Lipoti la CSN likufuna kutsegula chomera chamagetsi cha Garoña

siteshoni mphamvu ya nyukiliya

Kutsegula ndi kutseka malo opangira mphamvu za nyukiliya nthawi zonse amabweretsa mikangano mbali zosiyanasiyana. Omwe akufuna kutsekedwa komanso omwe akutsutsana. Pa Januware 25 chaka chino, lipoti lokonzanso chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito malo opangira magetsi ku Santa María de Garoña (Burgos) lidayamba kufufuzidwa.

Ripotilo lidapangidwa ndi gawo lonse la Nuclear Safety Council (CSN). Kodi fakitale yamagetsi ipitiliza kupereka mphamvu zake?

Lipoti lokonzanso ziphaso

Lipoti laukadaulo lomwe oyang'anira ayenera kuphunzira lakhazikitsidwa ndikukhazikitsanso laisensi ya chomera popanda malire pazaka zakukonzanso. Izi zitha kuyambitsa mikangano yambiri popeza ndikutalikitsa moyo amwalira. CSN ikapanga lipotilo, ngati likuvomereza, Unduna wa Zamagetsi ndiye umapereka chilolezo chomaliza.

Kuti muwunikire lipotilo, tsatanetsatane ayenera kusanthulidwa ndikuwunika, misonkhano, ndi zina zambiri ziyenera kuchitidwa. Kuti amalize kumaliza, akhazikitsa mseu kotero, m'masabata ochepa chabe, zitha kuvomerezedwa.

Njira zomwe zimaganiziridwa

Njira zovomerezera lipotilo zitha kutenga nthawi yayitali, popeza purezidenti ndi owongolera atha kupempha kuimitsidwa kawiri kuti apitilize kuwunika zomwe zikuyenera kuchitika pakukonzanso. Kukonzanso kumeneku kumaphatikizapo kuphunzira zinthu monga chilolezo chogwiritsira ntchito, njira zachitetezo chakuthupi, kusintha komwe kuyenera kutengedwa chifukwa cha mayeso oyeserera a Fukushima kapena kusinthidwa kwa kapangidwe ka magetsi.

Mwini wa malo opangira magetsi a nyukiliya ku Santa María de Garoña (Iberdrola ndi Endesa), Nyukiliya, adapempha Unduna wa Zachuma kuti amupatse fomu yofunsira laisensi yake. Inachita izi mu 2014 ndipo chifukwa cha iyo ipitilizabe kupanga magetsi mpaka 2031. Pofika chaka chimenecho, fakitale ya nyukiliya izikhala ili ndi zaka 60.

csn

Monga ndanenera poyamba, lingaliro lakukhazikitsanso lidzakhala udindo wa Boma, CSN itavomereza. Chomera cha nyukiliya chayimitsidwa pazifukwa zachumangakhale akuganiza kuti atseka chifukwa cha chitetezo cha nyukiliya kapena zifukwa zoteteza ma radiation.

M'malo mwake, ngati chisankho chalakwika chikaperekedwa chokhudza kutsegulanso malo opangira zida za nyukiliya, zikuyenera. Ngati zololedwa, monga zikuyembekezeredwa, zingakhale chomera choyamba cha nyukiliya chofika zaka izi ku Spain.

Malamulo ogwirizana

Pa Novembala 30, CSN idakhazikitsa lamulo latsopano lomwe limathandizira zilolezo zonse zogwiritsa ntchito magetsi. Zilolezozi zimaperekedwa ndi Boma kuti zizipatsa mphamvu zopangira magetsi kuti zizitha kupanga mphamvu pafupifupi zaka khumi, zomwe mpaka pano malire aukadaulo amaloledwa. Kuphatikiza apo, chomeracho chidafunikanso kupitiliza kuwunika kwakanthawi ndi CSN moyenera komanso zaka khumi.

Tsopano, malamulo atsopano atasinthidwa kukhala chitetezo cha CSN, kulumikizana pakati pa kuwunika kwakanthawi kumatha. Zotsatira zake ndikuti zitseko zatsegulidwa kuti Boma likhazikitsenso zilolezo zamakampani amagetsi kugwiritsa ntchito malo opangira zida za nyukiliya zaka 15, 20 kapena 25, kuyambira Sipadzakhalanso kofunikira kuti kukonzanso kulikonse kulumikizidwe ndi nthawi yazaka 10 yomwe idakhazikitsidwa kuti iwunikenso CSN.

mwila

Izi zakhala zotsutsana kwambiri chifukwa kunyumba yamalamulo yakale, panali ambiri okonda kutseka kwa zida za nyukiliya izi. Zowonjezera, sakuganizira momwe nkhani yokhudza kuwononga zinyalala za nyukiliya iyendereredwa, chifukwa m'badwo wake udzawonjezeka ndikutalikitsa moyo wa malo opangira zida za nyukiliya.

Kodi akatswiri azachilengedwe amaganiza bwanji?

Ogwira ntchito zachilengedwe akutsutsana ndi izi chifukwa malamulo akuperekedwa popanda ngakhale zokambirana pazomwe zimatanthauza kuyendetsa zida za nyukiliya kwazaka zopitilira 40. Vuto lakukulitsa moyo wazomera za nyukiliya ndikuti Idzabweretsa vuto lalikulu pakukhazikitsa mphamvu zamagetsi ku Spain, popeza kusintha kwa zida za nyukiliya kumalepheretsa kulowa kwa mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi mphepo. Kuphatikiza apo, zimatsutsana ndi dongosolo lazachuma potengera mphamvu zamagetsi komanso luso laukadaulo.

 


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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