Mphamvu za mphepo ku Zaragoza

Ntchito yomanga minda yamphepo

Mphamvu ya mphepo ndi imodzi mwamagwiritsidwe ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Imatha kupanga mphamvu zambiri pogwiritsa ntchito mphepo ngati maziko ake. Ku Spain sakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezereka zomwe zingakhalepo, makamaka ndi mphamvu ya mphepo, koma akupita patsogolo. Ku Zaragoza, kuli famu ya mphepo ya Iberdrola yotchedwa La Plana III. Famu ya mphepo iyi yakhala ikugwira ntchito kwazaka zopitilira 20 ndipo ndi yakale kwambiri ku Spain.

Munkhaniyi tikufotokoza zonse za mphamvu ya mphepo ku Zaragoza.

Famu yamzimu ku La Muela

Minda ya mphepo ya La Muela

Famu ya mphepo ili ndi ma megawatts 21 amagetsi ndipo ili mtawuni ya La Muela, ku Zaragoza. Ma megawatts 21 awa amagetsi amaperekedwa kwathunthu kudzera Makina amphepo. Uku ndiye kufunikira kwa famu ya mphepo ija kuti La Muela imawerengedwa kuti ndi tawuni yomwe imakhala mopanda mphepo. Sizokokomeza popeza kuti pafupifupi 98% yazinthu zamagetsi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito zimachokera kufamu yamphamvu.

Ma megawatts awa 21 amatanthauzira kukhala mphamvu pafupifupi 950 GWh, yomwe imagwira ntchito yopereka kuchuluka kwa anthu 726.000 pachaka. Pafupifupi kapena pang'ono ndianthu omwe Zaragoza ali nawo, titha kunena kuti amakhala chifukwa cha mphepo.

Mphamvu yamagetsi ikukula modumphadumpha chifukwa chaukadaulo wabwino komanso mpikisano pamisika yamagetsi. Deta yabwino yopanga mphamvu ku mphepo ku Zaragoza ndi zotsatira za kugwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu osiyanasiyana omwe ali ndi udindo wopititsa patsogolo kugwiritsa ntchito magetsi. Yakhala ikugwira ntchito kwazaka zambiri ndipo chaka chilichonse imasintha bwino. Iberdrola amayang'anira kukonzanso makina ndikuwongolera kuti apeze zotsatira zabwino.

Iberdrola wachita makamaka poyang'anira kukweza kasamalidwe ka ntchito zoperekedwa ndi makampani ogulitsa. Kusamalira ntchito za famu ya mphepo kwakhala kukuyenda bwino chifukwa cha magwiridwe antchito abwino. Zonsezi zadzetsa kusintha kwa famu ya mphepo komanso kupezeka kwa zida zopezera magetsi.

Zaragoza amamanga minda yambiri yamphepo

The Muela

Popeza kupambana kwamafamu amphepo ku Zaragoza, chifukwa cha malo komanso kayendedwe ka mphepo pogoda Zaragoza, zonsezi ziyenera kukwezedwa kukonza kukonza magetsi. Mu Juni 2018, ntchito yomanga mafamu ena 9 amphepo omwe ndi a Goya adayamba. Pakati pa minda 9 yamphepo pali ma megavaries 300, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti magetsi azigwiritsidwa ntchito bwino.

Malo omwe mafamu amphepo adzamangidwe ali Campo de Belchite, Campo de Daroca ndi Campo de Cariñena. Ntchito zikuyembekezeka kumaliza kumapeto kwa chaka chino.

Sitiyenera kungoyang'ana kokha pakupanga kwa minda yamphepo ngati gwero labwino la mphamvu zowonjezeredwa, komanso pazotsatira zabwino zomwe zidzakhale ndi chilengedwe. Chifukwa chakumanga kwa minda iyi yonse yamphepo, zitha kuchepetsa mpweya wa CO2 pachaka ndi matani 314.000. Izi zili ndi maubwino ambiri potengera kuchuluka kwa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha komanso kutentha mlengalenga. CO2 yocheperako ikamatulutsidwa mumlengalenga, ndipamene tidzamenyera kutentha kwanyengo ndi zovuta zakusintha kwanyengo.

Kuphatikiza apo, imapindulitsanso ena, kuyambira pamenepo ipanga ntchito zoposa 1.000 panthawi yomanga pakiyi komanso pafupifupi ntchito 50 zokhazikika chifukwa pakiyo ikutha. Anthuwa azikhala akuyang'anira zokonza ndikuwonetsetsa kuti famu ya mphepo ikukwaniritsa lonjezo lake: mbadwo wa megawatts 300.

Aragon, wachitatu wodziyimira pawokha ku Spain

Ntchito yomanga minda yatsopano yamphepo

Ndipo ndi kuti mphamvu yowonjezeredwa imapangitsa kuti zikhale zotheka kukhala ndi kudzidalira mphamvu popanda kutengera gridi yamagetsi yaku Spain yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito mafuta chifukwa chake. Mphamvu ya mphepo yochokera kumafamu atsopano amphepo ndi omwe amadziwika kale ku La Muela, idzaika Aragon pamalo achitatu pakudziyimira pawokha mphamvu, kuposedwa ndi Castilla y León ndi Galicia.

Ndalama zopangira minda yamphepoyi ndi madola mamiliyoni ambiri ndipo pali makampani ambiri mgululi omwe adadzipereka. Pakati pawo Forestalia ndi Grupo Jorge amadziwika. Ndi minda iyi yamphepo kuchuluka kwa mphamvu zomwe zingapangidwe kumatha kuwirikiza katatu.

M'misika yam'mbuyomu yamagetsi yaboma, Zaragoza wakhala pamwamba potengera kupezeka kwa chuma chaulere, mphepo. Zambiri zomwe zidatengedwa pa Januware 31 chaka chatha zidati Aragon anali wachisanu kudzilamulira pawokha ku Spain konse. Nthawi imeneyo inali ndi megawatts 1.829 popanda kukonza mapaki atsopanowo. Mafamu atsopano amphepo akamalizidwa ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito idzakhala ndi mphamvu ya megawatts 5.917, zomwe zingapangitse kuti ikwaniritse mphamvu zake zodziyimira pawokha.

Komabe, ngakhale pomanga minda yatsopanoyi sidzatha kupitilira mtsogoleriyo mu mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ku Spain, Castilla y León. Gulu lodziyimira palokha lili ndi mphamvu za 8.027 MW zamagetsi, zochulukirapo kuposa zomwe Aragon akufuna. Kachiwiri tili ndi Galicia, yomwe siyikhala yachiwiri kwa nthawi yayitali, popeza ili ndi mphamvu ya 6.039 MW. Izi zikungopitilira kuchuluka komwe Aragon adzalandire ndipo sitikudziwa ngati zingapangitse kuti pakhale luso komanso ukadaulo wopanga mphamvu zowonjezereka.

Kupititsa patsogolo zinthu zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito

mphamvu ya mphepo

Ngati makina amphepo omwe akuyembekezeredwa kumangidwa ali opambana ndipo mapanelo omwe alipo a photovoltaic ndi omwe akuyembekezera kuti amangidwe pomaliza agwira ntchito, Aragon itha kukula mpaka 58% mu mphamvu zowonjezereka. Ndi mbiri yakale yomwe imatha kukonza mphamvu zamatauni ake, kuphatikiza pakusamalira zachilengedwe. Kukhazikitsa ndalama m'magawo onse amagetsi opitilira 7.000 miliyoni.

Monga mukuwonera, mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa pang'onopang'ono zikulowa m'malo azigawo zaku Spain ndipo Zaragoza akupitilizabe kukwera. Ndikukhulupirira kuti matauni ena atengera chitsanzo ndikutukuka kwambiri mgawo lino.


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