Kugwiritsa ntchito malo osungira mafuta

Kuchuluka kwa mafuta padziko lapansi

Popeza kusintha kwamakampani ndikupeza kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kwa mafuta, dziko lapansi layamba kutulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha womwe ukupangitsa kuti nyengo isinthe. Mafuta amenewa amapangidwa ndi mafuta, gasi, ndi malasha. Ndizinthu zomwe zatha ndipo kuthekera kwakubwezeretsanso sikumunthu. Chifukwa chake, mantha omwe amapezeka pakusakhazikika kwamitengo yamafuta akuyambitsa mavuto ku maboma omwe amafunafuna kugwiritsira ntchito malo osungira mafuta m'malo ena monga Arctic.

Munkhaniyi tiwunika mozama zakufunika kogwiritsa ntchito mosungira mafuta ndi zoyipa zake m'chilengedwe.

Mitengo yamafuta

Malo osungira mafuta

Chifukwa chakuchulukirachulukira kotulutsa mafuta m'malo osungira, mtengo wake ukukwera. Pankhani yopezera mafuta ku Arctic, pamakhala chidwi chodabwitsa. Makamaka, malo osungira mafuta ku Arctic atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati pali chisanu chokwanira chololeza. Komabe, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa mafutawa kukuwonjezeranso zovuta zakutentha kwadziko zomwe zapangitsa kuti zisungidwe zomwe zimalola kuti nkhokwezi zigwiritsidwe ntchito.

Monga mukuwonera, ndizodabwitsa. Kutentha kwadziko makamaka kumayambitsidwa ndi mpweya wowonjezera kutentha mumlengalenga. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kutentha komwe kumasungidwa ndikokulirapo ndipo kumapangitsa kutentha. Kuphatikiza apo, vuto lokhalo ndimipweya iyi yomwe imachokera pakuwotcha mafuta sikumlengalenga mokha komanso thanzi.

Koma, tili ndi zipolowe ku Middle East zimayambitsa kusakhazikika kwadziko. Umu ndi momwe mavuto aku Libya adayambira pomwe mtengo wamafuta udakwera ndi 15% kufika $ 120. Zachidziwikire, zonsezi zidadzetsa zivomezi zingapo zomwe zitha kutchedwa chivomezi ichi, komwe ndi kusakhazikika kwamitengo ndikukwera kwamitengo yambiri pazokhumba zakumadzulo. Pakukwera mtengo uku, nkhokwe zazikulu kwambiri zamafuta padziko lapansi zimapangidwa komwe timapezeka.

Izi ndizomwe zimapangitsa Arctic ikhoza kukhala chinthu chotsatira chofunikira popezerera mafuta. Malinga ndi akatswiri, Arctic mwina ndi malo okha padziko lonse lapansi pomwe pamakhala mafuta osagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Malo osungira mafuta ku Arctic

Mafuta ku arctic

Chifukwa Arctic idakali namwali, pali chiyembekezo chachikulu pa iyo. Akuyerekeza kuti pali chuma chambiri cha zachilengedwe ndikuti Middle East ikuyang'anitsitsa izi. Greenland ndi boma lodziyimira palokha lomwe lili gawo la Denmark. Ndi amodzi mwamayiko omwe ali ndi chidwi chogwiritsa ntchito malo osungira mafuta. Komabe, Canada, US, Russia ndi Norway sadzasiyidwa pankhondo yolimbana ndi izi.

Akatswiri omwe akhala akufufuza mafuta ku Arctic kwazaka makumi atatu apeza migolo yamafuta yoposa 3 miliyoni. Malinga ndi kafukufuku pankhaniyi, akuti akuti palinso migolo 114.000 biliyoni yambiri yomwe sinapezeke. Kumbali inayi, tikupezanso ma cubic metres 56 trilioni a gasi kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito. Zida zonse zamadzimadzi izi zili mkamwa mwa mayiko ambiri omwe ali ndi njala yamphamvu ndi mphamvu.

Funso ndilowonekeratu, chotsatira nchiyani? Adzagwiritsa ntchito malo osungira Arctic kuwononga zachilengedwe ndikupangitsa kuti izi zitheke. Mafuta akatha, chidzachitike ndi chiyani? Tidzakhala m'dziko lomwe lili ndi mavuto ochulukirachulukira akuwononga ndi kutentha kwanyengo, osakhala ndi zachilengedwe zochepa komanso matenda ambiri. Chokhacho chomwe amaganiza ndikulemera ndi moyo womwe ali nawo ndipo saganizira za mibadwo yamtsogolo.

Zotsatira zachilengedwe

Thaw ndi zotsatira

Ngati kuyerekezera zomwe zachitika m'maphunzirowa ndi zowona, tikupeza kuti nkhokwe zamafuta izi zitha kukhala zofanana ndi gawo limodzi mwa magawo asanu amafuta omwe sanapezekebe padziko lapansi. Izi zimangotchula zodabwitsazi za ku Arctic: zinthu zomwe sizimatha kupezeka ndi ayezi zachepetsedwa ndi kusintha kwa nyengo komwe kumadza ndi mafuta omwe akuyesera kuti atenge. Kusungunuka kwa Arctic sikungowonjezera kusintha kwa nyengo posintha albedo ya Dziko Lapansi, M'malo mwake, kuchotsedwa kwa mafutawa kudzapangitsa kuti zinthu ziipe.

Tisaiwale kuti Arctic ndi imodzi mwazinthu zofunikira padziko lapansi potengera kufunika kwa chilengedwe. Malo abwinobwino komwe palibe zida zomwe zidagwiritsidwapo ntchito ndipo zamoyo zosiyanasiyana zatetezedwa ndi ayezi. Madzi oundana amapezeka ku Arctic kwa theka lokha la chaka. Isanafike chaka chonse. Kuphatikiza apo, sizingowononga zachilengedwe zokha, komanso zitha kuwononga kukhazikika kwawo.

Dera limeneli limatentha kwambiri katatu kuposa dziko lonse lapansi. Izi zipangitsa kuti, mwina, zachilengedwe za dera lonseli zisapeze mfundo zobwezera. Kupititsa patsogolo kutayika kwa madzi oundana kwawonjezeka motero, kusintha kwadzidzidzi kudzabwera m'zinthu zachilengedwe.

Madzi oundana otsika

Kugwiritsa ntchito malo osungira mafuta

Magulu otsika kwambiri m'mbiri yakale adalembedwa mumadzi oundana aku Arctic chifukwa cha kutentha kwanyengo. M'chilimwe chilichonse chinyezi chimasungunuka ndi kuzizira kwambiri nthawi yozizira. Komabe, kuthamanga kumeneku kwachepetsa kuchepa kwa kuzizira komwe kumatanthauzira kutayika kwathunthu kwa ayezi.

Pokumana ndi malingaliro azachilengedwe kuti tigwiritse ntchito izi timaziphatikiza ndi zifukwa zandale komanso zandale. Pakali pano, ku Arctic kumakhala anthu pafupifupi 4 miliyoni. 15% ya anthuwa ndi mafuko achibadwidwe omwe Ali ndi ufulu kuzinthu zachilengedwe zakomwe akukhala ndikukhala kwawo mwalamulo.

Chifukwa chake, tiwona momwe mkangano wogwiritsa ntchito nkhokwe zamafuta umathetsedwa. Ndikukhulupirira kuti abwera kuzimva zawo ndikugwira ntchito yowonjezera mphamvu zowonjezeredwa.


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