Kodi ecotourism ndi chiyani?

zachilengedwe zokopa alendo

Tikumva za chilengedwe kapena zokopa alendo pafupipafupi mobwerezabwereza chifukwa ndi amodzi mwamagawo omwe akukula mwachangu m'zaka zaposachedwa. Komabe, izi sizikutanthauza kuti aliyense amadziwa kutanthauzira chiyani, chifukwa nthawi zambiri lingaliro la ecotourism limasokonezedwa ndi zokopa alendo zomwe zimagwirizana mwanjira yake ndi chilengedwe, koma sizimatchula mtundu wa ubale womwe alendowo amakhala nawo. mumayendera.

M'nkhaniyi tikuuzani kuti ecotourism ndi chiyani, momwe imagwirira ntchito komanso kufunika kwake.

Kodi ecotourism ndi chiyani?

ulendo ndi ecotourism

Malinga ndi bungwe la International Ecotourism Association (TIES), kukaona zachilengedwe kungatanthauzidwe kuti ndi "ulendo wodalirika wopita kumadera achilengedwe omwe amateteza chilengedwe komanso kupititsa patsogolo moyo wa anthu okhala m'deralo." Choncho, kukamba za ecotourism ndikukamba za zokopa alendo odalirika ndi chilengedwe ndi magulu am'deralo amene amakhala m’malo amenewo. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, mosiyana ndi zomwe poyamba zinkaganiziridwa, ecotourism si mtundu uliwonse wa zokopa alendo wokhudzana ndi chilengedwe, koma kuwonjezera pa chilengedwe, ubalewu uyenera kukhala wokhazikika pa ulemu ndi malingaliro abwino.

Mwanjira imeneyi, ngati titenga ulendo wopita kumapiri mwachitsanzo, tinganene kuti ecotourism chifukwa ndi chilengedwe. Koma chomwe chimafotokoza ngati ulendo wathu ndi chitsanzo cha zokopa alendo, udzakhala ubale womwe timapanga ndi phirili, osati malo osankhidwa okha.

Mwanjira imeneyo, ngati tipanga njira, ulendo wathu alibe zotsatira zoipa pa phiri (sitimataya zinyalala m'chilengedwe, sitiwononga zomera ndi zinyama za chilengedwe, ndipo sitimagwirizana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito kosasinthika kwa cholowa chachilengedwe, mabizinesi am'deralo kapena okhalamo, ndi zina zotero), zitha kuwoneka ngati chitsanzo. za ecotourism.

Pomwe, m'malo mwake, ngati ulendo womwewo ukuchitika movutikira, mwachitsanzo kugwiritsa ntchito malo monga malo ochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi (omwe zotsatira zake zimawononga kwambiri mapiri), ngakhale ndi mtundu wachilengedwe komanso chilengedwe. zitha kubweretsa chuma kwa anthu akumaloko, sitingathe kunena za ecotourism, chifukwa ubale umene ulipo pakati pa alendo odzaona malo ndi chilengedwe umatanthauza kuwonongeka kwa machitidwe awo oyendera alendo.

Mfundo za ecotourism

zokopa alendo

Bungwe la International Ecotourism Association limatanthawuza kuti malo oyendera zachilengedwe odalirika kwambiri ndi ecotourism yomwe imagwirizana ndi mfundo zina. Izi ndi mfundo zisanu ndi ziwiri za ecotourism:

  • Kuchepetsa kuwononga chilengedwe ndi madera.
  • Kupereka ulemu ndi kuzindikira, kuphatikizapo chilengedwe ndi chikhalidwe.
  • Khazikitsani zokumana nazo zabwino kwa alendo odzaona malo komanso okhala mdera lanu.
  • Pangani zopindulitsa zachuma zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwachindunji kuteteza malowa.
  • mwayi wotsimikizika ku ndalama ndi kulimbikitsa kutenga nawo mbali pakupanga zisankho.
  • Wonjezerani chidwi ndi ndale, zachilengedwe ndi chikhalidwe cha malo omwe adayendera.
  • Kuthandizira ufulu wachibadwidwe wapadziko lonse lapansi ndi malamulo ndi malamulo apantchito.

Mfundo zisanu ndi ziwirizi ndi poyambira kumvetsetsa kuzama kwa ecotourism ndi zolinga zake zazifupi komanso zazitali.

Zokhudza anthu

ecotourism ndi chiyani

Masiku ano, m'magulu ogula omwe tikukhalamo, pali njira zambiri zochitira "zokopa alendo", ndipo monga zochitika zambiri za tsiku ndi tsiku m'magulu oterowo, zotsatira zake pa chilengedwe ndi zoopsa. Mtundu uwu wa "kukopa alendo kwa ogula" umakhudza kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe ndi chitukuko cha anthu a m'deralo kuti apindule kwambirimosasamala kanthu za zotsatira zake.

Njira yomvetsetsa zokopa alendo, mwamakhalidwe komanso mwachuma, ndi kulakwitsa kwakukulu. Kuchokera pamalingaliro amakhalidwe abwino, kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe ndi kuzunzidwa kwa anthu akumaloko sikuli koyenera.

Kuchokera pamalingaliro azachuma, zokopa zamtundu uwu zimafuna kuwonongedwa kwa cholowa chomwe chimalola zokopa alendo kukhalapo ndikusungidwa, potero poganiza kuti chiwonongeko chake ndi gawo lopatsa chuma.

Mwanjira imeneyi, ogula zokopa alendo imaperekedwa ngati mtundu waulendo wa "ntchito ndi kutaya". zomwe zimalamulira zochitika zambiri m'chitaganya chamakono, chomwe chiri chitsanzo choipa kwambiri cha chirichonse chokhudzana ndi chilengedwe.

M'malo mwake, ecotourism ndi chitsanzo cha zokopa alendo zomwe kuchita zanu sizitanthauza kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe ndi zokopa alendo zomwe zimalola kuchita ntchitozo. Izi zilinso ndi zotsatira zamakhalidwe ndi zachuma. Kuchokera pamalingaliro amakhalidwe abwino, Ndi chitsanzo cha zokopa alendo chomwe chimalola ubale wodalirika ndi chilengedwe komanso madera akumidzi.

Kuchokera pazachuma, zimatsimikizira kuti ntchito yoyendera alendo yomwe ikufunsidwa imakhala yokhalitsa pakapita nthawi, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti idzatha kupanga chuma kwamuyaya komanso popanda tsiku lotha ntchito, komanso kutsimikizira tsogolo lokhazikika lazachuma kwa anthu ammudzi. .zako.

Zitsanzo za ecotourism

Zina mwa zitsanzo zodziwika bwino za ecotourism zitha kupezeka pakuwongolera mapaki ena achilengedwe ndi malo osungiramo nyanja omwe asintha mabizinesi awo kuti akhale kuika patsogolo kasungidwe kazinthu kuposa ubwino wa zokopa alendo. Izi zimachitika kudzera mu ndondomeko zinazake, zina zodziwika bwino ndi izi:

Chepetsani kuchuluka kwa alendo ndi magalimoto apagulu

Iyi ndi njira yofunikira yochepetsera kukhudzika kwa zokopa alendo. Matikiti ayenera kugulidwa pasadakhale, kulola a kasamalidwe kabwino ka kuchuluka kwa anthu obwera kudzacheza, osapitirira kuchuluka kwa alendo omwe alibe mphamvu ya woyang'anira chigawo. Momwemonso, kulowa mumsewu ndikoletsedwa, kukakamiza alendo kuti afikire malo otetezedwa mumayendedwe apadera pachifukwa ichi ndikupewa zoyendera zapadera.

Zochita popanda zosokoneza

Mwachibadwa, kupezeka kwa alendo kumakhudza chilengedwe. Komabe, patsogolo adzapatsidwa ntchito amene zotsatira zake sizosokoneza kapena zosakonzekera. Mwachitsanzo, kuyendera masana kumalo osungirako zachilengedwe kumaloledwa, koma kumanga msasa usiku ndikoletsedwa.

Pangani zomangamanga zokhazikika

Njira yabwino yoyendetsera bwino malo oyendera alendo ndikusamalira mosamalitsa zomanga za alendo. Mwa njira iyi, Manja osavuta monga kuyika bokosi la zinyalala pamalo oimikapo magalimoto amathandizira kuti iziyenda bwino.

Pangani ntchito ndi kukonzanso chuma chapafupi

Kupanga ntchito zakomweko ndikokomera chifukwa kumafuna kukhalapo kosalekeza kwa ogwira ntchito. Monga oyang'anira, ma veterinarian, ogwira ntchito zokopa alendo, akatswiri am'deralo, ndi zina zotero.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za ecotourism ndi zomwe zili.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.