Ubwino wosaneneka wa mphamvu yotentha ndi mpweya!

Zimagwira bwanji? Pulogalamu ya mphamvu ya geothermal Ndi mphamvu yosungidwa ngati kutentha pansi pa dziko lapansi.

Kutentha kumeneku komwe kumapezeka m'nthaka kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito mapampu otenthetsera kutentha kwa madzi ku kutentha m'nyengo yozizira, kuzizira nthawi yotentha ndikupereka madzi otentha. Chifukwa chake, imatulutsa kapena imatulutsa kutentha kuchokera padziko lapansi kutengera ngati tikufuna kuziziritsa kapena kutentha, kudzera mdera lomwe lidayikidwa munthaka momwe njira yothetsera madzi ya glycol imazungulira.

Ndi Gwero losatha ya mphamvu the Masiku 365 za chaka 24 nthawi patsiku, mosiyana ndi machitidwe ena, nyengo yakanthawi (dzuwa, mphepo, ndi zina zambiri) sizimakhudza.

Ndi mphamvu yoonedwa ngati yoyera, yosinthika komanso kwambiri kothandiza, imagwiranso ntchito m'nyumba zazikulu, zipatala, mafakitale, maofesi, m'nyumba komanso nyumba zomwe zamangidwa kale.

Mphamvu ya geothermal imatha kupereka mpaka 100% ya zosowa ndi madzi otentha apanyumba (DHW) a nyumba, nyumba, ndi zina zambiri, ngakhale ndi kutentha kwambiri kunja.

Mphamvu imeneyi ndi yolemekezeka ndi zachilengedwe ndipo imakhudzanso chilengedwe, chifukwa chosinthitsa kutentha chimakhala pansi kapena pamaziko a nyumbazo.

kutentha thupi

Ngakhale ndichimodzi mwazinthu zochepa zomwe sizidziwitsidwanso, zotsatira zake ndi zochititsa chidwi kuti muzisilira m'chilengedwe. Zachidziwikire kuti tonse titha kukumbukira zithunzi za phiri lotchedwa Etna ku Sicily litaphulika kwathunthu, tidayesapo zotsatira zotsitsimula za akasupe otentha kapena okonda fumaroles ndi ma geys, monga omwe ali paki ya Timanfaya ku Lanzarote, mwachitsanzo.

Sweden inali dziko loyamba ku Europe kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya geothermal, chifukwa cha 1979 vuto lamafuta . M'mayiko ena monga Finland, United States, Japan, Germany, Netherlands ndi France, mphamvu yotentha ndi mphamvu yodziwika bwino yomwe yakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwazaka zambiri.

Gawo lamagetsi limakhala ndi ndalama zochulukirapo

Mapulogalamu a geothermal amadalira mawonekedwe amtundu uliwonse. Zida zotentha kwambiri (pamwambapa 100-150ºC) zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi . Kutentha kosasungira sikukwanira kutulutsa mphamvu zamagetsi, zofunikira zake ndizofunda m'mafakitale, ntchito ndi malo okhala. Chifukwa chake, pakakhala kutentha kotsika 100ºC, itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito molunjika kapena kudzera pampope wa kutentha kwa madzi (kutentha ndi kuzizira). Pomaliza, zikafika pazinthu zomwe zimakhala ndi kutentha kotsika kwambiri (pansi pa 25ºC), mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito ndi zowongolera mpweya ndikupeza madzi otentha.

Mpweya Kutentha Pump (BCG)

Mapampu a Kutentha kwa Mpweya Wotentha ndiwothandiza kwambiri ndipo samadalira kusintha kwa kutentha ndi chinyezi cha mpweya tsiku lonse kapena nyengo.

Amalumikizidwa ndi osinthanitsa omwe amakhalabe osasunthika komanso osasinthasintha kutentha ndi chinyezi chaka chonse.

mpweya wamadzi mpope wotentha

Mapampu otenthetsera kutentha, mosiyana ndi mapampu otenthetsera mpweya ndi madzi, apangidwa ndikumangidwa kuti azitha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri kuchokera kunja kwa mlengalenga nyengo yozizira kwambiri, nthawi yozizira komanso yotentha.

Chifukwa chakuwongolera zinthu zake, amatha kutenga mphamvu zambiri kuchokera kunja. Alinso ndi kompresa wopangidwa mwapadera womwe umaloleza kufika kutentha kwa magwiridwe antchito kupitirira 60ºC

Kukula kwa mapampu otentha otentha zikhale zotheka kuti iwo akhale njira ina m'malo mowotcha. Popeza izi, kukhazikitsa ndi kuyambitsa kumakhala kosavuta komanso kotetezeka ndipo zosowa za zida zamtunduwu ndizotsika kwambiri.

Kutentha ndi Kuzizira ndi dongosolo lomwelo?

M'nyengo yozizira nyumba imatenthedwa potenthetsa kuzizira pansi ndipo nthawi yotentha imaziziritsa ndikupatsa kutentha pansi, nthawi zonse ndikukhazikitsa komweko popanda mtengo wowonjezera

Ndipo bwanji osatenthetsanso dziwe? mutha kukweza dziwe lanu madigiri pang'ono ndikupeza chitonthozo.


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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