Mphamvu zamagetsi m'nyumba

Mphamvu zamagetsi m'nyumba

Masiku ano kupulumutsa ndi kugwiritsa ntchito bwino mphamvu zimayendera limodzi. Ndalama zambiri zimawonongedwa pachaka kukonza zowongolera mpweya m'malo otanganidwa monga maofesi, mabizinesi, masitolo akuluakulu, ndi zina zambiri. Mphamvu zamagetsi m'nyumba zomwe zimayesa ndikuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu mwambiri. Kuti muchite izi, zimayendetsedwa monga kusintha mtundu wowunikira, kukonza malo, zokutira ndi zokutira bwino, ndi zina zambiri.

Mu positi iyi mudzatha kudziwa ngati nyumba ikuyenda bwino, ndi malangizo ati omwe akuchitika komanso momwe mphamvu yamagetsi imagwirira ntchito munyumba. Kodi mukufuna kuphunzira za izo? Pitilizani kuwerenga.

Kutsika kochepa m'nyumba

zinthu zofunika kuziganizira mu mphamvu zamagetsi

Pakadali pano pali lipoti lochokera ku Economic and Social Council lomwe likutiwonetsa kuti nyumba 13,6 miliyoni zilibe mphamvu zochepa zopulumutsa magetsi. Kupulumutsa mphamvu ndikofunikira popeza ndi chiyambi cha unyolo wonse. Popanda kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri, simufunikira zinthu zambiri zopangira (makamaka mafuta) kuti apange. Chifukwa chake, posapanga mphamvu zochuluka, sitikhala tikuyambitsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha womwe ukukweza kutentha kwanyengo ndi kusintha kwa nyengo.

Kulikonse komwe kuli, tiyenera kuphunzira kusunga mphamvu zivute zitani. Ndipo pali zikwi za njira zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito pa izi. Pambuyo pa lipotilo, zikuwoneka kuti mabanja omwe ali ndi udindo wogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu 18% potengera zonse. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa cha izo, Amathandizanso 6,6% ya mpweya wowonjezera kutentha mumlengalenga.

Izi zikutitsogolera kuganiza kuti mphamvu zamagetsi m'nyumba ndi nyumba sizinakonzedwe bwino momwe ziyenera kukhalira ndipo pali zambiri zoti zigwire. Ndikofunikira kupititsa patsogolo ntchito yomanga nyumba zomwe sizigwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri ndikuyang'ana pakukonzanso nyumba zomwe zilipo kale. Kukonzanso nyumbayo ndikofunikira muzochitika zotere.

Mukudziwa bwanji kuti nyumba yanu kapena nyumba yomwe mumagwiriramo ntchito ndiyothandiza?

Ntchito yomanga nyumba zatsopano

Zachidziwikire kuti mudaganizapo za kuchuluka kwa ndalama zomwe mabwana anu amalipira mnyumba yomwe mumagwirako ntchito. Maofesi ambiri, makompyuta, osindikiza akuthamanga, matelefoni amalira tsiku lonse, ma charger olumikizidwa, ndi zina zambiri. Zonsezi zimapangitsa kuti kugwiritsidwa ntchito mphamvu kwa nyumbayi kukwere kwambiri. Koma tingadziwe bwanji ngati nyumba yathu kapena nyumba yathu ndi yabwino?

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti zinthu zosiyanasiyana zimagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi m'nyumba ndi m'nyumba. Ambiri mwa iwo ndizokhudzana ndi mphamvu ndi chitonthozo chomwe timafunikira. Timapeza kutentha, madzi otentha, kuyatsa, mpweya wabwino, ndi zina zambiri. Timafunikira mphamvu kuphika, kugwiritsa ntchito zida zapanyumba, kulipiritsa mafoni, kuwonera TV kapena kugwira ntchito pakompyuta.

Kuti tidziwe ngati nyumba yathu kapena nyumba yathu ikugwira bwino ntchito, tiyenera kuyerekezera kagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi magawo omwe amadziwika kuti mphamvu yamagetsi. Magawo awa ndi omwe akuyang'anira kukupatsirani nyumba yanu moyenera. Tidzawona mtsogolo.

Kuwerengetsa mphamvu zamagetsi munyumba

maofesi komanso kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri

Tipita pang'onopang'ono kuti mutha kuwerengera mphamvu zanu ndikuziyika mgulu limodzi mwamagawo omwe alipo. Chinthu choyamba ndikudziwa mphamvu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mchaka chonse munthawi zantchito komanso ntchito. Ndiye kuti, sikoyenera kuwerengera mphamvu iyi yanyumba yomwe tili nayo mchilimwe, yomwe timayenda miyezi ingapo pachaka.

Ndikupanga kuwerengera kwathunthu zakumwa zonse zapakhomo zomwe timakhala nthawi yayitali komanso momwe timakhalira. Zonsezi zakugwiritsa ntchito magetsi, madzi otentha, mphamvu zamagetsi, kuyatsa, mpweya wabwino, ndi zina zambiri. Amanena zakumwa zina kumapeto kwa chaka. Izi zimawerengedwa mu kilowatts pa ola limodzi ndi mita mita imodzi yakunyumba mu kilogalamu ya CO2 yotulutsidwa pa mita imodzi yakunyumba. Ndiye kuti, tiwona kuchuluka kwa ndalama zomwe timadya pa ola limodzi ndi mita imodzi ya nyumba komanso kuchuluka kwa zakumwa zomwe zimakhudza mpweya wowonjezera kutentha mumlengalenga.

Zotsatirazi zikugwirizana ndi kalata yonena za mphamvu zamagetsi m'nyumba zomwe tionere mtsogolo. Kuti timveke bwino, kudziwa momwe nyumbayo imagwirira ntchito mphamvu, zizindikiro zotengera mpweya wa CO2 wapachaka komanso kagwiritsidwe ntchito pachaka ka mphamvu zosagwiritsika ntchito zomwe tili nazo mnyumba zimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Ngati tili ndi mphamvu ya mphepo yaying'ono kapena magetsi azizindikiro m'nyumba mwathu, kumwa kumeneku sikungapangitse kutulutsa kwamtundu uliwonse mumlengalenga, chifukwa chake sikuyenera kuphatikizidwa pakuwerengera kwathunthu.

Gulu lamagetsi la nyumba

Chitsimikizo cha mphamvu zanyumba

Ndipamene timafika nthawi yofunika kwambiri yomwe timadziwa magwiridwe antchito anyumba yathu kapena nyumba yathu. Kutengera zotsatira zomwe tapeza mu equation yapitayi, tiyenera kuzifanizira ndi zomwe tili nazo mgululi. Gulu limawonetsedwa kudzera m'makalata ochokera ku A mpaka G.

Ngati nyumba ili ndi gulu A, imakhala yotopetsa mpaka 90% yochepera mphamvu kuposa imodzi yomwe idavotera otsika kwambiri. Gulu B likhala likuwononga pafupifupi 70% poyerekeza ndi ena onse ndipo gulu lina C lidzawononga 35% pang'ono. Maguluwa amakwaniritsidwa pokhapokha pogwiritsa ntchito njira zofunikira zophatikizira zomwe zimachepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zapakhomo.

Mndandanda wazinthu izi ndikusintha kwa mababu akuwala kapena osagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, kusintha kwa matenthedwe m'makoma ndi m'mbali, mawindo opindika kawiri, kutentha kwabwino kapena kugwiritsa ntchito kutentha thupi, etc. Koma tiyeni tiwone bwino m'modzi m'modzi.

Momwe mungapangire mphamvu zamagetsi m'nyumba

mphamvu zopulumutsa

Kupititsa patsogolo nyumba yathu kapena nyumbayo mwamphamvu sikuyenera kukhala ndi kukonzanso kwathunthu. Ndikosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito ntchito zina zomwe zichitike kapena kukonza kuti ziyambitse kusintha. Monga tanena kale, kusintha kwa kutchinjiriza kwa makoma ndi mawonekedwe kumatha kupereka mpaka 50% yamagetsi osagwiritsa ntchito kwambiri mpweya.

Titha kukulitsa kuyendetsa bwino kwa nyumba ndi:

  • Kukonzanso kwa kutentha, zowongolera mpweya, zowunikira, ndi zina zambiri. Ndi iwo omwe akuchita bwino kwambiri.
  • Tulutsani zongowonjezwdwa kuti muthandizire kumwa kwathunthu. Kuphatikiza apo, mpweya wa CO2 udzatsika.
  • Kukonzekera kutchinjiriza.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito bwino kuwala ndi mawonekedwe.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamagetsi mnyumba.


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