Mphamvu yochokera kumadzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito

Kwa mizinda yonse yapadziko lapansi zimbudzi madzi Ndiwo vuto lalikulu lomwe amayenera kukumana nalo pakukhazikitsa mankhwala mankhwala pothetsa mavuto. Koma kwa zaka zingapo tsopano, ukadaulo, njira ndi machitidwe adafufuzidwa ndikupanga omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mwayi wa zinyalala izi kuti zikhale maziko opangira mphamvu.

Kuthekanso kugwiritsanso ntchito madzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana monga kupeza biogas, magetsi, mpweya wabwino ndi kutentha kosalekeza kuchokera m'madzi, magetsi opangidwa ndi mabakiteriya omwe amapezeka zinyalala ndi ena

Zitsanzo zina zomwe zikugwira ntchito ndi izi:

  • Mu mzinda wa Wolfsburg ku Germany uli ndi njira yomwe imapeza mphamvu kuchokera kuzinyalala zamadzimadzi zomwe zimapezeka biogas zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pachomera chomwecho, ndipo ndizotheka kupeza feteleza wogwiritsa ntchito zaulimi.
  • Mu mzinda wa Basel, Switzerland, ukadaulo ukupangidwa womwe umachiritsa kutentha kuchokera kumadzi amdima omwe amadutsa poyeretsa. Kutentha uku kumagwiritsidwanso ntchito potenthetsa. Zokumana nazo zofananazo zimachitika ku Germany.
  • Ku United States, mapulojekiti okhala ndi matekinoloje osiyanasiyana akukhazikitsidwa kuti agwiritse ntchito mwayi wa methane zomwe zimapangidwa ndikusakaniza madzi onyansa ndi zinyalala zachilengedwe. Methane imatheka kudzera m'zinthu zazing'ono zomwe zimawononga zinyalala ndipo mpweya umapangidwa.

Njira zina zopezera mphamvu ndikupanga ma cell a mafuta a microbial. Njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito poti tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timagwiritsa ntchito zotsalira zamzimbudzi, kutulutsa ma elekitironi omwe amatulutsa mphamvu yamagetsi.

Izi ndi zina mwa zokumana nazo zomwe zikuyesedwa padziko lapansi, kuti muchepetse zinyalala zochokera m'madzi odetsedwa komanso nthawi yomweyo apange magwero atsopano amagetsi, ngakhale atagwiritsidwa ntchito mwanjira inayake kapena yoletsedwa.

Ndikofunikira kupitiliza kufufuza, kupanga ndikupanga njira zopangira gasi, magetsi, kompositi pamtengo wotsika mtengo, pogwiritsa ntchito njira zina monga kudzera m'madzi owonongeka.

Ngati zingatheke kukonza ndikupanga magetsi atsopano m'njira zachilengedwe, mavuto angapo azachilengedwe adzathetsedwa ndipo mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi ziwonjezeredwa.


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  1.   Mkonzi anati

    Ndikuyima bwino k pali ofufuza ambiri kuti athe kugwiritsa ntchito madzi onse chifukwa amatenga zambiri ndipo sitiyenera kuwononga ndipo omwe amaika nkhaniyi akuyimirira bwino, zikomo kwambiri kuti ndidayatsa zambiri madzi awa ndiofunika kwambiri kwa anthu onse.

  2.   Vladimir anati

    Zingakhale bwanji kupanga mphamvu kuchokera m'madzi kudzera pamagetsi ndi kulumikizana ndi maselo a Hydrogen?