Minda yamphamvu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi

Kukhazikitsa makina amphepo

Mafamu amphepo ndi gulu la makina amphepo omwe sintha mphamvu ya mphepo kukhala mphamvu yamagetsiAmatha kukhala apadziko lapansi kapena m'madzi.

8 mwa minda 10 yayikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi ili ku United States, ndipo isanu ili ku Texas. Komanso, between mu TOP 10 pali famu imodzi yokha yam'mphepete mwa nyanja, kukhala ena onse apadziko lapansi. Tiwagawa malinga ndi kuthekera kwawo:

1. Alta Wind Energy Center:

El Alta Wind Energy Center (AWEC, Alta Wind Energy Center) yomwe ili ku Tehachapi, California, United States, pakadali pano famu yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito 1.020 MW. Famu yam'mphepete mwa nyanja imayendetsedwa ndi mainjiniya a Terra-Gen Power, omwe pano akumizidwa ndikuwonjezera kwatsopano kukulitsa mphamvu ya famu yamphepo ku 1.550 MW.

chopangira mphepo

2. Abusa Lathyathyathya Mphepo Farm:

Ili pafupi ndi Arlington, kum'mawa kwa Oregon, ku United States, ndiye famu yachiwiri yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yomwe ili ndi 845 MW.

Chopangidwa ndi akatswiri a Caithness Energy, malowa amapitilira 77 km² pakati pa zigawo za Gilliam ndi Morrow. Ntchitoyi, yopangidwa ndi akatswiri a Caithness Energy m'malo opitilira 77 km² pakati pa zigawo za Gilliam ndi Morrow, ntchito yomanga idayamba mu 2009 pamtengo wokwanira $ 2000 biliyoni.

Pakiyi ili ndi makina opanga ma 338 GE2.5XL, aliwonse omwe ali ndi mphamvu ya 2,5 MW.
mphepo

3. Minda Yamphepo ya Roscoe:

El Roscoe Mphepo Yam'munda ili pafupi ndi Abilene ku Texas, United States, pakadali pano ndi famu yachitatu yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yomwe ili ndi mphamvu ya 781,5 MW, Yopangidwa ndi mainjiniya ku E.ON Climate & Renewables (EC&R). Ntchito yake yomanga idachitika m'magawo anayi pakati pa 2007 ndi 2009, yokula madera a 400 km².

Makamaka, gawo loyambalo lidaphatikizapo kumanga 209 Mitsubishi turbines a 1 MW, mgawo lachiwiri ma 55 a Nokia Nokia a 2,3 MW adayikidwapo, pomwe gawo lachitatu ndi lachinayi lidaphatikizidwa ndi ma 166 GE turbines a 1,5 MW ndi 197 turbines a 1 MW motsatira. Zonse, Makina opangira mphepo 627 osiyana adayikika patali mamitala 274, yomwe idayamba kugwira ntchito limodzi kuyambira October 2009.

4. Malo Othandizira Mphepo Akavalo Akavalo:

Pakiyi ili pakati pa Taylor ndi Nolan County ku Texas, United States, pakadali pano ndi famu yachinayi yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yomwe ili ndi 735,5 MW.

Nyumbazi zidamangidwa m'magawo anayi mu 2005 ndi 2006, ndipo akatswiri a Blattner Energy amayang'anira ukadaulo, zogula ndi zomangamanga (EPC) za ntchitoyi. Makamaka magawo atatu oyamba a ntchitoyi Makina opangira mphepo 142 adayikidwa 1,5 MW kuchokera GE, 130 2,3 MW kuchokera ku Nokia ndi 149 kuchokera 1,5 MW kuchokera GE motsatana.

Mphepo Google

5. Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm:

Ili pakati pa zigawo za Sterling ndi Coke ku Texas, United States, pakadali pano ndi famu yachisanu yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yomwe ili ndi mphamvu 662,5 MW, yoyendetsedwa ndi akatswiri a NextEra Energy Resources. Ntchito yomanga idapangidwa magawo awiri, yoyamba idamalizidwa mu 2007 ndipo yachiwiri mu 2008.

Famu ya mphepo ili ndi makina amphepo 342 GE 1,5 MW ndi ma 65 Siemens 2,3 MW makina amphepo, opitilira mita 79 kutalika kuchokera pansi. Zotsatira zake, famu ya mphepo imatha kukwaniritsa zosowa zamagetsi za nyumba zoposa 220.000.

6. London Array Offshore Minda Yamphepo:

London Array, paki yayikulu kwambiri yamadzi padziko lonse lapansi yokhala ndi mphamvu ya 630 MW, ili ngati famu yachisanu ndi chimodzi yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yopanga mphepo. Yopangidwa ndi akatswiri ku Dong Energy, E.ON ndi Masdar, malo ake ali kunja kwa chigwa cha Thames kuposa 20 km kuchokera pagombe la Kent ndi Essex.

Ngakhale kuti ndi paki yayikulu kwambiri yakunyanja padziko lapansi, omwe amalimbikitsa izi akukonzekera kuwonjezera mphamvu zake mpaka 870 MW gawo lachiwiri podikira kuvomerezedwa.

7. Famu Yamphepo ya Fantanele-Cogealac:

El Famu Yamphepo ya Fantanele-Cogealac ili m'chigawo cha Dobruja ku Romania, ndiye famu yachisanu ndi chiwiri yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yomwe ili ndi mphamvu ya 600 MW. Ntchitoyi, yopangidwa ndi mainjiniya a CEZ Group, imayang'ana mahekitala 1.092 mdziko lotseguka makilomita 17 kumadzulo kwa gombe la Black Sea.

Chingwe choyamba chamunda wamphepo chidayikidwa mu June 2010, ndikupangitsa kulumikizana ndi gridi ya chopangira chomaliza mu Novembala 2012, kuyambira pamenepo famu yayikulu kwambiri yakunyanja ku Europe. Maofesiwa amapangidwa ndi makina amphepo amtundu wa 240 GE 2.5 XL okhala ndi makina ozungulira a 99 metres komanso mphamvu yodziyimira yokha ya 2,5 MW, onse pamodzi amayimira gawo limodzi mwa magawo khumi azakudya zonse zobiriwira ku Romania.

 

8. Fowler Ridge Wind Farm:

Ili ku Benton County ku Indiana, United States, ndi famu yachisanu ndi chitatu yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Ntchitoyi, yopangidwa ndi mainjiniya ochokera ku BP Alternative Energy North America ndi Dominion Resources, idachitika magawo awiri, kulola kuchuluka kwathunthu kwa 599,8 MW.

Ntchito yomanga famu ya mphepo, yomwe ili ndi mahekitala opitilira 20.000, idayamba mu 2008, pomaliza pake idayamba kugwira ntchito mu 2010. Nyumbazi zimapangidwa ndi makina amphepo a 182 Vestas V82-1.65MW, ma turbines a mphepo 40 Clipper C-96 a 2,5 MW ndi 133 GE 1,5 MW makina amphepo. Pamodzi, famu ya mphepo imatha kukwaniritsa zosowa za mphamvu zopitilira nyumba 200.000.

  chopangira mphepo

9. Famu Yam'madzi Otsekemera:

El Malo osangalatsa a Sweetwater, yomwe ili ku Nolan County, Texas, United States, pakadali pano ndi yachisanu ndi chinayi pamndandanda wamafamu amphepo apadziko lonse lapansi okhala ndi 585,3 MW, yomwe idapangidwa mogwirizana ndi akatswiri a Duke Energy ndi Infigen Energy.

Idamangidwa mzigawo zisanu. Gawo loyambali lidayamba ntchito zamalonda mu 2003, pomwe magawo anayi otsala adayamba kugwira ntchito mu 2007. Maofesiwa amakhala ndi okwana 392 a turbines, kuphatikiza ma 25 GE 1,5 MW turbines, 151 GE SLE 1,5 MW turbines, 135 Mitsubishi 1.000A 1 MW turbines and 81 Siemens 2,3 MW turbines.

mphepo


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