Sungani munda wamasamba

fumigate munda wa zipatso

Tikudziwa kuti nyengo yabwino ikafika muyenera kukhala tcheru kuyambira nthawi yomwe tizirombo ndi matenda timayamba. Chifukwa chake, ndibwino kuti muphunzire maupangiri abwino kwambiri kuti musungire munda. Pali anthu ambiri omwe atanganidwa pakati pakufunika kutero fumigate munda wa zipatso ndi kumenyana ndi zamoyo ndi zamoyo.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani malangizo abwino kwambiri onunkhira munda ndi zomwe mungachite kuti mundawo mukhale bwino.

Ayenera fumigate munda wa zipatso

fumigate munda wa zipatso ndi munda

Cholinga chachikulu chopopera mbewu kumunda ndikutchinjiriza tizirombo ndi matenda kuti mbeu zanu zizisamalidwa bwino. Kuti tikhale ndi zomera zoyenera tiyenera kudziwa bwino zomwe tikukula kuteteza kuukira kwa tizirombo ndi matenda popanda kufunika kwa fumigate. Mwachitsanzo, tiyenera kudziwa kukonzekera kokwanira kwa nthaka m'minda, kuthirira ndi nthawi ya feteleza, malo, kutentha, ndi zina zambiri. Ngati timapanga mbewu zathu kapena mbewu zathu kuti zikhale m'malo abwino komanso abwino kwambiri, sizichitika kawirikawiri kuti zimakhudzidwa ndi tizirombo ndi matenda.

Njira ina yopewera kupopera mbewu m'munda ndikugwiritsa ntchito njira yosinthira mbewu. Ndikofunikanso kuti madera onse akhale opanda udzu ndi zinyalala zam'munda. Malo onsewa ndi malo osungiramo tiziromboti. Pali nyama zopindulitsa zomwe zimadya tizilombo tina tomwe titha kukhala tovulaza. Kugwiritsa ntchito tizilomboti mwanjira yachilengedwe kumatchedwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Mwachitsanzo, ladybug ndi nyama yomwe imadya nsabwe za akulu ndi mphutsi. Tizilombo tina tomwe omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito poletsa tizilombo toononga ndi mantis yopemphera, abuluzi, achule, akangaude, achule, ziphuphu, Ndi zina zotero.

Langizo lina lopewa kupopera mbewu m'munda mwanu ndikokopa mbalame kumunda wanu. Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito mabokosi opangira zisa, odyetsa komanso akumwa kuti mbalame zizikhala m'munda mwanu. Mbalame zimakopeka ndi ma conifers ndi zitsamba monga ma blueberries, holly ndi mabulosi akuda, pakati pa ena. Ndi mbalame zomwe zili pambali panu, mutha kulimbana ndi tizirombo tambiri.

Ngati pali tizirombo tambiri ta babu tambiri chaka ndi chaka, mutha kupaka mankhwala opopera ang'onoang'ono. Mwanjira imeneyi, mudzapewa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ambiri omwe angawononge madzi ndi nthaka.

Mayankho kunyumba

Kupha tizilombo

Imodzi mwa njira zothetsera vutoli m'nyumba ndi njira yothetsera fodya. Ndipo ndikuti mutha kugwiritsa ntchito magalamu 50 a fodya mu lita imodzi yamadzi ndikuwonjezera magalamu 10 a sopo woyera. Zonsezi zitha kuthiridwa mankhwala pazomera zathu kuti tipewe kuukira kwa tizilombo monga mealybugs, nsabwe za m'masamba ndi nyongolotsi zina.

El Bacillus thuringiensis ndi bakiteriya omwe amapha tizilombo m'nthawi ya mphutsi monga mbozi ndipo amagulitsidwa mumtsuko ngati kuti ndi mankhwala wamba. Mabakiteriyawa akhoza kukhala njira ina yolimbana ndi tizirombo ndi matenda m'zomera zanu. Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito sopo wophera tizilombo posakaniza sopo, mafuta, ndi madzi kuthana ndi tizilombo tofewa tonse. Zomera ziyenera kuthiriridwa kuti sopo agwire ntchito. Sikoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito sopo wapakhomo ndi mbeu.

Sulfa imagwiritsidwa ntchito pochizira fungus ya powdery mildew ndipo imachitapo kanthu polimbana ndi nthata.

Njira zowononga tizilombo komanso matenda

Tiyeni tiwone njira zosiyanasiyana zothanirana ndi tizilombo komanso matenda zomwe zingachitike m'munda ndi m'munda mwanu:

  • Kupopera mankhwala: mankhwala opha tizilombo, ma acaricides, fungicides, ndi zina zambiri amabwera kuno.
  • Ziphuphu ndi zopangidwa ndi organic: pali mankhwala opha tizilombo kapena fungicides omwe angakhale ndi zotsatira zofanana ndi mankhwala.
  • Mankhwala
  • Misampha yamitundu
  • Kutenga tizilombo pamanja: Njirayi idzagwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha ngati tizilombo tating'onoting'ono takhala tambiri osati zochulukirapo.
  • Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda: zimakhudzana ndi chilichonse chomwe chatchulidwa pamwambapa chokhudza kuyambitsidwa kwa tizilombo ndi mbalame zomwe mwachilengedwe zimatha kuyendetsa kufalikira kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Malangizo opopera mbewu kumunda

kuchepetsa tizilombo

Ngati mulibe njira ina ndipo mukuyenera kusuta mundawo, tikukuuzani maupangiri abwino kwambiri:

  • Gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala oyenera: Ziyenera kukhala kuzindikira kachilombo komwe kamasokoneza mbewu zathu kuti tigwiritse ntchito mankhwala oyenera ndikuthana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa. Muyenera kudziwa kuti ndi chida chiti chazoteteza chomwe mugwiritse ntchito.
  • Gwiritsani ntchito mphindi yosakaniza: Ndikofunika kuti musasunge zinthu zomwe zasakanizidwa kale ndi madzi chifukwa pakapita nthawi zimawonongeka. Ndikofunika kuwerengera mosamala kuchuluka kwa mankhwala azitsamba omwe amafunikira kuti musinthe bwino zosakanizazo ndikuzigwiritsa ntchito pakadali pano.
  • Osapopera mbewu dzuwa lonse: ngati mutagwira fumigation dzuwa lonse mutha kuwononga zokolola kapena zomera zomwe zathandizidwa. Nthawi yabwino kusungunulira m'munda ndi ola lomaliza masana.
  • Musagwiritse ntchito mankhwala otseguka aukhondo: zochuluka kapena zochepa zaukhondo zimakhala ndi zaka zingapo. Nthawi zambiri imalephera kugwira ntchito ndipo imatha kuvulaza mbewu zanu.
  • Ikani mankhwala azitsamba ndi chopopera mankhwala: sprayer imapangitsa kuti ntchitoyi ichitike mwachangu, mosavuta komanso momasuka komanso kuwonjezera magwiridwe antchito.
  • Sikokwanira nthawi zonse kupopera mankhwala: Monga tanena kale, ndizosangalatsa kuphunzirira kale ngati kuli kofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zaukhondo kupopera mbewu. Ziyenera kuchitika pamene tizilombo tomwe timawononga mbewuzo tasanduka tizilombo.
  • Kusintha: Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse musagwiritse ntchito mankhwala amtundu womwewo chifukwa tizilombo tomwe timachiritsidwa timapanga mankhwala osokoneza bongo komanso amateteza thupi. Ntchito zonse zotsatila sizikhala zothandiza komanso zowononga nthaka.
  • Sambani chopopera mankhwala: Pambuyo pa kufukiza munda, ndikofunikira kutsuka zikwama zam'mbuyo kapena zopopera zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kupopera ndi sopo wachilengedwe. Ndikofunika kutsuka, kuwotcha ndi kuwupezanso ndi madzi.
  • Konzani pH yamadzi: PH yamadzi iyenera kukhala yolondola kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, miticides ndi fungicides zitha kukhala nthawi yayitali m'mizere.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi mfundoyi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za momwe mungapezere fungo m'munda.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.