Dziko likutopa ndi malasha

Chomera cha malasha

Akatswiri akunena kuti kusintha kwakukulu kwakukulu kwa magetsi kunali malasha. Pambuyo pake, mafuta amadzafika, ndi zovuta zake zandale kuti asinthe dziko lapansi. misika yapadziko lonse, ndipo tsopano akuti tsogolo lawo ndi lokonzanso.

Dziko latopa ndi malasha. Kuphatikiza pa kukhala imodzi mwazinthu zowononga kwambiri, pankhani zachuma sizingathenso kugwira ntchito ngati kale. Izi ndi zifukwa zazikulu zakuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito, mu 2016 the kupanga malasha kwatsika kwambiri, china chake sichinawonekepo mzaka 100 zapitazi.

Malingana ndi Ndemanga ya BP Statistical 2017, kupanga malasha kunagwa ndi 6,2% mpaka 231 miliyoni matani ofanana ndi mafuta (Mtoe), kutsika kwakukulu kwambiri m'mbiri. Zolemba zaku China zidapeza 7,9% mpaka 140 Mtoe, zomwe zikucheperachepera. Pomwe kupanga ku United States kunachepetsedwa ndi 19% mpaka 85 Mtoe.

Pankhani yaku Spain, kupanga malasha kulinso anakhudza pafupifupi nthaka. Amasiyidwa ndi mafuta okwana matani 0,7 miliyoni. 43,3% yocheperapo ndi 2015. Poyerekeza, zaka 10 zapitazo Spain idatulutsa zoposa 6 Mtoe (makamaka ku Asturias).

Mwachidule, kumwa padziko lonse lapansi Malasha anagwa ndi matani 53 miliyoni a mafuta ofanana (Mtoe), kapena 1,7%, kutsika kwachiwiri motsatizana pachaka. Kutsika kwakukulu pakumwa kwa khala kunachitika ku US (-33 Mtoe, dontho la 8,8%) ndi China (-26 Mtoe, -1,6%). Kugwiritsa ntchito malasha ku UK ndi inagwa kuposa theka (mpaka 52,5%, kapena 12 Mtoe) pamunsi mwake, zonse kutengera zolembedwa za BP Statistical Review.

Tanena kale zakumwa kwamakala maka ku UK. Mutha kuwona nkhaniyi Pano

Ndi izi zonse, gawo lamalasha logwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zoyambira padziko lonse lapansi latsika mpaka 28,1%, omwe ndi ochepa kwambiri kuyambira 2004.

Tsoka ilo, ngakhale kuchepa kwa kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka malasha, kuchuluka kwa mpweya wa CO2 mumlengalenga sikunagwe konse. Dziko lapansi laipitsa chimodzimodzi mu 2016 ngati chaka chapitacho. Zachidziwikire, mu nthawi ya triennium ya 2014-16, kukula kwa mpweya wapakati kwakhala kuli otsika kwambiri munthawi iliyonse zaka zitatu kuyambira 1981 mpaka 1983.

Mafuta ndiye mbuye wamtheradi

Mafuta akhalanso, monga mzaka zaposachedwa, gwero lofunikira kwambiri padziko lapansi. Ngakhale ziyenera kudziwika kuti sizinali zofanana ndi kale. Zomwe mumapanga komanso magwiritsidwe anu awonjezeka pang'ono, choncho akadali kutali ndi kuyamba kugwa kwawo ngati malasha.

Ponena za gasi wachilengedwe, kufunikira kwapadziko lonse lapansi kudakulirakulira kwakukulu pazomwe zidagwiritsidwa ntchito ku Europe zomwe zidakula kuposa 7% ndi Russia ngati wopindula. Dzikoli, komabe, ndi lomwe lidachepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri chaka chatha.

gasi wachilengedwe wogwiritsira ntchito kutentha m'nyumba

Mphamvu zopatsa mphamvu

Mwamwayi, komwe tili ndi kukula kwakukulu kuli mu mphamvu zowonjezereka. Tithokoze kupita patsogolo kwa R&D, kuchepetsa mtengo komanso kukonza ukadaulo, zongowonjezwdwa ndi omwe akukula kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Kuwonjezeka kwa magetsi oyera kwakhala 14% ngati mphamvu yamagetsi yopanda magetsi sikhala. Ndiye gawo lotsika kwambiri lowonjezeka, koma mu 2016 magetsi apangidwa kuposa kale lonse kuchokera ku zowonjezeredwa.

Portugar imapatsidwa mphamvu zowonjezereka

Pafupifupi, matani 53 miliyoni amafuta ofanana, kuchuluka komweku ndi kugwiritsa ntchito malasha.

M'chaka chino, China idadzinena yokha ngati mfumu yazosintha popitilira US pakupanga. Monga tafotokozera patsamba lino ndi manambala ntchito zatsopano za mphepo ndi dzuwa.

chomera choyandama ndi dzuwa

Ponena za nyukiliya, mbadwo padziko lapansi udakwera ndi 1,3% mu 2016, kapena 9,3 Mtoe. China ndi yomwe yakula kwambiri, ndikuwonjezeka kwa 24,5%.

mphamvu za nyukiliya sizilandiridwa ndi nzika zambiri

Pomaliza, magetsi opangira magetsi adakwera ndi 2,8% mu 2016, (27,1 Mtoe). China (10,9 Mtoe) ndi US (3,5 Mtoe) adapatsa kuti zowonjezera zazikulu. Venezuela idatsika kwambiri (-3,2 Mtoe).

Pali mayiko ngati Guatemala, omwe amapanga mphamvu pafupifupi 100%, pomwe zambiri zimachokera ku magetsi, panthawi yamvula yochepa amagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zina zowonjezeredwa monga mphepo kapena dzuwa.

 


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