Mphamvu zamagetsi

magetsi

Magetsi ndi gulu la zochitika zakuthupi zomwe zimachokera ku kupezeka ndi kuyenda kwa magetsi. Magetsi ndi zotsatira za kapangidwe ka zinthu ndipo, makamaka, kukhalapo kwa ma electron: tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe timakhala ndi magetsi, omwe nthawi zambiri amatchedwa negative charge. Nthawi zambiri timatchula za mphamvu yamagetsi monga magetsi, ngakhale kuti sali ofanana ndendende.

M'nkhaniyi tikuwuzani zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zokhudza mphamvu yamagetsi yokha, makhalidwe ake ndi kufunikira kwake.

mphamvu zamagetsi ndi chiyani

mphamvu zamagetsi makhalidwe

Mphamvu yamagetsi ndi mphamvu yopangidwa ndi kayendedwe ka ma elekitironi abwino ndi oipa mkati mwa zipangizo zina. Zinthuzi ziyenera kukhala zochititsa chidwi kuti izi zitheke bwino, monga mawaya amkuwa.

Ulendo wa mphamvu kudzera m'zinthu zopangira magetsi umapanga zomwe timadziwa monga magetsi, magetsi, chodabwitsa chomwe chili mbali ya moyo wathu ndipo ngakhale chilipo m'chilengedwe.

Mbiri ya mphamvu zamagetsi

Mbiri ya mphamvu yamagetsi yalembedwa kuyambira Khristu asanakhalepo kuti lero tisangalale ndi kuunikira kwa malo ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamagetsi kapena zipangizo. Komabe, sizinali mpaka zaka za m’ma XNUMX ndi XNUMX pamene zinthu zoyamba zatsopano zinayamba kuonekera.

Zopangira izi zidapangidwa ndi zilembo zosiyanasiyana zomwe muyenera kuti mudawerengapo, monga Alessandro Walter, Charles-Augustine de Coulomb kapena Andre-Marie Ampere.

Zaka za zana la XNUMX zinali zofunika kwambiri pazachikhalidwe komanso zasayansi kuyambira pomwe kafukufuku adayambira pazabwino za mphamvuyi. M’zaka za m’ma XNUMX, magetsi ankafika m’nyumba, komanso zipangizo zina zogwiritsira ntchito magetsi, monga mawailesi kapena matelefoni.

Magetsi ngati mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa

sungani magetsi

Magetsi ndi mtundu wa mphamvu zongowonjezedwanso zomwe, kwenikweni, zimapezeka mwaulere m'chilengedwe. Chitsanzo cha izo Ndi mphepo yamkuntho yamagetsi, zochitika za meteorological zomwe zimatulutsa magetsi.

Mitundu ina ya mphamvu zowonjezera, monga mphepo kapena hydro, zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndendende kupanga magetsi, kotero kamodzinso tikuwona kufunika kwa magetsi muzongowonjezera.

Ngati tigwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezereka zowonjezereka, tidzatha kusamalira dziko lapansi ndikupereka chithandizo chofunikira kwa mamiliyoni a anthu kupyolera mu mphamvu yoyera iyi. Mosakayikira, uku ndi kudzipereka komwe kuyenera kuganiziridwa ndi mabungwe oyenerera ndi mabungwe adziko lililonse, makamaka ngati ma SDGs akwaniritsidwa.

Ubwino wa mphamvu zamagetsi

Kufika kwa magetsi kwabweretsa zopindulitsa zambiri, zomwe tikugawana pansipa:

Kukula kwaukadaulo

Magetsi ndiye injini ya kupita patsogolo kwaukadaulo ndi sayansi komwe kwachitika zaka mazana aposachedwapa. Ndipotu, zambiri mwazopangazi zikugwiritsidwabe ntchito masiku ano, choncho Iwo akhala mbali yofunika ya moyo wathu.

Kubadwa kwa media

Njira yaikulu yolankhulirana inabadwanso kuchokera ku magetsi, omwe lero zigawo zonse zomwe zimapanga zida zofunika zoulutsira mapulogalamu athu omwe timakonda pa TV ndi wailesi.

Komanso, chifukwa cha magetsi amasiku ano, tili ndi zidazi m'nyumba mwathu ndipo timazigwiritsa ntchito panthawi yathu yachisangalalo.

Kufika kwa kuwala kochita kupanga

Chifukwa cha mphamvu zamagetsi zamakono, tili ndi mababu ndi nyali zogwira ntchito m'nyumba zathu, maofesi, masukulu ndi zowunikira anthu ambiri. Mosakayikira, ichi ndi chimodzi mwa ubwino waukulu wa magetsi omwe timasangalala nawo pamoyo wathu watsiku ndi tsiku.

Easy kunyamula

Mosiyana ndi mitundu ina ya mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa, magetsi amatha kufalikira mosavuta kudzera mu zingwe. Komanso, zingwe izi zimatha kuchita chilichonse chomwe akufuna, kuti athe kudyetsa anthu masauzande ambiri m’madera osiyanasiyana.

Mtengo wotsika

Malingana ndi dziko limene mukukhala, mtengo wokhala ndi ntchito yamagetsi ukhoza kukhala wotsika, choncho kupezeka kwake ndi chimodzi mwa ubwino wake waukulu.

kuipa

kupanga magetsi

Magetsi, komanso mitundu ina ya mphamvu, imakhalanso ndi zovuta zomwe zingakhale zovulaza moyo wa munthu:

  • Panthawi ya kulephera kwa magetsi monga kuzima kwa magetsi kungachitike, zomwe zingakhudze anthu ambiri m'dera linalake.
  • Magetsi amatulutsa mafunde amagetsi ndipo angayambitse kuyaka kapena zovuta zina, monga imfa, pokhudzana ndi anthu.
  • Ndi zodula kupanga. Ngakhale kuti kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake kungakhale kotsika mtengo (malingana ndi dera lanu), kupanga magetsi kumatanthauza ndalama zambiri.

Ngakhale zovuta izi komanso kuopsa kwa mphamvu zamagetsi zomwe zingayambitse, ndi imodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito komanso zotukuka masiku ano chifukwa cha kufunikira kwake kwa magawo onse.

Mitundu ya mphamvu zamagetsi

Mu mphamvuyi, tikhoza kusiyanitsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya magetsi kapena mitundu ya mphamvu zamagetsi:

  • Magetsi osasunthika: Zimachitika pamene zida ziwiri zosalowerera ndale zikumana, ndiye kuti, ma atomu awo ali ndi kuchuluka kofanana kwa ma protoni (ma protoni) monga ma charger (negative). Polekanitsa zipangizozi, akhoza kupeza kapena kutaya ndalama zoipa (ma elekitironi). Kusalinganika pakugawa kwazinthu izi ndizomwe zimapanga gawo la electrostatic.
  • Zamphamvu: zikutanthauza kuti pali otaya ma elekitironi nthawi zonse chifukwa gwero okhazikika magetsi.
  • Mphamvu Yamagetsi: Amapezeka m'madera a electromagnetic, momwe mafunde amagetsi ndi maginito amadutsa mumlengalenga ndi liwiro la kuwala.

Nazi zitsanzo za kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi:

  • Kuunikira m'matawuni: Magetsi amatilola kuunikira m’matauni athu. Poganizira izi, mungakhale mukuganiza momwe mungasungire mphamvu kunyumba.
  • Zowonjezera za Baterías- Mabatirewa nthawi zambiri amapezeka m'zida monga mafoni am'manja kapena laputopu, ndipo akatha amayenera kulumikizidwa kumagetsi opangira magetsi.
  • Kutenthetsa magetsi: Ntchitozi zimapindula ndi machitidwe oletsa magetsi, omwe sakhala odetsa pang'ono kusiyana ndi makina otenthetsera omwe amagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zoyaka, koma amafuna magetsi ambiri.
  • Mphezi: Mphezi ndi chitsanzo cha mbadwo wachilengedwe wa mphamvu zamagetsi.
  • Zida zoyatsidwa: Chida chilichonse chomwe chiyenera kulumikizidwa kuti chilumikizidwe ku netiweki yamagetsi; makina ochapira, ma TV, ma microwaves, etc.

Ndikuyembekeza kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mungaphunzire zambiri za mphamvu zamagetsi, makhalidwe ake ndi mitundu.


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