Momwe Mphamvu Zamagetsi Zimagwirira Ntchito

momwe mphamvu ya geothermal imagwirira ntchito

Chifukwa chakupikisana kwakukulu komanso mphamvu zowonjezereka zongowonjezwdwa, zikupanda kanthu kumsika wapadziko lonse lapansi. Pali mitundu yambiri yamagetsi yowonjezeredwa (ndikuganiza kuti tonse tikudziwa izi), koma zowonjezeredwa, tapeza zowonjezera zamagetsi, monga mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi mphepo, ndi zina zamagetsi zosadziwika bwino monga mphamvu kutentha thupi. Anthu ambiri sakudziwabe momwe mphamvu ya geothermal imagwirira ntchito.

Chifukwa chake, tipereka nkhaniyi kukuwuzani chilichonse chomwe mukufuna kudziwa momwe mphamvu yamafuta imagwirira ntchito komanso kufunika kwake.

Mphamvu yotentha ndi mpweya

momwe mphamvu ya geothermal imagwirira ntchito

Tisanadziwe momwe mphamvu ya geothermal imagwirira ntchito, tiyenera kudziwa kuti ndi chiyani. Mphamvu ya geothermal ndimphamvu yamagetsi yomwe imagwiritsidwanso ntchito potengera kutentha komwe kumakhalapo pansi panthaka. Mwanjira ina, imagwiritsa ntchito kutentha kuchokera mkatikati mwa dziko lapansi ndikupanga mphamvu nayo. Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa nthawi zambiri zimagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zakunja monga madzi, mpweya, ndi dzuwa. Komabe, mphamvu ya geothermal ndiye gwero lokhalo lamphamvu lomwe ndilopanda izi.

Kuli malo ozizira otentha pansi pomwe timaponda. Mwanjira ina, kutentha kwa dziko lapansi kumayandikira kwambiri pakati pa dziko lapansi tikamatsika. Ndizowona kuti kuya kwakuya kwambiri komwe anthu angafikire sikudutsa makilomita 12, koma tikudziwa ma gradients otentha adzawonjezera kutentha kwa nthaka ndi 2 ° C mpaka 4 ° C pa 100 iliyonse mita. Malo otsetsereka a madera osiyanasiyana padziko lapansi ndi okulirapo, chifukwa kutumphuka kumathima panthawiyi. Chifukwa chake, mbali yapakatikati ya dziko lapansi (monga chovala chotentha kwambiri) imayandikira padziko lapansi ndipo imapereka kutentha kochuluka.

Momwe Mphamvu Zamagetsi Zimagwirira Ntchito: Kuchotsa

magwero a mphamvu ya geothermal

Tilemba mndandanda wazomwe zimayambira kuti timvetsetse momwe mphamvu yamagetsi imagwirira ntchito.

Malo osungira mpweya wotentha

Kutentha kwamphamvu m'malo ena apadziko lapansi kumadziwika kwambiri kuposa ena. Izi zimabweretsa mphamvu zowonjezera mphamvu ndikupanga mphamvu kudzera kutentha kwapakati padziko lapansi. Nthawi zambiri, mphamvu yotentha ndi mpweya ndiyotsika kwambiri poyerekeza ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa (60 mW / m² for geothermal energy and 340 mW / m² for solar energy). Komabe, komwe kutentha kwakanenedwako ndikokwera (kotchedwa mosungira madzi), mphamvu yopangira magetsi ndiyokwera kwambiri (mpaka 200 mW / m²). Mphamvu zazikuluzikulu izi zimapanga kutentha kwakatundu mumtsinje, womwe ungagwiritsidwe ntchito m'makampani.

Kuti mupeze mphamvu kuchokera m'matope a geothermal, kafukufuku wamsika woyenera ayenera kuchitidwa, chifukwa kubowola mitengo kumakulira kwambiri ndikuzama. Ndiye kuti, tikubowola mozama, kuyesetsa kutulutsa kutentha pamwamba kumawonjezeka. Mwa mitundu ya ma geological, tapeza mitundu itatu: madzi otentha, mchere wouma ndi ma geys.

Malo osungira madzi otentha

Pali mitundu iwiri yamadzi amadzi otentha: gwero lamadzi ndi madzi apansi. Yoyamba itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati bafa lotentha kuwasakaniza pang'ono ndi madzi ozizira kuti athe kusambamo, koma choyambacho chili ndi vuto lakuchepa kwake. Mbali inayi, tili ndi malo okhala pansi panthaka, omwe ndi malo okhala ndi kutentha kwambiri komanso kuzama pang'ono. Madzi amtunduwu atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pochotsa kutentha kwanu. Titha kuzungulira madzi otentha kudzera pampu kuti tithandizire kutentha kwake.

Malo owuma ndi malo omwe thanthwe ndi louma komanso lotentha kwambiri. Mumadontho amtunduwu mulibe madzi amtundu uliwonse omwe amanyamula mphamvu ya geothermal kapena mtundu uliwonse wazinthu zopumira. Ndi akatswiri omwe adayambitsa mitundu iyi yazinthu zotumiza kutentha. Minda imeneyi imakhala ndi zotsika zotsika zopangira komanso mitengo yayikulu yopanga. Chosavuta pamunda wamtunduwu ndikuti ukadaulo ndi zida za mchitidwewu sizinasinthe pazachuma, chifukwa chake ziyenera kupangidwa ndikukonzedwa.

Zogulitsa zamagetsi

Giza ndi kasupe wotentha yemwe mwachilengedwe amatulutsa nthunzi ndi madzi otentha. Ndi ochepa padziko lapansi. Chifukwa cha ma gyser, ma gyser amayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamalo abwino komanso osamala kuti asachepetse magwiridwe antchito. Kuti mupeze kutentha kuchokera m'chigawo cha geyser, kutentha kumayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mwachindunji ndi chopangira mphamvu kuti chikhale champhamvu.

Vuto ndi kutulutsa uku ndikuti kubwezeretsanso madzi kutentha pang'ono kumaziziritsa magma ndikuzimitsa. Amawunikiranso kuti jakisoni wamadzi ozizira ndikuzizira kwa magma kumayambitsa zivomezi zazing'ono komanso pafupipafupi.

Momwe Mphamvu Zamagetsi Zimagwirira Ntchito: Chomera Cha Geothermal Power

chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi

Kuti tidziwe momwe mphamvu ya geothermal imagwirira ntchito tiyenera kupita kumalo opangira magetsi. Ndiwo malo omwe magetsi amtunduwu amapangidwira. Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu yamafuta yamafuta kutengera ntchito yovuta yomwe imagwira ntchito dongosolo lazomera m'munda. Ndiye kuti, mphamvu imachotsedwa mkatikati mwa Dziko Lapansi ndikupita nayo kumalo komwe magetsi amapangidwira.

Mawonekedwe amtundu wa geothermal omwe mumagwiramo ntchito ndi okwera kuposa nthaka yabwinobwino. Ndiye kuti, kutentha kwakuya kumakwera kwambiri. Dera lokhala ndi gradient yotentha kwambiri makamaka chifukwa cha kupezeka kwa ngalande yocheperako yamadzi otentha, ndipo chidebecho chimasungidwa ndikuchepetsedwa ndi chopanda chosalepheretsa kutentha ndi kuthamanga konse. Iyi ndi malo otchedwa geothermal reservoir, kumene kutentha kumatulutsidwa kuti apange magetsi.

Zitsime zotulutsa mphamvu ya geothermal zolumikizidwa ku malo opangira magetsi zili m'malo amenewa. Nthunziyo imatulutsidwa kudzera mu mapaipi angapo ndikulunjika nawo ku fakitole komwe mphamvu yamatenthedwe yamphamvuyo imasandulika mphamvu yamakina kenako mphamvu yamagetsi. Tikakhala ndi mphamvu zamagetsi, timangoyenera kupita nayo komwe timagwiritsa ntchito.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi izi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za momwe mphamvu yamafuta imagwirira ntchito.


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