Mabatire a gel osakaniza

mabatire a gel

ndi mabatire a gel Iwo ndi kusintha kwathunthu mu dziko la mabatire. Ndi mtundu wa batri yamtundu wa lead-acid yosindikizidwa motero amatha kuchajitsidwanso. Amagwiritsa ntchito mfundo zofanana za electrochemical zomwe zimachitika muzochita za redox (oxidation ndi kuchepetsa) zomwe zimathandiza kusintha mphamvu zamagetsi kukhala mphamvu zamagetsi ndi mosemphanitsa.

M'nkhaniyi tikuuzani zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zokhudza mabatire a gel, makhalidwe awo ndi kufunika kwake.

Kodi mabatire a gel ndi chiyani

batire yowonjezeranso

Mabatire a Gel ndi mtundu wa batire ya VRLA (Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery), ndi mtundu wa batire ya asidi yosindikizidwa, kotero amatha kuchargeable. Monga mabatire a AGM, Mabatire a gel ndi mtundu wa mabatire a lead-acid chifukwa amagwiritsa ntchito mfundo yomweyo ya electrochemical (redox reaction) kuti asinthe mphamvu zamakhemikhali kukhala mphamvu yamagetsi ndi mosemphanitsa.

Maselo a gel ndi omwe amalangizidwa kwambiri m'makina a dzuwa a photovoltaic / zipangizo zogwiritsira ntchito chifukwa ali ndi mphamvu zokhazikika, zomwe zimawapangitsanso kukhala okwera mtengo poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina ya maselo. Poyerekeza ndi mabatire achikhalidwe, ili ndi zida zochepa zopangira ndipo ndiyosavuta kukonzanso, kupangitsa kuti ikhale yoyera komanso yogwirizana ndi chilengedwe.

Zigawo za Batri ya Gel

Monga mabatire a lead-acid, mabatire a gel amapangidwa ndi mabatire amodzi, batire iliyonse imakhala pafupifupi 2v, Imalumikizidwa mndandanda ndipo voteji ili pakati pa 6v ndi 12v.

Zina mwazinthu zazikulu zamabatire a gel, timazipeza panthawi yopanga. Mabatirewa ali ndi ma electrolyte mu mawonekedwe a gel (choncho dzina), lomwe limatheka powonjezera silika kusakaniza kwamadzi kwa asidi-madzi a batri.

Kuti atetezeke, anaika valve. Ngati mpweya wambiri umapanga mkati kuposa momwe zimakhalira, valavu imatsegulidwa. Mabatirewa safuna kukonza (kudzazidwa ndi madzi osungunuka) chifukwa madzi amapangidwa mkati mwa batri ndi mpweya wopangidwa panthawi yolipira. Chifukwa chake, iwonso samamasula mpweya, kuwalola kuti asindikizidwe ndikuyika pafupifupi malo aliwonse (kupatula terminal yodutsa pansi).

Makhalidwe apamwamba

Nthawi zambiri timapeza kuti ma voltages a mabatirewa ndi 6v ndi 12v, ndipo ntchito yawo yofala kwambiri ndi zipangizo zodzipatula zazing'ono ndi zapakatikati zomwe zimafuna mabatire okhalitsa.

Pakali pano angapereke ndi 3-4 Ah kupitirira 100 Ah. Poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina ya mabatire, alibe batire lalikulu mphamvu (Ah), koma akhoza kulipidwa ndi kuchuluka kwa malipiro ndi kutulutsa mkombero. Ubwino wa batire ya gel osakaniza ndikuti imatha kukwaniritsa kuchuluka kwa zolipiritsa ndikutulutsa, zomwe zimatha kufikira mizungu 800-900 mkati mwa moyo wake wautumiki.

Kuzama kwa kutulutsa kwa batri ya gel si vuto monga momwe zilili sichidzawonongeka ngakhale mphamvu ikubwerezedwa mobwerezabwereza kuposa 50%. Ngati safika 100% ya mphamvu zawo polipira, ndipo amatha kukhala nthawi yayitali pa 80% kapena mphamvu zochepa, sizidzawonongeka. Pakati pa mabatire a lead-acid, batire ya gel imakhala yotsika kwambiri, yomwe imasunga 80% ya mphamvu zake kwazaka zopitilira theka. Iwonso ndi omwe amakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kutentha kwamadzimadzi chifukwa amatentha pang'ono.

Kuti batire ya gel igwire bwino, iyenera kusungidwa pamalo pomwe kutentha sikumasiyana momwe mungathere. Pokhala okhoza, tidzawateteza ku zinthu zachilengedwe. Ngati tikufuna kuonjezera moyo wa mabatire, sitidzawawonetsa kutentha kwambiri, chifukwa pamene kutentha kumawonjezeka, gel mkati mwake adzawonjezeka kwambiri ndipo akhoza kuwononga chidebecho.

Komano, kuzizira kudzakhalanso ndi zotsatira zoipa pa mabatire a gel. Kutentha kumatsika (-18 ° C), kumapangitsa kuti gel osakaniza achuluke, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ziwonjezeke. kukana kwamkati, motero kumakhudza kutulutsa komweko.

Momwe mungalipiritsire

gel osakaniza ndi asidi

Kuthamangitsa batire la gel kumachitidwa nthawi zonse ndi chowongolera / chowongolera. Moyenera, komanso momasuka, mumapeza wowongolera, mutha kukonza mtundu wa batri, kuti Ingoikani magawo ofunikira kuti muwononge batire ya gel.

Ngati mulibe chowongolera chodziwikiratu, nthawi zonse kumbukirani kuti batire ya gel iyenera kuyimbidwa pamagetsi otsika kuti mupewe mavuto otuluka. Poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina ya mabatire a lead-acid, mabatire a gel amafunikira mphamvu yotsitsa yotsika. Ingosamalani, mukamalipira mabatire a gel, moyo wawo ndi pafupifupi zaka 12.

Tikamayang'ana mabatire opanda kukonza a solar, makaravani, mabwato, kapena makina aliwonse omwe amafunikira kusungirako komanso opanda mpweya, tili ndi njira ziwiri, makamaka mabatire a gel ndi mabatire a Agm. Posachedwapa, Tekinoloje zatsopano zatulukira kuti zisinthe mawonekedwe, monga mabatire a kaboni gel, omwe ali ndi kukana kwabwinoko kuzungulira ndi malo olemedwa pang'ono.

Momwe mungasankhire pakati paukadaulo umodzi kapena wina? Tidzafotokozera za teknoloji iliyonse ndi ubwino wa matekinoloje onse awiri. Batire ya AGM ndi batire losindikizidwa lomwe electrolyte yake imalowetsedwa mu cholekanitsa chagalasi cha fiber (magalasi absorbent). Muli madzi a sulfuric acid mkati mwake, koma amawaviikidwa mu fiberglass ya olekanitsa.

Batire ya gel ndi mtundu wa batri losindikizidwa, electrolyte yake Silica gel yosakhala yamadzimadzi ndipo zida za diaphragm ndizofanana ndi Agm ndi fiberglass.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa mabatire a gel osakaniza

Kenako tilemba zabwino zamabatire a gel:

  • Kutalika kwanthawi yayitali
  • Kukana kwakukulu kwa kuya kwa kutulutsa
  • Iwo safuna kukonza

Izi ndi zoyipa:

  • Mtengo wapamwamba
  • Kuchuluka kochepa poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina ya mabatire

Pomaliza, muyenera kudziwa kugula mabatire. Pakadali pano, muyenera kukhala omveka bwino pazomwe mulumikizane nazo. Momwemo, muyenera kuyerekeza kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kwa zida zomwe mukufuna kulumikiza ku batri ndi nthawi yake yogwira ntchito masana. Muyenera kuwonjezera 35% pamtengo uwu, kutanthauza kuti isanatayike zotheka unsembe, mudzakhala kale kufunika tsiku ndi tsiku magetsi. Posankha batri kapena paketi ya batri, ndi bwino kuti azikhala ndi mphamvu zodzipangira okha kwa masiku awiri kapena atatu.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za mabatire a gel ndi mawonekedwe awo.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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