Kubetchera kwa malasha kumawononga mpweya wa Vietnam

Kuwonongeka kwa malasha ku Vietnam

Kubetcha kovomerezedwa ndi akuluakulu aku Vietnamese kwa malo opangira magetsi malasha Pofuna kuthana ndi kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa kufunikira kwa mphamvu kumabweretsa kuchuluka kwa mpweya wowononga, zomwe zimapangitsa mpweya m'mizinda yayikulu kukhala wopanda thanzi.

Hanoi ndiye mzinda womwe wakhudzidwa kwambiri, kale ku 2017 kokha anasangalala ndi masiku 38 a mpweya wabwino, kuwirikiza kanayi kuchuluka kwa WHO (World Health Organisation), malinga ndi lipoti latsopano la Green ID (Vietnamese Center for Green Innovation and Development.

Nthawi yomweyo magalimoto ozungulira ndi mafakitale khalani ndi chochita ndi mpweya monga mumzinda wina uliwonse makina opangira magetsi a malasha oposa 20 awonjezeredwa kuzungulira likulu.

Ripoti lomwe tatchulali likusonyeza kuti ichi ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu, ndi mpweya wabwino m'malo omaliza ku Southeast Asia.

Nguyen Thi Khanh, Mtsogoleri wa Green ID, anafotokoza pamsonkhano waposachedwa ku Hanoi kuti:

“Mayiko ngati China ndi South Korea akutembenukira kumbuyo malasha chifukwa akuwononga thanzi.

Yakwana nthawi yoti tisankhe njira yatsopano yopangira zomwe sizikuphatikiza kupereka kwachilengedwe ndi mpweya wabwino ”.

Komabe, mawu ngati a Khanh, mwamwayi ochulukirapo, sasintha malingaliro a akuluakulu aku Vietnam, omwe adawona Malasha ndi magetsi otsika mtengo kuti akwaniritse zosowa zamakampani ndi ogula iwowo, omwe amakula kupitirira 10% chaka chilichonse.

Zomera zamagetsi zowonjezera zambiri

Kupita patsogolo kwachuma kwakukulu kwazaka 3 zapitazi kwadzetsa kufunikira kwa mphamvu, chifukwa chake tili ndi zowononga zambiri zachilengedwe.

Pakati pa 1991 ndi 2012, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) yadzikolo idakwera ndi 315% pomwe Kuwonjezeka kwa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha kunayambira 937%.

Mbali inayi, ndimitengo 26 yamalasha yomwe dzikolo likugwira, boma la chikominisi likukonzekera kuwonjezera zina 6 pofika 2020 ndikukhala ndi ntchito pofika 2030 osachepera 51 malasha, ndikuyembekeza motere kutulutsa zoposa theka la mphamvu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, kuwotcha pafupifupi matani 129 miliyoni amakala pachaka.

malasha pakati makina

M'chigawo cha Long An, pafupi kwambiri ndi Ho Chi Ming (mzinda wokhala ndi anthu ambiri mdzikolo komanso komwe mpweya umakulirakulira modabwitsa), ntchito yomanga imodzi mwamphamvu kwambiri mwa magetsi opangira malasha ikukonzekera.

Vietnamese Center for Green Innovation and Development ikuyerekeza kuti ngati ntchito yomanga nyengoyi ikamalizidwa, fumbi m'mlengalenga m'malo ena lidzawonjezeka ndi 11, kuphatikiza apo, sulfure oxide idzawonjezeka ndi 7 komanso nitrate oxide ndi 4 poyerekeza ndi milingo yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 2014.

Izi zipangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta Kudzipereka kwa Vietnam kuchepetsa mpweya wake wowononga pofika 2030 pofika 25%.

Imfa zisanachitike

Malinga ndi kafukufuku wofalitsidwa ndi Harvard University ndi Greenpeace, kumanga ndi kutsegulira kwa magetsi opangira malasha kudzachititsanso kuwonjezeka kwakufa kwa anthu asanakwane mdzikolo.

Akuyerekeza kuti pofika chaka cha 2030 oposa 20.000 aku Vietnamese amwalira chaka, kuwirikiza kasanu kuposa momwe zinalili mu 2011 komanso kuposa maiko ozungulira.

Kim Yong Kim, Purezidenti wa World Bank anachenjeza pamsonkhano kuti:

"Ngati Vietnam ipitilizabe ndi mapulani ake ndipo maiko a m'derali atsatira njira yomweyo, zitha kukhala zowopsa padziko lapansi."

Bungwe ili, lomwe lathandizira ndalama zingapo za malasha ku Asia mzaka zaposachedwa, idzatha ndi thandizo lake kuchokera ku 2019. Komabe, Vietnam ipanga ndalama kuchokera kumayiko monga South Korea, Japan ndi China, mayiko omwe malasha akutaya nthaka ndipo zofuna zake zachilengedwe ndizovuta kwambiri kumakampani.

Pazifukwa izi, njira yokhazikika yomwe Banki Yadziko Lonse ndi magulu azachilengedwe azichita kwa maola ambiri owala dzuwa komanso kuthekera kwa mphepo kwa madera ena a boma la Hanoi sikuwoneka ngati chinthu chofunikira kwambiri.

Hoang Quoc Vuong, Wachiwiri kwa Nduna Ya Viwanda, adalungamitsa kuti:

"Changu chofuna kupita patsogolo chikapitilizabe kukhala mphamvu zopangidwa ndi malasha chifukwa cha zovuta zaukadaulo komanso kusakhazikika kwa dzuwa ndi mphepo mdziko muno."

 


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