Kuunika kwa Galicia, pakati pa zongowonjezwdwa ndi malasha

Galicia pakadali pano ndi dera lachitatu lodziyimira palokha potengera mphamvu zamagetsi zowonjezeredwa, ndikupanga 17% yamagetsi opitiliza ku Spain. Tsoka ilo, 31% yazopanga zake zimachitika ndi makala, pafupifupi kuwirikiza kawiri ku Spain.

Zomwe zimapangitsa kukhala mtsogoleri mu mphamvu zowonjezekera kumbali inayo komanso mbali inayo sizinaganize pali kusintha kwa nyengo. M'malo mwake, sikokwanira kukhala ndi zowonjezera zowonjezereka, muyenera kukhala olimba mtima kuganiza kuti kutha kwa mafuta ndi kutha.


Malinga ndi boma lachigawo, "mfundo za a Xunta ndizomveka; nthawi iliyonse timakhala tikubetcherana pazinthu zowonjezeredwa, zomwe zimabweza mafuta ndi chilichonse chomwe chili nacho chiyambi mu zakale". "Iyi ndiye njira yomwe tidalemba ndipo tidadzipereka pomenya nkhondo yolimbana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo."

CO2

Xunta sikuti imangothandiza mphamvu ya dzuwa kapena mphepo, ikuchitiranso izi ndi magwero ena obwezerezedwanso monga biomass

Njira Yowonjezera Zachilengedwe

Ndi mzere wa bajeti pa 3,3 miliyoni za euro, a Xunta de Galicia ikufuna kulimbikitsa kukhazikitsa ma boiler a biomass kuti ipititse patsogolo ntchito yopanga mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndikuchepetsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha m'maboma oposa 200, mabungwe osapindulitsa ndi makampani aku Galicia.

Akuyerekeza kuti phindu lomwe onse omwe adzapindule ndi Njirayi atha kufikira mayuro 3,2 miliyoni mu bilu yamagetsi yapachaka, kupatula malita 8 miliyoni a dizilo. Izi zithandizira kuchepetsa matani 24000 a CO2 m'mlengalenga.

Zowairira zotsalira zazomera

zotayira zotsalira zazomera panyumba

Timakumbukira kuti ma boomass boilers amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati gwero la mphamvu zotsalira ndikupanga kutentha m'nyumba ndi nyumba. Amagwiritsa ntchito ngati gwero lamagetsi mafuta achilengedwe monga pellets zamatabwa, maenje azitona, zotsalira zamnkhalango, zipolopolo za nati, ndi zina zambiri Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito kutenthetsa madzi m'nyumba ndi m'nyumba.

Ndalama izi cholinga chake ndikulimbikitsa kuchita bwino ndikuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi kuchepetsa kudalira malasha, ndikulimbikitsa malonda omwe akukhudzidwa ndikuwongolera kasamalidwe ndi ntchito zokhazikika za mapiri aku Galicia.

Zithunzi zamagetsi zamagetsi zaku Galician

Malasha

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe kale zimathandizira Galicia pakati pa opanga magetsi akulu mdzikolo ndi malasha. Zochita za awiri otentha a mderalo, a Gas Natural Fenosa ku Meirama ndi a Endesa ku As Pontes. Makamaka chomera chamagetsi chachiwirichi, chomwe ndi champhamvu kwambiri kuposa zonse zomwe zikugwira ntchito ku Spain, ndi 1.403 megawatts (MW) yamphamvu.

Makampani a malasha

Kupezeka kwa magwero obwezerezedwanso kuyambira kumapeto kwa zaka za makumi asanu ndi anayi kudachepetsa gawo lazomera zonse pakuphatikizika kwa mbadwo, kuzichotsa pamalo achiwiri komanso malo achitatu nthawi zambiri, kumbuyo kwa malo opangira magetsi ndi mphepo. Koma muzochitika zachilendo zanyengo monga zidachitika mu 2015 ku Galicia ndipo osawonjezeka kwazaka zambiri malo atsopano omwe angapitsidwenso, gawo lomwe lidafooka chifukwa chakusintha kwa mphamvu, zotsalazo zidasokonekera ndipo malasha adapezanso mpando wachifumu wamagetsi modziyimira pawokha, zomwe zidawonjezera maola 29.625 a gigawatt (GWh), 5,3% ochepera chaka chatha.

Kutentha kwa mafuta kudafika 11.066 GWh pambuyo pochulukitsa pafupifupi 16%. Kuphatikiza apo, imodzi mwazidziwitso zazikulu kwambiri pakugwiritsa ntchito malasha ku Galicia kuchokera ku zaka zapitazi -Zonse mu 2014 ndi 2013 zinali pafupifupi 9.500 ndipo zimangoyang'ana 37% yamagetsi padziko lonse ku Galicia.

Zochita ku chomera cha As Pontes zidakwera, makamaka, ndi 9,1%, ndi 7.929 GWh, pafupifupi 1.500 kuposa madamu onse am'deralo; ndi 36,5%, mpaka 3.137 GWh, ya Meirama. Matenthedwe adakula ndikofunikira mdziko lonselo. Mwa 24%, pafupifupi 51.000 GWh. Zomwe zimapangitsa kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa mpweya wowononga. “Mpweya wa carbon dioxide wochokera ku magetsi ku Spain wawonjezeka mu 2015, makamaka chifukwa chofunikira kuthana ndi otsika kupanga hayidiroliki ndi mphepo yamagetsi yopanga malasha ambiri komanso kuphatikiza - imatsimikizira REE-. Chifukwa chake, mulingo wa mpweya woipa wochokera ku gawo lamagetsi ku Spain udayima mpaka matani miliyoni a 2015 mu 77,4, mtengo wokwera 15,1% kuposa mpweya mu 2014 ″.

Ndipo ndichifukwa chiyani izi zikugwetsa ntchito makina opangira magetsi komanso makina amphepo? Chifukwa chinali chaka chotentha komanso chouma. Komanso ku Galicia, komwe kunagwa mvula yocheperako 75%, malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa State Meteorological Agency (AEMET).

Ichi ndichifukwa chake kugwa kwakukulu kwa zinthu m'deralo kunabwera, makamaka, kuchokera ku ma hydraulic. Magetsi ochokera kumadambowo anali 6.457 GWh, yomwe ikuyimira a Kuchepetsa kwa 36,4% poyerekeza ndi 2014, pomwe inali gwero loyamba la mphamvu ku Galicia. Udindo wanu m'badwo wathunthu idatsikira ku 21,8%.

Mphepo

Pakalibe malo ena odyetserako ziweto, mphamvu ya mphepo inali ndi mawonekedwe abwino kwambiri. 8.444 GWh idasiya makina amphepo, 22% yamagetsi am'deralo chaka chatha, atakumana ndi a kuwonjezeka pang'ono kwa 1,5%. China chake chomwe chidakhudzanso kutsika kwa kulemera kwa zongowonjezwdwanso mudengu lamagetsi ku Galician. Kuchokera 61% yomwe idafika mu 2014 mpaka 50% mu 2015.

Ngakhale izi zitha kusintha posachedwa. Pamalonda omaliza omaliza mu Meyi, wotsatsa wachiwiri wapamwamba anali Gasi Wachilengedwe Fenosa, yokhala ndi 667 MW. Gawo labwino lingabwere ku Galicia, komwe kuli ndi makina khumi ndi awiri oti achite, ma megawatts mazana atatu. Mwa awa, 198 MW kuchokera pamagetsi amagetsi amphepo, ambiri akuyembekezera chilolezo ndi a Xunta.
Chiyembekezo china chachikulu chamlengalenga chatsopano m'gululi Galicia ndi Norvento, wopatsidwa mphotho yachisanu ndi 128 MW. Ili ndi ma projekiti a 330, 303 a iwo ochokera ku Galician tender, ndi 7 yokhala ndi kuwala kowoneka bwino komwe kumawonjezera ku 144 MW.

Mphamvu ya mphepo

 

 


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