Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa zimawerengera 17,3% yamagetsi omaliza

zongowonjezwdwa

Malinga ndi chidziwitso chakumapeto kwa 2016 kuchokera ku Institute for Economic Study (IEE), a mphamvu zosinthika anawonjezera a 17,3% ndi kumwa kwathunthu komaliza mphamvu ku Spain.

Mapangano aku Paris pazowonjezekanso akuwonetsa kuti EU yonse iyenera kufikira pafupifupi 2020% ya zopereka kuchokera kuzinthu zowonjezeredwa mpaka kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwamagetsi komaliza pofika 20.

Kusiyana pakati pa mayiko

Pakadali pano, Sweden ndiye mtsogoleri, mpaka 53,8%. Mbali inayi, Finland idafika 38,7% ndipo Latvia 37,2%, pomwe Austria idalembetsa 33,5% ndipo ili pafupi kwambiri ndi cholinga chanu pofika 2020, ndipo Denmark idadutsa kale, ndi 32,2%.

Mphepo Sweden

Maiko ena monga Latvia, Portugal ndi Croatia ali pamndandanda kudutsa 28% ndi Lithuania ndi Romania ali pafupifupi 25%. Pankhani ya Slovenia imafika 21,3% ndipo Bulgaria 18,8%, pomwe Italy imalemba 17,4%. Pankhani ya Spain, yapitilira gawo limodzi ndikupitilira avareji ya European Union, kufika 17,3% kumapeto kwa 2016.

Mayiko omwe ali pansipa

Tsoka ilo France ili kale pansi pa pafupifupi ndi 16%, monga momwe ziliri ku Greece, Czech Republic ndi Germany, ndi ziwerengero pafupifupi 15%. Mayiko omwe ali pansi pa EU ndi Malta, Netherlands ndi Luxembourg, omwe ali pakati pa 6% ndi 5,4%, motsatana.

Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ku Spain ndi tsogolo lake

Pambuyo pazaka zoyipa zingapo chifukwa chamalamulo a Chipani Chotchuka, Magulu Oziyimiranso akubetcheranso pazinthu zatsopano zomwe zingapitsidwenso. Only malonda yomwe idachitika mu 2016 ndi 2017 imapereka mwayi wokhazikitsa megawatts 8.700 zamagetsi atsopano

Sinthani ndi zowonjezera

Malo atsopanowa adzakhala nawo malonda ya ma euro opitilira 8250 miliyoni, kuphatikiza pakupanga ntchito 90.000 panthawi yakukhazikitsa.

Komabe, chitukuko chongowonjezwdwa chikuchitika kwambiri osagwirizana m'mayendedwe osiyanasiyana, monga zatsimikiziridwa ndi Study of the Macroeconomic Impact of Renewable Energy ku Spain lofalitsidwa ndi Association of Renewable Energy Companies (APPA). Chifukwa chake, Castilla y León amatsogolera chidwi cha 'mphamvu zoyera' ndi ma megawatts 6.474 omwe adaikidwapo, ambiri kupyola mphepo. Amatsatiridwa ndi Andalusia, Castilla-La Mancha ndi Galicia. M'malo mwake, zilumba za Balearic, Cantabria ndi Madrid ndizomwe zili pansi pamndandandawu.

CCAA

Anaika mphamvu zamakono zongowonjezwdwa 2016 (MW)

Castile ndi Leon

6.474

Andalusia

5.635

Castilla-La Mancha

5.258

Galicia

3.957

Aragón, PA

2.288

Catalonia

1.945

Gulu la Valencian

1.666

Extremadura

1.471

Navarra

1.392

Murcia

764

Asturias

662

Rioja

565

Dziko la Basque

364

Zilumba za Canary

323

Madrid

165

Cantabria

126

Balearics

113

Fuente: Msonkhano wa Makampani Opanga Mphamvu Zowonjezera

Chotsatira tiwona nkhani zingapo zomwe zikutsimikiziranso kubetcha kuti zitha kupitsidwanso m'midzi yoyima payokha.

Madera odziyimira pawokha

Aragón, PA

Boma la Aragon lalingalira zakugulitsa ku Ntchito za mphepo 48, okwana 1.667,90 MW, ndi khumi ndi awiri zomera za dzuwa za photovoltaic, yomwe ili m'matauni a Escatrón ndi Chiprana ndi mphamvu ya 549,02 MWp.

Mphamvu iyi idayamba pafupifupi chaka chapitacho pomwe njira zatsopano zidavomerezedwa kuti zidziwitse izi kuzogulitsa zamagetsi zomwe zitha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito.

China mphamvu zowonjezereka

Castile ndi Leon

Autonomy imathandizira kukonza mphamvu ndi mayuro mamiliyoni angapo. Board ikufuna kuthandizira pakusintha kwachuma chochepa m'magawo onse opindulitsa komanso azikhalidwe, malinga ndi dongosolo la Njira Mphamvu zamagetsi 2016-2020, zomwe nzika zonse zimapatsidwa nawo mu Open Government.

Malinga ndi Boma la Castilian-Leonese, zikomo zolimbikitsazi zitha kulipirira ndalama pakukonzanso matenthedwe ndi kupepuka (kupatula kuti kupulumutsa mphamvu osachepera 20% kumatsimikiziridwa), monga kulowererapo pamakwerero kapena ma escalator, pomwe kuchepa kwa magwiritsidwe ntchito amagetsi kuli osachepera 30%.

Galicia

Ku Galicia kuli mvula yambiri ndipo chifukwa chake, mphamvu ya dzuwa siyothandiza kwenikweni, idapereka njira yothetsera mphamvu za biomass. Zotsatira zakutsala ndikuti Pakutha kwa 2017, kukhazikitsidwa kwa ma boilers a biomass opitilira 4.000 m'nyumba zithandizidwa.

Ndi mzere wa bajeti pa 3,3 miliyoni za euro, a Xunta de Galicia ikufuna kulimbikitsa kukhazikitsa ma boiler a biomass kuti ipititse patsogolo ntchito yopanga mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndikuchepetsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha m'maboma oposa 200, mabungwe osapindulitsa ndi makampani aku Galicia.

Balearics

Zilumba za Balearic zikuwonjezera chidwi cha mphamvu zowonjezereka. General Directorate of Energy and Climate Change ikukonza mapulojekiti asanu ndi awiri atsopano a mapaki ojambulaIzi zitanthauza kuwonjezeka kwa 25% yamphamvu zowonjezeredwa zomwe zaikidwa pazilumbazi. Awa ndi ntchito zazing'ono, zopitilira 20 MW.

ndalama zochepa zamagetsi zamagetsi

Titha kuwona kuti mapulojekiti atsopanowa sakuyimira mphamvu zatsopano kwambiri, wamkulu wa Energy and Climate Camabio, Joan Groizard, adayamika thandizo lawo. Tsoka ilo, panopa kuzilumba za Balearic kuli ma megawatts 79 okha a mphamvu zowonjezeredwa zomwe zaikidwa.

Munda wa mphepo wa Canary Islands

Zilumba za Canary

Chifukwa cha Canary Islands Development Fund, FDCAN, kuposa Ntchito 90 zokweza kasamalidwe ka magetsi yoperekedwa ndi ma municipalities ndi mayunivesite ndi makhonsolo, alandila ndalama za mayuro 228 miliyoni.

Boma la Canary Islands yanena kuti ntchitoyi cholinga chowonjezera Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezereka, kukonza mphamvu zamagetsi ndikupanga mayendedwe osatha, kuti mugwiritse ntchito njira yoyenera kwambiri kuzilumba za Canary.

A Fernando Clavijo, Purezidenti wapano wa Zilumba za Canary, anena m'mawu awo kuti madera monga Canary Islands Ndikofunikira kulimbikitsa ntchito zomwe zimalimbikitsa kupititsa patsogolo mphamvu ndi mphamvu, kuchepetsa ndalama ndikupita patsogolo pakukonzekera njira zokhazikika komanso zopikisana.

ndalama REE

Clavijo akuwona kuti zilumba za Canary zili ndi chilengedwe changwiro, chomwe chimalola kupititsa patsogolo Kukula kwa zongowonjezwdwa, osati kungosunthira kusintha kwamphamvu yamagetsi, komanso ngati ntchito yosinthitsa chuma cha zilumbazi, ndikuwonjezera GDP yawo.

minda ya mphepo


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  1.   Francisco Ruben Torres anati

    Nkhani yabwino, zikomo kwambiri.