Momwe mphamvu yamphepo imagwirira ntchito

momwe mphamvu yamphepo imagwirira ntchito

Pamodzi ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa, mphamvu yamphepo ndiyo gwero lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Ndi mtundu wa mphamvu yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito mphepo kuti ipange magetsi m'njira yongowonjezedwanso komanso yosaipitsa. Komabe, anthu ambiri sadziwa momwe mphamvu yamphepo imagwirira ntchito ndi ubwino wake ndi chiyani.

Pachifukwa ichi, m'nkhaniyi tikuuzani momwe mphamvu yamphepo imagwirira ntchito komanso ubwino wake ndi zovuta zake.

Kodi eolic energy ndi chiyani?

masamba opangira mphepo

Mphamvu yamphepo yakhala gwero lofunika kwambiri lamagetsi opangira magetsi kuti asinthe machitidwe a mphamvu, kuwapangitsa kukhala oyera komanso okhazikika. Ukadaulo wotsogola wathandiza mafamu ena opangira mphepo kupanga magetsi otsika mtengo ngati malasha kapena ma atomiki. Palibe kukayika kuti iyi ndi gwero lamphamvu lomwe lili ndi zabwino ndi zoyipa, koma woyambayo amapambana manja pansi.

Mphamvu yamphepo ndi mphamvu yochokera ku mphepo.. Ndi mphamvu ya kinetic yomwe imapangidwa ndi machitidwe a mpweya. Tikhoza kusintha mphamvuzi kukhala magetsi kudzera mu jenereta. Ndi mphamvu zosaipitsa, zongowonjezedwanso komanso zaukhondo zomwe zimathandiza m'malo mwa mphamvu zopangidwa ndi mafuta.

Dziko lomwe limapanga mphamvu za mphepo ndi United States, kutsatiridwa ndi Germany, China, India ndi Spain. Ku Latin America, wopanga wamkulu ndi Brazil. Ku Spain, mphamvu yamphepo imapereka nyumba yofanana ndi 12 miliyoni ndipo imapanga 18% ya zomwe dziko likufuna. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mphamvu zambiri zobiriwira zomwe zimaperekedwa ndi makampani opanga magetsi mdziko muno zimachokera ku mafamu amphepo ndipo ndi zongowonjezwdwa.

Momwe mphamvu yamphepo imagwirira ntchito

eolico Park

The eolic mphamvu Imapezedwa potembenuza kusuntha kwa masamba a turbine yamphepo kukhala mphamvu yamagetsi. Mphepo yamphepo ndi jenereta yoyendetsedwa ndi turbine yoyendetsedwa ndi mphepo, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa kale inali makina amphepo.

Mphepo yamphepo imapangidwa ndi nsanja; kumapeto kwa nsanja, dongosolo lotsogolera kumapeto kwake; kabati yolumikizira ku netiweki yamagetsi yolumikizidwa kumunsi kwa nsanja; gondola, yomwe ndi chimango chomwe chimakwirira mbali zamakina za mphero ndipo chimakhala chitsogozo cha masambawo; tsinde la rotor ndikuyendetsa patsogolo pa masamba; Mkati mwa galimoto ya chingwe muli mabuleki, multipliers, jenereta ndi machitidwe magetsi malamulo.

Masambawa amagwirizanitsidwa ndi rotor, yomwe imagwirizanitsidwa ndi shaft (yoikidwa pa ndodo), kutumiza mphamvu yozungulira ku jenereta. Jenereta iyi imagwiritsa ntchito maginito kupanga magetsi, omwenso amapanga magetsi.

Mafamu amphepo amachotsa magetsi opangidwa ndi malo awo kudzera m'mizere yotumizira kupita kumalo ogawa, omwe amajambula mphamvu zomwe zimapangidwa ndikuzitumiza kwa ogwiritsa ntchito.

Ubwino wa mphamvu ya mphepo ndi chiyani?

momwe mphamvu yamphepo imagwirira ntchito moyenera

Ndi gwero losatha la mphamvu

Ndi gwero la mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa. Mphepo ndi gwero losatha komanso losatha, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti nthawi zonse mukhoza kudalira gwero loyambirira kuti mupange mphamvu, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti palibe tsiku lotha ntchito. Komanso, itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo ambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Zopondapo zazing'ono

Kuti apange ndi kusunga magetsi ofanana, minda yamphepo imafuna malo ochepa kuposa malo opangira magetsi a photovoltaic.

Imatembenuzidwanso, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti malo omwe pakiyi amakhalamo atha kubwezeretsedwanso mosavuta kuti asinthe gawo lomwe linalipo kale.

Siyiyipitsa

Mphamvu yamphepo ndi imodzi mwamagwero oyeretsa kwambiri pambuyo pa mphamvu ya dzuwa. Izi zili choncho chifukwa chilengedwe chake sichimaphatikizapo kuyaka. Choncho, sizitulutsa mpweya wapoizoni kapena zinyalala zolimba. Ganizilani izi: mphamvu ya turbine yamphepo ndi yofanana ndi ma kilogalamu 1.000 amafuta.

Kuphatikiza apo, makina opangira magetsi pawokha amakhala ndi moyo wautali asanamasule kuti atayidwe.

Mtengo wotsika

Ma turbine amagetsi amagetsi ndi kukonza ma turbine ndi otsika mtengo. M'madera a mphepo yamkuntho, mtengo wa kilowatt wopangidwa ndi wotsika kwambiri. Nthawi zina, ndalama zopangira zimakhala zofanana ndi malasha kapena mphamvu ya nyukiliya.

Zimagwirizana ndi zochitika zina

Ntchito zaulimi ndi ziweto zimayendera limodzi ndi mphepo. Izi zikutanthauza kuti sizimakhudza kwambiri chuma cha m'deralo, zimathandiza kuti maofesiwa apite patsogolo popanda kusokoneza ntchito zawo zachikhalidwe, ndikupanga magwero atsopano a chuma.

Kodi kuipa kwa mphamvu yamphepo ndi chiyani?

mphepo silotsimikizika

Mphepo sizidziwikiratu, kotero zoneneratu za kupanga sizimakwaniritsidwa nthawi zonse, makamaka pakukhazikitsa kwakanthawi kochepa. Kuti muchepetse chiwopsezo, mabizinesi amtundu wamtunduwu amakhala nthawi yayitali, choncho ndibwino kuwerengera phindu lawo. Izi zimamveka bwino chifukwa makina opangira mphepo amagwira ntchito bwino ndi mphepo ya 10 mpaka 40 km / h. Pakuthamanga kwapansi, mphamvuyo ndi yopanda phindu, pamene pa liwiro lapamwamba imakhala ndi chiopsezo chakuthupi ku dongosolo.

mphamvu zosasungika

Ndi mphamvu yomwe singasungidwe, koma iyenera kudyedwa ikangopangidwa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti sizingapereke njira yokwanira yogwiritsira ntchito mitundu ina ya mphamvu.

Zokhudza malo

Mafamu akuluakulu amphepo amakhala ndi mawonekedwe amphamvu ndipo amawonekera patali. Kutalika kwapakati kwa nsanja/ma turbines kumasiyanasiyana kuchokera ku 50 mpaka 80 metres, ndipo masamba ozungulira amakwera mamita enanso 40. Kukongola kwa malo nthawi zina kumakhala kosasangalatsa kwa okhala m'deralo.

Zimakhudza mbalame zomwe zimawulukira pafupi

Mafamu amphepo amatha kusokoneza mbalame, makamaka mbalame zodya nyama usiku. Zotsatira za mbalamezi zimachitika chifukwa cha masamba ozungulira omwe amatha kuyenda mofulumira mpaka 70 km / h. Pa liwiro limeneli, mbalame zimalephera kuzindikira masambawo ndi maso ndipo zimawombana nawo mpaka kufa.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za momwe mphamvu yamphepo imagwirira ntchito komanso zabwino zake ndi zovuta zake.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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