Zowonjezera mphamvu zamagetsi ndi kufunikira kwake mtsogolo

Zowonjezera mphamvu zamagetsi

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Zambiri zikukula mdziko lapansi magwero a mphamvu zowonjezereka. Izi ndichifukwa choti kuchepa kwamafuta kwayandikira ndipo kuwonongeka kwa mafuta, mafuta ndi malasha kukupititsa patsogolo zovuta zakusintha kwanyengo. Phindu la zongowonjezwdwa likukula tsiku ndi tsiku ndipo ukadaulo wamagetsi umapangitsa kubetcha zamagetsi zina kukhala zokopa.

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zamagetsi zamagetsi zomwe zingagwiritsidwenso ntchito komanso kufunikira komwe ali nako mtsogolo mwa mphamvu zapadziko lapansi?

Dziko lapansi likufunikira zowonjezera zamagetsi

Mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi mphepo ndiyabwino

Mphamvu zoyera zikufunika kwambiri komanso zothandiza. Dziko lapansi komanso chuma chomwe chimakhazikitsidwa chifukwa cha mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndichofunikira kuti mupeze msika wamphamvu ndikupikisana nawo. Kuyika ndalama mu mphamvu zowonjezeredwa, ngakhale kuti poyamba zinali zodula, zitha kutithandiza kupambana polimbana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo kwazaka zambiri.

Tiyeni tikumbukire zomwe zimapangidwanso samatulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha, kapena osachepera pang'ono, poyerekeza ndi mafuta akale ndi malasha.

Pali mizinda yambiri yaku Europe yomwe yatenga gawo lalikulu pazinthu zowonjezeredwa ndipo, chifukwa cha iwo, adatha kuchepetsa mpweya wawo wowonjezera kutentha.

Ngakhale malamulo aku Europe sangakhale ovuta motero, pali mizinda yayikulu komanso yayikulu yomwe ili masitepe awiri patsogolo pa lamulolo. Mwanjira ina, atha kusintha ukadaulo wa mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndi zotulutsa zambiri kuposa zomwe lamulo likufuna.

Sinthani mtundu wamagetsi aku Europe

Mafuta akale

Kusintha njira zamagetsi ndizovuta kwambiri. Mpaka pano, idagwira "mwanjira yabwino" ndi mafuta. Komabe, pulaneti lathu ikufuna kuti mtundu watsopano wamagetsi uzitsogoleredwa kutengera mphamvu zomwe sizitulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha kuti zisawonongeke kutentha kwanyengo.

Udindo wamizinda komanso makampani akulu omwe akudzipereka pakuyeretsa mphamvu ndikofunikira kuti alimbikitse kusintha kwa njira yatsopano yamagetsi.

Ngakhale kufunika kwa dziko lapansi pakusintha mphamvu ndikofunika, zikuwoneka kuti Boma likutseka khutu. PP sichigwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezereka, koma ipitiliza ndi dziko lapansi za mafuta.

Mizinda monga Barcelona, ​​Pamplona kapena Córdoba ikukonzekera kupanga makampani ogulitsa zamagetsi zamagetsi, ngakhale kuli ndi denga lomwe limalepheretsa kuti anthu azigwiritsa ntchito zokhazokha komanso zimapangitsa kuti ntchito yolimbikitsa anthu kuderalo isokonekere.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamagetsi omwe amatha kupitsidwanso

Mphamvu yamagetsi pamadzi

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti pali zinthu zambiri zamagetsi zomwe zimatha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito. Pakadali pano, mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi mphepo ndizothandiza kwambiri, makamaka.

Mphamvu ya geothermal imadalira kwathunthu komwe kuli tectonic mbale komwe imapezeka. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwake kwakukulu ndi kwa Kutentha kwa madzi kwa nyumba zogona ndi zipatala.

Kumbali inayi, timapeza ma hydraulic energy. Mphamvu yama hayidiroliki imayendetsedwa ndi mathithi amadziwe. Ku Spain, chifukwa cha chilala, kuchuluka kwa mphamvu yama hydraulic yomwe yakhala ikuchepera. Ndi mvula yomaliza kuyambira February watha, malo osungira madziwo akubwezeretsanso madzi awo ndipo mphamvu yamagetsi imakokanso.

Ponena za kutentha kwa dzuwa, zomwezo zimachitika ndi mphamvu ya geothermal. Ku Spain zomera za thermosolar ndizochepa kwambiri chifukwa chodulidwa ndi Boma la PP.

Kugulitsa ndalama mu mphamvu zowonjezereka

Kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama zowonjezeredwa

Anthu ochulukirachulukira akuganiza zotheka kupanga ndalama pakupanga mphamvu zowonjezereka. M'milandu yambiri, lingaliro ili silotheka kwathunthu popanda mtundu wina wazachuma, chifukwa uli ndi ndalama zoyambirira.

Ngakhale mutangofuna kuyika ma solar angapo kuti musunge ndalama zamagetsi, Kuyika ndalama mu mphamvu zowonjezeredwa sikotsika mtengo. Nthawi zambiri, ndalama zomwe amapeza zimadzilipira pakapita nthawi. Chokhacho chokha chokha champhamvu zongowonjezwdwa ndikuti chaka chino mtengo wazithunzi za photovoltaic zachepetsedwa, popeza zaka zingapo zapitazo zinali zosatheka kuzipeza.

Kumbali inayi, kupita patsogolo kwaukadaulo kwapangitsa kuti mapangidwe a photovoltaic panel azigwira bwino ntchito kuti apeze mphamvu, ndichifukwa chake zabwino zambiri zimapangidwa ndipo nthawi zazochepetsera ndalama zafupikitsidwa.

Kubzala ndalama mu mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa kukuwonjezereka pafupipafupi chifukwa cha mfundo zamagetsi zomwe boma limagwiritsa ntchito. Pali mitundu ingapo yazopezera ndalama zowonjezerapo. Izi zimadalira ngati kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi kwa munthu kapena kusungitsa bizinesi. Zikuwonekeratu kuti kuchuluka kwa mapanelo azuwa omwe nyumba ikufunika kuti izidzidyera siyofanana ndi kampani yoyika paki yadzuwa.

Ndalama zandalama zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito

Mphamvu ya mphepo m'misewu

Ngati titapempha ngongole yopeza ndalama zoyambirira tiyenera kuzindikira kuti, zikafika pakubweza, zidzakhala ndi chidwi ndi mabungwe. Kuti tipewe izi, titha pezani ngongole zanuzanu kudzera m'makampani azachuma pakati pa anthu. Mabungwewa amagwiranso ntchito chimodzimodzi ku mabanki koma ayi.

Zaka zingapo zapitazo panali kuwonjezeka kwa zinthu zowonjezeredwa ku Spain chifukwa chothandizidwa ndi Boma lapitalo. Komabe, pakubwera kwa PP zothandizira zonsezi zidasowa. Zomwe zapangitsa kuti gululi lizidzudzula oyang'anira omwe apita kumakhothi chifukwa chosagwirizana ndi ndalama zomwe anavomera.

Kuyika ndalama mu mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa kumatha kukhala kodula poyamba, koma popita nthawi mudzakhala ndi chitsimikizo chokometsa zonse ndikupeza phindu.

Zifukwa zogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu zowonjezereka

Mphamvu ya mphepo

Pomaliza, tikunena zifukwa zikuluzikulu zomwe muyenera kubetcha mphamvu zowonjezeredwa:

  1. Ndi njira yogwirira ntchito pochepetsa kuipitsa ndikumenya kusintha kwa nyengo padziko lapansi.
  2. Amalola anthu kapena anthu okhala kutali kapena otalikirana ndi mizinda kukhala ndi mwayi wothandizidwa monga Mpweya, magetsi, madzi, mafuta, etc., zomwe sizimafika mwachizolowezi.
  3. Zambiri mwazinthu zili ndi fayilo ya Mtengo wokwanira. Zina zokha ndizomwe zimakhala ndi mtengo wokwera koma zimakhala ndi maubwino ena monga kuti ndizolimba komanso zothandiza, sizimaipitsa, zimakhala ndi ndalama zochepa zokonzera zinthu, ndi zina zambiri. Chifukwa chake mtengo umasungidwa munthawi yochepa.
  4. Kugula zinthu zobiriwira kumathandizira msika womwe ukukulawu ndipo kumalimbikitsa kukhazikitsidwa kwa ntchito zatsopano mu gawo lamagetsi lomwe lingagwiritsidwe ntchito.
  5. Matekinoloje Green kupulumutsa zachilengedwe, pangani zochepa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha y zinyalala kotero chilengedwe chimasamalidwa. Ndi njira yopangira ndikukula kwa zochita za anthu m'njira zosavulaza dzikoli motero osapitiliza kukulitsa mavuto omwe alipo kale.
  6. Mwambiri matekinoloje achilengedwe kapena obiriwira ndizosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito zosowa zosiyanasiyana zaogwiritsa.

Monga tikuonera, magwero amagetsi omwe amagwiritsidwanso ntchito akuchulukirachulukira ndipo sitepe yosinthira mphamvu yayandikira kwambiri.


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  1.   Rafael Sanz anati

    Sindikudziwa chifukwa chake nthawi zonse zimakhala zoyipa kwambiri ndi njira yopangira magetsi ku Spain, ndife amodzi mwamayiko abwino kwambiri padziko lapansi.
    mu zongowonjezwdwa wachinayi kapena wachisanu padziko lapansi pa munthu aliyense komanso chaka, ndipo monga kusakanikirana tidzakhala amodzi mwa opambana ku Europe.
    Kukondana wina ndi mnzake

  2.   yaikulu anati

    Izi ndizopangira mphamvu zomwe maboma akuyenera kukhazikitsa mmaiko kuti athe kusamalira zachilengedwe ...