Mphamvu za nyukiliya ndizomwe zimakana kwambiri ukadaulo ndi sayansi

Mphamvu ya nyukiliya yakanidwa

Mwa mphamvu zonse, zowonjezeredwa ndi zosapitsidwanso, nthawi zonse pamakhala zokondedwa ndi anthu komanso anthu wamba, komanso omwe amakana kwambiri. Poterepa, tikambirana mphamvu ndi matekinoloje omwe samavomerezeka ndi anthu.

Mwa mphamvu ndi matekinoloje omwe akukhudzana ndi chilengedwe, monga mphamvu za nyukiliya, kupanga miyala, kuwotcha ndi kulima mbewu zomwe zasinthidwa (ma transgenics odziwika), ndi mphamvu ya nyukiliya yomwe imadzetsa kukanidwa kwambiri pagulu mwambiri. Ndi zifukwa ziti zomwe nzika zili nazo?

Zotsatira za kafukufuku

Fracking kapena hydraulic fracture imakanidwa ndi aku Spain

Pofuna kudziwa malingaliro a anthu pankhani ya ukadaulo ndi mphamvuzi, kafukufuku wachitika. Pakukula kwa kafukufukuyu, zotsatirazi zapezeka:

  • 33,4% ya omwe adafunsidwa sagwirizana ndi kukula kwa zomera zomwe zimasinthidwa kuwopa zomwe angakumane nazo paumoyo wawo. Amasangalalanso chifukwa cha umbuli womwe ali nawo.
  • Ponena za kupanga miyala, 31,3% sagwirizana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito njirayi mdziko la sayansi ndi zamankhwala. Malingaliro pantchitoyi, chikhalidwe chimagwira gawo lofunikira, chifukwa amaganiza kuti kupanga zida ndi njira yomwe "munthu amasewera kukhala Mulungu."
  • Ngati tizingolankhula za njira yopangira ma hydraulic yopangira mpweya wachilengedwe wotchedwa fracking, imakanidwa ndi 27% ya omwe adayankha. Izi zitha kukhala chifukwa choti imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndikupanga ntchito ku US.
  • Mphamvu za nyukiliya ndizokanidwa kwambiri ndi onse. 43% ya omwe adafunsidwa amakana kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za nyukiliya kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito ku Spain. Zili choncho chifukwa, pakagwa ngozi, zitha kukhala zowopsa. Ofalitsa nkhani akukhudzidwanso ndi malingaliro a anthu chifukwa masoka achilengedwe onse aku Chernobyl ku 1986, ndi Fukushima mu 2011, adakhudza chidziwitso cha mphamvu za nyukiliya.

Zambiri izi zimasonkhanitsidwa pamalingaliro ena omwe aperekedwa mu Kafukufuku wa VIII Wamaganizidwe Aanthu pa Sayansi, a Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (Fecyt). Kafukufukuyu, kupatula malingaliro a nzika, afunsanso za kudziwa kwawo za nkhanizi. Kusintha kwadziwika pakukula kwa chidziwitso ndi chidziwitso pamitu yosiyanasiyana. Maganizo ndi malingaliro okhudzana ndi mphamvu za nyukiliya akula ndi 5%. Mwanjira ina, chidwi chodziwa za mphamvu za nyukiliya chawonjezeka ndi 5% poyerekeza ndi zaka ziwiri zapitazi.

Umisiri ndi ntchito zawo

mphamvu za nyukiliya sizilandiridwa ndi nzika zambiri

Kafukufuku amene watchulidwa pamwambapa watengera pazofunsidwa 6.357 zomwe zachitika m'malo onse odziyimira pawokha. Kafukufukuyu wagogomezera gawo lazasayansi komanso chidwi chomwe nkhaniyi imadzutsa nzika. Kafukufukuyu akuwonetsa kuti anthu 4 mwa 10 aku Spain ali ndi chidwi ndi sayansi komanso kupita patsogolo kwaukadaulo. Ena onse alibe chidwi kapena ayi chifukwa chophweka kuti "sachipeza."

54,4% mwa omwe adafunsidwa akutsimikizira kuti kusintha kwa sayansi ndi ukadaulo kumawonjezera thanzi la anthu aku Spain, ndipo ndi 5,8% okha omwe amatsimikizira zomwezo.

Komano, matekinoloje ofunika kwambiri ndi sayansi Ndiwo intaneti, foni yam'manja, kafukufuku wama cell ndi kukula kwa ma drones.. Kwa anthu aku Spain, mphamvu za nyukiliya sizimapereka phindu lililonse ndipo amaziwona ngati zowopsa. Achinyamata ndi omwe amakonda kwambiri sayansi ndikupanga matekinoloje atsopano, ngakhale pakhala kuwonjezeka pakufunika kodziwa zinthu zatsopano m'maguluwa ndi anthu azaka zapakati pa 45 ndi 65 zakubadwa.

Monga mukuwonera, anthu aku Spain amafunikira maphunziro owonjezera a sayansi komanso chidwi chambiri pazokhudzana ndi mphamvu, kuti athe kukhala ndi malingaliro.


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