Kukhazikitsa kwa Photovoltaic

Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi

Kuyambira msonkho wa dzuwa, lamulo lomwe lidakhazikitsidwa ku 2015 ndipo lomwe lidakhazikitsa zopinga zingapo kuti athe kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zadzuwa podzikwaniritsa m'nyumba ndi m'makampani, kulibenso, titha kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi mphamvu yodzigwiritsira ntchito. Kuti tichite izi, tiyenera kudziwa chilichonse chokhudzana ndi kukhazikitsa kwa photovoltaic. Tikupereka nkhaniyi kuti tifotokoze zonse zomwe mukufuna kuti musangalale ndi zanu makhazikitsidwe onse m'magawo achinsinsi komanso mabizinesi.

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri zamakina a photovoltaic, iyi ndiye positi yanu.

Paradigm yamakina ojambula zithunzi

Kutha kwa msonkho wa dzuwa

Chifukwa chakuchotsa misonkho yadzuwa, sikufunikiranso kuti makhazikitsidwe a photovoltaic okhala ndi mphamvu yochepera 100 kW kulembetsa. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa cha mfundo zomwe zikuthandizira kusintha kwachilengedwe, nyumba zingapo zitha kupindula nthawi imodzi ndikudzigwiritsa ntchito. Izi zimakhala zabwino nthawi zonse mbalezo zikakhala mnyumba yomweyo momwe anthu oposa 65% mdziko muno amakhala.

Iwo omwe akufuna kubetcha pakukhazikitsa ma Solar panels kunyumba ndikutha kudzisamalira okha magetsi, sadzalipira chilichonse kuboma. Lamuloli lathandizira kuti ntchito zowongolera zomwe zikufunika zizitha kugwiritsa ntchito magetsi. Zovuta zambiri zomwe misonkho yadzuwa idapereka ndizofunikira zomwe malamulo amafunsa. Kuphatikiza apo, pazonsezi ndikuwonjezera kutsika modabwitsa kwamitengo yamagetsi azama dzuwa zomwe zikutanthauza kuti nyumba ndi makampani ambiri asankha kubetcherana pamagetsi oyerawa.

Investment ndi ndalama

Kutha kwa msonkho wa dzuwa

Titaasanthula paradigm iyi, tili ndi njira ziwiri: mbali imodzi, titha kulemba ntchito ntchito za kampani yomwe imagwira ntchito yopanga zida zosungitsira dzuwa, kusungira ndi kugawa zida. Kumbali inayi, titha kuzichita patokha pokhapokha kuti zitengere bajeti yomwe tili nayo pazachuma ichi.

Kuti tipeze lingaliro timatenga ngati nyumba yanyumba imodzi yomwe ili pakatikati pa Spain. Mtengo wathunthu wamafakidwe a photovoltaic amatha kusiyanasiyana pakati pa 9.000 ndi 11.000 euros. Avereji yogwiritsira ntchito banja lililonse ndi pafupifupi 3.487 kWh pachaka, zomwe zikufanana ndi 9.553 Wh patsiku, zomwe zimabweretsa kutulutsidwa pachaka kwa ma 520 euros, popeza mtengo pa kWh umayimira ma 0,15 euros.

Poganizira kuwerengera ndi manambala onsewa, titha kunena kuti tingafunike zaka pafupifupi 18 kuti tithe kusungitsa ndalama zomwe tapeza. Ndipamene timapulumutsa 100% yamagetsi. Nthawi yothandiza yamagawo a dzuwa nthawi zambiri imakhala pafupifupi zaka 25, kotero ndalama zonse za mayuro 3.600 zitha kupulumutsidwa.

Zowonongera

Pazogulitsa zonse tiyenera kuwonjezera ndalama zomwe zitha kuchitika popeza ndikofunikira, nthawi zina, kuti tiyenera kusintha madenga kuti makina azithunzi azitha kulowa bwino. Ngati ndi kotheka, mtundu wina wa kusintha kapena kusintha uyenera kuchitidwa pakugawana ndikusunga mphamvu. Chimodzi mwamaubwino omwe amaperekedwa ndi kukhazikitsa kwa photovoltaic ndikuti titha kugwiritsa ntchito zothandizira kapena zothandizira, kuchokera kumakhonsolo am'mizinda ndi m'makhonsolo, kuti muchepetse ndalama. Mabungwe abomawa akulimbikitsa nzika zonse kuti zigwirizane ndikupeza mphamvu zowonjezerapo.

Ma panel a dzuwa amafunika kukonza ndipo pali makampani ambiri omwe adadzipereka kwa iwo. Makampani ena opanga amaperekedwa kuti azisamalira zokhazokha m'malo awo. Mwachitsanzo, Tiyenera kudziwa momwe tingagwiritsire ntchito kuyeretsa kwa mapanelo kuti agwire bwino ntchito, pakati pa ena. Izi ndizofunikira pofufuza ngati tikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zodzigwiritsira ntchito kapena kukhalabe olumikizidwa ndi gridi yamagetsi.

Kuyika kwapayokha kwa photovoltaic

Kukhazikitsa kwa Photovoltaic

Ngati tikufuna kupanga makina opanga ma photovoltaic m'nyumba mwathu tokha, tiyenera kudziwa kaye mtundu wazoyendera dzuwa zomwe tikufuna kukhazikitsa. Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamagetsi a dzuwa omwe ali ndi mawonekedwe osiyanasiyana, magwiridwe antchito ndi mitengo. Tiyenera kusankha magawo a Dzuwa omwe akugwirizana ndi zosowa zathu komanso bajeti yathu. Pali mitundu itatu yayikulu yamagetsi oyendera dzuwa: photovoltaic solar panel, matenthedwe oyendera dzuwa ndi mapanelo osakanizidwa.

Zithunzi zamagetsi zamagetsi za Photovoltaic ndizomwe zimachitika pafupipafupi ndipo nthawi zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga makina amtunduwu. Mbale yamtunduwu imakhala ndichikhalidwe chachikulu ndikuti magwiridwe ake ali ndi ntchito yolanda mphamvu zomwe zimabwera kuchokera kudzuwa kuti zisinthe kukhala zamakono. Nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi mphamvu zokwanira komanso magwiridwe antchito oyenera a zida zonse zomwe timakhala nazo m'nyumba zathu. Mapulogalamuwa sangathe kugwira ntchito pawokha koma amafunikira mphamvu inverter. Kuphatikiza apo, mufunika mabatire osungira omwe amatumizira mphamvu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kudziyimira pawokha kwamagetsi

Kuti tipeze ufulu wathunthu wodziyimira patokha potalikirana ndi gridi yamagetsi, tifunikira mabatire ndikugulitsa mphamvu zathu zochulukirapo. Kuti tithe kugwiritsa ntchito bwino mphamvu zopangidwa ndi ma solar, tiyenera kukhala ndi batri momwe magetsi onse omwe sitigwiritse ntchito panthawiyo kapena omwe tikufuna kuti tizitha kuwagwiritsa ntchito pazinthu zilizonse zasungidwa. Gwiritsani ntchito batire yamtunduwu ngati batire yamagalimoto yamagetsi.

Sikuti tiyenera kungosunga mphamvu zomwe sitikugwiritsa ntchito kapena zomwe tikufuna kusunga kwakanthawi, koma tifunikanso kuganizira zomwe tingachite ndi magetsi omwe amapangidwa kwambiri. Mphamvu zowonjezerazi zingatipangitse kupeza ndalama ngati tingazigulitse. Pali makampani ena monga Holaluz omwe kulangiza ngakhale kusanthula makhazikitsidwe a photovoltaic ndikugula mphamvu zomwe sizikugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti athe kuthandiza makasitomala anu onse.

Monga mukuwonera, makhazikitsidwe a photovoltaic akukhala ntchito yothandiza kwambiri ndipo tikufuna kuwonjezera mphamvu zamagetsi zonse m'thumba mwathu ndikuchepetsa zovuta zamagetsi osapitsidwanso pachilengedwe. Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamagawo a photovoltaic.


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
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