Kuwonetseratu kwa mphepo yamphamvu mu 2030 malinga ndi PREPA

mphepo mphamvu spain

Wind Business Association (PREPA) yakonzekera kuwunika 'Zofunikira pazosintha mphamvu. Malingaliro a magetsi', Yemwe watumiza ku Committee of Experts for the Energy Transition.

Cholinga cha bungweli ndikupanga a malingaliro enieni pazopereka mphamvu zamagetsi pakuphatikiza magetsi mu 2020, 2030 ndi 2050. Kusintha kwa magetsi kumafunikira kukonzekera kwanthawi yayitali.

PREPA yatenga zomwe zatchulidwa ndi European Commission potengera mtundu wa PRIMES wa 2030, womwe umaneneratu za kukula kwakung'ono mu kufunika kwa magetsi. PREPA yakhazikitsa njira zamagetsi zamagetsi ndi ma decarbonisation, kuti ikwaniritse zomwe Pangano la Paris likuyesera kuti lichepetse 80-95% ya mpweya wowonjezera kutentha pofika 2050.

CO2

Gawo lamagetsi liyenera kukwaniritsa zofunikira zamagetsi zatsopano popanda kulipira zolimbana ndi kuchepetsedwa kwa mpweya.

Mwachidule cha lipotilo, mphamvu yamagetsi idakhazikitsidwa mu 2020 angafikire 28.000 MW (poganizira za kugulitsa kwa magetsi atsopano omwe adapatsidwa kale mu 2016 ndi 2017 komanso gawo la mphepo yaku Canarian), kuti mphamvu ya mphepo iwonjezeke ndi 1.700 MW pachaka pafupifupi pakati pakutha kwa 2017 mpaka kumayambiriro kwa 2020. Tili Zaka khumi zotsatira zingawonjezeke ndi 1.200 MW pachaka pafupifupi mpaka 2030, kufikira 40.000 MW yamagetsi oyikika.

Mphamvu ya mphepo

Chifukwa cha makina amphepo atsopanowa, kutulutsa kwa gawo lamagetsi ku Spain ndi zingachepetse pofika 2020 pofika 30% poyerekeza ndi 2005 (chaka chofotokozera za kayendedwe kabwino ka malonda ku Europe, ETS mwachidule mu Chingerezi) ndi 42% pofika 2030.

Pabwino kwambiri, kutulutsa kwa magetsi kumatha kukhala 100% pofika 2040. Kuphatikiza apo, kusakanikirana kwamagetsi ku Spain kukafika 40% ya amafuna kufalitsa ndi zongowonjezwdwa mu 2020, 62% mu 2030, 92% mu 2040 ndi 100% pofika 2050.

Kuti muchite kukhazikitsa kwa mphamvu yatsopano yamagetsi lotsogozedwa ndi zomwe PREPA idachita, ndikofunikira kukhala ndi kuphweka, bata ndi chitetezo malamulo.

Makina amphepo

Malinga ndi director of AEE, a Juan Virgilio Márquez: "Mtundu wamphamvu wapano ukugwirizana ndi zolinga zomwe tadzipangira tokha ku Europe. Kukonzekera kwa mphamvu kwa mtundu watsopanowu kuyenera kupangidwa nthawi yayitali ndikuwonekera ndikugwirizana kwa ndondomeko zopingasa. Kuphatikiza apo, msika uyenera kupereka zizindikiritso zokwanira pamagulu azachuma ayenera kukhala olondola. Utsogoleri wa njirayi ndiwofunikira ndipo uyenera kukhala wopanda cholinga komanso wodziyimira pawokha. Gawo la mphepo ndilokonzekera komanso lopikisana kuti lipatse dongosololi mphamvu yamphepo yomwe ikufunika kuti ikwaniritse zolinga za decarbonisation, kupereka zoposa 30% zamagetsi zamagetsi mu 2030. Kutengera ndi zomwe AEE idapanga, mphamvu yomwe idayikidwa mu 2020 iyenera kukhala 28.000 MW ndipo pofika 2030 ikadakhala 40.000 MW. Mwa 2050, mphepo yamagetsi yoyikidwayo ikadakhala 60.000 MW ”.

Ngati zochitika za PREPA zokhazikitsa mphamvu yamagetsi zikakwaniritsidwa, zitha kukhala pafupi zabwino zanyama. Zina mwa izi ndi izi:

• Chitetezo champhamvu ku Spain chikhoza kuyenda bwino chifukwa mafuta ochokera kumayiko ena adachepetsedwa ndi mafuta okwana matani 18 miliyoni

• Zingatanthauze ntchito 32.000 m'magulu amphepo

• Ndalama zomwe zaperekedwa ku GDP zitha kukhala zoposa ma 4.000 miliyoni

• Itha kupewa kutulutsa matani 47 miliyoni a CO2

Kwa gawo lamphepo yaku Spain lingakhale ndi maubwino ena monga:

- Kukonzanso kwa ntchito zamafakitale ndi ukadaulo chifukwa chokhazikitsa mphamvu zatsopano pamlingo ndi voliyumu yofanana ndi ya zaka khumi zapitazi.

- Kukula kwa msika wamkati kumathandizira kuti mpikisano ukhale wabwino (chuma chamakulidwe, utsogoleri wamatekinoloje, akatswiri oyenerera, ndi zina zambiri) zamakampani aku Spain, zomwe zingakulitse zakunja.

- Ntchito yokonza malo ingathandizenso kwambiri.

Pakuwunika 'Zinthu zofunika pakusintha mphamvu. Malingaliro pagawo lamagetsi ', AEE ikuyitanitsa kukhazikitsidwa kwa njira zingapo zamagetsi zamagetsi kuti zithandizire pakupereka mphamvu zowonjezerekanso pakukwaniritsa zolinga mu 2030 ndi 2050. Njirazi zakhazikika m'malo asanu ndi limodzi: Kukonzekera ndi Kukhazikitsa Malamulo , misonkho, njira zatsopano zopezera ndalama, pakati pa zina.

Ena mwa awa njira za konkriti, Zowonetsedwa ndi madera osiyanasiyana, ndi:

Kukonzekera ndi dongosolo loyang'anira

  • Kutanthauzira zolinga zoyenera pa 2030 ya gawoli, kulola njira yopita patsogolo (2031-2050) kukwaniritsa cholinga cha kuchepetsa 80-95% mu mpweya wa CO2 pofika 2050.

Mpweya wa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha

  • Chotsani ndalama pamtengo wamagetsi mlendo kupereka.
  • Khazikitsani dongosolo lokhazikika la kukhazikitsidwa kwa mphamvu zowonjezeredwa: njira zodalirika zandalama, njira yoyendetsera ntchito ndi nthawi yake malonda.
  • Yambitsani ndalama mu kulumikizana pakati pa mayiko kuti zitsimikizire kutumizira zakunja.

Misonkho

• Khazikitsani dongosolo la misonkho zachilengedwe zomwe zimathandiza ogulitsa ndalama kuti azigwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowoneka bwino komanso zoyera, kutengera lingaliro loti "wowonongekayo amalipira".

• Chotsani misonkho basi kusonkhanitsa pazomwe zingapangidwenso, monga ndalama zowonjezeredwa mdera komanso msonkho wamagetsi.

Kusintha kwa zamagetsi 

• Kuvomereza Dongosolo La Dziko Lonse la Magetsi, yomwe imakhudza magawo onse, makamaka zoyendera.

• Kukhazikitsa a dongosolo loyang'anira zomwe zimalimbikitsa kudzidalira komanso kusungira mphamvu.

• Khazikitsa njira zowongolera, zachuma kapena zachuma zomwe zimalimbikitsa kupatsidwanso mphamvu komanso kuwonjezera moyo wamapaki m'malo omwe ali ndi mphepo yayikulu.

Kukhazikitsa makina amphepo


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.