Hydroponics

hydroponics ndi njira yabwino yobzala

Pali njira zina zokulitsira mbewu kupatula dothi laulimi, minda, ndi miphika. Ndi za mbewu za hydroponic.

Hydroponics ndi chiyani?

Hydroponics ndi njira yomwe imakhala ndi kugwiritsa ntchito njira zokulitsira mbewu m'malo mogwiritsa ntchito nthaka. Pali njira zambiri zogwiritsa ntchito njirayi ndipo imathandiza kwambiri. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zonse za hydroponics?

Mawonekedwe a Hydroponics

mbewu za hydroponic

Tikagwiritsa ntchito njirayi pobzala, mizu imalandira yankho lokhala ndi michere yambiri yofunikira kuti ikule ndikukula bwino kosungunuka m'madzi. Kuphatikiza apo, yankho ili lili ndi zinthu zonse zofunika pakukula kwa chomeracho. Chifukwa chake, chomeracho chimatha kumera mu njira yothirira mchere kokha, kapena chosakanikirana, monga miyala, pearlite kapena mchenga.

Njirayi idapezeka m'zaka za zana la XNUMX pomwe asayansi adawona kuti mchere wofunikira umayamwa ndi zomera kudzera mu ayoni osungunuka m'madzi. Mwachilengedwe, nthaka imakhala ngati nkhokwe ya michere, koma dothi palokha silofunika kuti chomeracho chikule. Zakudya zamchere zikasungunuka m'madzi, mizu ya chomerayo imatha kuyamwa.

Chifukwa mbewu zimatha kuphatikiza michere mu yankho, gawo lapansi silofunikira kuti chomeracho chikule ndikukula. Pafupifupi mbewu iliyonse imatha kulimidwa pogwiritsa ntchito hydroponic, ngakhale pali zina zomwe zimakhala zosavuta komanso zabwinoko kuposa zina.

Hydroponics amagwiritsa

kulima tomato pogwiritsa ntchito hydroponics

Masiku ano, ntchitoyi ikukula kwambiri m'maiko momwe zinthu zaulimi ndizovuta. Mwa kuphatikiza ma hydroponics ndi kasamalidwe kabwino ka kutentha, zokolola ndizokwera kwambiri kuposa zomwe zimapezeka m'malo otseguka.

Mwanjira imeneyi, titha kupanga ndiwo zamasamba kukula mwachangu ndikuwapatsa chakudya chambiri chopatsa thanzi. Njira ya hydroponics ndizosavuta, zaukhondo komanso zotsika mtengo, kotero zaulimi wocheperako, ichi ndi chida chokongola kwambiri.

Zakwanilitsanso malonda komanso kuti zakudya zina, zokongoletsera ndi mbewu zazing'ono za fodya zimalimidwa motere pazifukwa zosiyanasiyana zomwe zikukhudzana ndi kusowa kwa dothi lokwanira.

Masiku ano kuli madera ambiri omwe dothi lawonongeka chifukwa cha kutayika kapena tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timayambitsa matenda azomera kapena kugwiritsa ntchito madzi apansi panthaka omwe amanyozetsa dothi. Chifukwa chake, Kulima kwa hydroponic ndi njira yothetsera mavuto am'magawo oipitsidwa.

Ngati sitigwiritsa ntchito nthaka ngati malo oti timerepo, sitikhala ndi zovuta zomwe nthaka yaulimi imapereka. Komabe, ali ndi mavuto osiyanasiyana okhudzana ndi mpweya wa mizu ndipo sichinthu chomwe chingatchulidwe choyera pamiyeso yamalonda.

Pali anthu ambiri omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ma hydroponics. Anthu omwe ali ndi nthawi yopuma omwe amafuna kusangalatsa ndi kufufuza, kuti afufuze, awonetsere ophunzira za kufunikira kwa zinthu zina zamankhwala, ngakhale iwo omwe akufuna kukula mumtsuko kapena kabati kakang'ono, kuti azikula m'mayendedwe apamlengalenga kapena kwakukulu kulima.

Gulu ndi zabwino zoperekedwa ndi hydroponics

Yankho la hydroponics limapezekanso kuzinthu zonse

Mbewu za Hydroponic zasintha posachedwa chifukwa cha momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito komanso momwe chilengedwe chimakhudzira chilengedwe. Kumbali imodzi, timapeza mawonekedwe tsegulani, omwe ndi omwe amataya zonyansa, ndipo mbali inayo, tili nawo zotseka, yomwe imagwiritsanso ntchito njira yothetsera michere ngati njira yoteteza chilengedwe komanso chuma chochulukirapo pakugwiritsa ntchito.

Hydroponics imapewa zopinga ndi zoperewera zomwe nthaka yazaulimi imabweretsa. Nthaka zaulimi zimafuna gawo lapansi, zinthu zolimba, herbicides, feteleza, mankhwala ophera tizilombo, ndi zina zambiri.

Hydroponics imatha kukhala ndi gawo loyeserera ngati lingafunike, monga perlite, pumice, peat, miyala, Ndi zina zotero.

Machitidwe a hydroponic poyamba anali amtundu "wotseguka", popeza momwe chilengedwe chimakhudzira zotulutsira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kulimako sizidaganizidwe. Akawona zovuta zakutaya yankho pazachilengedwe, njira 'zotsekedwa' zidapangidwa. Njirayi idakhazikitsidwa ndikugwiritsidwanso ntchito kwa michere ya mbewu zina, kupewa zomwe zingakhudze chilengedwe.

Hydroponics imapereka zabwino zambiri kuposa mbewu wamba:

  • Amalola kukula m'nyumba (makonde, masitepe, patio, ndi zina zambiri)
  • Imafunikira malo ochepa (makina ophatikizana atha kupangidwa kuti achulukitse danga)
  • Nthawi yolimayi ndiyofupikirapo kuposa ulimi wachikhalidwe, chifukwa mizu imalumikizana ndi michere, ikukula modabwitsa, zimayambira, masamba ndi zipatso.
  • Zimafunikira antchito ochepa, popeza sikofunikira kulima (chotsani nthaka, kuyika, kuyeretsa mbewu, ndi zina zambiri)
  • Palibe vuto la kukokoloka kwa nthaka, monga mbewu zachikhalidwe
  • Sikoyenera kuthira feteleza, chifukwa chake masamba omwe amapangidwa ndi 100% organic.

Choonadi cha osasowa feteleza Ndizopindulitsa kwambiri potengera zovuta zachilengedwe Monga tikudziwira, kugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri feteleza wa nayitrogeni ndi chimodzi mwazomwe zimayambitsa eutrophication yamadzi  ndi kuipitsidwa kwa madzi apansi. Popewa kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza tikhala tikuchepetsa zovuta zakuthambo.

Kugwiritsa ntchito zotengera

Yankho la hydroponic lili ndi michere yofunikira pakukula koyenera ndi chitukuko cha mbewu

Posachedwa, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zotengera mumayendedwe a hydroponics akuti. Pamodzi ndi zokolola "zokulirapo", kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zotengera mu hydroponics kumatsimikizira kuti makina onse omwe akukula nawonso adzagwiritsa ntchito madzi ochepera 90% kuposa momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito muulimi wamba.

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito ma hydroponics okhala ndi container, ndikofunikira kuonetsetsa kuti madzi amadutsa pamalo omwewo mphindi khumi ndi ziwiri zilizonse. Mwanjira imeneyi tikhala tikusintha mbewuzo kukhala famu yonyamula.

Ngati tiwerengera, pogwiritsa ntchito hydroponics, titha kukolola pafupifupi masamba 4.000 mpaka 6.000 a masamba (zomwe zimafikira pafupifupi matani 50 pachaka), zomwe zikufanana ndi kuwirikiza nthawi 80 kuchuluka kwa mayunitsi omwe amapezeka m'malo omwewo pogwiritsa ntchito njira zofesa ndi kukolola muulimi.

Monga mukuwonera, hydroponics ndi njira yochulukirachulukira, chifukwa sikutanthauza malo olimapo ndikukwaniritsa zofunikira ndi malo. Ngati tiwonjezera ma hydroponics, tithandizira dothi laulimi lomwe limapanikizika kwambiri ndi feteleza, mapula, herbicides ndi mankhwala ena ogwiritsidwa ntchito, ndikuthandizira kuchepetsa kuipitsa.

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Mbewu za Hydroponic, ndi ziti komanso momwe mungapangire imodzi kunyumba

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  1.   Daniel anati

    Ndingakonde kudziwa mtundu wazakudya zomwe mbewu zimanyamula komanso komwe zimagulidwa.

  2.   Antonio anati

    Mungagule kuti ma machubu a pvc apakati kuti azitha kuyambitsa kapena kuchiza ma hydroponics kuti agwiritse ntchito banja ku argenrin?