Iceland ikubowola chitsime chakuya kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi chomwe chili pakatikati pa phiri

Islandia

Iceland ikukumba fayilo ya Chitsime chozama kwambiri padziko lapansi mkati mwamapiri omwe ali ndi kuya kwa makilomita 5 kuti agwiritse ntchito mphamvu zake zowonjezereka.

Ndikuti kukakamizidwa kwakukulu ndi kutentha komwe kulipo kuzama kuja kumatha kupeza magetsi a 30 mpaka 50 MW kuchokera pachitsime chimodzi. Iceland ndiye mtsogoleri wadziko lonse amagwiritsira ntchito mphamvu ya geothermal ndikupanga pafupifupi 26% yamagetsi ake kuchokera kumagwero a geothermal.

Makina omwe adakhazikitsidwa a Mitengo yamagetsi yamagetsi anali okwana 665 MW mu 2013 ndipo kupanga kunali 5.245 GWh.

Chitsime cha 2,5 kilometre bwino m'minda ya Iceland ndi mphamvu yofanana ndi 5 MW. Asayansi akuyembekezera a kuwonjezera ndi khumi mu mphamvu yapadera ya chitsime pobowola mozama mu chikhoterero cha dziko lapansi. Pakuya makilomita 5, kuthamanga kwambiri ndi kutentha pamwamba pa 500 madigiri Celsius kumapangitsa "utsi wopambanitsa" womwe ungakulitse mphamvu ya chopangira mafuta.

Ntchito yolumikizana ndi Statoil ndi Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP), chitsime chotentha kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, ikuwombedwa pano. pa chilumba cha Reykjanes, kumene mapiri anaphulika zaka 700 zapitazo.

Un kuyesa komweku zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi zapitazo inatha ndi tsoka, ndikuboola kwa chobowola komwe kumakhudza magma kozama makilomita 2,1, ndikuwononga chingwecho. Ásgeir margeirsson, CEO wa kholo kholo HS Orka, adati:

Palibe chitsimikizo kuti zinthu zikuyenda bwino, pansi penipeni chilichonse chimatha kukhala tsoka pakangopita masekondi. Zonsezi zitha kukhala ndi mathero osayembekezereka, chifukwa pazifukwa zina sizingakumbidwe mwakuya. Sitikuyembekeza kukhudza magma, koma tidzakhala tikubooleza pathanthwe lofunda. Ndipo ndi thanthwe lofunda, timatanthauza 400 mpaka 500 madigiri Celsius.

Kwa zaka 7 zikubwerazi mapulani a IDDP ndi kuboola ndikuyesa zitsime zingapo yomwe ingalowe m'malo opitilira muyeso omwe akukhulupirira kuti amapezeka m'malo atatu omwe agwiritsidwa kale ntchito ku Iceland.


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