Mphamvu ya gasi yachilengedwe imapanganso kuipitsa

Kugwiritsa ntchito gasi

La mphamvu ya gasi wachilengedwe imawoneka ndi maso abwino popeza ili pafupi mafuta ambiri otsukira kuposa makala ndipo nthawi zina amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo mwa chilengedwe.

Koma mbiri yabwino iyi siowona choncho monga zikuwonekera malinga ndi malipoti ndi malipoti osiyanasiyana, momwe amafotokozedwera momwe mphamvu yomwe imachokera ku gasi lachilengedwe imapangitsa kuipitsa kwakukulu pamene ntchito yotulutsa iyo ikuchitika. Ndi pamene imapsa m'kati mwayaka ndipo imamveka bwino chifukwa mpweya wake umakhala wocheperako panthawiyo.

Muyenera kusamala ndi momwe zinthu zina zimayendera, popeza sili gawo lomaliza chabe lomwe kuipitsidwa sikukuwonekera, koma pantchito yonseyi. Fracking kapena hydraulic fracturing ndipamene nthawi yake yowononga kwambiri ili.

Fracking imakhala popanga miyala pathanthwe kotero kuti gawo la mpweyawo limathamangira kunja ndipo limatha kudzapezanso mwanjira ina pambuyo pake pachitsime. Kuphatikiza apo, vuto la dongosololi ndiloti mankhwala amagwiritsidwa ntchito mgawo ili lazopanga lomwe limatulutsidwa mumlengalenga.

Limodzi mwa mavuto akulu ndikuti zimaipitsa madzi akumwa mobisa ndipo imayambitsa mpweya waukulu wa CO2 ndi methane, zomwe zimawonjezera kutentha kwa dziko ndi kusintha kwa nyengo. Chifukwa cha kuipitsidwa kwa madzi akumwa apansi panthaka, zimachitika kuti thanzi la anthu omwe ali pafupi ndi madamu amasokonekera kwambiri kupatula zinyalala zomwe zimapita mlengalenga.

Mafuta akale

Mafuta a gasi achilengedwe

Gasi lachilengedwe ndi mafuta, ngakhale mpweya wapadziko lonse lapansi ukuyaka sindiwo ambiri yavuto lomwe ngati limayambitsa khala kapena mafuta.

Gasi wachilengedwe amatulutsa 50 mpaka 60 peresenti yochepera CO2 ikatenthedwa mu chomera chatsopano chamagetsi chachilengedwe poyerekeza ndi mpweya wochokera ku chomera cha malasha. Amachepetsanso mpweya womwe umatulutsidwa mumlengalenga ndi 15 mpaka 20 peresenti poyerekeza ndi omwe amayambitsidwa ndi injini yamafuta m'galimoto.

Komwe inde izo zotulutsa zake zimapezeka mukutulutsa ndi kuboola mafuta gasi wochokera zitsime ndi mayendedwe ake kudzera m'mapaipi zomwe zimapangitsa kusefa kwa methane, mpweya wamphamvu kwambiri kuposa CO2. Kafukufuku woyambirira akuwonetsa kuti mpweya wa methane umakhala 1 mpaka 9 peresenti ya mpweya wonse.

Kuwonongeka m'mlengalenga popanga mphamvu kuchokera ku gasi

Kusokoneza

Gasi lachilengedwe limatanthauza kuyatsa kosayera kuposa mafuta ena akale, chifukwa amapanga pang'ono sulfure, mercury ndi tinthu tina tating'ono. Kutentha gasi kumatulutsa nayitrogeni okusayidi, ngakhale pamiyeso yotsika kuposa mafuta ndi dizilo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu injini zamagalimoto.

Nyumba zaku America 10.000 zomwe zimagwira ntchito Ndi gasi lachilengedwe m'malo mwa malasha, imapewa mpweya wapachaka wa matani 1.900 a nitrogen oxide, matani 3.900 a SO2 ndi matani 5.200 a tinthu. Kuchepetsa mpweyawo kumakhala phindu laumoyo wa anthu, chifukwa zoipitsazo zalumikizidwa ndi mavuto monga mphumu, bronchitis, khansa yam'mapapo, ndi zina zambiri.

Ngakhale pali maubwino awa, kukula kwa gasi wosazolowereka kumatha zimakhudza momwe mpweya wabwino uliri mderalo. Kuwonongeka kwakukulu kwa zoipitsa mpweya kwakhala kukuchitika m'malo ena kumene kuboola kumachitika.

Kuwonetsedwa pamiyeso yayikulu ya zowonongekazi kumatha kulimbikitsa mavuto kupuma, mavuto amtima ndi khansa.

Fracking

Chithunzi cha Fracking

Hayidiroliki fracturing ndi njira yowonjezera mafuta ndi gasi mobisa. Kuyambira 1947, zitsime pafupifupi 2,5 miliyoni zathyoledwa padziko lonse lapansi, kuphatikiza miliyoni ku United States.

Njirayi ili ndi pangani njira imodzi kapena zingapo zovomerezeka kudzera mu jakisoni wamadzi othamanga kwambiri, kuti igonjetse kugwedezeka kwa thanthwe ndikutsegula chophwanya chomwe chimayang'aniridwa pansi pa chitsime, mgawo lofunikiralo la hydrocarbon lomwe lili ndi mapangidwe.

Kugwiritsa ntchito njirayi kwalola kupanga mafuta kudzawonjezeka ndi 45% kuyambira 2010, zomwe zidapangitsa United States kukhala yachiwiri padziko lonse lapansi opanga.

Amanenanso kuti kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe kwa njirayi, zomwe zimaphatikizapo kuipitsidwa kwa madzi am'madzi, kumwa madzi ambiri, kuipitsa mpweya, kuipitsa phokoso, kusuntha kwa mpweya ndi mankhwala omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kumtunda, kuipitsidwa kwapadziko lapansi chifukwa chotayikira, komanso zovuta zomwe zingachitike chifukwa chotsitsika.

Imodzi mwazinthu zazikulu kwambiri zakusokoneza ndi kuchuluka kwa zivomerezi, yomwe imagwirizanitsidwa kwambiri ndi jakisoni wakuya.

Kuwonongeka kwamadzi am'madzi

Msuzi

Ndi kuphulika kwa madzi pachitsime zachititsa kutuluka kwa mpweya, zida zopangira ma radio ndi methane popezera madzi akumwa.

Pali malo olembedwa pamadzi pafupi ndi zitsime za gasi omwe adayipitsidwa ndi madzi akumwa komanso mpweya, kuphatikiza methane ndi mankhwala osakhazikika. Chimodzi mwa zifukwa zazikulu za kuipitsa ndi zomanga zosapangidwa bwino kapena zitsime zomwe zimang'ambika zomwe zimalola kuti mpweya uzilowerera mumtsinje.

Madzi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ma hydraulic nawonso afikira zitsime zosiyidwa, komanso zosindikizidwa molakwika, zomwe pamapeto pake zimapangitsa kuti mitsinje yamadziyo idetsedwe.

Zivomezi

Ming'oma ya zivomezi

Fracking yalumikizidwa ndi zochitika zazamphamvu zochepa, koma zochitika zotero nthawi zambiri sizimadziwika pamwamba.

Ngakhale kugwiritsa ntchito madzi ogwiritsira ntchito poibaya jekeseni wapamwamba m'zitsime zaku jekeseni wachiwiri kumakhala nako adalumikizidwa ndi zivomezi zazikulu kwambiri ku United States. Pafupifupi theka la zivomezi zazikulu 4.5 kapena kupitilira apo zakantha mkati mwa United States mzaka khumi zapitazi zidachitika kumadera omwe kuwombera kumachitika.

Kafukufuku watsopano wofalitsidwa mu 2016 ndipo adachitidwa ndi gulu la akatswiri ofufuza miyala ndi akatswiri azisayansi kuchokera ku Texas Methodist University of South ndi United States Geological Survey, zidawonetsa kuti jekeseni wama voliyumu ambiri kuphatikiza ndi Kutulutsa kwa brine kuchokera kumtunda wapansi pazitsime Kutha kwa mafuta ndi komwe kumayambitsa zivomezi 27 zomwe zidachitika pakati pa Disembala 2013 ndi masika 2014 ndi anthu aku Azle, ku Texas, komwe anali asanakhudzane ndi zivomezi.

Zotsatira zake zotheka

Kupatula kuchuluka kwa zivomezi, mankhwala omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito munjirayi angathe akuipitsa nthaka ndi mitsinje yonse mobisa, malinga ndi Briteni Yachifumu ku 2012.

Muthanso kupeza mapepala atatu asayansi omwe amafalitsidwa mu 2013 omwe amagwirizana posonyeza izi Kuwonongeka kwa madzi pansi panthaka sizotheka mwakuthupi. Chodziwikiratu ndikuti kuti izi zisachitike, njira zabwino zogwirira ntchito ziyenera kuchitika nthawi zonse. Izi zimachitika kuti sizikhala choncho nthawi zonse, chifukwa chake pali vuto lalikulu lowononga malo okhala pansi panthaka.

Zolemba pamphamvu ya gasi wachilengedwe

Zolemba Gasland

Pali zolemba zingapo pomwe kutsutsa kowonekera kumatha kupezeka kuti awonongeke ngati Gasland wa Josh Fox. Mmenemo zidawulula zovuta za kuipitsidwa kwamadzi am'madzi pafupi ndi zitsime zopezeka m'malo ngati Pennsylvania, Wyoming ndi Colorado.

Chinthu choseketsa kuti inali msika wamafuta ndi gasi womwe umalimbikitsa izi anafunsa omwe anatoleredwa mu kanemayo Fox kotero kuti tsamba la Gasland lingatsutse zonena za gulu lokopa alendo.

Kanema wina wosangalatsa ndi Dziko Lolonjezedwa., yoperekedwa ndi Matt Damon pankhani yothira ma hydraulic. Komanso mu 2013, Gasland 2 adawonetsedwa, gawo lachiwiri la zolembedwazo pomwe amatsimikizira chithunzi chake cha mafakitale achilengedwe, momwe amawawonetsera ngati njira yoyera komanso yotetezeka m'malo mwa mafuta, ndi nthano chabe. Kutuluka kwakanthawi komanso kuwonongeka kwa mpweya ndi madzi pamapeto pake kumavulaza anthu amderalo ndikuyika nyengo pachiwopsezo chifukwa cha mpweya wa methane, mpweya wowonjezera kutentha.

Kuyang'ana cholowera m'malo mwa mphamvu zachilengedwe zamagesi

Mapanelo a dzuwa ngati njira ina yopangira mphamvu ya gasi

Ndi izi zonse wanena, a gasi wachilengedwe sakhala woyera choncho monga adayesera kuwonetsera, koma pakukonza kwake amatulutsa zowononga m'mlengalenga monga zimachitika pakagwiritsidwe ntchito njira yolumikizira.

Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndizosavuta kudziwa zenizeni zomwe zimazungulira mphamvu ya gasi wachilengedwe komanso pitilizani kukankhira mwamphamvu zamagetsi zina Zomwe zimakhala zoyera komanso zosasunthika pakapita nthawi monga mphepo kapena dzuwa, komwe ndi komwe tiyenera kupita kuti dzikoli likhale lotetezeka komanso labwino.

Mafuta onsewa kutengera Zinthu zakale zimatifikitsa ku Msonkhano Wanyengo waku Paris momwe mayiko ambiri amayenera kupanga zisankho kuti akakhazikitse chaka chamawa momwe mphamvu zowonjezerapo ziyenera kukhala cholinga chachikulu.

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa kuti zotentha za gasi ndizotani komanso momwe zimagwirira ntchito? Musaphonye nkhaniyi:

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Chilichonse chomwe muyenera kudziwa chokhudza ma boiler achilengedwe

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Diana Alvarez anati

    Adriana ndimaikonda nkhani yanu ndipo ndikufuna kuigwiritsa ntchito polemba mutu wanga, mungandidutseko deta yanu kuti ndikufotokozereni molondola komanso tsiku lomwe mudasindikiza nkhaniyi. Zikomo

  2.   vicardig anati

    Makasitomala atsopano a Fracking ku Chiapas, mabasi omwe amayendetsa gasi, ndipo owerengeka ndi omwe amadziwa kuwonongeka kwachilengedwe komwe kumachitika mdzikolo, ngakhale kuti imanyamula "ECO" m'dzina lake. Hayidiroliki fracturing amawononga chikhalidwe cha dziko lathu

  3.   kutchfun anati

    Vuto lalikulu la magulu azachilengedwe mdziko muno ndikusowa maphunziro aukadaulo komanso kusowa kwaukatswiri waluso pazokambirana zawo. Ndikofunikira musanayang'ane luso kapena kugwiritsa ntchito chida, kuti tichidziwe bwino, ngati sichoncho monga ndanenera kale, zokambiranazo sizikhala zolimba mwanzeru motero ndizovomerezeka.
    Mtsutsowu ndi wofunikira kwambiri, anthu ayenera kudziwa ndipo chitukuko chamakono sichingasokoneze chitukuko cha mibadwo yamtsogolo, koma umbuli ndi mantha sizingaletse chitukuko chamakono.
    Gasi lachilengedwe likawotchedwa limatulutsa 1/5 ya mpweya wa CO2 womwe umapangidwa ndimoto woyaka, zachidziwikire siwoyera 100% koma ndi njira yabwinoko.
    Ndizabodza kuti hayidiroliki ikuphwanyidwa ndiyofunika kuti gasi wachilengedwe atulutsidwe, itha kupangidwa mwanjira yodziwikiratu ngati idalola, ndipo izi zachitika mpaka pano.
    Pomaliza, kutulutsa kwa methane kosalamulirika pakupanga gasi wachilengedwe kumayesedwa kuchepetsedwa momwe zingathere, izi ndizomveka, kampani yopanga ndalama ikawononga ndalama zambiri pachitsime chopangira, chinthu chomaliza chomwe ikufuna ndichoti chinthu chomwe mwachita kafukufuku wanu adzakuthawa. Komabe, nthawi zina sizingapeweke, koma kuti muchepetse izi popanga mbewu pali ma tochi omwe amayatsa methane yomwe ikutha (yowopsa kwambiri komanso yotentha ndi nthawi 8 kuposa CO2) mu CO2, yokhala ndi kutentha pang'ono.
    Kutentha kwadziko ndi vuto lalikulu kwambiri loti muganizire, ndipo kutulutsa kwa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha mumlengalenga kuyenera kuchepetsedwa momwe zingathere. Inemwini, ndikukhulupirira kuti ndikusintha kupita kudziko lomwe lili ndi mpweya wocheperako komanso wotsika mpaka kufikira 0. Koma kuti pakanthawi kochepa ndi kovuta ndipo ndikofunikira kukhala okhwimitsa pazokangana ndikuwona mitundu yosangalatsa kwambiri.
    zonse

  4.   Carlos Fabian anati

    Manuel Ramirez ndikuloleni ndikuuzeni kuti nkhani yanu ndiyabwino, ndimaganiza kuti mpweya "wachilengedwe" sunayipitse koma ndikuwona tsopano, ndiopweteka momwe madzi amaperekera nsembe, chifukwa cha izi.
    Mukunena zowona za mphepo, koma izi zilinso ndi zovuta zake chifukwa akapeza nyengo yayitali mphamvuzi zitha, tsopano ndikufuna ndikufunseni njira zina zomwe sizingawononge zomwe titha kugwiritsa ntchito?

    1.    Manuel Ramirez anati

      Zikomo chifukwa cha ndemanga yanu Carlos!

  5.   Maria Morinigo anati

    kusamalira chilengedwe ndikudzisamalira tokha

  6.   Kufufuza kwa QualityConsulting anati

    Mutu wabwino kwambiri komanso mfundo yabwino ... chilichonse chomwe chiri zakale sichidzakhala chobiriwira

  7.   Brayan anati

    Ndizowona kuti ndi mpweya wachilengedwe koma ulibe vuto (ndiomwe anthu amaganiza). Koma ndi mafuta okumba zakale zomwe zikutanthauza kuti zatha ndipo zawonongeka

  8.   Daniel Martinez Olivo. anati

    Kusindikiza kwa nkhaniyi ndi kwabwino kwambiri. Ndikulembetsa kwa ochepa omwe ali ndi chidwi «ochokera kubanja la mpikisanowu», ponena za kutentha kwa dziko ndi kutentha kwanyengo komwe kumatikhudza tonsefe ndipo pamapeto pake kutipha kuti tisayimitse kufunafuna chuma komwe palibe amene angatenge manda koma kuti inde iwonso adzabweranso, mgwirizano wake ukuipitsa dziko. Izi zandipangitsa kuti ndilimbikitse posachedwa ntchito yofunikira yamagetsi ku Dominican Republic, kuyambira ndi kugwa kwaulere kwa madzi kuchokera ku Nyanja ya Caribbean ndi mphamvu yokoka gawo loyamba kudzera mumayendedwe okhala ndi ma turbines otsika-dzimbiri, ndipo mphindi siteji yofanana ndi madzi kudzera pakupyola chipinda chachikulu chosinthira makina osungira, chomwe chimasungidwa mosungira chachikulu chidzatulutsa gawo lachiwirili. Madzi omwe abwera kale omwe ali pamamita 44 pansi pa nyanja (m'chigwa cha La Bahía de Neiba) apangidwa kuti azigwiritsidwa ntchito kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito ndi mafakitale a zaulimi komanso ma chloride ndi zinthu zina zomwe zimatulutsidwa ndi electrolysis monga golide wama molekyulu, ndi zina zambiri ..

  9.   Alexander ocampo anati

    Ndikufuna kudziwa kuti ndi uti mwa mipweya iwiriyi, propane ndi chilengedwe, yomwe imatulutsa mpweya wochuluka kwambiri ikawotchedwa?
    Ndikufunsa chifukwa nthawi zonse ndimagwiritsa ntchito gasi wapabotolo ndipo posachedwa ndimagwiritsa ntchito mpweya wachilengedwe.
    Chiyambireni kugwiritsa ntchito gasi, ndazindikira kununkhiza kwakomwe komwe kumandipangitsa kukhala wamisala, komwe sikunandichitikire pomwe ndimagwiritsa ntchito propane. Ndikumvetsetsa kuti c. ndi yopanda fungo ... kodi wina angandithandize?

  10.   Joseph anati

    Mwadzuka bwanji, mungandipatseko zambiri kuti ndikuthandizireni ku kafukufuku wanga. Zikomo

  11.   siyani kusuta ndi laser malaga anati

    Chidwi blog. Ndimaphunzira china chilichonse patsamba lililonse tsiku lililonse. Nthawi zonse zimakhala zosangalatsa kudziwa kuwerenga zomwe olemba ena analemba. Ndikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito china kuchokera patsamba lanu patsamba langa, mwachilengedwe ndidzasiya ulalo, ngati mungandilole. Zikomo pogawana.

  12.   Luis Antonio Riano anati

    Madzulo abwino ndikufufuza za kuipitsidwa kwa gasi wachilengedwe ndipo nkhani yomwe ndidakondwera nayo, mungandipatseko deta kuti ndiwunikenso.
    gracias

  13.   zaid anati

    chabwino Dick zinali zopanda ntchito kwa ine: v

  14.   MARITZA MORALES anati

    Manuel Ramírez, ndidakonda nkhani yanu yonena za "gasi wamphamvu imapangitsanso kuipitsa madzi" ndipo ndimakonda ndipo ndikufuna kuigwiritsa ntchito polemba mutu wanga, mungandipatseko deta yanu kuti ndikufotokozereni molondola komanso tsiku lomwe mudasindikiza nkhaniyi. Zikomo