Kukula kwamakala chifukwa cha chilala komanso kuyimitsidwanso

Chomera cha malasha Nyukiliya (22,6%), mphepo (19,2%) ndi malasha otentha (17,4%) amatenga 3 yamatekinoloje opanga magetsi mu 2017.

Chilala chachikulu (okhala ndi malo osungira okwanira 38% yamphamvu zawo) akupatsanso kubadwa ku malasha. Mvula yochepa yachepetsa zopereka zamagetsi pamagetsi mpaka 7,3% yathunthu.

Chifukwa cha ichi, kufunikiraku kuyenera kuthetsedwa ndi malasha ndi gasi (zomwe zidapereka 31,1%, pafupifupi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu azifuniro).

Makampani a malasha

Tsoka ilo, izi zikutanthauza kuwonjezeka kwa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha.

Chinthu chinanso ndi zowonjezeredwa - zomwe mphamvu zawo zoyikidwiratu sizinakwere chaka chatha - zikuyimira 33,7% yamagetsi (anali 40,8% mu 2016).

mphamvu ya mphepo

Kusakanikirana kwamagetsi mu 2017 kunali kolimba, kothandizidwa ndi mphamvu ya nyukiliya ndi mphepo. Omalizawa adakhalabe ofanana ndi 2016 (19,2%). "Mphamvu yamagetsi imasinthasintha kwanuko komanso munthawi yamagulu, koma pakuwerengera kwapachaka kusiyanasiyana kumakhala kotsika", akuwonetsa a Fernando Ferrando, Purezidenti wa Fundación Renovables.

Tsoka ilo, kutsika kwa kupanga hayidiroliki yaika gawo lino pamalo achisanu ndi chimodzi (zachoka pa 14,6% kufika pa 7,3%).

Kutsika uku kwaphimbidwa ndi malasha (kukwera kuchokera ku 14,3% mpaka 17,4% ya kufunika) ndipo, mu muyeso wocheperako, ya gasi.

chomera cha biogas

Palibe kupita patsogolo komwe kumachitika pakusintha kwamtsogolo

A Pedro Linares, pulofesa wa Chairman wa Energy and Sustainability ku Pontifical University of Comillas akuti, kusintha kwa mphamvu kumapereka kutseka zizindikiro. "Ngati kupezeka kwa madzi osungidwa kwachepetsedwa, gwero lomwe sitingathe kulilamulira, ndipo njira ina yomwe ilipo ndi malasha ndi gasi, zotsatira zake ndizolemera kwambiri mafuta ndi zotsalira za gasi",

Pulofesa akuwonjezera zabwino za paki yamadzimadzi yayikulu, chifukwa "ngati pali chaka chabwino, kusakanikirana kwamagetsi kumakhala koyera kwambiri." Kuphatikiza apo, iyi ndi mzati wofunika kwambiri wolimbikitsira kapena kuthandizira magwero omwe angapitsidwenso. Komabe, kudalira kwambiri madzi amvula kumayambitsa chiwopsezo cha dongosololi, popeza kusintha kwa nyengo Itha kupanga magawo azobowoleza otsika obwerezabwereza.

Kusintha kwamtsogolo

Chifukwa chake, madzi akachuluka ndikucheperachepera, a Linares amakhulupirira kuti "tiyenera kuyamba kulingalira momwe tingasinthire mafuta ndi mphamvu zowonjezeredwa, choyamba kusinthanitsa malasha, kenako, gasi, china chofunikira kuti tikwaniritse zonse kuchotsa ya magetsi ". Chofunika ndikuti mudziwe kuchuluka kwa mafuta achilengedwewa m'malo mwake.

Akatswiri akuyitanitsa zowonjezera zowonjezera kuti zisadalire madzi amvula.

Akuluakulu ndi akatswiri akuwona kuti ndikofunikira kuswa misewu kuti akwaniritse mphamvu zawo kupita kuzinthu zokhazikika. “Simungasinthe mtunduwo kuyambira tsiku lina kupita tsiku linzake; koma ngati pali zofuna zandale, chilichonse ndichotheka.

Vuto ndiloti pali oligopolies ndi zokonda zambiri zomwe zili pachiwopsezo.

A Trump amakonda makampani amakala

Akatswiri ambiri amakhulupirira kuti: “Mfundo yakuti, popeza sikugwa mvula, palibe kuchitira mwina koma kungogwiritsa ntchito malasha ndikuti, chifukwa chake, magetsi ndiokwera mtengo kwambiri siolandiridwa. Sitingapereke ngati china chake osasintha, ngati wina amene akuvutika pakachetechete ”.

M'mayiko angapo, monga Denmark, Germany, Netherlands pakati pa ena ... sanaleke kuyikapo ndalama pokonzanso zamagetsi awo, zomwe zikutanthauza "kusiya mafuta ndi nyukiliya, ndikupatsanso njira yozikika pazowonjezera ".

Famu ya mphepo ya Cepsa

"Pali zingapo ubwino yopanga ukadaulo potengera zongowonjezwdwa ndipo, kuwonjezera apo, kwa mayiko akunenanso zakukweza kwachuma ".

Misika yayikulu yopanda kaboni

Boma lakonza kale malingaliro owonjezera kupezeka kwa magwero omwe angapitsidwenso, kudzera mu njira yogulitsa masheya yomwe yapereka kale ma megawatts atsopano 8.737 a mphamvu zowonjezeredwa, kukwaniritsa 20% ya mphamvuyo zongowonjezwdwa mu 2020, monga chizindikiro ndi mgwirizano wa Paris.

mphamvu zowonjezereka

Mitengo yamadziwe

Pakadali pano, mitengo yazopanga ndi pafupifupi ma 53 euros pa megawatt hour (MWh), koma ngati titayang'ana padziko lonse lapansi, mphamvu zitha kupezeka kale kuchokera mitengo yotsika kwambirimwachitsanzo ma euro 17 pa MWh omwe amapezeka pamalonda aulere omwe anachitika masabata angapo apitawa ku Mexico.

Koma malinga ndi akatswiri angapo, "Kupita patsogolo pang'ono sikunachitike panjira yoti mupeze mphamvu zosakanikirana 100%; mphepo ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa apuwala, ndipo palibe malingaliro oti azichita popanda malasha ndi zida za nyukiliya "

siteshoni mphamvu ya nyukiliya


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