Damu lachitatu la Gorges, lalikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi

Damu lachitatu la Gorges (Chitchaina chosavuta: 三峡 大坝, Chinese chachiyankhulo: 三峽 大壩, pinyin: Sānxiá Dàbà) lili mkati mwa mtsinje Yangtze ku China. Ndi chomera chachikulu kwambiri chopangira magetsi padziko lapansi.

Ntchito yomanga dziwe idayamba mu 1983 ndipo akuti imatenga pafupifupi zaka 20. Novembala 9, 2001 njira yamtsinje idatsegulidwa ndipo mu 2003 gulu loyamba la jenereta linayamba kugwira ntchito. Kuyambira mu 2004, magulu okwanira 2000 amagetsi adakhazikitsidwa chaka chilichonse, mpaka ntchitoyo idamalizidwa.

Madzi atatu a Gorges,

Pa Juni 6, 2006, khoma lomaliza la damu lidawonongedwa, ndi zophulika zokwanira kugwetsa nyumba 400-storey 10. Idamalizidwa pa Okutobala 30, 2010. Pafupifupi anthu 2 miliyoni anali anasamuka makamaka m'malo atsopano omangidwa mumzinda wa Chongqing.

Zida

Damu lidayima m'mbali mwa mzinda wa Yichang, m'chigawo cha Hubei. Posungira amatchedwa Gorotkia, ndipo imatha kusunga 39.300 biliyoni m3. Zatero Makina 32 a 700 MW iliyonse, 14 idayikidwa kumpoto kwa dziwe, 12 mbali yakumwera kwa damu ndi zina zisanu ndi chimodzi zapansi panthaka, mphamvu zonse za 24.000 MW.

M'mapulani apachiyambi, damu limodzi lokha limatha kupereka 10% yamagetsi aku China. Komabe kukula pakufunika zakhala zikufotokozera, ndipo amangokhoza kupereka mphamvu ku 3% yazakudya zaku China.

Ntchito yayikuluyi idasiya mizinda 19 ndi matauni 322 kutsika kwamadzi, zomwe zimakhudza anthu pafupifupi 2 miliyoni ndikutsitsa ena 630 km2 aku China.

Damu ili liziwongolera kuchuluka kwa kuyenda kwa mtsinjewu, komwe kumayambitsidwa ndi nyengo yamvula, motero kupewa madzi osefukira matauni oyandikana nawo. Mulingo wamadzi umasiyanasiyana 50 m mpaka 175 m, kutengera nyengo. Cholinga china chakumanga kwake ndikupereka madzi ku gawo lalikulu la anthu aku China, okhala ndi mphamvu yosunga ma cubic metres okwana 39.300 miliyoni, pomwe 22.150 miliyoni adzapatsidwa mphamvu zothana ndi kusefukira kwamadzi.

Cholinga china ndikupanga magetsi, omwe azikhala nawo Jenereta 26 chopangira mphamvu 700.000 kilowatts aliyense.

Mtsinje wa Yangtze

Ndikumanga damu lalikulu ili, a kuyenda mumtsinje pa Mtsinje wa Yangtze, womwe udzawonjezera kukula kwachuma mdziko muno. Koma monga gawo la chitukuko ndi kupita patsogolo, malo omwe Damu Lachitatu la Gorges lakhala likusintha kwakukulu.

Ntchitoyi yadzaza nthaka yopitilira 250 km2, mizinda 13 komanso mazana a midzi ing'onoing'ono m'mbali mwa mtsinje. Kusamutsidwa kwachitukuko kwapangitsa anthu opitilira 1.130.000 kusiya nyumba zawo, kuthamangitsidwa kwakukulu m'mbiri, chifukwa chakumanga damu.

Kungopereka chitsanzo, mu 2001 Spain idatulutsa mphamvu yamagetsi yama 18.060 MW. Damu lachitatu la Gorges limatha kupanga mphamvu yapachaka Mwa 17.680 MW.

Mtsinje Atatu wa Yangtze ndi gawo lokongola kwambiri la Mtsinje wa Yangtze. Amapanga mndandanda wa zokopa zachilengedwe ndi chikhalidwe.

Zosintha Zaposachedwa M'mipata Itatu

Gawo ili la dziko nthawi ina linali malo owopsa. Ngakhale, chiyambireni kumangidwa kwa Three Gorges Dam (kokwanira mu 2006) mulingo wamtsinjewo wakwera mpaka 180 m (590 ft) ndipo mtsinjewo wakula kwambiri wodekha komanso woyenda mosavuta. Tsiku lililonse zombo zambiri zoyenda pakati pa Chongqing ndi Yichang. Ulendo wosangalatsa, womwe umapatsa okwera mwayi mwayi wowona kukongola kwa ma gorges.

Kuyamba kwapakhosi

Mapiri Atatuwa ndi Qutang Gorge, Wu Gorge, ndi Xiling Gorge. Qutang (/ chyoo-tung / 'Qu (dzina la banja) dziwe') Gorge imayambira likulu la chigawo cha Fengjie, pafupifupi Makilomita 500 kumunsi kwa mzinda wa Chongqing, m'tawuni ya Chonqing. Qutang ndi pafupifupi 40 km kutalika ndipo imathera ku Wushan (/ Woo-shan / 'Witch Mountain') County Town.

Wu Gorge ("Mfiti") ayamba Daning kujowina Mtsinje wa Yangtze ku Wushan. Ulendo wopita mumtsinje wa Daning umadutsa oyenda mumipanda ing'onoing'ono itatu, yomwe ili ndi mapiri atatu mitsinje yochepetsetsa kwambiri, wotchedwa Mini of the Three Gorges kumapeto ena. Wu Gorge ilinso pafupifupi 40 km kutalika ndipo imalumikizana ndi Xiling Gorge mtawuni ya Badong (/ bar-dong / kwenikweni "Kum'mawa kwa Sihuan ndi Chongqing", makamaka kumalire ndi Chigawo cha Hubei).

Xiling Gorge (/ sshee-ling / 'west chain') gawo la Badong, pamsonkhano wa Mtsinje wa Shennong ndi Yangtze. Madzi oyera oyera, mayendedwe oimitsidwa ndi mabokosi atapachikidwa a Shennong Creek amatenga alendo kupatula ma mini-cruises kuti akafufuze zokopa izi kuchokera mbali. Phanga la Sanyou (/ san-yo / 'apaulendo atatu'), momwe akuti ndakatulo zitatu zodziwika bwino zidatsaliraNdi phanga lokongola, "phanga labwino kwambiri m'dera la Gorges atatu". Phanga la Sanyou lili pafupifupi makilomita 10 kuchokera ku Yichang ku Xiling Gorge. Xiling Gorge ili pafupifupi 100 km ndipo imathera mumzinda wa Yichang.


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  1.   Eduardo Hurtado anati

    Madzulo abwino Abwenzi. Ali bwanji? Dzina langa ndi Eduardo Hurtado ndipo ndine Injiniya Wamakampani. Kwa miyezi ingapo ndakhala ndikugwira ntchito yopanga ma Hydroelectric Generation Projects. Omwe akufuna kudziwa za izi. Mundilembere ndipo ndikuuzani dzina la mutuwo.