mitengo ya dziko

mitengo ya redwood

Pa dziko lapansili pali mitundu yambirimbiri ya mitengo imene imatipatsa mpweya umene timapuma ndi kutithandiza kuyamwa mpweya umene timauipitsa. Chifukwa cha mitengoyi, nkhalango zimapangidwa zomwe zimakhalamo mamiliyoni a nyama, zomera ndi mitundu ya mafangasi komanso kukhala zothandizira anthu. Mwa odziwika bwino mitengo ya dziko tili ndi mndandanda wamtengo wapatali kwambiri.

Pachifukwa ichi, tidzapereka nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni za mitengo ikuluikulu padziko lapansi ndi makhalidwe awo.

mitengo ya dziko

mitengo yofunika kwambiri

Mtengo wa Tulle

Mtengo wa Tule, cypress ya Moctezuma, ili pakatikati pa Santa María del Tule m'chigawo cha Oaxaca, Mexico. Ili ndi thunthu lamphamvu kwambiri kuposa mtengo uliwonse padziko lapansi, makamaka popeza thunthu limathandizidwa kwambiri, zowerengera zomwe zapezeka ndi zazikulu kuposa gawo lenileni la thunthu. Unali waukulu kwambiri moti anthu ankaganiza kuti panali mitengo yambiri, koma mayeso a DNA anasonyeza kuti unali mtengo umodzi. Mtengowo akuti uli ndi zaka zapakati pa 1.200 ndi 3.000.

Metusela

Sikuti ndi mtengo wakale kwambiri padziko lapansi, komanso ndi zamoyo zakale kwambiri zodziwika bwino. Amadziwika kuti ali ku Nevada, ngakhale malo ake enieni sakudziwika (monga njira yotetezera). Zakhala zaka pafupifupi 4.700.

Inalandira dzina ili panthawiyo, koma tiyenera kukumbukira kuti munthu wa m'Baibulo "yekha" anakhala zaka 969. Mtengo uwu ndi wa paini womwe wakhala nthawi yayitali, Pinus longaeva kapena intermountain western bristle pine, bristle pine. Anthu ambiri amaganiza kuti ndi chitsanzo pa chithunzi pamwambapa, nkhuni zowala ndi mitsempha yakuda, monyadira kusonyeza zizindikiro zonse za ukalamba, crystallized pose mu mphepo, koma chowonadi ndi chakuti si chifukwa cha kufunikira kwake mumtengo. Kafukufuku wa Chronology adayesa kumuteteza pongowulula malowa, koma zenizeni zake zikadali zachinsinsi.

Prometeo

Ngati Metusela ndiye cholengedwa chakale kwambiri chodziwika, Prometheus ndiye cholengedwa chakale kwambiri chodziwika. Ndi Prometheus yemwe salinso ndi ife. Idadulidwa mu 1964 ndi wofufuza wa University of North Carolina, Donald R. Currey (mfundo yomwe imakhala yotsutsana lero). Anapezeka ku Nevada, USA, ndipo ali ndi mbiri ya zaka zoposa 5.000.

Patriarch of the Forest

Ndi yamtundu wa Cariniana legalis. Ili ndi zaka pafupifupi 3.000 ndipo lero ndi chizindikiro cha nkhondo ya Brazil yolimbana ndi kudula mitengo ndi kupulumutsidwa kwa Amazon.

Dzina lake lasayansi ndi Rosa Jequitibà, ndi yamtundu wa Cariniana legalis, ndipo maziko a thunthu ndi circumference 16 metres. Malinga ndi mwambo wakumaloko, umatengedwa ngati mtengo wopatulika. Korona wake amakumbatira mlengalenga 50 mamita pamwamba pa nthaka, pafupifupi kukhumba (kupatsidwa kuwononga kwakukulu kwa nkhalango ku Brazil) kudziwa momwe angapewere chiopsezo chakupha.

mutu wa imfa

mitengo ikuluikulu

Mwinamwake mtengo woopsa kwambiri padziko lapansi. Amamera m'mphepete mwa nyanja, makamaka ku Caribbean. Zipatso zake zimapha anthu komanso nyama zambiri zoyamwitsa. Komanso, kuyamwa kwake kungayambitse kuphulika kwakukulu, utsi wa nkhuni zoyaka ndipo masamba ndi owopsa kwambiri, ndipo ndi chestnut yakale kwambiri komanso yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Mgoza wa akavalo 100

Ndi mbiri ya zaka pafupifupi 4.000 ndi circumference wa mamita 56,9, ndi imodzi mwa mitengo yotakata kwambiri padziko lonse (monga momwe izo zikuphatikizidwa mu Guinness Book of Records). Makilomita 8 okha kuchokera pachigwa cha Edna Volcano, imodzi mwa mapiri ophulika kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Hyperion

Timayika Hyperion poyamba, ndipo Sequoia ili ndi ulemu wokhala mtengo wautali kwambiri padziko lapansi (osachepera, waukulu kwambiri womwe mungawone). Kuti mudziwe). Ili ku Redwood National Park ndipo ili ndi kutalika kwa 115,61 metres. Dziwani kuti Redwood National Park ili pamalo achiwiri pamndandanda wamitengo yayitali kwambiri padziko lapansi, kuphatikiza Hyperior, Helios, ndi Icarus.

msondodzi wamantha

mitengo ya dziko

Misondodzi yocheperako kapena ya herbaceous sizofunikira potengera zaka, kukula kwake, kawopsedwe, kapena zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi chilengedwe. Msondodzi wocheperako umatsimikizira kuti mtengowo siwokongola, komanso ndi wawung'ono kapena wocheperako kuposa bonsai. kutanthauza, nthawi zambiri amakhala pafupifupi 6 cm.

Mtengo wa Moyo

Mtengo uwu watha zaka zoposa 600 za moyo wake uli pawekha komanso kudzipatula ndipo ukuyenera mndandandawu. Mu 1973, dalaivala woledzera waku Libya adagwetsa mtengowo. yomwe ili ku Bahrain ndipo ilibe chilichonse koma mchenga. Mtengo woyambirirawo tsopano uli kumalo ena. Malo oyambirirawo tsopano ali ndi chifanizo chachitsulo chachikumbutso.

General Sherman

General Sherman si mtengo wautali kwambiri komanso wokulirapo kwambiri pa Dziko Lapansi, koma ndi mtengo waukulu kwambiri komanso womwe uli ndi biomass ambiri, chifukwa cha kutalika kwake kwa mita 83 ndi m'mimba mwake wa mita 11 kuposa pamenepo. Sequoia wamkulu wazaka 2000 ndi malo ku Sequoia National Park., ndipo ndi nthawi ya sequoia yakale kwambiri komanso yayikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Purezidenti

Ndi zaka 3.266, kutalika kwa mamita 75 ndi voliyumu pafupifupi 1.533 kiyubiki mamita, kugawidwa motere: 1.278 kiyubiki mamita thunthu ndi 255 kiyubiki mamita nthambi. Thunthulo limakutidwa ndi khungwa lakuda ndi dzimbiri, limakwera molunjika kumwamba, kuchokera pomwe limayang'ana m'chizimezime chowoneka bwino, nsonga za chipale chofewa za Sierra Nevada.

Mtengo wa Azitona wa Vouves

Mitengo ya azitona ndi mitengo yosabala bwino yomwe imalimbana kwambiri ndi matenda komanso chilala chokhalitsa. Chitsanzo chodziwika bwino ichi, chopezeka pachilumba cha Greek cha Krete, ndi mamita 12,5 m’mwamba ndipo m’mimba mwake muli mamita 4,6, unazika mizu pafupifupi zaka 3.500 zapitazo. Thunthulo ndi lopiringizika modabwitsa, lomwe limakumbukira kutuluka kwa chiphalaphala chomwe chalimba kwazaka zambiri. Amayendera ndi anthu pafupifupi 20.000 chaka chilichonse ndipo amatulutsabe azitona zokoma.

Chenjezo

Alerce ndi mtengo wamtengo wapatali wa Patagonian cypress (Zofewa za Fitzroya) anapeza mu 1993. Mitengo ya cypress iyi imadziwika ndi korona wowoneka ngati piramidi ndi thunthu lalikulu, lomwe limakula pang'onopang'ono, lokhala ndi millimeter mozungulira chaka chilichonse, ngakhale limafikanso utali wodabwitsa wopitilira 100 metres. Atayeza bwino mpheteyo, zaka za Alerce zinatsimikiziridwa kukhala zaka 3.640.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za Dawn of the world ndi mawonekedwe ake.


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