanso ndi thanzi komanso thanzi la anthu. Izi ndichifukwa choti zida zomwe nyumba zachilengedwe zimamangidwa mulibe mankhwala kapena poizoni zomwe zingakhudze thanzi lathu ndipo sizisintha maginito amkati mnyumba, kuthandiza kupeza malo abwino mkati.

Zida zopangira zinthu, mwachitsanzo, zimawongolera chinyezi mwachilengedwe, kotero nembanemba zathu ndi kupuma kwathu sizingakhudzidwe ndi chinyezi chokwera kwambiri kapena chotsika kwambiri.

Mitundu ya nyumba zachilengedwe

Kutengera zida zomwe nyumba zachilengedwe zimamangidwa pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Chofunikira kukumbukira ndikuti nyumba imafunikira mitundu yambiri yazinthu ndipo ndizovuta kuti onse pamodzi akwaniritse zomwe tafotokozazi.

Mwachitsanzo, nyumba zamatabwa ndi njerwa Amatha kukumana ndi mawonekedwe omwe atchulidwa kutengera ngati ntchito yawo ndi yolemekeza chilengedwe komanso anthu omwe akukhalamo. Komabe, nyumba za konkriti sizikukwaniritsa zofunikira zachilengedwe komanso zathanzi, popeza konkriti palokha imakhala ndi zinthu zowopsa zomwe zimapangika zomwe sizachilengedwe kapena zathanzi. Koma mutha kusanthula nyumbazi kuti muwone momwe nyumbayo ingakhalire yobiriwira.

Nyumba zamatabwa zachilengedwe

Pali mitundu ingapo ya nyumba zachilengedwe

Wood ndichinthu chachilengedwe mwabwino kwambiri, chosunthika ndipo chimabweretsa chisangalalo chochuluka kunyumba kwathu. Ubwino waukulu womwe mtengo uli nawo ndikuti uli ndi mphamvu yosakanikirana ndipo umathandizira kuti chinyezi mnyumba chikhale bwino. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti ngati nkhuni amachiritsidwa ndi varnish, ma pores adzatsekedwa ndipo sangathe kuchita ntchito yake yoyera.

Ubwino wina womwe matabwa amapatsa nyumba yachilengedwe ndi kutchinjiriza kwake kwabwino. Kuti nyumba izitchinga, kuzizira ndi kutentha, nkhuni zingatiteteze ku kutentha kwa kunja. Pakokha ndi malo abwino otetezera, koma ngati akuphatikizidwa ndi zinthu zina zomwe zimathandizira kutchinjiriza kwambiri, magwiridwe akewo amakhala okulirapo.

Kufunda ndichikhalidwe chamatabwa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti, ngakhale kutentha komwe nkhuni kumabweretsa mnyumba sikungayesedwe ndi manambala, ndizowona kuti pansi poumbidwa ndi nkhuni sachedwa kufewetsa ndikupangitsa mayendedwe athu, kapangidwe ka makomawo, ndikupangitsa kumverera kuti ndife ochulukirapo omasuka. mmalo mwake ndi zinthu zamoyo.

Kuopa kwakukulu kwa nyumba zamatabwa ndiye amene ali ndi motoKomabe, malamulo okhudza nyumba zamatabwa ndi okhwima kwambiri mukamaika magetsi m'malo ovuta kwambiri omwe atha kuyaka moto. Moto wam'nyumba masiku ano nthawi zambiri umachitika chifukwa cha zinthu zosasamala monga mbaula zopanda chitetezo zomwe nthawi zambiri zimayatsa masofa, kapeti kapena makatani. Koma moto uwu umatha kuchitika m'nyumba zamtundu uliwonse.

Mulimonsemo, pamene moto ubwera womwe umakhudza kapangidwe ka matabwa a nyumba, chomwe chimayaka poyamba ndi gawo lakunja la nkhuni ndipo ili ndi kaboni.

Mbali yomweyo, yotenthedwa kale, imakhala ngati chitetezo choyamba chomwe chimalepheretsa nkhuni zotsalazo kuti zisayake msanga.

Nyumba za njerwa zokoma

Nyumba za njerwa zachilengedwe ndizachiwiri zomangidwa, chifukwa ndiyo njira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'mbiri, pambuyo pa nkhuni.

Tisanayambe kuwafotokozera, tiyenera kukumbukira pali mitundu yambirimbiri ya njerwa, kotero aliyense adzakhala ndi mawonekedwe apadera. Komabe, kunena kuti, njerwa yabwino kwambiri yomanga nyumba zachilengedwe ndi yomwe imapangidwa ndi dongo losawotcha, popeza mphamvu zambiri zimafunikira pakuwombera, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti zimakhudza chilengedwe.

Njerwa samapereka zabwino kapena zabwino zofananira ndi nkhuni, popeza ambiri a iwo amafunika kugwiritsa ntchito zotetezera kutentha. Kuphatikiza apo, ngodya zam'nyumba zimavutika chifukwa chotsekera motero sizimayendetsa kutentha kwakunja moyenera.

Pankhani yamoto, njerwa imachita bwino kwambiri, popeza siziwotcha kapena kuyatsa moto. Kumanga njerwa nthawi zambiri kumafunikira, makulidwe ambiri amkati mwake ndi makoma amkati kuposa matabwa opepuka. Chifukwa cha izi, mawonekedwe othandizira nyumba yathu amakhala ocheperako poyerekeza ndi nthawi zina.

Pamalo olumikizirana pakati pa njerwa, gwiritsani ntchito zida zomwe ali otetezeka ku thanzi lathu ndipo zimakhudza chilengedwe.

Mitundu ina yazomanga njerwa ndi iyi:

  • Makoma owumba njerwa
  • Khoma lachilengedwe lamwala
  • Kumanga ndi matope

Nyumba za konkriti zachilengedwe

Uwu ndi mtundu womaliza wa nyumba yobiriwira yomwe tiwona. Konkriti ndimwala wopangira wopangidwa ndi simenti, magulu ophatikizika, madzi ndipo, nthawi zambiri, zowonjezera kuti zisinthe zina mwazinthu zake. Izi zimapangitsa zomangamanga sizachilengedwe, popeza sichikwaniritsa zofunikira zomangamanga popanda kuwononga chilengedwe.

Poyerekeza ndi njerwa ndi matabwa, konkriti ilibe matenthedwe abwino kapena hygroscopic, kotero sizimayendetsa kutentha ndi chinyezi mkati mwake. Kuphatikiza apo, ili ndi phazi lokulirapo, popeza limafunikira mphamvu zambiri kuti ipangidwe.

Chitsulo ndichimodzi mwazinthu zomwe tiyenera kupewa mumtundu uliwonse wamanyumba azachilengedwe, popeza sizachilengedwe ngakhalenso sizisangalatsa malo okhala mnyumbamo posintha maginito achilengedwe.

Chifukwa konkire ndizogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, imapangitsa kuti ikhale yotsika mtengo komanso yotsika mtengo kwa bajeti zonse.

mkati mwa nyumba kutengera zomangamanga
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Zomangamanga, zomangamanga, zathanzi komanso zomanga bwino

Ubwino wa nyumba yachilengedwe ndi chiyani?

Nyumba zobiriwira zimalemekeza chilengedwe

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Lamiot

Ubwino wanyumba yachilengedwe imakhazikika pakukonza bwino ntchito ndikuchepetsa zovuta zachilengedwe komanso chilengedwe. Nyumba iliyonse idapangidwa mwanjira inayake kotero kuti izikhala ndi mbali zosiyanasiyana wina ndi mnzake. Komabe, zofunika zazikulu zomwe ayenera kukwaniritsa kuti awonetsetse kuti onse ali ndi ntchito zofananira ndi izi:

  • Zomangamanga za Bioclimatic: kutengera kugwiritsa ntchito zida zomangira zokhazikika ndi zobwezerezedwanso. Mwanjira imeneyi, kuchepa kwa kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka zopangira ndi zovuta zachilengedwe zomwe zimapangidwa ndikupanga ndikugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zomwe zanenedwa zidzatheka.
  • Chikhalidwe: nyumbayo iyenera kukhala yokhazikika pakukhathamiritsa kwa zida zamagetsi.
  • Kuteteza dzuwa: Monga momwe zimapangidwira kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi, muyeneranso kutetezedwa ndi kunyezimira kwa dzuwa.
  • Gwiritsani ntchito mwayi wowonjezera kutentha: Ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti pochepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi, kutentha kwanyumba kuyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito potenthetsera. Mwanjira imeneyi, kutentha kwachilengedwe kwagwiritsidwa ntchito kukwaniritsa kutentha kwambiri.
  • Kusindikiza ndi kutchinjiriza: kusindikiza ndi kutchinjiriza ndikofunikira pakuwongolera kutentha kwamkati. Chifukwa chotseka bwino ndikusindikiza, titha kuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito magetsi panyumba. Mwachitsanzo, nthawi yotentha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowongolera mpweya kumatha kuchepa.
  • Matenthedwe inertia: ikugwirizana ndi yapita ija. Ndikofunika kuyang'ana pazinthu zomwe zingakhale ndi mphamvu zamafuta. Izi ndizida zomwe zimatha kusamutsa mphamvu kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi zochepa.

Cholinga chachikulu cha momwe nyumba yobiriwira imagwirira ntchito ndikuchepetsa kutsika kwa kaboni ndikuwongolera zachilengedwe bwino kwambiri.

Pomaliza, titha kunena kuti nyumba zachilengedwe zothandiza kwambiri ndizomwe zimamangidwa ndi matabwa. Ndi izi mutha kudziwa zambiri za nyumba zachilengedwe ndi mawonekedwe ake.


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  1.   Victor R Castañeda R anati

    Izi zimandilimbikitsa kuti ndipitilize kufufuza nyumba zobiriwira. Zikomo, Mulungu akudalitseni.