Momwe mungapangire bedi

zopangira mbande zapakhomo

Tikayamba ndi dimba laling'ono lanyumba lomwe timakonda kuyika pabwalo lathu, tili ndi zosankha zingapo. Njira yoyamba ndikugula malo obzala mbewu. Njira yachiwiri komanso yowonjezera zachilengedwe ndiyo kuphunzira momwe angapangire bedi zopangira kunyumba, motero kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa zinyalala zomwe timapanga ndikuzipatsa moyo wachiwiri wothandiza kwa mbeu.

M'nkhaniyi tikuuzani momwe mungapangire bedi la mbeu, zipangizo zomwe muyenera kukhala nazo komanso mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbeu zomwe mungapange.

hotbed ndi chiyani

malo obzala

Bedi la mbewu ndi malo okonzedwa mwapadera kuti mbewu zimere ndi kumeretsa mbewu zisanaziike kumalo omaliza m'munda wa zipatso, m'munda kapena m'munda. Ntchito yayikulu yobzala mbewu ndi perekani mikhalidwe yabwino kuti njere zikule bwino ndikukhala mbande zamphamvu ndi zathanzi. Izinso zimawonjezera mwayi wokula bwino ndikukhalabe ndi moyo mbewu zikadzaziika pamalo omwe mukufuna.

Kusamalira mosamala chilengedwe ndi chimodzi mwa zizindikiro za nazale ya zomera. Malowa nthawi zambiri amakhala m'malo otetezedwa, monga ma greenhouses kapena pansi pa nyumba zokhala ndi mauna, zomwe zimalola mbande kutetezedwa ku nyengo yoipa, monga chisanu kapena mvula yambiri. Mwanjira imeneyi, mbewu zimatetezedwa kuti zisasokonezedwe ndi kusintha kwadzidzidzi kwa kutentha ndi chinyezi.

Gawo laling'ono lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito pobzala mbewu ndilofunikanso kwambiri.. Gawo laling'ono lazamasamba limagwiritsidwa ntchito, lopangidwa kuti lipereke zakudya zofunikira ndikuonetsetsa kuti madzi akuyenda bwino. Izi ndi zofunika kuti mbeu zisawole chifukwa cha chinyezi chochulukirapo komanso kuti mizu ya mbande ikule bwino.

Kuthirira ikuchitika mosamala, kuyambira madzi ochulukirapo amatha kuwononga mbewu. Njira zopewera kukhudzana mwachindunji ndi madzi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, monga matayala odzithirira okha kapena njira zothirira madzi. Mwanjira imeneyi, zimatsimikizirika kuti mbewuzo zimalandira madzi okwanira kuti zikule bwino, popanda kuyika chiopsezo chozimira.

Momwemonso kuunikira kokwanira ndikofunikira kuti mbande zikule bwino pa nazale. Ngati salandira kuchuluka kofunikira kwa kuwala kwa dzuwa, nyali zopanga kupanga, monga nyali za fulorosenti kapena ma LED owoneka bwino, amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupereka chosowachi. Kuwala ndikofunikira kuti mbande zitheke kupanga photosynthesis ndikukula bwino.

Imodzi mwa mfundo zofunika kuziganizira pa chisamaliro choyenera cha mbewu ndi aeration. Kuyenda kwa mpweya wokwanira ndikofunikira kuti mupewe chinyezi komanso matenda., pamene akukomera kulimbikitsa mbande polimbikitsa kukula kwamphamvu ndi kugonjetsedwa.

Momwe mungapangire bedi

momwe angapangire bedi

Kugula bedi ndikosavuta, m'masitolo ambiri amaluwa mutha kugula mbande zopangidwa ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana monga peat. Ingowabzalani panja kapena m'chidebe chatsopano powabzala. Komabe, timalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito bedi la zinthu zosiyanasiyana zobwezerezedwanso. Motero, kuwonjezera pa kusunga ndalama, titha kugwiritsanso ntchito zipangizo ndi kuchepetsa mmene chilengedwe chimakhalira.

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimapezeka mosavuta zophunzirira kupanga bedi ndipo nthawi yomweyo zothandiza kwambiri ndi polystyrene. Ma tray a polystyrene amapezeka m'mashopu amitundu yonse ndipo ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yopangira mabedi chifukwa cha kulemera kwawo komanso kuyenda kosavuta, ndikosavutanso kupanga mabowo a ngalande pansi.

Wina wakale upcycled hotbed ndi wopangidwa kuchokera yogurt makapu. Ndiwo kukula kokwanira kubzala mbewu payekhapayekha kuti tithe kulamulira aliyense payekhapayekha. Komanso, ndikosavuta kupanga mabowo a ngalande.

Mabotolo apulasitiki, zotengera za Tetra Pak, ngakhale zipolopolo za mazira ndizothandiza kwambiri. Kwa mabotolo, choyenera ndikudula pansi, kapena kutsegula mu theka lautali, pamene njerwa zinayi ndi bwino kutsegula kwathunthu kumbali imodzi kapena mbali.

Mukasankha imodzi mwamalingaliro awa, awa ndi njira zomwe muyenera kutsatira popanga zobwezerezedwanso zobzala mbeu:

  • Muzimutsuka bwino chidebecho.
  • Boolani mabowo pansi pa kapu kapena chidebe chilichonse. Ndi bwino kupanga zingapo kuposa imodzi, koma osapanga mabowo ponseponse.
  • Lembani ndi gawo loyenera kumera la zomera zomwe mukufuna kukulitsa. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito thonje lonyowa pang'ono kapena pepala loyamwitsa ndikubzala mphukira pansi pambuyo pake.
  • Bzalani njere, kuthirirani pang'ono ndikuyikapo mbeu padzuwa kapena pamthunzi (izi zimatengera mtundu wa mbewu ndi nyengo yakumaloko).

Momwe mungapangire bedi lotentha

momwe mungapangire bedi la mbeu

Ngati mukufuna kufulumizitsa kameredwe ka mbeu, bedi lofunda limagwira ntchito bwino. Mutha kugula imodzi mwamabokosi ambewuwa m'sitolo iliyonse yapadera, koma kupanga nokha ndikosavuta. Mukungoyenera kugula chotenthetsera chawaya ngati chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'mabwalo amiyala. Mukamaliza kukonza zida zanu, tsatirani izi kuti muphunzire kupanga bedi lobzala:

  • Sankhani kukula kwa chidebe chomwe mukufuna. Tileya iliyonse yapulasitiki yozama mainchesi angapo imapereka malo ambiri.
  • Pangani bowo pakhoma limodzi la thireyi kuti chingwe chidutse ndikuchigawa pansi pa thireyi kuti chitseke mbali yabwino ya pamwamba pake. Gwiritsani ntchito tepi yosamva kutentha kuti muteteze zingwe ku tray.
  • Kuti mugawane bwino kutentha, tambani zinyalala za amphaka kapena mchenga wamtsinje osachepera 2 cm pamwamba pa zingwe.
  • Pambuyo pake, Mutha kuyika mbande ting'onoting'ono zopangidwa ndi pulasitiki kapena Styrofoam mu thireyi ndipo muwona kusintha kwakukulu pa nthawi yomera.

Momwe mungabzalire pabedi

Kafesedwe ka m’malo obzala mbande n’ngofanana ndi m’mikhalidwe ina iliyonse, kupatulapo kuti tingathe kupititsa patsogolo nthaŵiyo kwa milungu ingapo, kubzala mbande zomwe zamera panja, ndi kuzilima kwa milungu ingapo m’mikhalidwe yabwinobwino tikabzala panja.

Ndikofunikira kukonza gawo lapansi kuti mbeu ikamere. Tikukulimbikitsani kugwiritsa ntchito chisakanizo cha gawo limodzi la peat, gawo lina coir ndi gawo lina nyongolotsi humus; zomwe pambuyo pake tidzawonjezera perlite pang'ono ndi vermiculite. Izi zimabweretsa kukula komwe kumakhala kodzaza ndi michere yambiri pomwe imakhala yopepuka, yotayirira, yampweya komanso yotayidwa bwino.

M’pofunikanso kuyika mbande pamalo owala bwino kuti zisadzatike. Kuwonjezera apo, muyenera kupeza kutentha kotero kuti kumakhala kokhazikika momwe mungathere.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamomwe mungapangire bedi ndi zomwe zili.


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.