Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ku Europe zili bwanji?

 

Idasindikizidwa posachedwa ndi European Environment Agency chikalata chotchedwa Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ku Europe 2017. Kukula kwaposachedwa ndi zotsatira zakugogoda, momwe ndizotheka kuwona kupita patsogolo kwakukulu komwe kwachitika mu mphamvu zosinthika mkati mwa European Union mu 2014.

Momwemonso, kuwunikaku kunkafuna kuyankha ngati kuwonjezeka kwa mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ku Europe mzaka khumi zapitazi kwathandizira kuchepetsa kutentha kwa mpweya ndikugwiritsanso ntchito mafuta ku Europe, kuphatikiza pakuyerekeza kukula kwa mphamvu zowonjezekanso kumadera ena adziko lapansi.

Maiko omwe ali ndi mphamvu zowonjezereka ku Europe

Pakadali pano, mphamvu zowonjezeredwa zakhala Wosewera wamkulu mkati mwa msika wamagetsi ku Europe. Mu 2013, gawo la mphamvu zowonjezeredwa pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zomaliza lidachoka pa 15% mpaka 16% mu 2014, ndipo malinga ndi zomwe zaposachedwa za EUROSTAT, mu 2015 idafika 16,7%. Izi ndi ziwerengero zosiyana kwambiri pakati pa mayiko. Mwachitsanzo, mayiko aku Nordic monga Finland kapena Sweden ali pafupifupi 30%, ndipo Luxembourg kapena Malta ali pafupifupi 5%.

Mphepo Sweden

Mphamvu zakukula mwachangu ku Europe

Kugwiritsa ntchito matenthedwe

Malo opita ku mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndi ntchito matenthedwe. Mu 2014, mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa zimaimira 18% yamagetsi omaliza omaliza pazolinga izi. Ngakhale kuyambira 2005 mapaipi onse a biogas ndi kutentha kwa nthaka adakumana ndi kukula kofunika kwambiri. Ngakhale biomass akadali mphamvu yayikulu yowonjezeranso motere.

Pali mayiko omwe kugwiritsa ntchito kwazinthu zowonjezeredwako kuyimiriridwa mu 2014 kuposa 50% yathunthu kumwa komaliza kwa mphamvu zowonjezereka, mayiko monga Finland, France, Poland, Sweden, ndi zina zambiri.

Mphepo ndi mphamvu ya photovoltaic

Kwenikweni magetsi wopangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zachilengedwe, ndiye msika wachiwiri wazamphamvu zowonjezeredwa. Pulogalamu ya mphepo pamtunda monga nyanja (nyanja), komanso photovoltaic. Pafupifupi 28% yamagetsi onse omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu 2014 ku European Union adayambiranso, ndipo ndi mayiko anayi okha omwe ali mgululi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito magetsi opitilira theka kuchokera kumagwero osinthika, omwe ndi Spain.

Famu ya mphepo munyanja

Zamoyo

Ponena za zoyendera, kwenikweni ndi biofuels, izi zikuyimira pafupifupi 90% ya gawo lazosinthidwa m'gululi. Ngakhale, nthawi iliyonse yomwe mukukhala kupezeka kwa magetsi pakugwiritsa ntchito kuyenda.

European Union sikuyenera kupumula kwa tsiku limodzi, m'magulu atatuwa omwe atchulidwa kale, kuti athe kutsatira Zolinga zokhazikika yamphamvu zongowonjezwdwa pofika 2020.

Izi ndizofunikira chifukwa zimagwirizana kwambiri ndi kuchepetsa Mpweya wa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha ku mlengalenga ndi kuchepa kwa mafuta, makamaka malasha ndi gasi wachilengedwe, popeza monga mafuta imagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka pagulu lazoyendetsa ndipo ndipamene pomwe zowonjezeredwa sizikhala zofunikira kwenikweni, ngakhale izi zikuyembekezeka kusintha m'zaka zikubwerazi.

CO2

Kuwonongeka kwa mpweya

Ndalama zogwiritsa ntchito magetsi

Pomaliza sonyezani kuti malonda ntchito zopangidwa ndi mphamvu zowonjezereka zalola kuchulukitsa ndi 2 mphamvu zomwe zaikidwa pakati pa 2005 ndi 2015.

Madera monga Asia, Oceania, Brazil, China ndi India ndi komwe kwakula kwambiri kumeneku. Ku China, mphamvu yoyikidwayo yawirikiza kanayi munthawi yomwe tatchulayi, kukhala mtsogoleri pamagetsi azama photovoltaic ndi mphepo.

Longyangxia Hydro Dzuwa

Pansipa titha kuwona chitsanzo cha ndalama zamtsogolo mdziko lathu

110 megawatt solar photovoltaic SuperPark ku Guillena (Seville)

Mphamvu ya dzuwa France

Malinga ndi BOE ya Epulo 17, Zosintha za Sevilla SL zili nazo ovomerezeka mphamvu zawo zalamulo, luso komanso zachuma pantchitoyo. Ananena izi zomwe Regulatory Supervision Chamber of the National Markets and Competition Commission yapereka lipoti labwino, Kuvomerezedwa ndi Board of Directors pa February 7, 2017.

Kukhazikitsa kumeneku kudzakhala nako pamapeto pake 110,4 MW, adzakhala yomangidwa m'matauni a Salteras ndi Guillena, m'chigawo cha Seville.

guillena dzuwa

Mzere wothamangitsira pamutu (pa 220 kV) uli ndi chiyambi cha chosinthira cha 220/20 kV chosinthira chojambula cha photovoltaic, ikuyenda molowera ku malo ochezera a 220 kV Salteras, omwe ndi a Red Eléctrica de España, ndipo adzakhala ndi utali wopitilira 10 km. Directorate General for Energy Policy and Mines yalengeza «zothandiza anthu"Mzerewu.

Kampani yomwe idzakula Ntchitoyi ndi Ansasol yaku Spain, yomwe imafotokozera patsamba lake (ansasol.de/en) «Ali ndi mgwirizano wosainira mgwirizano wazaka 31, yotambasuka kwa nyengo ya zaka zina 12 ».

Malo omwe asankhidwa (Guillena) amakhala ndi zowunikira zapakatikati pachaka (0 of) zamaola a 1.805 kilowatt pa mita imodzi. Ansasol akuti akupanga ma megawatt 177.000 pachaka, ofanana ndi maola 1.603 kilowatt pachilichonse cha kilowatt.

 


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.