Michael faraday

munda wamagetsi

Michael faraday Anali wasayansi waku Britain wazaka zotchuka kwambiri m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. Iye anabadwira m'banja losauka ndipo adatha kulandira maphunziro oyambira kuti adzaphunzitse maphunziro asayansi. Anayenera kugwira ntchito adakali mwana wamnyamata wobweretsa nyuzipepala kuti alipirire maphunziro ake. Iye wakhala m'modzi mwa asayansi omwe apanga kupita patsogolo kambiri mu chemistry ndi physics.

Chifukwa chake, tipereka nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni za mbiri yonse komanso zomwe Michael Faraday anachita.

Mbiri ya Michael Faraday

Michael faraday

Ndi za bambo yemwe amayenera kugwira ntchito adakali wamng'ono ngati munthu wopereka nyuzipepala kuti athe kulipirira maphunziro ake. Ali ndi zaka 14 zokha, anali kale ndi malo ogulitsira mabuku komwe ankagwira ntchito. Apa ndipomwe adakhala ndi mwayi wowona zolemba zasayansi zomwe zidamulimbikitsa kuti achite zoyeserera zake zoyambirira. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti asanakhalepo othandizira asayansi, kotero zinali zosavuta kudzipereka kumagulu osiyanasiyana asayansi. Komabe, pakadali pano, luso ndilofunikira popeza chidziwitso chomwe chilipo pafupifupi m'nthambi iliyonse yasayansi ndichachikulu kwambiri kotero kuti mutha kupatula moyo wanu wonse kugawo laling'ono ili la sayansi.

Mwachitsanzo, nthawi zakale titha kuwona kuti munthu yemweyo Amatha kukhala katswiri wa sayansi ya nthaka, biologist, botanist ndi chemist nthawi yomweyo. Izi zitha kukhala choncho popeza pasanakhale chidziwitso chochepa munthambi iliyonse ya sayansi. Lero, pali zambiri komanso zochuluka zoti achite kotero kuti botanist ayenera kuchita bwino mu nthambi yamkati mwa botani ndipo atha kupereka moyo wake wonse pamenepo.

Atapita kukakambirana zosiyanasiyana zamankhwala, adatha kufunsa a Humphry Davy kuti amulandire ngati wothandizira mu labotale yake. Pomwe m'modzi mwa omuthandiza adamusiya ntchitoyo, mwamunayo adapereka kwa Faraday. Ndipamene posakhalitsa adatha kuchita bwino pantchito zamakemikolo. Zina mwazomwe Michael Faraday anapeza ndi benzene ndi kusintha koyamba kwa organic kusintha m'malo. Muzotsatira za mchira izi, pezani mankhwala opangidwa ndi klorini amtundu wa ethilini. Kalelo izi zinali zodziwika kwambiri.

Pakadali pano tikuwona kuti wasayansi Hans Christian Oersted adapeza maginito omwe amapangidwa ndimagetsi. Chifukwa cha izi, Michael Faraday adatha kupanga mota yoyamba yodziwika yamagetsi. Pofika chaka cha 1831 adagwirizana ndi a Charles Wheatstone ndikufufuza momwe zimakhalira zamagetsi zamagetsi. Maphunzirowa atangoyamba, Faraday adadziwika bwino pankhani yamagetsi yamagetsi. Anatha kuwona kuti maginito oyenda kupyola kolowera ndi omwe amakoka magetsi. Izi zidatipangitsa kuti tilembe lamulo lomwe limayang'anira kupanga magetsi ndi maginito.

Kafukufuku wa Sayansi wa Michael Faraday

zoyeserera zasayansi

Kuyesanso kwina komwe adatha kuchita kunali kuyesa zamagetsi zamagetsi. Kuyesaku kumamulola kuti agwirizane mwachindunji ndi magetsi. Anawona mosamalitsa momwe amchere omwe amapezeka mu selo yamagetsi amamangidwira pamene magetsi akudutsa. Chifukwa cha kuyesaku, adatha kudziwa kuti kuchuluka kwa zinthu zomwe zayikidwa ndizofanana ndendende ndi mphamvu yamagetsi yomwe ikuzungulira. Mphamvu yamagetsi yapatsidwa, zolemera zosiyanasiyana za zinthu zomwe zaikidwazo ndizokhudzana mwachindunji ndi zomwe zimagwirizana ndi mankhwala.

Zomwe Michael Faraday anapeza ndi zomwe zidapangitsa kuti chemistry ipite patsogolo. Ndipo ndikuti adakhala ndimayesero ndi maphunziro angapo pamagetsi yamagetsi. Umu ndi m'mene zoperekera zina pamaphunziro awa zomwe taziwona zinali zotsimikizika pakukula kwa sayansi. Kafukufuku wina anali lingaliro lamagetsi yamagetsi yamagetsi yomwe James Clerk Maxwell adalemba. Izi zimadalira ntchito yopanga upainiya yomwe Michael Faraday adachita.

Kupeza

Zochita za michael faraday

Zina mwazomwe zapezedwa komanso zopereka zasayansi ndikupezeka kwa diamagnetism. Anatha kutsimikizira kuti maginito ali ndi mphamvu yosinthasintha ndege yowala yomwe imadutsa mitundu ina yamagalasi. Mphamvu ya Faraday idapezeka mu 1845. Izi sizongowonjezera kupatuka kwa ndege polarization ya kuwala chifukwa cha maginito omwe amadutsa zinthu zowonekera bwino.

Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake adatha kulemba zamankhwala osokoneza bongo, kufufuzira kwamagetsi pamagetsi ndi kafukufuku woyeserera mu fizikiki ndi chemistry.

Kupeza kwake koyamba pamagetsi yamagetsi kunachitika mchaka cha 1821. Pobwereza kuyesa kwa Oersted ndi singano yamagetsi m'malo osiyanasiyana kuzungulira waya wamoyo. Chifukwa cha kuyesaku, adatha kuzindikira kuti ulusiwo udazunguliridwa ndi mizere yopanda malire yomwe ili ndi mphamvu yozungulira komanso yozungulira. Tikudziwa kuti magulu onse a mphamvu ndi maginito omwe amapangidwa ndimagetsi. Kutsirizidwa kunayambitsidwanso ndi Michael Faraday.

Adapeza kuti mphamvu yamagetsi ikadutsa koyilo, nthawi ina yayifupi imapangidwa mu koyilo ina yapafupi. Kupeza uku inasonyeza chinthu chosaiwalika pa kupita patsogolo kwa sayansi ndi anthu onse. Ndipo ndikuti lero amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi pamitengo yayikulu yamagetsi. Chodabwitsachi chimatilozeranso kuzinthu zatsopano zamagetsi zamagetsi ndi maginito. Titha kunena kuti Michael Faraday anali bambo wa zamagetsi.

Zaka zapitazi

M'zaka zomalizira za moyo wake adasiya chiphunzitso cha magetsi ndi maginito kuti afotokoze zamagetsi ndi maginito ndipo adayambitsa malingaliro am'munda ndi m'mizere. Malingalirowa adatha kufotokoza zamagetsi ndi maginito ndipo adachoka pakufotokozera kwamakanema azinthu zachilengedwe. Kuphatikizidwa kwa malingaliro atsopano kunafotokozedwa ndi Albert Einstein ngati kusintha kwakukulu mu sayansi. Komabe, amayenera kudikirira zaka zingapo mpaka malingaliro onse athupi atha kufanana. Ndipo ndikuti magawo a Faraday amayenera kudikirira zaka zingapo kuti avomerezedwe motsimikizika ndi asayansi.

Monga tanena kale, china chake chomwe Faraday adatha kuchipeza, ngakhale sichidziwika kwenikweni, Ndi mphamvu ya maginito pamtengo wowala bwino. Chodabwitsachi chimadziwika kuti zotsatira za Faraday. Pomaliza, adamwalira pa Ogasiti 25, 1867 ku London.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za Michael Faraday ndi zomwe adachita pakusayansi.


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