fyuluta yapanyumba ya HEPA

yeretsani mpweya

Kukhala ndi mpweya wabwino m'malo otsekedwa m'nyumba mwanu, kuntchito komanso nthawi zambiri ndikofunikira pa thanzi lathu. Ngakhale kuti sitingawaone, pali tinthu tambirimbiri totayira mumpweya zomwe zingayambitse kusamvana ndi matenda. Chifukwa chake phunziro ili likuwonetsani pang'onopang'ono momwe mungamangire chotsuka chanu chapanyumba mwachangu komanso mosavuta fyuluta ya hepa yapanyumba.

M'nkhaniyi tikuuzani momwe mungamangire fyuluta ya HEPA yapanyumba komanso phindu lake.

kuipitsidwa kwa mpweya kunyumba

zoyeretsera zopangira hepa

Kaŵirikaŵiri timaona mopepuka kuti mpweya wa m’nyumba mwathu kapena kuntchito ndi woipitsidwa pang’ono ndi mpweya wakunja. Komabe, kunja kuipitsidwa uku kumafalikira kwambiri, ndipo m'malo otsekedwa timakumana ndi zinthu zambiri zapoizoni monga:

  • Persistent Organic Polntants (POPs)
  • Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
  • Bisphenol A (BPA)
  • Perfluorinated Compounds (PFC)
  • Nkhungu, nthata, mabakiteriya, ma virus, etc.

Zoyeretsa kunyumba ndi zabwino kwambiri polimbana ndi kuipitsidwa kwa mpweya komanso kukonza mpweya womwe inu ndi banja lanu mumapuma tsiku lililonse.

Kodi fyuluta ya HEPA yakunyumba ndi chiyani

fyuluta ya hepa yapanyumba

Fyuluta ya HEPA ndi njira yosungiramo tizigawo ting'onoting'ono tomwe timapezeka mumlengalenga, Nthawi zambiri amapangidwa ndi fiberglass. Ulusi wopangidwa mwachisawawa ndi wabwino kwambiri kotero kuti umapanga maukonde omwe amasunga zinthu zoipitsa.

HEPA imayimira "High Efficiency Particle Arrester", kutanthauza "High Efficiency Particle Arrester" m'Chisipanishi, ndipo amatchedwanso zosefera za mtheradi. Adapangidwa ndi Cambridge Filter Company mu 1950 kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito m'makampani ankhondo makamaka kuthana ndi zowononga zomwe zidapangidwa pomwe bomba la atomiki lidapangidwa.

Pakadali pano zosefera za HEPA zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'magawo onse: makampani chakudya, zamagetsi, mankhwala, mankhwala, mankhwala mu chipinda opaleshoni, mpweya mpumulo pa ndege ndipo ngakhale kunyumba. Nthawi zambiri, kulikonse kumene kuyeretsedwa kwa mpweya kumafunika.

Ngakhale kuti ulusiwo uli pakati pa 0,5 ndi 2 microns m’mimba mwake, ma meshes okonzedwa mwachisawawa amasunga tinthu ting’onoting’ono m’njira zitatu: Mpweya wonyamula tinthu ting’onoting’ono ukadutsamo. tinthu tating'onoting'ono timamatira pa mauna pamene akupaka ulusiwo. Tinthu tokulirapo timawombana mwachindunji ndi ulusiwo. Potsirizira pake, kufalikira, komwe kumagwirizana ndi kayendedwe kachisawawa ka tinthu tating'onoting'ono tamadzimadzi, kumathandizira kumamatira kwawo.

Momwe mungapangire fyuluta yapanyumba ya HEPA

choyeretsera mpweya

Makina oyeretsera mpweya kunyumba kapena makina okonzedwanso amatha kusefa mpweya ngati womwe umapezeka m'sitolo yamagetsi, koma ndi yotsika mtengo. Zida zofunika pomanga ndi izi:

  • Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito fani yotulutsa mpweya m'bafa kapena yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito popumira zipinda zotsekedwa.
  • Fyuluta ya HEPA 13. Itha kugulidwa ngati zida zosinthira zotsuka ndi zida zamagetsi.
  • Makatoni bokosi ndi chivindikiro. Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito makatoni kuti oyeretsa akhale olimba.
  • Matepi aku America.
  • Mipeni ndi/kapena lumo.
  • Pulagi ndi chingwe ndi insulating tepi.

Zosefera zambiri za HEPA Amapangidwa kuchokera ku mapepala osalekeza a zophatikizika za fiberglass zophatikizika. Zinthu zofunika kuziganizira mumtundu uwu wa fyuluta ndi kukula kwa ulusi, makulidwe a fyuluta ndi liwiro la particles. Kuphatikiza apo, fyulutayo ili ndi mavoti (MERV rating) kutengera luso lake lojambula tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta kukula kwake:

  • 17-20: zosakwana 0,3 microns
  • 13-16: 0,3 mpaka 1 micron
  • 9-12: 1 mpaka 3 microns
  • 5-8: 3 mpaka 10 microns
  • 1-4: Kupitilira ma microns 10

Mwaichi, fyuluta ya HEPA 13 kapena fyuluta ya fumbi ya Gulu H imagwira 99,995% ya tinthu ting'onoting'ono tokulirapo kuposa ma microns 0,3 omwe amawononga thanzi.. Chifukwa chake, ndizoyenera kwambiri kusefa spores za nkhungu, nthata za fumbi, mungu, fumbi la carcinogenic, ma aerosols, ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda monga mabakiteriya ndi ma virus.

Kumbali ina, ntchito yake imaphatikizapo kugwidwa kwa tinthu tating'ono toyipa kudzera:

  • Kuthamangitsidwa kwa Airflow: tinthu tating'onoting'ono timapaka ndi kumamatira ku ulusi wa fyuluta.
  • Kugunda kwachindunji: Tinthu tating'onoting'ono timagundana ndikutsekeka. Malo ang'onoang'ono pakati pa ulusi ndi liwiro la mpweya, mphamvu yake imakulirakulira.
  • Mayamwidwe: Tinthu ting'onoting'ono timagundana ndi mamolekyu ena, kuwalepheretsa kudutsa mu fyuluta. Nthawi zambiri zimachitika pamene mpweya umayenda pang'onopang'ono.

Momwe mungasankhire fani yotulutsa mpweya

Chokupizira chotsitsa ndichofunikira mchipinda chopanda mpweya ndipo ndi gawo lofunikira la choyeretsa mpweya. Posankha izo, zotsatirazi ziyenera kuganiziridwa:

  • Kuyenda kwa mpweya kuyenera kuonetsetsa kuti mpweya wabwino ndi wokwanira. Kawirikawiri, izi ziyenera kuwirikiza ka 6 mpaka 10 kuchuluka kwa zipinda zonse pa ola limodzi, ngakhale kuti 4 mpaka 5 zimalimbikitsidwa m’makalasi ndi m’malaibulale, 6 mpaka 10 m’maofesi ndi m’zipinda zapansi, ndi 10 m’zipinda zosambira ndi m’khitchini. 15 Kuti muwerenge chotsitsa, muyenera kuchulukitsa m3 ya chipindacho (kutalika x kutalika x m'lifupi) ndi kuchuluka kwa kukonzanso kofunikira pa ola limodzi. Mwachitsanzo, chipinda cha 12 m2 ndi kutalika kwa 2,5 m (30 m3) chimafuna kuthamanga kwa 120 mpaka 150 m3 / h, pamene ofesi ya mita imodzi ya cubic imafuna kuthamanga kwa 180 mpaka 300 m3 / h.
  • Mphamvu ya chotsitsa nthawi zambiri imakhala pakati pa 8 ndi 35 W, ndi kusankha kwanu kudzadalira chipinda chomwe chidzayikidwa. Kukhitchini, mwachitsanzo, mphamvu zambiri zimafunikira chifukwa cha utsi umene umapangidwa pamene chakudya chakonzedwa.
  • Phokoso siliyenera kupitirira ma decibel 40 kuti lisakhumudwitse, koma dziwani kuti mphamvuyo ikakhala yokwera kwambiri, m'pamenenso phokoso lidzatuluka.

Malangizo a mpweya wabwino

Kuphatikiza pakupanga choyeretsa chanu cha mpweya, tikulimbikitsidwa kutsatira malangizo angapo omwe angathandize kukonza mpweya wabwino m'chipinda chilichonse:

  • Tsegulani mazenera pafupipafupi kuti mupume mpweya. Ngati mulibe mazenera, payenera kukhala makina mpweya mpweya.
  • Limani zomera zamkati zomwe zimathandiza kuyeretsa ndi kukonza mpweya wabwino.
  • Amachotsa chinyezi chochulukirapo kuti ateteze nkhungu ndi mildew, makamaka m'malo ngati mabafa.
  • Kumateteza fumbi kudzikundikira ndi kuyeretsa mankhwala, kusankha zinthu zambiri zachilengedwe monga vinyo wosasa ndi soda.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamomwe mungapangire fyuluta yapanyumba ya HEPA.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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