Mayiko omwe pakali pano amatulutsa mphepo zamphamvu kwambiri

Mphero zogwiritsira ntchito mphepo zimapanga mphamvu ya mphepo

La mphamvu ya mphepo ndi imodzi mwazomwe zikusintha pakadali pano kuzinthu zina zomwe sizikugwirizana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta. Muyenera kudziwa kuti mayiko osachepera 84 padziko lonse lapansi akugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za mphepo kupereka ma gridi awo amagetsi.

Chaka chapitacho kuthekera kwa mphepo zoposa 369,553 gW ndipo mphamvu yonse yopanga mphamvu ikukula mwachangu kukhala 4 peresenti ya magetsi onse omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito padziko lapansi. Ndipo ngati 17 gW yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 2014 inali yopambana kale, mu theka loyambirira la 2015 adafika 21,7 gW, zomwe zimatifikitsa padziko lonse lapansi za 392 gW, pafupifupi 428 gW kumapeto kwa chaka chino 2015.

Mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi zidakula m'miyezi yoyamba ya 2015 ndi 5,8 peresenti titakwanitsa kupeza 5,3% mu 2015 ndi 4,9% mu 2013 munthawi yomweyo. Ngati tilingalira kuti mu 2014 chiwongola dzanja cha pachaka chinali 16,5% kotero kuti pofika pakati pa chaka cha 2015 chikhala chikufika pa 16,8 peresenti, titha kudziwa chaka chachikulu ife kum'mamatira mu 2015.

Kukula kumeneku kwa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kwa mphepo kumayenera makamaka phindu lazachuma Kuchokera pagwero ili, kuchuluka kwa mpikisano, kusatsimikizika kwa mafuta ndi gasi wapadziko lonse lapansi ndi zovuta zakusunthira ukadaulo waukhondo komanso wodalirika pakapita nthawi.

Omwe amapanga mphamvu yayikulu ya mphepo

Mphero ku China

Makampani amphepo ndi tsopano ikuyendetsedwa ndi mafakitale osiyanasiyana mphamvu zazikulu, mabungwe amagetsi kumagulu azachilengedwe. Zimadziwika kuti kuti chipambano cha mtundu uwu wamagetsi chikhale chofunikira ngakhale mitundu yayikulu kwambiri.

Kumapeto kwa Juni 2015, dzikolo lili ndi mphamvu yayikulu kwambiri yamphamvu yamagetsi ndi China m'malo oyamba, kenako United States wachiwiri ndi Germany wachitatu.

China ili ndi 124 gW chaka chino ndipo yakula ndi 10 gW kuyambira 2014 komanso mu 44 gW kuyambira 2013. Kukula kosalekeza komwe kukuthandizira, mwa zina, kuti muchepetse mavuto ake owononga chilengedwe, ngakhale adzafunika kuyikapo ndalama zambiri pagwero lamtunduwu kuti zitheke.

Chotsatira ndi United States yokhala ndi 67 gW yayikidwa Ndipo pakukula kwake kuyambira 2013, m'zaka ziwiri zokha, kuthekera kwake kwakula ndi 8 gW ndikuchepa kwenikweni, china chomwe chitha kuwonekeranso ku Germany, India ndi Spain, zachidziwikire, poyerekeza ndikukula kwakukulu ku China.

Kupatula mphamvu zazikulu zamphamvu za mphepo, ndikofunikira kutero tchulani Brazil yomwe idawonetsa kuchuluka kwambiri kukula kwa misika yonse ndikukula kwa 14% mchaka chino cha 2015.

Monga mfundo yoyipa timapeza misika ingapo yaku Europe omwe adafa ziwalo, china chomwe chidzachitike ku Germany kusintha kwina kwamalamulo kukalowa zaka ziwiri zikubwerazi, zomwe zingachepetse mphamvu yake yamagetsi amphepo.

China

Wogwiritsira ntchito aku China akuyang'ana mphero

China akuyembekeza kukhala ndi 347,2 gW pofika 2025 ndikukhazikitsa kwapachaka komwe kudzafika ku 56,8 gW. China chake chofunikira kwambiri ndi tanthauzo lamphamvu zamtunduwu kudziko lino.

Ndipo ngakhale China pakadali pano ndiye yotulutsa mphamvu zamtunduwu, ili pakanthawi kokhazikika. Manambala omwe amapezeka ku 2025 padziko lonse lapansi ipitilira 962,6 gW zomwe zikutanthauza kuti China idzakhala, ngakhale ndikubwezeretsaku, m'modzi mwa omwe akutenga nawo gawo lamphamvu padziko lapansi.

Ndizo chaka chino pomwe zanenedweratu kuti China sidzangokhala m'gulu la Chowonjezera chachikulu kwambiri chamagetsi pofika 2015, komanso apitiliza kutsogolera gawoli mu 2016.

Maiko ena omwe adzakhala ofunikira

Woyendetsa makina amphepo mwatsatanetsatane amapanga magetsi amphepo

India, Australia, Japan, South Korea, Philippines, Thailand, ndi Taiwan kuonjezera mphamvu zawo kuchoka pa 148,2 gW mu 2014 mpaka 437,8 gW ndi gawo lapadziko lonse lapansi lomwe lingafikire 45,5%.

Maiko ena akuluakulu pakuchita bwino kwa mphepo ndi Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia ndi Mexico zomwe ziwonjezera 45,6 gW. Takambirana kale za Uruguay ndi Costa Rica ngati zitsanzo zabwino kwambiri pakutsatira mfundo zomwe zimalola kukula kwa mphamvu zoyera izi, chinthu chofunikira mtsogolo mwathu.

Mphamvu yamphepo yamtsogolo yamphamvu

Mphamvu yamtunduwu yakhala mtengo kwambiri. M'madera omwe mphamvu zamagetsi zikuchulukirachulukira, magwero atsopano akuyenera kupangidwa, ndipo ndipamene mphamvu yamagetsi iyenera kugwira ntchito yofunikira kwambiri.

M'misika yokhwima yomwe maziko a magalasi, nyukiliya kapena gasi ali kale, pali zovuta zina mtsogolo chifukwa cha kusintha kwakukulu komwe kuyenera kuchitika. Zili pano komwe mphamvu ya mphepo imayenera kupikisana motsutsana ndi ndalama zowonongera kuchokera kumagwero omwe alipo kale. Komabe, mphamvu yakumphepo ndiyabwino kwambiri, kupatula kuti imapereka mphamvu popanda kutulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha.

Kukhazikitsa makina amphepo

Zili ndi zina zomwe zikuyenda ndipo akuchepetsa ndalama. Pali zifukwa zikuluzikulu zitatu. Imodzi ndikuti makina amphepo iwo akukalamba, okhala ndi nsanja zazitali komanso zomanga zopepuka. Chachiwiri ndikuti magwiridwe antchito akuchulukirachulukira ndipo makina opanga akuchepetsa ndalama. Chachitatu, chomaliza, ndikuti momwe makina amphepo amakulira, ndalama zimasungidwa ndikupanga pamlingo wokulirapo kuposa kale.

Chimodzi mwa zifukwa zake zazikulu ndi kuthana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo ndi mphamvu zomwe mphamvu zoyera komanso zotsika mtengo zimatha kukhala nazo ndizokhazikika pakapita nthawi. Kupereka mphamvu zofunikira kuti dziko lomwe tikukhala likugwira ntchito komanso nthawi yomweyo lisapangitse mpweya wa CO2 mumlengalenga ndiye cholinga chamakampani akulu monga Vestas.

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Kufunika kwakukulu kwa mphamvu ya mphepo

Kafukufuku ndi chitukuko cha matekinoloje atsopano

Ndi kwambiri ndalama zofunikira pamatekinoloje atsopano kotero kuti kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kwa magetsi kuchokera ku makina amtunduwu ndi zina zotsogola kumabweretsa njira zina komwe angapangire magawo ochulukirapo pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi kuchokera kumphamvu zamphepo.

Tawona otchuka a msinkhu wa Bill Gates akuwononga ndalama zambiri mu matekinoloje atsopano amagetsi monga madola 2.000 miliyoni omwe agwiritsa ntchito.

Ndi zochokera ku zimphona zaumisiri zomwe zikuyesa kuti tiyenera kusintha momwe tingawonere mphamvu zamagetsi zomwe timapezeka. Ngati tayankhapo pa Gates, ina yabwino kwambiri monga a Mark Zuckerberg nawonso akuchita zochepa mchenga kuti ulimbikitse mabungwe azinsinsi kuti afunafuna tsogolo labwino kwa onse ndi dziko lokhazikika.

Bill Gates

Google ili ndi ntchito ina yabwino ku Africa komwe ikhazikitse makina opangira mphepo opitilira 365 m'mbali mwa Nyanja ya Turkana ku Kenya. Zomwe zipereka magawo 15% amagetsi onse mdziko muno.

El kusunga mphamvu Zikuwonetsedwanso kuti ndizofunikira kuti zinthu zonse zofunika kusintha zichitike popeza kusunga mphamvu zowonjezerapo zomwe makina amphepo angapangire ndikofunikira kutsindika kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa magetsi monga mphepo.

Tesla ndi mabatire ake akunyumba akuwonetsa njira ina, koma m'malo mwake kudzidalira mphamvu za ogwiritsa ntchito, koma pamlingo wokulirapo zimatha kuperekanso mabatire oyenera "kupulumutsa" zotsalazo.

Tilinso ndi matekinoloje atsopano monga makina opangira opanda masamba adapangidwa lolembedwa ndi Vortex, kampani yaku Spain yomwe ikumveka kwambiri pakadali pano chifukwa chophatikizidwa ndi makina ena amphepo omwe sangayambitse zovuta zachilengedwe, popeza kupatula kuchotsa phokoso la zikhalidwe zachikhalidwe, sasintha chilengedwe monga momwe amachitira.

Vortex

Teknoloji iyi ya Vortex imagwira ntchito mwanjira yoti imagwiritsa ntchito mapangidwe omwe apangidwa ndi kunjenjemera komwe kumayambitsidwa ndi mphepo polowa mu resonance mu silinda yolimba yoyimirira ndikumangirira pansi. Ndi kusinthaku komwe kumapangitsa kuti apange magetsi.

2016 chaka chofunikira kwambiri champhamvu zamphepo

Pamsonkhano Wanyengo Waku Paris zingapo zamgwirizano zakwaniritsidwa zomwe zimapangitsa chaka cha 2016 kukhala chaka chofunikira kuti magawo amagetsi amphepo azikwera kwambiri chifukwa cha zifukwa zomwe tonse tikudziwa.

Ndemanga yanyengo momwe mphepo imakhalira ngati imodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri zamagetsi pochepetsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha m'mlengalenga womwe ukuyambitsa mavuto ndi masoka achilengedwe padziko lonse lapansi. Kusintha komwe kuyenera kupangidwa kuchokera kumadera onse adziko lapansi kukhala ndi zotsatira zabwino.


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  1.   @Alirezatalischioriginal anati

    Lingaliro loti apange minda yambiri yamkuntho kuti athe kukonza zachilengedwe ndilabwino kwambiri

  2.   lucy sosa anati

    Ndizabwino kuti zandithandiza kusukulu ...: p

  3.   erick anati

    ooooooooooo ndizabwino

  4.   imvi mphamvu anati

    Ndipo kukwera zabwino

  5.   dariana ramones anati

    Izi zidandithandiza kusukulu yanga ndipo ndidalandira A

    1.    florence chimakumba anati

      Zinandithandizanso ku sukulu yanga ndipo ndinatenga imodzi ngati dariana ramones

  6.   Nerea anati

    Ndikuganiza kuti ndibwino kuti azisamalira zachilengedwe.
    Mphamvu ya mphepo ndi lingaliro labwino kwambiri!

  7.   Jose Castillo anati

    Tili ndi ukadaulo watsopano wosungira mphamvu kuchokera kumagetsi opangira mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi mphepo nthawi yomwe amapangidwa ndipo, kuti tizitha kuzigwiritsa ntchito nthawi yomwe timagwiritsa ntchito kwambiri yomwe siili nthawi ya m'badwo

    Ngati mukufuna, titumizireni info@zcascas.com

  8.   mabasi a nelson sabino jaque anati

    Ndakhala ndikufufuza nkhaniyi zaka 30 zapitazo, ndalemba ntchito zingapo zovomerezeka koma ziwiri ndizapadera, imodzi yokhala ndi mphamvu ya mphepo ya paradigm ndipo inayo yamafunde am'nyanja. Pakadali pano sindingapeze njira yowagulitsira. Ndimaona kuti ndichofunika kutuluka munyumba zazitali zazikulu, zokhala ndi nkhwangwa zopingasa, kuti ndizigwiranso ntchito bwino komanso chifukwa cha mafunde, kuti ndipereke yankho pazamalonda, zomwe sizinachitike mpaka pano. Ndili wokonzeka kulumikizana ndi ena kuti ndipite patsogolo munjira yofunika iyi.

  9.   osmar anati

    Chisankho chabwino 🙂