Kukhazikika kwachilengedwe, mitundu, muyeso ndi zolinga

kudalira mapulaneti obiriwira

Pamene tikutchula kukhazikika kapena kukhazikika M'chilengedwe, timafotokoza momwe zamoyo "zimasungira" mosiyanasiyana, momwe amatithandizira monga zothandizira, komanso zimapindulitsa pakapita nthawi.

Ndiye kuti, tikukamba kulinganiza kwa zamoyo ndi zachilengedwe. Malinga ndi lipoti la 1987 la Brundtland lotchulira tokha ngati mtundu, kukhazikika kumagwiranso ntchito kugwiritsira ntchito chuma ndi pansi pamalire zachilengedwe za izo.

Mitundu yokhazikika

Kukhazikika kumakhazikika pamalingaliro ofanana ndipo ndichifukwa chake ndimachitidwe azachuma komanso zachuma.

Izi zati, titha kunena kuti pali mitundu ingapo yokhazikika.

Kukhazikika pandale

Gawaninso fayilo ya ndale komanso chuma, amaonetsetsa kuti pali malamulo osasintha mdziko muno, kuti tili ndi boma lotetezeka ndikukhazikitsa malamulo omwe amatsimikizira kulemekeza anthu komanso chilengedwe.

Imalimbikitsa mgwirizano pakati pa madera ndi zigawo potero kukonza moyo wabwino ndikuchepetsa kudalira anthu ammudzi, ndikupanga demokalase.

kukhazikika pazandale

Kukhalitsa kwachuma

Tikamalankhula zakukhazikika kumeneku timanena za kuthekera kopanga chuma mofanana ndi yoyenera m'malo osiyanasiyana, kukhazikitsa anthu mulole iwo akhale kwathunthu kuthana ndi mavuto awo azachuma, kuti athe kuwonjezera kukolola ndikulimbikitsa kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'magulu azachuma.

Pachifukwa ichi, ngati kukhazikika ndikulingana, kukhazikika kotereku ndikulinganiza pakati pa chilengedwe ndi munthu, muyeso womwe umafuna kukwaniritsa zosowa zawo popanda kupereka mibadwo yamtsogolo.

Kusamalira zachilengedwe

Kukhazikika kwamtunduwu ndikofunikira kwambiri (kuti tiwunikenso m'magawo athu ophunzitsira) ndi chinthu chomwe "chimasanthula" munkhaniyi.

Simalongosola kanthu kena kapena kochepera kuposa kuthekera kosunga zinthu zachilengedwe mu zokolola zake komanso zosiyanasiyana pakapita nthawi. Mwanjira imeneyi, kusungidwa kwachilengedwe kumatheka.

Kukhazikika uku kumalimbikitsa maudindo ozindikira zachilengedwe ndipo zimapangitsa kuti chitukuko cha anthu chikule posamalira ndi kulemekeza malo omwe akukhala.

Kuyeza kwachilengedwe

Njira zokhazikika ndi zachilengedwe kapena mitundu ina, ndi njira zowerengera munthawi zachitukuko kuti athe kupanga njira zoyendetsera chilengedwe.

Njira zitatu zabwino kwambiri lero ndi Environmental Sustainability Index, Environmental Performance Index ndi zotsatira zake zitatu.

Sustainability Index

Ichi ndi cholozera chaposachedwa ndipo ndicholinga cha Global Leaders for Tomorrow Environmental Task Force ya World Economic Forum.

The Environmental Sustainability Index kapena Environmental Sustainability Index, mwachidule ESI, ndi chizindikiro cholozera, chosanja mwadongosolo, chomwe chimakhala Zosintha za 67 yolemera zolemera mofanana (chonsecho chimapangidwa ndi zinthu 5, chimodzimodzi ndi zinthu 22).

Mwanjira imeneyi, a ESI imaphatikiza zisonyezo za 22 zachilengedwe kuyambira pamlengalenga, kuchepetsa zinyalala mpaka kutetezedwa ndi mayiko ena.

Kalasi opezeka ndi dziko lililonse yagawika mitu 67 yapadera, monga muyeso wa sulfure dioxide m'mlengalenga m'mizinda komanso imfa zomwe zimakhudzana ndi ukhondo.

ESI imayesa mfundo zisanu zapakati:

  1. Mkhalidwe wamachitidwe azachilengedwe mdziko lililonse.
  2. Kupambana komwe kudapezeka pantchito yochepetsa mavuto akulu m'zachilengedwe.
  3. Kupita patsogolo poteteza nzika zake kuti zisawonongeke zachilengedwe.
  4. Mphamvu zachitukuko komanso mabungwe omwe mtundu uliwonse umayenera kuchita mogwirizana ndi chilengedwe.
  5. Mulingo wamayendedwe omwe dziko lirilonse liri nawo.

Ichi ndi cholozera chomwe monga kuphatikiza kwamagulu, ikufuna "kulemedwa" ndi GDP komanso International Competitiveness Index (ICI), kuti athandizire chidziwitso chokwanira, kuwongolera bwino pakupanga zisankho ndi kapangidwe kake ndi kukhazikitsa mfundo.

Zosiyanasiyana zachilengedwe zomwe zikuphatikizidwa ndizokwanira kwathunthu (kuchuluka ndi kutulutsa kwa zoipitsa, madzi ndi kuchuluka kwa madzi, kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi magwiridwe antchito, malo okhawo agalimoto, kugwiritsa ntchito agrochemicals, kuchuluka kwa anthu, kuzindikira ziphuphu, kasamalidwe ka chilengedwe, ndi zina zambiri), ngakhale olemba okha amavomereza kuti pali mitundu yosangalatsa kwambiri yomwe ilibe chidziwitso.

Zomwe adakhetsa zotsatira zoyamba ya index iyi ikuwoneka kuti ikugwirizana ndi zomwe zimawonedwa zenizeni, kukhala Mtengo wabwino kwambiri wa ESI mayiko monga Sweden, Canada, Denmark ndi New Zealand.

Index Performance Index

Kudziwika ndi chidule PPE Environmental Performance Index ndi njira ya sanjani ndi kugawa manambala ndi magwiridwe antchito am'dziko.

Zosintha zomwe zimawerengedwa pakuwerengera kwa EPI zidagawika zolinga ziwiri: umoyo wazachilengedwe ndi thanzi lathu.

Mofananamo, zachilengedwe zagawika magulu andale, makamaka 3 omwe ndi:

  1. Zotsatira zakuthambo kwa thanzi.
  2. Zaukhondo ndi madzi akumwa.
  3. Mphamvu zachilengedwe paumoyo.

Ndipo a chilengedwe chilengedwe chagawidwa 5 magulu andale nawonso omwe ndi:

  1. Zachilengedwe zothandiza.
  2. Zachilengedwe ndi malo okhala.
  3. Zida zamadzi.
  4. Zotsatira zakuwononga mpweya pazachilengedwe.
  5. Kusintha kwanyengo.

Pamodzi ndi magulu onsewa ndikupeza zotsatira za index, zimawerengedwa Zizindikiro za 25 pakuwunika kwanu koyenera (kuwonetsedwa pachithunzipa pansipa).

Zizindikiro za PPE zachilengedwe

Zotsatira zitatu

Mzere wapatatu kapena mzere wachitatuwo ndichoposa mawu okhudzana ndi bizinesi yokhazikika, ponena za magwiridwe antchito omwe kampani idawonetsa m'magulu atatu: zachikhalidwe, zachuma komanso zachilengedwe.

Umboni wa magwiridwe antchito mogwirizana ndi zotsatira zitatu Amawonetsedwa pakukhazikika kapena malipoti okhudzana ndi mabungwe.

Kuphatikiza apo, bungwe lomwe lili ndi ntchito yabwino Mmawu owerengera ndalama, mzere wotsika katatu utha kubweretsa kukulitsa phindu lake pachuma komanso udindo wawo pachilengedwe, komanso kuchepetsa kapena kuchotsa zakunja kwakunja, kutsindika udindo womwe bungwe limakhala nawo kwa omwe akutenga nawo mbali, osati kwa omwe akugawana nawo masheya okha.

Zolinga zachilengedwe

Kukhazikika kumakhazikika pamavuto akulu mdziko lamasiku ano ndipo chimodzi mwazofunikira ndikutero kubetcha motsimikiza ndi Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa kuchuluka komwe timathandizira mu blog iyi.

Ndikuti kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zachikhalidwe kumaganizira kuti a kuvala zachilengedwe zomwe sizingasinthe posachedwa.

Pachifukwa ichi cholinga choyamba chomwe kukhazikika kuyenera kukwaniritsa (ndipo ndikutanthauza chimodzi, osati chilengedwe) zitha kupanga chikumbumtima padziko lonse lapansi.

kukhazikika kwadzidzidzi padziko lonse lapansi

Tiyenera kumvetsetsa kuti tili mu a dziko lolumikizanaKuti zomwe timachita zimakhudza ena komanso zisankho zathu zabwino kapena zoyipa zidzakhudza ana athu aamuna ndi aakazi posachedwa.

Pang'ono ndi pang'ono kuti kuzindikira kukukula chifukwa njira zabwino kwambiri zimawoneka m'maiko osiyanasiyana kuti zipititse patsogolo kukhazikika.

Nkhani yoyandikira kwambiri ndiiyi ya ntchitoyi Barcelona Smart Mzinda, yomwe ili m'gulu la Barcelona + yokhazikika, adapanga mapu ogwirira ntchito momwe zoyeserera zonse za mzindawo zimakhalira. Chida chopitilira chidwi kusungitsa njira zonse zomwe zikuchitika.

Kukhazikika mnyumba mwanu

Kodi pakhoza kukhala zantchito mnyumba mwanu?

Lero pali ambiri a ife omwe akukonzekera kukhala ndi nyumba yokhazikikaNdizabwino chifukwa zimaganizira zinthu zosiyanasiyana, monga mawonekedwe ake, mphamvu yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito (makamaka dzuwa), malo otseguka omwe amaphatikizirapo komanso momwe amatetezera kuti asataye mphamvu.

Kusintha konseku kumapangitsa kuti ikhale yopanda mphamvu komanso yopanda kuipitsa, ndipo ndi kukhazikika kumagwira ntchito zomwe mungaganizire kuchita nthawi yayitali kuti mudzipereke ku thanzi la dziko lapansi.

M'malo mwake, mutha kuchezera zolemba za 2 za zomangamanga bioclimatic zosangalatsa kwambiri:

  1. Kusunga mphamvu m'nyumba. Zomangamanga za Bioclimatic.
  2. Zomangamanga za Bioclimatic. Chitsanzo ndi nyumba yanga.

Makhalidwe a mizinda yokhazikika

Kukhala munyumba yokhazikika ndi kopindulitsa kwambiri, koma ngati tilingalira mokulira, kodi mizinda yokhazikika ndi yotani?

Mizinda yomwe amati ndiyokhazikika iyenera kukhala ndi izi:

Kukula kwa mizinda ndi mayendedwe.

Malo apagulu ndi malo obiriwira amalemekezedwa; kuyenda sikutenga nthawi yayitali (kuchulukana kololeka), ndipo magalimoto ndi anthu amakhala mogwirizana.

Kuyendera pagulu kumayenda bwino, ndipo mayendedwe achinsinsi amachepetsa kukula kwake.

Kusamalira kwathunthu zinyalala zolimba, madzi ndi ukhondo.

Zinyalala zolimba zimasonkhanitsidwa, kupatulidwa, kusungidwa bwino ndikusinthidwa kuti zipange phindu pazambiri zake.

Madzi onyansa amawathira ndi kuwabwezeretsanso ku magwero achilengedwe, omwe amachepetsa kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe.

Magwero amadzi awa (magombe, nyanja, mitsinje) amalemekezedwa ndipo amakhala ndi ukhondo wokwanira kwa anthu.

Mitsinje Urban ndi mwachangu Integrated mu moyo wa mzinda.

Kusunga chuma chachilengedwe.

Mphepete mwa nyanja, mapiri ndi mapiri amatetezedwa ndikuphatikizidwa kutukuka kwamzindawu, kuti athe kugwiritsidwa ntchito pachitetezo cha mzindawo komanso chitukuko chamizinda.

Njira zogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi.

Mizinda imeneyi imagwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje atsopano kapena njira zochepetsera kugwiritsa ntchito magetsi. Kuphatikiza apo, akukuwonetsani kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezeredwa.

Dongosolo lokhalamo pazovuta zakusintha kwanyengo.

Madera omwe anthu amakhala mosakhazikika amachepetsedwa m'malo mowonjezeredwa, popeza pali njira ina yanyumba ndipo itha kuyendetsedwa.

Maakaunti olandila ndalama ndikulumikizana kokwanira. 

Pali maakaunti omveka bwino komanso owonekera, kulowa kwa intaneti kukukulirakulira, kuthamanga kwa kulumikizana ndikokwanira ndipo anthu akusunthira pakukonza ntchito zapaintaneti.

Zolemba zabwino zachitetezo cha nzika.

Anthu okhalamo akuwona kuti atha kukhala mwamtendere chifukwa zochitika zaumbanda ndi umbanda zomwe zikucheperachepera zikucheperachepera.

Kutenga nawo mbali nzika.

Anthu ammudzi amagwiritsa ntchito njira zoyankhulirana, monga mafoni, kuti akambirane momwe angathetsere mavuto kuti akweze mzindawo.

Mabungwe aboma ndi ena onse am'deralo adakonzedwa kuti athe kutengapo gawo pazochitika zatsiku ndi tsiku zamzindawu.

Ndikusiyirani chithunzi chotsiriza ichi komwe mungayang'ane kuti ndi mizinda iti yokhazikika komanso yomwe ndi yocheperako.

 

mizinda yochulukirapo


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