Mitengo 10 yotentha kwambiri ku Spain

Zomera zamagetsi ku Spain

Ku Spain kufunika kwamagetsi kumakwaniritsidwa m'njira zambiri. Peresenti imapita ku mafuta, monga malasha ndi mafuta, ndi gawo lina ku mphamvu zowonjezeredwa. Mphamvu zamagetsi ku Spain sizinasinthe pambuyo pochulukirapo komanso kuchepa m'zaka zaposachedwa. Poterepa, tikambirana zosiyana malo opangira magetsi malasha zomwe zili mdziko lathu komanso momwe amagwirira ntchito.

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa momwe amafunira magetsi ndi magawo angati omwe agawidwa mgawo lililonse, ingokhalani kuwerenga 🙂

Kufunikira kwamagetsi ku Spain

Mphamvu yamagetsi yamagetsi

Kufuna kwathu kwa magetsi kudziko lonse kudalembetsa kuchepa mu 2014. Kupezeka kwa mphamvu yamagetsi kudagawika m'magawo angapo kuti akwaniritse zolingazo panthawi. 22% yamphamvu zonse mdzikolo zidaperekedwa ndi zida zanyukiliya. Mphamvu za nyukiliya zimabweretsa mikangano yambiri m'magulu ambiri amtundu wa anthu. Pali onse omwe akuteteza omwe amati ndi mphamvu yoyera komanso yotetezeka. Kumbali inayi, pali obera ena, omwe amateteza kuwopsa kwa zinyalala zawo komanso ngozi zanyukiliya zomwe zingachitike monga yomwe idachitika ku Fukushima mu 2011.

Mphamvu zamphepo, zoyera komanso zowonjezekanso, zimapereka 20,3% yakufunidwa kwa mphamvu ku Spain. Kupitilira pazofunikira, malasha, idafika 16,5% yamagetsi opangidwa. 100% yamagetsi opanga kuchokera kumoto woyaka, 86% imagawidwa pakati pazomera 10 zodziwika bwino zamagetsi.

Chomera cha Meirama chotentha

Chomera cha Meirama chotentha

Chomera chamagetsi choterechi chimakhala chomaliza kuti chikhale chomwe chimapatsa mphamvu zochepa. Ndi za Gas Natural Fenosa. Ndimachitidwe oyendera magetsi. Ili mu parishi ya Meirama (A Coruña). Mphamvu zake zopanga magetsi ndi 563 MW. Gwiritsani ntchito malasha ngati mafuta.

Idayamba kugwira ntchito mu Disembala 1980 ndipo imadziwika kuti ndiimodzi mwazofunikira kwambiri mdziko lonselo. Ndalamayi idawononga 60.000 miliyoni pesetas. Amangidwa pamalipiro a lignite. Mwanjira imeneyi, adatha kugwiritsa ntchito mafutawa kuti apange magetsi. Zosungidwa kuchokera kumigodi zikuyerekeza pafupifupi matani 85 miliyoni.

Kutulutsidwa kwa mpweya kumachitika kudzera pachimbudzi chokwera mita 200, m'mimba mwake mamita 18 m'munsi ndi 11 pakamwa.

Chomera Cha Los Barrios Thermal

Chomera Cha Los Barrios Thermal

Ndi malo opangira magetsi amakala omwe amapezeka mumzinda wa Los Barrios (Cádiz). Mphamvu zake zili pafupi 589 MW, choncho ili pafupi ndi Meirama. Kumayambiriro kwa ntchito yomanga, kampani yomwe inali kuyang'anira anali Sevillana Electricidad. Pambuyo pake, kampaniyi idakhudzidwa ndi Endesa. Mu Juni 2008, kampaniyo E.ON, pogula katundu wa Electra de Viesgo ndi Endesa, idagula phukusi lokhala ndi Los Barrios Thermal Power Plant.

Malasha omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mphamvu ndi amtundu wamakala. Ili ndi mikhalidwe yabwino kwambiri yaukadaulo komanso chilengedwe chifukwa chamtengo wokwanira wama calorific komanso zinthu zochepa pamchere.

Chomera chamagetsi cha Narcea

Chomera chamagetsi cha Narcea

Chomerachi ndizowikiratu zamagetsi zamagetsi. Ili m'chigawo cha Asturias. Ali ndi magulu atatu otentha a 55,5, 166,6 ndi 364,1 MW, motsatana. Izi zimapangitsa mphamvu yake yonse pafupifupi 596 MW. Chomeracho chidayamba kugwira ntchito koyambirira kwa zaka za 60. Lero ndi la Gas Natural Fenosa.

Linapangidwa kuti lizigwiritsa ntchito ngati mafuta amakala omwe ali mumtsinje wa Narcea. Malasha ati amatengedwa kuchokera kumigodi m'mabungwe a Tineo, Cangas del Narcea, Degaña ndi Ibias, komanso kuchokera kudera la Villablino ku León.

Soto de la Ribera chopangira magetsi

Soto de la Ribera chopangira magetsi

Ili ku Asturias pafupifupi 7 km kuchokera ku Oviedo, ili ndi magawo awiri opanga. Mphamvu yonse ili pafupifupi 604 MW. Ili ndi magulu awiri atsopano azinthu zophatikizika zotchedwa Soto 4 ndi Soto 5.

Central Robla

Central Robla

Chomerachi ndi cha Gas Natural Fenosa ndipo ndi malo ochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi omwe amayatsidwa ndi malasha. Ili pafupi ndi mtsinje wa Bernesga, m'chigawo cha La Robla. Mphamvu zake ndi za 655 MW. Yakhala pamalo abwino yomwe imathandizira kulumikizana kwabwino pamisewu ndi njanji. Ili pamtunda wa mamita 945.

Malasha omwe amawadya amachokera makamaka ku malo oyandikana ndi Santa Lucía, Ciñera ndi Matallana, omwe amafikira chomeracho pamsewu ndi lamba wonyamula. Imagwiritsa ntchito khala lalikulu tsiku lililonse pafupifupi matani 6.000.

Aboño Chapakati

Aboño Chapakati

Ili pakati pa maboma a Gijón ndi Carreño. Pokhala pafupi ndi Fakitala ya Aceralia ku Veriña, itha kugwiritsa ntchito mipweya yonse yazitsulo. Mwanjira imeneyi amapulumutsa pakupanga magetsi. Mphamvu yake yoyikidwa ndi pafupifupi 921 MW. Ili ndi mayunitsi awiri opanga.

Makala ndi amtundu wamakala, amitundu ndi akunja. Magawo awiri opanga magetsi amagwiritsa ntchito mafuta osiyanasiyana, olimba, amadzimadzi komanso amweya.

Central Andorra

Central Andorra

Ili ku Teruel, imadziwika kuti siteshoni yamagetsi yamafuta ku Andorra. Ndi malo opangira magetsi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito lignite malasha ngati mafuta. Ili ndi Endesa lero. Kupanga kwake kuli pa 1.101 MW, ndichifukwa chake amadziwika kuti ndi imodzi mwazomwe zimapatsa mphamvu kwambiri.

Chimbudzi chake chachitali kwambiri ndi 343 mita kutalika. Lignite yogwiritsira ntchito ili ndi 7% yokha ya sulfure. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi mibadwo itatu.

Littoral magetsi otentha

Littoral magetsi otentha

Ili ku Carboneras (Almería) ndipo ili ndi magulu awiri opanga magetsi omwe amafikira mphamvu ya 1.158 MW. Pakadali pano ndi ya Endesa ndipo yakhudza kwambiri machitidwe azachuma ku Andalusian ndi Almeria, makamaka mdera la Carboneras.

Ngakhale zonsezi, walandira satifiketi yoyang'anira zachilengedwe ya ISO 14001 kudzera pa AENOR.

Compostilla Chapakati

Compostilla Chapakati

Ndi chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi chomwe chimapanga mphamvu zambiri. Ili pafupi ndi dziwe la Bárcena, lomwe limatsimikizira kuti madzi alipo. Zili za Endesa ndipo mphamvu zake ndi 1.200 MW.

Puentes de García Rodríguez chopangira magetsi

Puentes de García Rodríguez chopangira magetsi

Ndi chomera chamagetsi chomwe chimapereka mphamvu zochulukirapo kudzera mu malasha ku Spain konse. Ili m'chigawo cha As Pontes ndipo ndimagetsi wamba. Ili ndi magulu anayi a jenereta. Chomeracho chalandira kuchokera ku AENOR satifiketi yoyang'anira zachilengedwe ya ISO 14001, yomwe imatsimikizira kuti ntchito zake zimachitika m'njira yolemekeza chilengedwe.

Mphamvu yake yopanga ndi 1468 MW. Tsopano ndi ya Endesa.

Ndi izi mudzatha kudziwa zamphamvu zamafuta ku Spain komanso kuchuluka kwa mphamvu zomwe zimapanga.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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