Mphamvu yamphamvu yamafunde

Mphamvu yamphamvu yamafunde

M'dziko lomwe tikukhalali lero, kupanga magetsi ndikofunikira kwambiri, chifukwa chake titha kudalira magwero osiyanasiyana amagetsi. Komabe, anthu akutukuka kwambiri zinthu zochepa zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito zinthu zosapitsidwanso. Izi zimachitika makamaka chifukwa chosadziwa bwino njira zabwino zopangira mphamvu zamagetsi zina komanso kusowa kwa ndalama mu matekinoloje ofunikira kuti zitukuke. Timalankhula za mphamvu zowonjezereka. Chimodzi mwa izo ndi mphamvu yamphamvu yamafunde.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zamakhalidwe ndi kufunikira kwa mphamvu yamphamvu yamafunde.

Mphamvu yamagetsi

Makhalidwe amphamvu yamafunde

Mafuta ndiye gwero lalikulu la mphamvu ndipo titha kuwagwiritsa ntchito kupanga mafuta ndi zinthu zofunikira tsiku ndi tsiku. Komabe, ili ndi vuto lalikulu: ndichinthu chosasinthika. Amapezeka kuzinthu zakale kwambiri, komwe Mitundu ya zomera ndi nyama inakhalapo zaka masauzande zapitazo kapena kuposerapo. Pachifukwa ichi, kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezeretsa kuli ndi chidwi chachikulu pakati pa asayansi odziwika, mainjiniya ndi makampani.

Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndi mphamvu zopezedwa kuchokera kuzinthu zomwe zitha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito mosavuta ndipo sizimatha chifukwa chakukula mosalekeza. Pali mitundu yazinthu zosiyanasiyana padziko lapansi zomwe zingapangitse mphamvu zotsukira osadandaula za kuipitsa zinyalala kapena kukwera mtengo.

Njira yosangalatsa ndi mphamvu yamafunde, yomwe ingapezeke pogwiritsa ntchito kayendedwe ka mafunde kuti apange magetsi m'njira yotetezeka komanso yowonjezeredwa. Monga mphamvu ina iliyonse, pamafunika mtundu winawake wamatekinoloje komanso njira imodzi kuti mupeze.

Mphamvu zamadzi am'nyanja

ukadaulo wowonjezereka

Popanda kudya zinthu zakufa kapena kupanga mpweya womwe umathandizira kutentha kwa dziko, zimawerengedwa kuti ndi gwero la mphamvu zoyera komanso zowonjezereka. Ubwino wake umaphatikizapo kupezeka kotetezedwa komanso kotetezeka pamodzi ndi kuthekera komwe sikusintha kwambiri chaka ndi chaka, koma m'mayendedwe ndi mafunde okha.

Kukhazikitsa kwa mphamvu zamtunduwu kumachitika mu mitsinje yakuya, m'kamwa, m'mitsinje ndi m'nyanja pogwiritsa ntchito mafunde am'nyanja. Omwe akuchita nawo izi ndi dzuwa, mwezi ndi dziko lapansi. Mwezi ndiwofunikira kwambiri pantchitoyi chifukwa ndi womwe umakopa chidwi. Mwezi ndi nthaka zimakhala ndi mphamvu yomwe imakopa zinthu kwa iwo: mphamvu yokoka iyi imapangitsa mwezi ndi dziko lapansi kukopeka ndikugwirizira pamodzi.

Popeza kuti kulemera kwake kuli kwakukulu, mphamvu yokoka ikukula, kukoka kwa mwezi kulowera padziko lapansi kumakhala kwamphamvu kwambiri kudera loyandikira kwambiri kuposa malo akutali kwambiri. Kukoka kosagwirizana kwa mwezi padziko lapansi ndi komwe kumayambitsa mafunde am'nyanja. Popeza dziko lapansi ndilolimba, zokopa za mwezi zimakhudza kwambiri madzi kuposa makontinenti, chifukwa chake madzi amasintha kwambiri kutengera kuyandikira kwa mwezi.

Pali njira zitatu zopangira magetsi. Tifotokoza ziwiri zoyambirira pamwambapa ndikuyang'ana chimodzi mwazomwezo.

Mphamvu yamphamvu yamafunde

madamu kuti apange mphamvu

Izi ndi mitundu iwiri yoyambirira yamagetsi yamagetsi:

  • Jenereta wamakono: Makina opanga ma tidal amagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu yakuyenda kwamadzi oyendetsa kuyendetsa makina amagetsi, ofanana ndi mphepo (yoyenda mpweya) yogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi makina amphepo. Poyerekeza ndi madamu amadzimadzi, njirayi ndi yotsika mtengo ndipo imakhudza kwambiri zachilengedwe, ndichifukwa chake ikufala kwambiri.
  • Dambo lamadzi: Madamu amadzimadzi amagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zomwe zimapezeka pakusiyana kwakutali (kapena kutayika kwamutu) pakati pamafunde akulu ndi mafunde otsika. Dambalo kwenikweni ndi dziwe tsidya lina la chinyanjacho, lomwe lakhudzidwa ndi kukwera mtengo kwa zomangamanga, kusowa kwa malo omwe alipo padziko lonse lapansi, komanso mavuto azachilengedwe.

Ndipo tsopano tikufotokozera mtundu wam'badwo kudzera mphamvu yamphamvu yamafunde. Ndiukadaulo waukadaulo womwe umagwiritsa ntchito kulumikizana pakati pa mphamvu zamagetsi ndi mphamvu zamagetsi pamafunde am'madzi. Amakonzedwa kuti apange madamu ataliatali (mwachitsanzo, makilomita 30 mpaka 50 kutalika) kuchokera pagombe mpaka kunyanja kapena nyanja, osadutsa dera. Damu limabweretsa kusiyana kwamadzi, ndikupangitsa kusiyanasiyana kwamadzi (osachepera 2-3 mita) m'mitsinje yosaya pomwe mafunde amayenda moyandikana ndi gombe, monga omwe amapezeka ku United Kingdom, China ndi South Korea. Kutulutsa kwa mphamvu kwa damu lililonse kuli pakati pa 6 ndi 17 GW.

Ubwino ndi zovuta zamphamvu zamafunde

Ubwino wa mphamvuyi ndikuti palibe chowononga chilichonse, popeza mafunde alibe malire ndipo satha anthu. Izi zimapangitsa mphamvu yamafunde mphamvu zachuma zopanda malire komanso zowonjezereka.  Kumbali inayi, siyipanga mankhwala kapena mankhwala owopsa, ndipo kuwachotsa sikukuyeneranso kuyesetsa, monga ma radioactive plutonium opangidwa ndi mphamvu ya nyukiliya kapena mpweya wowonjezera kutentha womwe umatulutsidwa ndikuwotcha ma fossil hydrocarbon.

Chosavuta chachikulu cha mawonekedwe amtunduwu ndichotsika mtengo. Pazotheka, ikhoza kuyendetsa nyumba mazana masauzande. Komabe, ndalama zazikuluzo zakhala nazo zimakhudza kwambiri malo ndi chilengedwe chifukwa zachilengedwe zam'madzi ziyenera kuchitapo kanthu molunjika. Izi zimapangitsa ubale wapakati pa mtengo wa fakitoleyo, kuwonongeka kwachilengedwe ndi kuchuluka kwa mphamvu zomwe zilipo sizipindulitsa kwenikweni.

Mphamvu yamafunde imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati gwero lamagetsi m'matawuni ang'onoang'ono kapena m'malo opangira mafakitale. Magetsi awa amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuwunikira, kutentha kapena kuyambitsa njira zosiyanasiyana. Ndiyeneranso kukumbukira kuti si malo onse padziko lapansi omwe mafunde amakhala ndi mphamvu zofanana.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamphamvu zamphamvu zam'madzi ndi mawonekedwe ake.


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