Mphamvu zopanda mphamvu

mafuta ngati mphamvu yosapitsidwanso

Ngakhale iyi ndi blog yowonjezeredwa, ndikofunikira kupenda ndikudziwa kufunikira kwa mphamvu yosasinthika pa dziko lino lapansi. Ndipo zili choncho, madera ambiri amapatsidwa mphamvu zamtunduwu. Vuto lalikulu lomwe ali nalo ndi kuipitsidwa komwe amapanga panthawi yomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndikuchotsa. Kuwononga chilengedwe kumabweretsa mavuto azachilengedwe komanso kusintha kwanyengo kodziwika bwino.

Tidzaunikiranso mitundu yonse yamagetsi osapitsidwanso ndi zoyipa zomwe kagwiritsidwe ntchito kake padziko lapansi. Mukufuna kudziwa zambiri?

Tanthauzo la mphamvu zosagwiritsidwanso ntchito

Kuwononga mphamvu kosasinthika

Pofuna kuti tisamapangitse zinthu mopitirira muyeso, timatanthauzira mphamvu zosapitsidwanso monga gwero la mphamvu lomwe limatha nthawi. Ngakhale kuti nthawi yayitali ndi yayitali, pamapeto pake idzatha ndipo, pakangotsala nkhokwe zochepa, zikhala zotsika mtengo kwambiri kapena zowononga chilengedwe.

Mosiyana ndi izi pali mphamvu zowonjezereka, olowa m'malo adziko lapansi. Amatha kuchira mwachilengedwe munthawi yochepa. Mphamvu zosapitsidwanso zili ndi njira zopezera kudzera pagwero lomwe latha. Kumbukirani kuti mawu oti kutha amatanthauza kukula kwa anthu. Izi ndichifukwa choti njira zina zachilengedwe monga kuchuluka kwa kaboni kuti apange mafuta zatenga zaka 500 miliyoni kuti apange.

Zachidziwikire, kaboni imatha kuonedwa ngati mphamvu yowonjezeredwa, popeza, chifukwa mafuta amakula, mafuta amapangidwa. Koma osati pamlingo wamunthu. Mwanjira ina, mafuta omwe tikutsitsa pakadali pano sangathe kuwabwezeretsanso pamlingo womwe moyo wamunthu umafunikira.

Mwambiri, mphamvu zosapitsidwanso ndizomwe zimawononga mafuta (mafuta, malasha, uranium ...). Pomwe mphamvu zowonjezereka zimagwiritsanso ntchito mitundu ina yamagetsi (ma radiation a dzuwa, mphamvu ya mphepo, ma hydraulic energy, mphamvu yamafunde, ndi zina zambiri). Amati posachedwa, mafuta atha kukhala ndi zinthu zowonjezekanso monga hydrogen.

Mphamvu zopanda mphamvu

Mafuta akale

Pali magwero awiri amagetsi omwe amatha pakapita nthawi ndipo ndi awa:

  • Zowonjezera zamagetsi zopanda mphamvu. Ndiwo mafuta omwe amadziwika kuti malasha, mafuta ndi gasi wachilengedwe. Kusintha kwamankhwala pakati pazinthu zina kumawerengedwanso kuti mphamvu yopanda mphamvu.
  • Zopangira zamagetsi zosagwiritsidwanso ntchito. Izi zimachokera ku agrofuels, biofuels kapena mafuta olimidwa. Nyukiliya monga uranium ndi plutonium yogwiritsidwa ntchito mphamvu ya nyukiliya.

Ngakhale mphamvu ya geothermal imaonedwa ngati mtundu wa mphamvu zowonjezereka, pali mtundu wina wokha wa mphanvu yotentha yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito madzi otentha omwe angawoneke ngati osapitsidwanso m'malo ena.

Mphamvu zakufa ndi zosagwiritsidwanso ntchito

Mphamvu zopanda mphamvu

Mphamvu zakufa ndi gawo la mphamvu zosapitsidwanso. Timalankhula za mphamvu zomwe zimapangidwa chifukwa cha zomwe tatchulazi mafuta kale. Zomwe zimapezeka zakale Ndiwo malasha, mafuta ndi gasi wachilengedwe. Amatchedwa zida zachilengedwe zakale. Zida zosagwirizana ndi zakale sizilipo momwe zilili ndipo zilipo m'malo ovuta kupeza.

Zomwe sizingasinthike zimalumikizidwa kwambiri ndi mphamvu zosapitsidwanso. Ndipo ndikuti zothandizira zonse zomwe zatsirizika pamlingo wokwera kuposa momwe zimasinthidwazo sizinthu zosinthika. Izi zimachitikanso ndi zida ndi mchere, osati ndi mphamvu zokha.

Malasha, mwachitsanzo, ndi amodzi mwamchere wosapitsidwanso womwe mphamvu imapezeka. Malo osungira amakala padziko lonse lapansi ali ndi nthawi yawo yomalizira. Polimbana ndi izi, maboma padziko lonse lapansi ayenera kupeza njira zina potengera mphamvu zobiriwira.

Mchere wapadziko lapansi komanso wachitsulo

khala ngati mphamvu yosapitsidwanso

Izi ndi zitsanzo za zinthu zosasinthika. Zitsulozo zilipo zambiri padziko lapansi. Kuchotsa kwake ndi anthu kumachitika kokha ngati atakhudzidwa ndi zochitika zachilengedwe monga kutentha, kuthamanga, nyengo, mphamvu zamafuta ndi njira zina. Njirazi ziyenera kukhala zopindulitsa pachuma kuti ziyambe kutulutsa.

Komabe, kuti mcherewu ubwererenso pakapita nthawi, zimatenga zaka masauzande mpaka mamiliyoni. Malo omwe ali ndi mchere wochuluka kwambiri padziko lapansi amatha kupukutidwa ndi anthu. Sangowonjezeredwa pamlingo wamunthu. Pali mchere ndi zinthu zina zapadziko lapansi zomwe ndizosowa komanso zofooketsa kuposa zina. Zida izi ndizofunikira kwambiri pamakampani, makamaka zamagetsi.

Zida zambiri zachitsulo zimawerengedwa kuti ndizosavuta kupereka kuposa mafuta, chifukwa zinthu zopangira mafuta ndizovuta komanso zochepa kuposa momwe zimapangidwira.

Mitundu yamagetsi yosasinthika

mphamvu ya nyukiliya

Tiyeni tipitilize kuyang'ana za mitundu yamagetsi osagwiritsidwanso ntchito yomwe anthu amagwiritsa ntchito:

  • Mafuta. Ndi madzi owoneka bwino zonse zobiriwira, zachikasu, zofiirira kapena zakuda ndikuti wapangidwa ndi ma hydrocarbon. Kupangidwa kwa mafuta kunayamba zaka mamiliyoni ambiri zapitazo pamene Dziko Lapansi linali pulaneti lodzazidwa ndi madzi. Njira za geological ndi momwe mabakiteriya amathandizira patadutsa zaka mamiliyoni ambiri atha kupanga chisakanizo ichi cha ma hydrocarbon.
  • Gasi wachilengedwe ndi gwero lina losagwiritsidwanso ntchito. Ndi mafuta okumba zakale omwe amakhala ndi mitundu ina ya ma hydrocarbon. Monga mafuta, ilipo chifukwa chakuchita kwa mabakiteriya apansi panthaka mamiliyoni azaka zapitazo.
  • Makala ndi thanthwe lopangidwa ndi kaboni ndi zinthu zina. M'chaka cha 1990 idakhala mphamvu yomwe idaphimba kuposa 27% yazofunikira zonse padziko lapansi.
  • Mphamvu za nyukiliya amapangidwa kuchokera ku njira yotchedwa Kukonzekera kwa nyukiliya. Chifukwa cha kugundana kwa ma neutroni pa liwiro lalikulu, mphamvu zimatha kupangidwa. Zinthu zomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi uranium 233 ndi plutonium 239.

Monga mukuwonera, mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa ndizofunika kuti zisawonongeke komanso kuchepa kwa mafuta.

 


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