Kufunika kwakukulu kwa mphamvu ya mphepo

Kukhazikitsa makina amphepo

Kuti tiwunikire kufunika kwa mphamvu ya mphepo m'gawo lamagetsi padziko lonse lapansi, ndikofunikira kulumikizana ndi maulalo onse amtunduwu omwe ndizofunikira kuti apange ngale mu korona, chopangira mphepo chotchuka zomwe zimapanga minda yamphepo, chirombo chaumisiri cha chisinthiko chamakono.

Kenako tifotokoza momwe mafamu amphepo amagwirira ntchito. Kupatula pa kufunikira kwakukulu kwa mphamvu zopangidwa kwa iwo m'miyoyo yathu, komanso ngati njira ina yopitilira mtsogolo.

Ntchito yaulimi wa mphepo

Kugwiritsa ntchito njira ya 1 MW chopangira mphamvu kuyikidwa mu famu ya mphepo kumatha kufikira pewani matani 2000 a kaboni dayokisaidi (CO2), ngati magetsi opangidwa atulutsidwa ndi mbewu zamagetsi.

Mphero

Poganizira maulalo onse mu unyolo, mphamvu ndi zida zomwe zikufunika onse opanga Ponena za kuwonongeka kwa makina amphepo, titha kudziwa kuti mphamvu yomwe amagwiritsira ntchito ndiyosangalatsa.

Kutalika kwa moyo wa makina amphepo kumawerengedwanso. A 2,5 MW mphepo yamagetsi, ndi moyo wothandiza wazaka pafupifupi 20 pansi pazoyenera, ungathe perekani mpaka 3.000 MW pachaka, zomwe ndizokwanira kudya mozungulira 1.000 mpaka 3.000 mabanja (kutengera momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito) pachaka. Nthawi yogwiritsa ntchito chopangira mphepo ikuyerekeza zaka 20 mpaka 25.

Malo Odyera a Eolico

Mutha kusiyanitsa a "zochepa " chopangira mphepo (kuchokera pa makumi angapo a watts mpaka 10 KW) omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa kupopera madzi kapena kupereka magetsi kumadera akutali, mwa makina amphepo amphamvu kwambiri (kuyambira 50 KW mpaka 5 MW) olumikizidwa ndi maukonde amagetsi, omwe ndi omwe akupangika kwambiri. Omalizawa amaphatikizidwanso mu zomwe zimatchedwa eolico Park.

Nyumba ya Minieolica

 

Pafupifupi makina onse amphepo omwe amapanga magetsi okhala ndi ozungulira ndi masamba kapena masamba amene amazungulira mozungulira olamulira yopingasa. Izi ndizo yolumikizidwa pamsonkhano wofalitsa kapena kuchulukitsa ndipo, pomaliza, mpaka a Jenereta yamagetsi, zonsezi zili papulatifomu zoyimitsidwa pamwamba pa nsanjayo.

Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti kutalika kwa tsamba Zikhala zofunikira kupanga mphamvu zocheperako kapena kuthamanga, chifukwa chokulirapo cha Malo osesa adzafika ndipo mwachiwonekere atulutsa a mphamvu yowonjezera.

Kufunika kwa mphamvu ya mphepo

  • Otsutsa malo amphepo amphepo m'maiko otukuka nthawi zambiri amakangana za kuipitsidwa kwamaso, phokoso lake komanso kuti kupanga kwake sikokwanira kukwaniritsa zofunikira zamagetsi. Pulogalamu ya mphamvu ya mphepo Iyenera kuwonedwa ngati gwero latsopano lamagetsi, mphamvu yoyera, kusintha ndikusakanikirana ndi mitundu ina yopanga.

Mphepo Sweden

  • Kwenikweni kusapeza bwino zomwe zingayambitse, nthawi zonse zimakhala zambiri kutsika kuposa komwe kumayambitsidwa ndi mphamvu zamtundu wina monga, mwachitsanzo, ngati malasha kapena mphamvu ya nyukiliya.

Chomera cha malasha

  • Tisaiwale kuti kukhala mphamvu yomwe imapangidwa ndi mpweya, ndi kayendedwe kake, ndi mphamvu yakunyamulira chifukwa chake sikuipitsa, ndipo ndiye imodzi mwa mphamvu zoyera kwambiri Kodi tingapeze chiyani.

Chovuta chamtsogolo ndi pezani gwero lotsika mtengo, losasokoneza, lomwe lingapitsidwenso komanso likupezeka mosavuta kwa onse mayiko adziko lapansi (ndizovuta ndi ma lobbies kunjaku), yomwe imalola mayendedwe, mafakitale ndi mabanja kuti achepetse kudalira komwe tili ndi mafuta masiku ano, ndipo zikuwoneka kuti mphamvu ya mphepo ndi imodzi mwanjira zabwino kwambiri pankhaniyi.

Famu yayikulu kwambiri ku Spain ili ku El Andévalo (Huelva)

Famu ya mphepo ya Huelva

Spain, pokhala momwe ilili dziko la apainiya ndi pointer pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za mphepo, ngakhale mzaka zaposachedwa kukhazikitsidwa kwamapaki atsopano kwayimitsidwa. Ngakhale, titha kudzitamandira kuti tili ndi famu yayikulu kwambiri yamkuntho ku Continental Europe.

Ndi malo a El Andévalo, omwe ndi 292 MW yake mphamvu imangoposedwa ndi paki ya Whitelee, ku Scotland, yomwe ili ndi 322. Chodabwitsa ndichakuti onse ndi a kampani imodzi, ndipo ndi Spain, Iberdrola Renovables, komanso onse okhala ndi ma turbine ochokera ku Basque kampani ya Gamesa.

Pamene Andévalo anali ndi zaka zingapo zapitazo, kampaniyo idalumikiza malo ake mtsogoleri wamagetsi mphamvu ya mphepo ku Andalusia, ndi 851 MW, ndi Spain yense, ndi 5.700 MW.

Kodi Andévalo ali kuti?

Ili pakati pamatauni a Huelva a El Almendro, Alosno, San Silvestre ndi Puebla de Guzmán, kumwera kwa chigawo ichi cha Andalusian. Zovuta, zomwe zinayamba Kuthamanga mu 2010Zimapangidwa ndi minda yamagetsi eyiti eyiti: Majal Alto (50 MW), Los Lirios (48 MW), El Saucito (30 MW), El Centenar (40 MW), La Tallisca (40 MW), La Retuerta (38 MW) , Las Cabezas (18 MW) ndi Valdefuentes (28 MW).

Pazonse, 292 MW yomwe yatchulidwayi, yomwe imalola kuti magetsi azipangidwa pachaka azigulitsa nyumba 140.000 ndipo zimawerengedwa kuti zimapewa kutulutsa mlengalenga zosachepera Matani a 510.000 wa CO2.

Munali mu February 2010 pomwe Iberdrola Zolemba adatenga malo onsewo. Famu ya mphepo ya Los Lirios ndiyo yomaliza yomwe idapeza, pogulitsa famu ya mphepo ndi mgwirizano wogula ku Andalusia womwe udasainidwa ndi Gamesa. Ntchitoyi, yomwe ndi gawo la mgwirizano womwe makampani awiriwa adasainira mu 2005 wokhudzana ndi kugulitsa minda yamphepo ku Andalusia. Wake mtengo wotsiriza udaposa mayuro 320 miliyoni.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1.   ANA SPAIN anati

    Kodi ndizotheka bwanji kudziwa komwe kuli gawo lakulima mphepo?
    Kodi ndi zifukwa ziti zomwe zimapangidwira kapangidwe kake ndi kukhazikitsa?